Plagiarism:A Guide for StudentsWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhDProfessorPhD Program in Educational LeadershipDepartment of Edu...
What is “Plagiarism?”Plagiarism is defined as the following:Failing to credit sources used in a work or product inan atte...
Why is it Wrong?Plagiarism is a form of cheating. It is an offenseunder the Prairie View A&M’s University Policyon Academi...
How Can You Avoid Plagiarism?Paraphrase information taken from sources. Itmust be in your own words. Changing one ortwo w...
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism?(Cont’d)Quote directly from the source. Use the exactwording as well as quotation marks. Quoti...
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d)Always cite the source, whether you areparaphrasing or quoting. If you are not famili...
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d) Use your own ideas, words, and interpretationWhen in doubt, cite!7
Examples of Proper CitingSources (APA) Short quote of fewer than 40 words:“Philosophy is a theoretical or logical analysi...
Example of CorrespondingReferenceKritsonis, W.A. (2003). Philosophy in education.National FORUM Journal of MulticulturalEd...
Dangers of Using the InternetThe internet has made plagiarism easier withaccess to sites that will sell you an essay or te...
Plagiarism ExampleA student copies, improperly paraphrases, oromits an original source obtained from theInternet or other ...
When is It OK Not to Cite?When you are stating a fact that is commonknowledge. If it is something you knewwithout looking...
Examples of Common KnowledgeCommon knowledge consists of:Information that is easily observed –Rain falls from thesky, but ...
Presenting Your OwnIdeasIf you are using a previous paper or presentation,that you created, you must cite your previouswor...
What Happens if You Are FoundPlagiarizing a Source?Grade PenaltyLetter of ReprimandProbationSuspensionDismissalExpul...
BewareThere are sites that help professors analyzestudents’ work for plagiarism. Some of thesesites include: Safe Assign ...
ConclusionPlagiarism only hurts you. Your professor cannotaccurately critique your work if it is not yourown work. You can...
ReferencesBrannan ,J. A. (n.d.). Plagiarism. Retrieved fromhttp://www.slideshare.net/kathykhan/plagiarism-powerpoint-24271...
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Plagiarism: A Guide for Students by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

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Plagiarism: A Guide for Students by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD

  1. 1. Plagiarism:A Guide for StudentsWilliam Allan Kritsonis, PhDProfessorPhD Program in Educational LeadershipDepartment of Educational Leadership and CounselingWhitlowe R. Green College of EducationPrairie View A&M University1
  2. 2. What is “Plagiarism?”Plagiarism is defined as the following:Failing to credit sources used in a work or product inan attempt to pass off the work as one’s own (notreferencing original source)Attempting to receive credit for work performed byanother; including papers obtained in whole or in partfrom individuals or other sources (submittingsomeone else’s original work)Paraphrasing not done in a proper way2
  3. 3. Why is it Wrong?Plagiarism is a form of cheating. It is an offenseunder the Prairie View A&M’s University Policyon Academic Honesty.3
  4. 4. How Can You Avoid Plagiarism?Paraphrase information taken from sources. Itmust be in your own words. Changing one ortwo words does not count.Only technical terms should be repeated.Exact words still used must have quotationmarks around them.4
  5. 5. How Can I Avoid Plagiarism?(Cont’d)Quote directly from the source. Use the exactwording as well as quotation marks. Quotingwithout the use of quotation marks isconsidered plagiarism.5
  6. 6. How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d)Always cite the source, whether you areparaphrasing or quoting. If you are not familiarwith proper citation form, please consult withyour professor or classmates to determine ifyour professor prefers the APA or MLA style.6
  7. 7. How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d) Use your own ideas, words, and interpretationWhen in doubt, cite!7
  8. 8. Examples of Proper CitingSources (APA) Short quote of fewer than 40 words:“Philosophy is a theoretical or logical analysis of theprinciples underlying conduct, thought, knowledge, and thenature of the universe” (Kritsonis, 2003, p. 3) . Long quote of 40+ words (Block Quote):People express opinions and maintain certain beliefsconcerning what is right and what is good. These opinionshave remained in a state of debate and occasionally in astate of confusion concerning interpretation .Individualphilosophers have left their marks of past thoughts andpractices. They are infused in present-day educationalsettings. (Kritsonis, 2003, p. 3)8
  9. 9. Example of CorrespondingReferenceKritsonis, W.A. (2003). Philosophy in education.National FORUM Journal of MulticulturalEducation, 15(1), 3. Retrieved fromwww.nationalforum.com9
  10. 10. Dangers of Using the InternetThe internet has made plagiarism easier withaccess to sites that will sell you an essay or termpaper, search engines, journals, articles,newspapers, encyclopedias, and so forth.10
  11. 11. Plagiarism ExampleA student copies, improperly paraphrases, oromits an original source obtained from theInternet or other source and gives the work tohis/her professor. The professor assumes thework is the student’s original thoughts and ideas.11
  12. 12. When is It OK Not to Cite?When you are stating a fact that is commonknowledge. If it is something you knewwithout looking it up, and believe that mostpeople reading your paper would already knowthe information, that’s common knowledge.When you are presenting your own ideas.12
  13. 13. Examples of Common KnowledgeCommon knowledge consists of:Information that is easily observed –Rain falls from thesky, but not a detailed explanation of why this happens.Commonly reported facts –There are nine planets in oursolar system, but not information about the planets.Common sayings such as proverbs – “What goes upmust come down.”13
  14. 14. Presenting Your OwnIdeasIf you are using a previous paper or presentation,that you created, you must cite your previouswork. Otherwise, you are committing self-plagiarism.14
  15. 15. What Happens if You Are FoundPlagiarizing a Source?Grade PenaltyLetter of ReprimandProbationSuspensionDismissalExpulsion15
  16. 16. BewareThere are sites that help professors analyzestudents’ work for plagiarism. Some of thesesites include: Safe Assign (PVAMU) Turnitin www.grammarly.com www.ithenticate.com/16
  17. 17. ConclusionPlagiarism only hurts you. Your professor cannotaccurately critique your work if it is not yourown work. You cannot get practice in writing ororganizing your own thoughts. In essence, youare cheating yourself.I will not commit plagiarism.I will not commit plagiarism.I will not commit plagiarism.Bottom Line: You can be expelled from PVAMU.17
  18. 18. ReferencesBrannan ,J. A. (n.d.). Plagiarism. Retrieved fromhttp://www.slideshare.net/kathykhan/plagiarism-powerpoint-2427193Google (n.d.). Plagiarism images. Retrieved fromhttp://www.google.com/search?hl=en&biw=1920&bih=813&gbv=2&tbm=isch&sa=1&q=plagiarism&oq=plag&aq=1&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_sm=c&gs_upl=444688l446766l0l450219l4l3l0l0l0l0l406l937l2-2.0.1l3Kritsonis, W.A. (2003). Philosophy in education. National FORUM Journal ofMulticultural Education, 15(1), 3. Retrieved fromwww.nationalforum.comPVAMU (2008, February 19). Plagiarism FAQ. Bulletin of Prairie View A&MUniversity, 82(1), 44.Walrath, W. (n.d.). Plagiarism: Don’t do it! Retrieved fromwww.tuhsd.k12.az.us/mdn/departments/lrtc/plagiarism.ppt18

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