LIVING LEGACIES: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF FOUR AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE EDUCATIONAL  LEADERS AT A HISTORICALLY  BLACK COLL...
Defense Format<br />I.  Purpose of the Study<br />	II.  Research Questions<br />	III.  Significance of the Study<br />	IV....
I. The Purpose of the Study<br />The purpose of this study will be to give voice to four African American male educational...
II. Research Questions<br />1.   What critical moments in history have impacted the educational leadership style(s) of fou...
II. Research Questions<br />3.  Which leaders from the past have left an impression on four African-American male educatio...
II. Research Questions<br />5.  How has the leadership influence of four senior leaders helped in the mentoring of African...
III.  The Significance of the Study<br />To foster the meaningful paternal relationships from senior educational leaders t...
IV.  Review of Literature<br />Critical Race Theory<br />Resilience Theory<br />A Historical  Perspective of Black Educati...
Critical Race Theory<br />9<br />CRT seeks to expose racial and discriminatory practices that negatively impact marginaliz...
Resilience Theory<br />10<br />Seeks to identify factors that contribute to the rise and success of individuals experienci...
A Historical Perspective of Black Education and HBCU<br />Grew-out of the aftermath of slavery and used as a tool to trans...
The Significance of HBCUs<br />Valued/supported by the African American community, who believed they served as the path to...
Critical Moments in African American History<br />Black leaders rose to power out of duty to their race; they were undermi...
Critical Moments in African American History<br />During slavery, many African  American families were separated, therefor...
Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past<br />According to Biographical Profiles,  African American male na...
Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past<br />Nationalism (building race pride/self-sufficiency among  one’...
Black Faculty and Administrators in Higher Education<br />African American faculty are underrepresented across the board a...
The Significance of Mentorship for African American Males<br />According to Foster (2005), mentorship was a strong predict...
Risk Factors that Threathen African American Male Youth as Potential Leaders<br />High drop-out rates in Public schools an...
V. Research Design<br />Research Methodology<br />Subjects of Study<br />Instrumentation<br />Validity and Reliability of ...
Research Methodology<br />Qualitative Study<br />Phenomenological<br />Hermeneutic<br />21<br />
Subjects of Study<br />Four Participants<br />Criterion Sampling<br />African American Male<br />Educational Leaders/Teach...
Instrumentation<br />Demographic Information Instrument<br />In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews<br />Observations<br />2...
Instrumentation<br />Demographic Information Instrument<br />3 Sections:<br />Familial<br />Educational<br />Occupational<...
Instrumentation<br />In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews<br />Three Face-to-Face In-Depth interviews<br />Historical<br /...
Instrumentation<br />Observations<br />One thirty-minute observation<br />To capture dialogue from an artifact<br />26<br />
Validity and Reliability of the Study<br />Participants will review and provide feedback on the interview questions to che...
VI. Data Analysis<br />Researcher and participants collaborate interactively in shaping emerging themes (Creswell, 2007).<...
VI. Data Analysis<br />Data Analysis Steps, continued:<br />	4.  Textual and Structural descriptions will be detailed in p...
Questions/Comments<br />30<br />“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” – Martin Luthe...
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Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal

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Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal

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Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal

  1. 1. LIVING LEGACIES: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF FOUR AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE EDUCATIONAL LEADERS AT A HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY IN TEXAS<br />A Proposal Defense<br />by<br />Mary Ann Springs<br />William Allan Kritsonis, PhD – Dissertation Chair<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Defense Format<br />I. Purpose of the Study<br /> II. Research Questions<br /> III. Significance of the Study<br /> IV. Review of Literature<br /> V. Research Design<br /> VI. Data Analysis<br />2<br />
  3. 3. I. The Purpose of the Study<br />The purpose of this study will be to give voice to four African American male educational leaders, by conducting a phenomenological research study that will examine the emergence of educational leadership as perceived, experienced and exercised by African American male administrators of a Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Southwest Texas<br />3<br />
  4. 4. II. Research Questions<br />1. What critical moments in history have impacted the educational leadership style(s) of four African-American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University? <br />2. How has leadership style(s) evolved over the past three decades for four African American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University?<br />4<br />
  5. 5. II. Research Questions<br />3. Which leaders from the past have left an impression on four African-American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University? <br />4. In the face of social, political, and racial adversities, what influenced the decisions for four African American male educational leaders at a Southwestern Historically Black College and University? <br />5<br />
  6. 6. II. Research Questions<br />5. How has the leadership influence of four senior leaders helped in the mentoring of African American male students?<br />6. How has the leadership of four senior African American male educational leaders influenced the need for mentorship programs, policies that would promote African American leadership, and the recruitment of more African American male leaders in the future?<br />6<br />
  7. 7. III. The Significance of the Study<br />To foster the meaningful paternal relationships from senior educational leaders to succeeding generations<br />To teach and share leadership characteristics with young male youth of all backgrounds<br />To encourage African American males to complete graduation<br />To inspire and motivate African American males aspiring leadership positions in public and higher education<br />7<br />
  8. 8. IV. Review of Literature<br />Critical Race Theory<br />Resilience Theory<br />A Historical Perspective of Black Education/HBCU’s<br />Critical Moments in African American History<br />African American Leadership from the Past<br />Black Faculty and Administrators in Higher Education<br />The Significance of Mentorship for African American Males<br />Risk Factors that Threaten African American Male Youth <br />8<br />
  9. 9. Critical Race Theory<br />9<br />CRT seeks to expose racial and discriminatory practices that negatively impact marginalized groups (Bell, 1995 & Delgado, 1999)<br />Delgado’s Centrality of Race- examines the impact of racism (Lee, 2008)<br />
  10. 10. Resilience Theory<br />10<br />Seeks to identify factors that contribute to the rise and success of individuals experiencing oppression (Zimmerman, Ramaires-Valles, & Maton, 1999)<br />The utilization of skills, abilities, knowledge, and insight that develops over a period of time, as people struggle to surmount adversity to meet challenges (Reivich & Shatte, 2002; Van Breda, 2001)<br />The Protective Stabilizing model involves protective factors that help neutralize the risk of negative outcomes (Zimmerman, et al).<br />
  11. 11. A Historical Perspective of Black Education and HBCU<br />Grew-out of the aftermath of slavery and used as a tool to transition young black youth from slavery to mainstream society (Slavery and the Civil War, 2009)<br />Viewed as the key for social, political, and economical mobility for Blacks (DuBois, 1903/2003)<br />Placed under the jurisdiction of the state and local government (Woolfork, 1986)<br />Funded by the government, White Philanthropists, and the Black community (DuBois, 1903/2003; Jackson, 2007; & Woolfork, 1986)<br />11<br />
  12. 12. The Significance of HBCUs<br />Valued/supported by the African American community, who believed they served as the path to overcoming political, social, and economic inequality (Jackson, 2007; Woolfork, 1986)<br />HBCU’s contribute a significant number of African American graduates and professionals (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)<br />Recruit, nurture, and retain a reasonable amount of their graduates and provide an educational environment that promotes trust and security (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)<br />Have greater success in promoting race pride, African American history, and social interactions (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Critical Moments in African American History<br />Black leaders rose to power out of duty to their race; they were undermined politically and had little or no protection under the law; the Jim Crow Laws perpetuated racism and discrimination especially in the South (DuBois, 1903/2003).<br />Black Power/The Civil Rights Movements were the reprise to political, social, and economical injustice. The movements were organized by African American male leaders (Berry, 2001; Biographical profiles, 2010; Herton, 2006).<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Critical Moments in African American History<br />During slavery, many African American families were separated, therefore, leaving single mothers with the burden of leadership in a paternalistic society (DuBois, 1903/2003).<br />The Black family and community became strong social networks that promoted spirituality and protection through the church (DuBois , 1903/2003; Woodson, 1933/2005).<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past<br />According to Biographical Profiles, African American male national leaders approached leadership from two dominant perspectives in how they would lead the African American community: <br />Activism through non-violence /accommodation, while exposing the horrors of racism/inequality (Fredrick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.)<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past<br />Nationalism (building race pride/self-sufficiency among one’s race) and fighting for equality through violence, if necessary: Marcus Garvey, W.E.B. DuBois, and Malcolm X ( Biographical Profiles, 2010; DuBois, 1903/2003; Kritsonis, 2002)<br />While national African American male leaders focused on how to best overcome negative barriers to success, leaders of HBCU’s were challenged with funding, legislature, and moving the school toward the mission of education and service to the community (Jackson, 2007; Woolfolk, 1986)<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Black Faculty and Administrators in Higher Education<br />African American faculty are underrepresented across the board among most U.S. colleges and universities. Allen’s data confirmed that African American faculty was systematically and significantly disadvantaged in measures such as opportunity structure, resources, appointed positions, and advancement opportunities (Allen, 2000).<br />17<br />
  18. 18. The Significance of Mentorship for African American Males<br />According to Foster (2005), mentorship was a strong predictor of success for African American males in Public and Higher education.<br />Foster’s study also revealed that Public White Institutions (PWI’s) rated poorly with African American male faculty, who felt PWI’s were not developing strong. mentor/mentee programs to help buffer isolation and racism among African American male students.<br />While Foster’s study had a positive impact on a small group of inner-city African American male youth, the overall effectiveness of mentorship programs remain questionable (Bashi, 1991).<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Risk Factors that Threathen African American Male Youth as Potential Leaders<br />High drop-out rates in Public schools and low scores on standardized tests<br />Overrepresentation in the areas of Special Education<br />High frequency of discipline referrals and expulsion<br />Drug and Gang violence<br />Homicide and incarceration<br />(Children’s Aid Society ,2006,: Roderick, 2003)<br />19<br />
  20. 20. V. Research Design<br />Research Methodology<br />Subjects of Study<br />Instrumentation<br />Validity and Reliability of the Study<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Research Methodology<br />Qualitative Study<br />Phenomenological<br />Hermeneutic<br />21<br />
  22. 22. Subjects of Study<br />Four Participants<br />Criterion Sampling<br />African American Male<br />Educational Leaders/Teachers<br />30 or more years of service<br />Currently serving at a Southwestern HBCU<br />Anonymity - lettering<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Instrumentation<br />Demographic Information Instrument<br />In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews<br />Observations<br />23<br />
  24. 24. Instrumentation<br />Demographic Information Instrument<br />3 Sections:<br />Familial<br />Educational<br />Occupational<br />30 Questions<br />Distributed during the initial meeting with each participant.<br />24<br />
  25. 25. Instrumentation<br />In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews<br />Three Face-to-Face In-Depth interviews<br />Historical<br />Reconstructive<br />Reflective<br />Open-Ended<br />Semi-Structured<br />Audio/video-taped<br />25<br />
  26. 26. Instrumentation<br />Observations<br />One thirty-minute observation<br />To capture dialogue from an artifact<br />26<br />
  27. 27. Validity and Reliability of the Study<br />Participants will review and provide feedback on the interview questions to check for ambiguity, repetition, or relevancy of the questions<br />Triangulation will include: observation field notes, demographic information, artifacts, and vitas<br />27<br />
  28. 28. VI. Data Analysis<br />Researcher and participants collaborate interactively in shaping emerging themes (Creswell, 2007).<br />Data Analysis Steps:<br /> 1. The researcher brackets/suspends personal bias.<br /> 2. The researcher will read, memo, and horizontalize (highlighting significant statements) the interview data will answer the research questions.<br /> 3. The researcher/participants develop emerging themes based upon “textural and structural” descriptions.<br />28<br />
  29. 29. VI. Data Analysis<br />Data Analysis Steps, continued:<br /> 4. Textual and Structural descriptions will be detailed in paragraph form in order to capture the “essence” of the phenomenon.<br /> 5. Triangulation will help validate the study through observation field notes, demographic information, and artifacts will be scanned to help embellish key concepts for emerging themes. <br /> 6. After the data has been analyzed, the results will be reported through a combination of narration and tables.<br />29<br />
  30. 30. Questions/Comments<br />30<br />“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.<br />
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