Health 4.0

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Christoph Thuemmler outlines the drive toward dynamic health care

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  • Marco: If this is agreed as a playground representation then the two dimensions should be in the segmentation (done)
    Ovidiu: IIC does health which is consumer
    Hypercat is national
    NIST is national
    Added CONTINUA, C2C-CC, CCC, OAA and ERTICO

    Juergen
    I have update the map with several organizations that have mostly an industrial focus:
    OPC Foundation: https://opcfoundation.org/
    Profibus International: http://www.profibus.com/
    ASHARE (Bacnet): https://www.ashrae.org/
    Health Level Seven HL7 (Heatlhcare): http://www.hl7.org/
    DICOM (Healthcare): http://dicom.nema.org/
    Object Management Group OMG: http://www.omg.org/
    OASIS: https://www.oasis-open.org/
    Open Geospatial Consortium OGC: http://www.opengeospatial.org/
    Home Gateway Initiative HGI: http://www.homegatewayinitiative.org/
    UPNP: http://www.upnp.org/
    eCl@ss: http://www.eclass.de/eclasscontent/index.html.en is about device/things properties, a very
    important issue for IoT and the virtual representation of things, also IEC (TC65, SC3D) and ISO (TC184)
    has activities in this area
    Platform Industrie 4.0: http://www.plattform-i40.de/ as a specific German activity
    CEN and CENELC as European counterparts of IEC and ISO.

    and I am still not sure that this is everything, for example the logistics/supply chain, retail and
    automotive business has for sure some standardization activities like SAE and GS1

    I also reposition some of the entries. The issue is, that large SDOs like IEC, ISO, ITU, IEEE, JTC1 and ETSI
    have activities that go from connectivity to services&apps and are used in the consumer and industrial
    market. For the analysis we have to look on the specific activities and not on the whole SDO. Also
    architecture activities like P2413 cover the whole stack, so not with specific protocols, but general
    issues.
  • Health 4.0

    1. 1. Professor Dr. Christoph Thuemmler Edinburgh Napier University, School of Computing MITI Institute, Technical University Munich HEALTH 4.0 Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    2. 2. OUTNUMBERED Demographic and socio-economic aspects Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    3. 3. Population tree United Kingdom Democratic Republic of Congo Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    4. 4. 330 360 550 2006 2011 2020 HEALTH SPENDING: GERMANY (IN BILLION USD) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    5. 5. 156 357 1000 2006 2011 2020 HEALTH SPENDING: CHINA (IN BILLION USD) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    6. 6. Time Series Chart of UK Public Spending Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    7. 7. Hospital beds Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    8. 8. OUTDATED Why we need to change the way we deliver healthcare Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    9. 9. Changing the Way Healthcare is Delivered Virtualization of Care Money Technology People Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    10. 10. Shifting the point of care to the periphery Hospital Tele- Health M-Health Community- nurse Hospices Day- Surgery Day-clinics Physio- therapist Social Care Psycho- therapists Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    11. 11. OUTGROWN Why we need new technologies and to update our digital infrastructures Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    12. 12. • Mobile data up year on year 2013 – 2014 by 70% • Globally mobile data will grow 10 fold from 2014 – 2019 • Globally, mobile data traffic will reach 24.3 Exabytes per month by 2019 (the equivalent of 6,079 million DVDs each month), up from 2.5 Exabytes per month in 2014. • 97% will be smart traffic by 2019 (50% video content) • Data traffic grows much faster than network capacity • http://www.cisco.com/assets/sol/sp/vni/for ecast_highlights_mobile/index.html Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    13. 13. Global Mobile Traffic Forecast Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015 Source: Cisco VNI Mobile, 2015, CAGR = Computed Annual Growth Rate
    14. 14. What kind of wireless devices will drive traffic Increase? Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015 Source: Cisco VNI Mobile, 2015, CAGR = Computed Annual Growth Rate
    15. 15. What will be driving the network traffic until 2019? • 4G (Voice) • M2M (Car-to-car, smart health, etc.) • Mobile Cloud Traffic (Video, Audio, Gaming, Social Networking) • WiFi - Offloading Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    16. 16. mHealth Market Potential http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/mhealth-what-it-infographic 28% 5% 30% 30% 7% Forecast: estimated global market value in 2017 17.6 billion EUR Divided as follows EU-China IoT Workshop London 2014 Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    17. 17. Distributed Patient Centered Care Requirements • Virtualization • Real time = Low Latency • Far more devices to be connected • Interoperability • Safety, Security • Privacy (Role based Security, Geofencing, Federated Identity) • Reliability ( 5/9 99.999 % in some cases even 100%) Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    18. 18. Software to Data Paradigm Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    19. 19. IoT SDOs and alliances landscape Service & App B2C (e.g., Consumer Market) B2B (e.g., Industrial Internet Market) connectivity AIO TI P2413 Source: Huawei 802 Open Automotive Alliance Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    20. 20. OUTSTANDING New ideas and technologies to tackle the challenges Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    21. 21. Nomenclation • Industry 1.0 – automation (Steam) • Industry 2.0 – Electrification • Industry 3.0 – Computerization • Industry 4.0 – CPS +++ Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    22. 22. Industry 4.0 Design Principles • Interoperabilität • Virtualization • Dezentralisierung • Real-time capability • Service Orientation • Modularity Herrmann M, Pentak T, Otto B (2015), Design Principles for Industrie 4.0 Scenarios: A Literature Review, Technische Universität Dortmund, Audi Foundation Professorship Supply Net Order Management Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    23. 23. Industry 4.0 • Industry 4.0 is a major joint Strategy framework by the German Government and the German industry • It is considered beneficial for all major industries such as Manufacturing, Energy, Logistics, etc. • It will add value to processes through the creation of services on top of legacy systems Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    24. 24. Acatech Study 2013 • http://www.acatech.de /fileadmin/user_upload /Baumstruktur_nach_W ebsite/Acatech/root/de /Material_fuer_Sonders eiten/Industrie_4.0/Fin al_report__Industrie_4. 0_accessible.pdf Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    25. 25. Industry 4.0 • Horizontal integration through value networks • End-to-end integration through engineering across the entire value chain • Vertical integration and networked manufacturing systems • Individual customer and product features and specifications Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    26. 26. Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    27. 27. Virtual WorldVirtual World Real Worldl World Services Processor Terminal Sensor Storage John Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    28. 28. Virtual WorldVirtual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    29. 29. Virtual Worldual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services DomainsCyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    30. 30. Virtual Worldual World Real WorldVirtual World Sensors Services Domains CPS Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    31. 31. OUTLOOK Where will all of this take us? Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    32. 32. Hybrid Cloud Architecture for Virtualization of Care Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    33. 33. Flowchart m-Health Application to support patients with Reflux disease Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    34. 34. Monitoring pandemics utilizing the social web Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    35. 35. SDN and MEC for Synchronization of telecom and service net Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    36. 36. Software Defined Networks • To enhance the Quality of Experience for End-users • Aggregation of different verticals and services • Synchronization of telecommunication- and service network • Adjust Quality of Service (Big Data Analysis) • Solve local problems locally: direct local connection instead of directing every call to the back-end and back, thereby reducing bandwidth requirements. Carbon footprint? • SDN to enhance privacy Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    37. 37. 5G Networks • More than just more of the same • Not only faster • New frequencies (spectrum negotiations with global standardization bodies in progress) • New functionalities • End-to-end latency down to 5 ms • 1000 times more devices Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015
    38. 38. Conclusion • Health 4.0 will virtualize care and generate service layer on top of health legacy systems • More bandwidth and better connectivity needed • SDN to integrate telecom and service network • SDNs for aggregation of services and domains (verticals) • Mobile Edge Cloud to solve local problems locally Cyber Academy, Edinburgh; 27.08.2015

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