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Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.
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Lamprey Research Update - Schreck, et al.

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Presented at Within Our Reach 2012 by: …

Presented at Within Our Reach 2012 by:
CARL SHRECK - Professor and Leader, Oregon Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, Oregon Dept. of Fish & Wildlife
GABE SCHEOSHIPS - Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission
CYNDI BAKER - Fisheries Biologist, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs
LANCE WYSS - Faculty Research Assistant, Willamette River Basin Lamprey Project, Oregon State University
BRIAN McILRAITH - Pacific Lamprey Project Lead, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission

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  • Europe, too
  • Problem with each phase of the life cycle -Juvenile feeding on all -Top of the food chain (feeds on everything out there in the ocean) -marine fish stock depletion
  • Willamette Falls circa 1913 (Crow).
  • Questions
  • The plan is a group effort of CRITFC and its member tribes: Yakama Warm Springs Umatilla Nez Perce Focused on the entire Columbia River basin and centered around the entire life history of Pacific lamprey
  • Mainstem passage and habitat: Primary initial focus—the most urgent problem-facing lamprey in the CRB Improving passage at all mainstem dams in the Columbia, Snake, and Willamette Rivers Improving migration and rearing habitat in mainstem and estuary areas Focused on adult AND juvenile lamprey---upstream and downstream movers Adult mainstem passage Juvenile mainstem passage Mainstem and estuary habitat
  • Mainstem passage and habitat: Primary initial focus—the most urgent problem-facing lamprey in the CRB Improving passage at all mainstem dams in the Columbia, Snake, and Willamette Rivers Improving migration and rearing habitat in mainstem and estuary areas Focused on adult AND juvenile lamprey---upstream and downstream movers Adult mainstem passage Juvenile mainstem passage Mainstem and estuary habitat
  • Transcript

    • 1. Within Our ReachWillamette Pacific Lamprey Carl B. SchreckOregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitOregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
    • 2. Japanese Arctic Lamprey Harvest from Ishikari RiverData from 2007 Ishikari River Arctic LampreyCultural Conservation & Restoration Project Report
    • 3. /ocean ~1 yr
    • 4. Life Cycle Timeline = FreshwaterCoho Salmon = Transition = Ocean Pacific Lamprey
    • 5. Pacific LampreyGabe Sheoships – CRITFC/OSULawrence Schwabe - Grande RondeCyndi Baker - Warm SpringsBrian McIlraith - CRITFCLance Wyss - OCFWRU/F&W, OSUBen Clemens – OSU/ODFW Siletz & FWS
    • 6. Indigenous Management & Traditional Ecological Knowledge of PacificLamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) in the Willamette River Basin. Gabe Sheoships Within Our Reach 2012
    • 7. IntroductionThe last century has not been kindto this species.
    • 8. Pacific LampreyKsuyus’ (Sahaptin)Heesu’ (Nez Perce)Eel (Tribal people acquired this association from European settlers early 1900s).Entosphenus tridentatus (Latin)
    • 9. Origin story: Winner takes allAs the legend goes, the lamprey and sucker fish placed a wager over a swimming race. The lamprey lost, and thus lost all of it’s scales and bones to the sucker.
    • 10. Seven Drum Washat’ Longhouse ReligionThe creator designated the Ksuyus’ as a food source for the people, by the seven gill slits on it’s body.
    • 11. Traditional usage of lamprey
    • 12. Traditional Usage of Ksuyus’First food honored each year in ceremony.Biotherapy.Omega 3 oils beneficial for hair, skin tone, many other things.Fertility promoting qualities.
    • 13. Willamette Falls FisheryManagement Pre-Euro immigration, tribes valued Pacific Lamprey for 10,000 years~. Traditional fishing location for:  Nez Perce  Yakama tribes  Warm Springs, Wasco, Pauite  Umatilla, Cayuse, Walla Walla  Grande Ronde, Kalapuyan, Mollala  Chinook, Clackamas, Tualatin
    • 14. Willamette Falls TEK Tribes practiced selective seasonal harvest management of Willamette Run. Juvenile freshwater inhabitants outmigration related to lunar activity. Adult fish were known to return to the Falls when precipitation declined. Adult returns have always been “patchy” or highly variable.
    • 15. Willamette Falls circa 1913
    • 16. Willamette Falls*Last abundant collectionpoint for lamprey used inreligious ceremonies bythe tribes.
    • 17. Past traditional harvest sites:Celilo Falls (Inundation)Fifteenmile Creek (Poor returns)Kettle Falls/Columbia River(Inundation)Sherars Falls/Deschutes River (Poorreturns)Savage Rapids Dam/Rogue River(Poor returns)Winchester Dam/Umpqua River (Poorreturns)
    • 18. Future Concerns
    • 19. Acknowledgements Crow, E. Nez Perce tribe. Monroe, J. Freshwaters Illustrated. 2012 www.critfc.org
    • 20. Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation Cyndi Baker
    • 21. IssueDeclining abundance of lamprey in Columbia RiverAbundance of Pacific lamprey in the Willamette Basin was first estimated in 2010Willamette Falls provides a opportunity for capturing and tagging lamprey at fish ladders and inspecting lamprey at fish ladders and through lamprey harvestBut the area also presents a challenge…large area, high volume of water, and uncertainties of lamprey behavior through the falls/ladders
    • 22. HarvestLack of opportunity in Columbia River brings tribes from Idaho to coastTypically occurs late June and July
    • 23. Mark Recapture - AbundanceCapture lamprey in fish ladder April –SeptemberMark with PIT tags and visible dart tagLamprey are released about 1 mile downstreamInspecting lamprey for tags (“recaptured fish”) occurs during taggingEstimate is made using the number marked (tagged), recaptured and inspected for tags that had none
    • 24. Year Ladder Horseshoe2010 22,000 to 34,000 37,0002011 40,000 to 62,000 58,000
    • 25. Ca. 1910 -1915
    • 26. Presented by: Lawrence Schwabe
    • 27.  Subsistence  Spiritual  Medicinal  Trade & Gift Giving  Way of Life“Skakwal” is Chinook Jargon (also known as chinuk wawa)
    • 28. Project Objectives:1. Determine timing and movement patterns during upstream migrations2. Identify over-wintering locations3. Determine relative use of primary tributaries for spawning4. Formulate management recommendations
    • 29. Tagging Summary2008 (CTGR) 111 tagged lamprey were above the Falls. Tracked by boat & by 11 fixed telemetry sites. 2009 (CTGR, CRAMER, PGE,OSU) 209 Tagged Lamprey were above the Falls Tracked by Boat, Plane and 22 fixed telemetry sites. 2010 (CTGR, CRAMER,OSU) 219 tagged lamprey were above the Falls Tracked by boat, plane and 22 fixed telemetry sites. 2011-2012 (CTGR) 120 tagged lamprey above the Falls. Tracking by boat and 22 fixed sites.
    • 30. Fixed Site LocationsRiver Mile Mainstem Tributary Organization 24 Clackamas CFS Willamette Falls West Linn 26 CTGR 28 Tualatin CTGR 30 Rock Island CFS 37 Molalla CTGR 37 Pudding CFS 46 Champoeg Park CFS 54 Evergreen CTGR 55 Yamhill CTGR 87 Eola CFS 106 Buena Vista CFS 108 Santiam CTGR 108 NF Santiam CFS 108 Luckiamute CTGR 119 Calapooia CTGR 131 Corvallis CFS 133 Marys CTGR 148 Long Tom CFS 161 Harrisburg CFS 175 Mckenzie CTGR 180 Eugene CTGR 187 Coast Fork CFS
    • 31.  Determine if lamprey spawn in the mainstem Willamette River. Quantify the amount and quality of juvenile rearing habitat. Monitor and quantify lamprey response to floodplain restoration work. Identify and incorporate habitat needs for pacific lamprey into floodplain restoration design.
    • 32. Tribal Pacific LampreyRestoration PlanFor the Columbia River Basin 40
    • 33. 41
    • 34. Collaborative Lamprey Conservation and Restoration• Columbia River Basin Lamprey Technical Workgroup• Lamprey Summit III • June 2012• Lamprey Conservation Agreement • Willamette River Management 42 Unit
    • 35. CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementation/Augmentation• Contaminants and Water Quality• Public Outreach and Education• Research, Monitoring, and 43 Evaluation
    • 36. CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan• Mainstem Passage and Habitat• Tributary Passage and Habitat• Supplementation/Augmentation• Contaminants and Water Quality• Public Outreach and Education• Research, Monitoring, and 44 Evaluation
    • 37. Collaborative Lamprey Conservation and Restoration• Other guiding documents • USACE Pacific Lamprey Passage Improvements Implementation Plan • CRITFC Tribal Pacific Lamprey Restoration Plan for the Columbia River Basin • USFWS Pacific Lamprey Assessment and Template for Conservation Measures 45
    • 38. Monitoring Pacific Lamprey Relative Abundance and Distribution in the Willamette River Basin Lance Wyss, Ben Clemens, Luke Schultz, Gabe Sheoships, Carl SchreckProvide information to fill critical knowledge gaps identified through the recovery and restoration planning processes I VE FI AT SH R E E P R O Y CO R ESEAR ON ES ES us G Cat S em p e r os t om RE C O H H H UN I T
    • 39. REARING
    • 40. 3 streamsMultiple visitsEarly May – Mid-June SPAWNING
    • 41. Larval Sampling Basins 2011, 2012, 2013 2012 2013 Spawning Surveys Marys River Thomas Creek Clear Creek
    • 42. Contaminated SedimentsSiletz Sediment (reference) Portland Harbor Super Fund Site Credits: Julia Unrein, Rob Chitwood, Carl Schreck
    • 43. Pacific lamprey biology:critical uncertainties & context Benjamin J. Clemens Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife
    • 44. Willamette Falls 1913 Source: Clackamas County Historical Society
    • 45. Die-offTemp. > 20o
    • 46. Tribal Harvest at Willamette FallsK. Kostow, 2002 ODFW white paper; D. Ward 2001 ODFW
    • 47. Willamette Last stronghold?Example for other basins?
    • 48. = “Immature” Males 674 mm 525 mm1 Collection Date Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertation
    • 49. STREAM MATURING TYPEOCEAN MATURING TYPE Clemens 2011 Ph.D. dissertatio
    • 50. Clemens, Wyss, McCoun, Schwabe, Courter, Duery, Vaughn & Schreck 2012 Report to CRITFC
    • 51. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Moser et al. 2007 Rev. Fish Biol. Fish.• Mesa et al. 2009• Luzier et al. 2009• Clemens et al. 2010 Fisheries• Lamprey Tech. Workgroup 2005-2011• U.S. F& WS 2011• CRITFC 2011*We are certain that we are uncertain!
    • 52. Photo credit: Jeremy Monroe , Freshwater Illustrated
    • 53. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Biology (basic; stress, disease; pop’n dynamics)• Population structure (genetics)• Habitat (use vs. avail; toxics; thresholds; climate change)• Ecology (abundance, dist., prey, predators; keystone sp?)• Monitoring (survey, collection, marking)• Conservation (limiting factors; aquaculture)• Management (passage, transloc., dredging, dewatering) Tangible products needed….
    • 54. Lamprey Critical Uncertainties• Climate change• Human pop’n & economic growth• Ocean conditions• Pop’n structure• Monitoring• Habitat rehab• Predictive modeling• Adaptive management We are not there…yet.
    • 55. Context• Science – Explore, Describe, Test, Monitor, Model, Predict – Synthesize, Integrate, Refine • Status and trend monitoring (patterns) • What does it mean? • Identify biological mechanisms • Connect mechanisms with patterns Ultimate mechanisms?
    • 56. Context: Scale
    • 57. NASA

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