Transcript of "Plagiarism: A Guide for Students by William Allan Kritsonis, PhD"
Plagiarism: A Guide for Students William Allan Kritsonis, PhD Professor PhD Program in Educational LeadershipDepartment of Educational Leadership and Counseling Whitlowe R. Green College of Education Prairie View A&M University 1
What is “Plagiarism?”Plagiarism is defined as the following:Failing to credit sources used in a work or product in an attempt to pass off the work as one’s own (not referencing original source)Attempting to receive credit for work performed by another; including papers obtained in whole or in part from individuals or other sources (submitting someone else’s original work)Paraphrasing not done in a proper way 2
Why is it Wrong?Plagiarism is a form of cheating. It is an offenseunder the Prairie View A&M’s University Policyon Academic Honesty. 3
How Can You Avoid Plagiarism?Paraphrase information taken from sources. It must be in your own words. Changing one or two words does not count.Only technical terms should be repeated.Exact words still used must have quotation marks around them. 4
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism?(Cont’d)Quote directly from the source. Use the exact wording as well as quotation marks. Quoting without the use of quotation marks is considered plagiarism. 5
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d)Always cite the source, whether you are paraphrasing or quoting. If you are not familiar with proper citation form, please consult with your professor or classmates to determine if your professor prefers the APA or MLA style. 6
How Can I Avoid Plagiarism? (Cont’d) Use your own ideas, words, and interpretation When in doubt, cite! 7
Examples of Proper Citing Sources (APA) Short quote of fewer than 40 words: “Philosophy is a theoretical or logical analysis of the principles underlying conduct, thought, knowledge, and the nature of the universe” (Kritsonis, 2003, p. 3) . Long quote of 40+ words (Block Quote): People express opinions and maintain certain beliefs concerning what is right and what is good. These opinions have remained in a state of debate and occasionally in a state of confusion concerning interpretation .Individual philosophers have left their marks of past thoughts and practices. They are infused in present-day educational settings. (Kritsonis, 2003, p. 3) 8
Example of Corresponding ReferenceKritsonis, W.A. (2003). Philosophy in education. National FORUM Journal of Multicultural Education, 15(1), 3. Retrieved from www.nationalforum.com 9
Dangers of Using the InternetThe internet has made plagiarism easier withaccess to sites that will sell you an essay or termpaper, search engines, journals, articles,newspapers, encyclopedias, and so forth. 10
Plagiarism ExampleA student copies, improperly paraphrases, oromits an original source obtained from theInternet or other source and gives the work tohis/her professor. The professor assumes thework is the student’s original thoughts and ideas. 11
When is It OK Not to Cite?When you are stating a fact that is common knowledge. If it is something you knew without looking it up, and believe that most people reading your paper would already know the information, that’s common knowledge.When you are presenting your own ideas. 12
Examples of Common KnowledgeCommon knowledge consists of:Information that is easily observed –Rain falls from thesky, but not a detailed explanation of why this happens.Commonly reported facts –There are nine planets in oursolar system, but not information about the planets.Common sayings such as proverbs – “What goes upmust come down.” 13
Presenting Your Own IdeasIf you are using a previous paper or presentation,that you created, you must cite your previouswork. Otherwise, you are committing self-plagiarism. 14
What Happens if You Are Found Plagiarizing a Source?Grade PenaltyLetter of ReprimandProbationSuspensionDismissalExpulsion 15
BewareThere are sites that help professors analyzestudents’ work for plagiarism. Some of thesesites include: Safe Assign (PVAMU) Turnitin www.grammarly.com www.ithenticate.com/ 16
ConclusionPlagiarism only hurts you. Your professor cannotaccurately critique your work if it is not yourown work. You cannot get practice in writing ororganizing your own thoughts. In essence, youare cheating yourself. I will not commit plagiarism. I will not commit plagiarism. I will not commit plagiarism. Bottom Line: You can be expelled from PVAMU. 17
ReferencesBrannan ,J. A. (n.d.). Plagiarism. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/kathykhan/plagiarism-powerpoint-2427193Google (n.d.). Plagiarism images. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&biw=1920&bih=813&gbv=2&tbm =isch&sa=1&q=plagiarism&oq=plag&aq=1&aqi=g10&aql=&gs_sm=c& gs_upl=444688l446766l0l450219l4l3l0l0l0l0l406l937l2-2.0.1l3Kritsonis, W.A. (2003). Philosophy in education. National FORUM Journal of Multicultural Education, 15(1), 3. Retrieved from www.nationalforum.comPVAMU (2008, February 19). Plagiarism FAQ. Bulletin of Prairie View A&M University, 82(1), 44.Walrath, W. (n.d.). Plagiarism: Don’t do it! Retrieved from www.tuhsd.k12.az.us/mdn/departments/lrtc/plagiarism.ppt 18
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