Student On Student Sexual Harassment Ppt


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William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
Public School Law - Graduate Studies

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Student On Student Sexual Harassment Ppt

  1. 1. Student-on-Student Sexual Harassment William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
  2. 2. What is Student-on-Student Sexual Harassment? <ul><li>Guidelines from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) makes a distinction between two types of sexual harassment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. (1) Quid Pro Quo Harassment <ul><li>Literally means “this for that” harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>Where academic opportunities or benefits are linked with sexual conduct. </li></ul>
  4. 4. (2) Hostile Environment Harassment <ul><li>Harassment where unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature is considered so severe, pervasive and offensive that it deprives the victim of access to educational opportunities or benefits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Determining Whether or Not a Hostile Environment Exists <ul><li>Circumstances to consider might be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of Frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duration of the Conduct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of individuals involved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ages and gender of the alleged harassers and victims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size of school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locations of the incidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context in which they occurred. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What constitutes “conduct of sexual nature?” <ul><li>Sexual advances </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual touching </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual graffiti </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit drawings, & pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual or “dirty” jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Spreading rumors about other students as to sexual activity </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common Reasons for Sexual Harassment <ul><li>Thought it was funny (59%) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s just part of school life/A lot of people do it/It’s no big deal (30%) </li></ul><ul><li>I thought the person liked it (32%) </li></ul><ul><li>I wanted a date with the person (17%) </li></ul><ul><li>I wanted something from that person (20%) </li></ul><ul><li>I wanted the person to think I had some sort of power over them(10%) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Title IX of Education Amendments of 1972 <ul><li>No education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance may exclude, deny benefits to or discriminate against any person on the basis of sex(20 U.S.C. Sec 1681.a.). </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of the statute is to prevent “Discriminatory practices” in education and “to provide…effective protection against those practices.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. What schools and activities are covered by Title IX? <ul><li>Title IX applies to all public and private educational institutions receiving federal aid, including elementary, secondary, and post secondary schools. </li></ul><ul><li>This means that all public schools and many private schools are covered. </li></ul><ul><li>Title IX applies to all school-sponsored activities, including athletics, field trips, extracurricular programs, and bus transportation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Landmark Cases <ul><li>Davis v. Monroe County Board of </li></ul><ul><li>Education (526 U.S. 629 (1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Vance v. Spencer county Public School District 231 F. 3d 253 (6 th Cir. 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Doe v. university of illinois (96-3511) 7 th Cir 1998) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Davis v. Monroe County Board of Education (119 S.Ct. 1661) <ul><li>1999 Supreme Court extended the liability of Title IX to include “student-on-student” sexual harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>LaShonda Davis -5 th grade student </li></ul><ul><li>reported to her mother and teacher that a male classmate made vulgar comments and tried to touch her genital area and her breasts on repeated occasions. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Eleventh Circuit Conclusion <ul><li>Title IX does not provide schools notice of liability concerning actions of others. </li></ul><ul><li>But a school’s “deliberate indifference” to known acts of harassment” is itself misconduct prohibited by Title IX which can trigger a private damage action by the plaintiff (Davis, 1999, p. 1671). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Doe v. University of Illinois <ul><li>No. 96-3511 (March 3, 1998, 7 th Circuit) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled that liability for student-on-student harassment will attach to a school district to take prompt appropriate action in response to such harassment that takes place when students are involved in school activities or otherwise under the supervision of employees. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Evidence When Administrative Have Knowledge <ul><li>The school prinicipal was made aware of behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated complaints, boy was not disciplined </li></ul><ul><li>His offensive comments and actions continued. </li></ul><ul><li>It escalated in severity. </li></ul><ul><li>Boy charged for misconduct and guilty to sexual battery. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sexual Harrassment <ul><li>Common at every stage of education. </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal and physical harassment begins in </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary. </li></ul><ul><li>4 out of 5 children experience some form of sexual harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>6 out 10 will experience some form of physical sexual harassment. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Statistics Student-on-Student Sexual Harrassment <ul><li>Survey of 2064 students 8 th -11 grade </li></ul><ul><li>83% girls have been sexually harassed. </li></ul><ul><li>78% of boys have been sexually harassed. </li></ul><ul><li>American Association of University Women 2002 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Teacher & Staff Education <ul><li>Communicate, communicate, communicate with staff and students about harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>Be observant; l Let them know their obligation and responsibility to respond promptly to all complaints on student-on-student sexual harassment. </li></ul><ul><li>Offer in service workshops </li></ul>
  18. 18. References <ul><li>Cawley, T. J., Hunton & Williams (1997). Legal issue surrounding peer sexual harassment. VSBA School law conference. Charlottesville, Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>Faber, J. (1992). Expanding Title IX of the education amendments of 1972 to prohibit student to student sexual harassment. UCLA woman’s law journal. Retrieved April 9, 2008 http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Garrett, F. B. (1999). Student-on-student sexual harassment. Find law for legal professionals. Retrieved April 9, 2008. http:// </li></ul>