Community Wind Pt#2 Market Niche
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Community Wind Pt#2 Market Niche

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What does community wind need to ramp up big time? Too small for big utilities and too big for individuals, the community wind niche has enormous potential for generating electricity close to where we ...

What does community wind need to ramp up big time? Too small for big utilities and too big for individuals, the community wind niche has enormous potential for generating electricity close to where we need it at lower costs per kilowatt-hour produced and transmitted.

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Community Wind Pt#2 Market Niche Community Wind Pt#2 Market Niche Presentation Transcript

  • Greening the Grid with Wind Part 2 Where is the community wind niche? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 1 1 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 1
  • US Wind Power is in its infancy. We can make it grow! Here is how. Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 2 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 2
  • What are the wind market niches? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 3 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 3
  • 10 m (33 ft) Different scales of turbines 80 m >1MW (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) 50 m <500kW (164 ft) 45 m (147 ft) typical cell tower 20 m <20kW (66 ft) 10 m (33 ft) 3 story home Small scale Community Utility scale Familiar uses 880kWh/ wind scale wind wind heights month 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 500kW to 1+MW 09/16/2009 4 turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009 ~ $30,000 ~ $1 million 4
  • 80 m Turbines cost ranges (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) 50 m (164 ft) 45 m (147 ft) typical cell tower ~$30,000+ $300-400,000 ~$1 million+ 1 to 20kW 50 to 500 kW 500kW to 1+MW 20 m (66 ft) 10 m (33 ft) 3 story home Small scale Community Utility scale Familiar wind scale wind wind heights 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 5 turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009$30,000 ~ ~ $1 million 5
  • Is there a community wind market niche? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 6 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 6
  • 80 m (262 ft) Micro-to-small scale niche Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) 50 m (164 ft) 45 m (147 ft) typical cell tower ~$30,000+ $300-400,000 ~$1 million+ 1 to 20kW 50 to 500 kW 500kW to 1+MW 20 m (66 ft) Individuals can build small scale 10 m (33 ft) wind power. 3 story home Small scale Community Utility scale Familiar wind scale wind wind heights 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 7 turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009$30,000 ~ ~ $1 million 7
  • 80 m Utility scale market (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) 50 m (164 ft) Utility scale 45 m (147 ft) companies typical cell tower are building large wind farms in the 20 m this end of (66 ft) the market. 10 m (33 ft) 3 story home Small scale Community Utility scale Familiar wind ~$30,000+ scale wind $300-400,000 wind ~$1 million+ heights 1 to 20kW 50 to 500 kW 500kW to 1+MW 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 8 turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009$30,000 ~ ~ $1 million 8
  • 10 m (33 ft) To tie into grid or not 80 m (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) Utilty scale wind can afford to build 50 m (164 ft) power lines to Small wind reach its often may or may remote sites not tie into the grid. 20 m (66 ft) Small scale Utility scale wind wind 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW turbine cost ranges Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 9 ~ $30,000 ~ $1 million Wednesday, September 16, 2009 9
  • 80 m Our community wind niche (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) •Too small for big utilities, 50 m (164 ft) •too big for individuals, the community wind 45 m (147 ft) In between, niche has enormoustower typical cell potential for a viable generating electricity market is • close to where we opening need it 20 m for medium • at lower costs per (66 ft) scale kWh produced. generators. 10 m (33 ft) 3 story home Small scale Community Utility scale Familiar wind ~$30,000+ scale wind $300-400,000 wind ~$1 million+ heights 1 to 20kW 50 to 500 kW 500kW to 1+MW 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 10 turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009$30,000 ~ ~ $1 million 10
  • So what does community wind need to ramp up big time? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 11 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 11
  • What our wind niche needs 1. Wind! 12 mph (5.4 m/s) or better wind resource  30 feet above nearest disturbance and  500 feet from nearest tall structure. 5.3+ m/s (12mph+) average wind speed at unobstructed hub height 10 m (30 feet) above highest structure 150 m (500 feet) from nearest tall structure Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 12 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 12
  • 10 m (33 ft) What our wind niche needs: 2. Grid tie-in connections 80 m Locations with affordable grid-tie connections (262 ft) Hub Height of Turbine (to scale) 50 m (164 ft) Community wind must tie into a local grid accessible without extensive 20 m (66 ft) new power line construction. Community scale wind Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 13 1 to 20kW 50 to 500kW 500kW to 1+MW turbine cost ranges Wednesday, September 16, 2009 13
  • What our wind niche needs: 3. Affordable sites! Affordable land close to existing grid. 10 ALTERNATIVES TO THE INDIAN POINT ENERGY CE source: NYSDEC Interactive Maps page source: NYISO (high voltage transmission network) FIGURE 1-1 The New York Control Area high-voltage transmission network. SOURCE: New York Independent System Operator. Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 14 5 Wednesday, September 16, combined-cycle plants are much more efficient gas-fired 2009 In addition to sufficient capacity, diversity of 14 fuel
  • What our wind niche needs: 4. Wind-friendly policies Wind-friendly state policies and local codes need to be encouraged.  State policy drives utility regulation, power pricing, and grid connectivity for renewables.  Local codes drive local permit thresholds site and approval process for renewables. Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 15 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 15
  • Who is doing community wind already? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 16 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 16
  • Case example #1 ESF-Heiberg Memorial Forest, Tully NY wind resource: 5.4 to 7.4 m/s: 6.7 m/s (15 mph) average speed @50 m hub height). turbine type: Endurance S-250 grid-tie wind turbine (with peak power rating of 5 kilowatts on a 126 foot monopole). est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: 6,000 to 9,000 kwh per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: public forest affiliated with SUNY-ESF nearby in Syracuse installed summer 2009 www.esf.edu/sustainability/action/windturbine.htm wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 17 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 17
  • Case example #2 Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth MA wind resource: 5.6 to 7.9 m/s: 6.8 m/s (15.2 mph) average speed @50 m hub height. turbine type: Northwind 100 grid-tie wind turbine on a 37 m (121 foot) monopole (with peak power rating of 100 kilowatts at 31 mph). est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: _to come_ (kWh) per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: Woods Hole Research Center, installed summer 2009 http://www.whrc.org/pressroom/press_releases/ pr-2009-7-07-turbine.htm N.B.:Background image used on these slides depicts this new WHOI turbine with roof of research center just visible at bottom. wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 18 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 18
  • Potential sites in our area...with wind and land and grid nearby Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 19 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 19
  • Hypothetical site 1 Croton Landing Park, Croton-on-Hudson wind resource: 4.4 to 5.9 m/s: 5.2 m/s (11.6 mph) average speed @50 m hub height. turbine type: NA. est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: _to come_ (kWh) per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: Croton Landing Park, owned by Village of Croton-on-Hudson, NY www.crotononhudson-ny.gov/ • Wind speeds are promising, if not ideal. wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 20 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 20
  • Hypothetical site 2 FDR State Park, Westchester County NY wind resource: 4.7 to 6.2 m/s: 5.5 m/s (12.3 mph) average speed @50 m hub height. turbine type: NA. est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: _to come_ (kWh) per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: State Park Land, owned by New York State www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/7804.html • Wind speeds are better than site 1, even though inland due to higher elevation. wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 21 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 21
  • Hypothetical sites Fahnestock State Park, Putnam County NY wind resource: 5.1 to 6.7 m/s: 5.9 m/s (13.2 mph) average speed @50 m hub height. turbine type: NA. est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: _to come_ (kWh) per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: State Park Land, owned by New York State www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/7804.html • Wind speeds are better than site 1 & 2, due to higher inland elevation. wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 22 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 22
  • Hypothetical site 4 Rocky Point SNRMA, Brookhaven LI wind resource: 5.9 to 7.6 m/s: 6.8 m/s (15.2 mph) average speed @50 m hub height. turbine type: NA. est. install. cost: $_to come_ est. production: _to come_ (kWh) per year (w/ ave. wind speed.) site: State State Natural Resource Management Area, owned by New York State www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/7780.html#Rockypoint • Wind speeds are better than sites 1, 2, & 3, due to LI Sound. wind resource data: http://firstlook.3tiergroup.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 23 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 23
  • Wrap up & Resources Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 24 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 24
  • Some thoughts A good view can indicate a good site for wind. State, county and municipal parks have good views... and happen to have some of the best local wind resources. Is there a partnership we can create? Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 25 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 25
  • some more thoughts... Wind is faster higher above ground.  speed @ 20m < 50m < 80m Wind resource software usually projects wind speed ranges for:  20 meters (small scale individual),  50 meters (community wind), &  80 meters (utility scale). We’re focussing on 50 meter range  (c 150 foot “cell tower height”). Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 26 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 26
  • Policy Changes Needed Regulation:  Any business or homeowner should be able to generate electricity, i.e. become a “mini-utility.” Price:  Utilities should have to buy that electricity at a good price for a predictable period. Connectivity:  Utilities should have to connect us to the grid. These 3 policies work great in Europe. Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 27 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 27
  • Private-Public-Partnerships A Community Wind Power Cooperative needs locations for turbines in order to supply green electricity. A joint effort of the local governments, businesses, non-profits, & residents can work together to help identify good turbine locations. Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 28 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 28
  • The Team...so far... Leo Wiegman, mayor of Croton-on-Hudson; author of forthcoming book, “Climate Solutions” and “Build Your Own Wind Power”; Croton resident John Whelan, president of Switch Electrical Contractors; Croton resident Edward A. Robin, director, Alliance America (non-profit); engineer; retired IBM and KPMG Peat Marwick Executive; Croton resident; and growing.... To learn more or sign up for updates, visit the Hudson Valley Community Wind Share site: Click on “Community Wind” at http://etothefourth.com Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 29 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 29
  • Our Government has made the Case for Community Wind 20% Wind Energy by 2030 report 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report New York Small Wind Guide Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 30 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 30
  • Wind Resources (alphabetically) 2008 Wind Technologies Market Report http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/re-pubs.html American Wind Energy Assoc. Small Wind site www.awea.org/smallwind/ Community Wind 101: A Primer for Policymakers www.ef.org/docs/CommWind_web.pdf Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency www.dsireusa.org New York state wind incentives www.powernaturally.org/Programs/Wind/incentives.asp National Wind Technology Center www.nrel.gov/wind/nwtc.html Small Wind discussion group http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/small-wind-home/ Smart Grid 101 www.americanprogress.org/issues/2009/02/clean_energy_pipeline.html Toronto’s Windshare Coop www.windustry.org USDOE’s Wind Powering America www.windpoweringamerica.gov USDOE’s Small Wind for Homeowners, Ranchers, and Small Businesses www.windpoweringamerica.gov/small_wind.asp Wind-Works blog www.wind-works.org/articles/community.htm Hudson Valley Community Wind Share  etothefourth.com 09/16/2009 31 Wednesday, September 16, 2009 31