A Tale Of Two Cities
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A Tale Of Two Cities

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A Tale Of Two Cities A Tale Of Two Cities Presentation Transcript

  • A Tale of Two Cities Atlanta and Birmingham respond to the Civil Rights Movement Lori Campanile and Lindsay Robinson
  • Atlanta and Birmingham
    • Both cities have similar populations and importance up until about 1950
    • Began to diverge in the mid 20 th century
    • Develop different economies and different images
    • Why did Atlanta and Birmingham develop so differently?
    • What choices did city leaders make that effected the future of each city?
  • Atlanta
    • “ Atlanta was in the South but not of the South .”
  • Atlanta’s Population The City
            • White Black
    • 1940   302,280 60% 40%
    • 1960   487,455 54% 45%
    • 1980   425,022 34% 66%
    • 2000   416,474  37.7%   56.8%
    • Estimations leaving out other ethnic groups.
  • Metropolitan Area
    • 1940 - 820,000 about 35% of whom are black.
    • 1960 – 1,300,000 44% Black
    • 1980- Population is just under 2 million 66% Black
    • By 2007- Atlanta has been the fastest growing metropolitan area in the nation since 2000, with a gain of nearly 900,000 residents to 5.1 million
  • Atlanta: The City too Busy to Hate
    • Is Atlanta’s ‘Progressive’ reputation overstated?
    • Atlanta’s business community chooses early on to comply with desegregation, but it was a grudging and long process. One example is the encouragement by the Chairman of Coca-Cola Robert Woodruff….
  • The Coca Cola City
  • Diverse is not Equal
    • Atlanta experiences white flight and a growth of inner city ghettos
    • One of the starkest examples is Atlanta’s schools
    • Despite the level of development; Atlanta remains ‘segregated’.
    • Atlanta is Progressive by comparison…to Birmingham!
  • Conclusions on Atlanta
    • Atlanta’s growth and economy accelerate past Birmingham’s especially 1970-2000
    • The city’s early; albeit grudging acceptance of Civil Rights and growth of the Black Middle Class accounts for its accelerated development
    • Perhaps the development of a sizable Black middle class but also an influx of non-Southern whites account for Atlanta’s development.
  • Birmingham
  • Birmingham Populations
            • White Black
    • 1940    267,583   61% 39%
    • 1960    340,887   60.3%         39.6%
    • 1980    284,413   43.9%         55.6%
    • 2000    242,840   24.1%         73.5% 
  • The ‘Magic’ City
    • The Big Mules control the city enforce the system of segregation though a near Oligarchy
    • Industrial; mining base creates a large wealth disparity with a very small Black Middle Class.
    • Birmingham becomes notorious for its brutal response to Civil Rights protests
  • Bombingham
  • Birmingham
  •  
  • Conclusions
    • Atlanta and Birmingham develop different after the 1950s as a direct result of their different responses to the Civil Rights Movement
  • Sources Cited
    • http://sos.georgia.gov/archives/tours/html/atlanta_history.html
    • http://www.atlantahighered.org/civilrights/
    • http://www.edutopia.org/diverse-not-equal
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta
    • 1. Carry Me Home   Birmingham, Alabama, The Climatic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution   Diane McWhorter, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2001.
    •  
    • 2. "Southern Exposure" Jon Wiener, The Nation , June 11, 2001.
    •  
    • 3. America Divided  The Civil War of the 1960s   Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazen, Oxford University Press, USA; 3 edition (February 28, 2007) .
    • 4. "Family's Profits, Wrung from Blood and Sweat"  David Barstow and Lowell Bergman, New York Times , January 9, 2003.
    •