Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal

2,316
views

Published on

Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal …

Mary Ann Springs, Dissertation Proposal - Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Proposal

Published in: Education

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,316
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. LIVING LEGACIES: A PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF FOUR AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE EDUCATIONAL LEADERS AT A HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY IN TEXAS
    A Proposal Defense
    by
    Mary Ann Springs
    William Allan Kritsonis, PhD – Dissertation Chair
    1
  • 2. Defense Format
    I. Purpose of the Study
    II. Research Questions
    III. Significance of the Study
    IV. Review of Literature
    V. Research Design
    VI. Data Analysis
    2
  • 3. I. The Purpose of the Study
    The purpose of this study will be to give voice to four African American male educational leaders, by conducting a phenomenological research study that will examine the emergence of educational leadership as perceived, experienced and exercised by African American male administrators of a Historically Black College and University (HBCU) in Southwest Texas
    3
  • 4. II. Research Questions
    1. What critical moments in history have impacted the educational leadership style(s) of four African-American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University?
    2. How has leadership style(s) evolved over the past three decades for four African American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University?
    4
  • 5. II. Research Questions
    3. Which leaders from the past have left an impression on four African-American male educational leaders from a Southwestern Historically Black College and University?
    4. In the face of social, political, and racial adversities, what influenced the decisions for four African American male educational leaders at a Southwestern Historically Black College and University?
    5
  • 6. II. Research Questions
    5. How has the leadership influence of four senior leaders helped in the mentoring of African American male students?
    6. How has the leadership of four senior African American male educational leaders influenced the need for mentorship programs, policies that would promote African American leadership, and the recruitment of more African American male leaders in the future?
    6
  • 7. III. The Significance of the Study
    To foster the meaningful paternal relationships from senior educational leaders to succeeding generations
    To teach and share leadership characteristics with young male youth of all backgrounds
    To encourage African American males to complete graduation
    To inspire and motivate African American males aspiring leadership positions in public and higher education
    7
  • 8. IV. Review of Literature
    Critical Race Theory
    Resilience Theory
    A Historical Perspective of Black Education/HBCU’s
    Critical Moments in African American History
    African American Leadership from the Past
    Black Faculty and Administrators in Higher Education
    The Significance of Mentorship for African American Males
    Risk Factors that Threaten African American Male Youth
    8
  • 9. Critical Race Theory
    9
    CRT seeks to expose racial and discriminatory practices that negatively impact marginalized groups (Bell, 1995 & Delgado, 1999)
    Delgado’s Centrality of Race- examines the impact of racism (Lee, 2008)
  • 10. Resilience Theory
    10
    Seeks to identify factors that contribute to the rise and success of individuals experiencing oppression (Zimmerman, Ramaires-Valles, & Maton, 1999)
    The utilization of skills, abilities, knowledge, and insight that develops over a period of time, as people struggle to surmount adversity to meet challenges (Reivich & Shatte, 2002; Van Breda, 2001)
    The Protective Stabilizing model involves protective factors that help neutralize the risk of negative outcomes (Zimmerman, et al).
  • 11. A Historical Perspective of Black Education and HBCU
    Grew-out of the aftermath of slavery and used as a tool to transition young black youth from slavery to mainstream society (Slavery and the Civil War, 2009)
    Viewed as the key for social, political, and economical mobility for Blacks (DuBois, 1903/2003)
    Placed under the jurisdiction of the state and local government (Woolfork, 1986)
    Funded by the government, White Philanthropists, and the Black community (DuBois, 1903/2003; Jackson, 2007; & Woolfork, 1986)
    11
  • 12. The Significance of HBCUs
    Valued/supported by the African American community, who believed they served as the path to overcoming political, social, and economic inequality (Jackson, 2007; Woolfork, 1986)
    HBCU’s contribute a significant number of African American graduates and professionals (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)
    Recruit, nurture, and retain a reasonable amount of their graduates and provide an educational environment that promotes trust and security (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)
    Have greater success in promoting race pride, African American history, and social interactions (Bennett & Yu Xie, 2003)
    12
  • 13. Critical Moments in African American History
    Black leaders rose to power out of duty to their race; they were undermined politically and had little or no protection under the law; the Jim Crow Laws perpetuated racism and discrimination especially in the South (DuBois, 1903/2003).
    Black Power/The Civil Rights Movements were the reprise to political, social, and economical injustice. The movements were organized by African American male leaders (Berry, 2001; Biographical profiles, 2010; Herton, 2006).
    13
  • 14. Critical Moments in African American History
    During slavery, many African American families were separated, therefore, leaving single mothers with the burden of leadership in a paternalistic society (DuBois, 1903/2003).
    The Black family and community became strong social networks that promoted spirituality and protection through the church (DuBois , 1903/2003; Woodson, 1933/2005).
    14
  • 15. Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past
    According to Biographical Profiles, African American male national leaders approached leadership from two dominant perspectives in how they would lead the African American community:
    Activism through non-violence /accommodation, while exposing the horrors of racism/inequality (Fredrick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.)
    15
  • 16. Leadership styles of African American Men from the Past
    Nationalism (building race pride/self-sufficiency among one’s race) and fighting for equality through violence, if necessary: Marcus Garvey, W.E.B. DuBois, and Malcolm X ( Biographical Profiles, 2010; DuBois, 1903/2003; Kritsonis, 2002)
    While national African American male leaders focused on how to best overcome negative barriers to success, leaders of HBCU’s were challenged with funding, legislature, and moving the school toward the mission of education and service to the community (Jackson, 2007; Woolfolk, 1986)
    16
  • 17. Black Faculty and Administrators in Higher Education
    African American faculty are underrepresented across the board among most U.S. colleges and universities. Allen’s data confirmed that African American faculty was systematically and significantly disadvantaged in measures such as opportunity structure, resources, appointed positions, and advancement opportunities (Allen, 2000).
    17
  • 18. The Significance of Mentorship for African American Males
    According to Foster (2005), mentorship was a strong predictor of success for African American males in Public and Higher education.
    Foster’s study also revealed that Public White Institutions (PWI’s) rated poorly with African American male faculty, who felt PWI’s were not developing strong. mentor/mentee programs to help buffer isolation and racism among African American male students.
    While Foster’s study had a positive impact on a small group of inner-city African American male youth, the overall effectiveness of mentorship programs remain questionable (Bashi, 1991).
    18
  • 19. Risk Factors that Threathen African American Male Youth as Potential Leaders
    High drop-out rates in Public schools and low scores on standardized tests
    Overrepresentation in the areas of Special Education
    High frequency of discipline referrals and expulsion
    Drug and Gang violence
    Homicide and incarceration
    (Children’s Aid Society ,2006,: Roderick, 2003)
    19
  • 20. V. Research Design
    Research Methodology
    Subjects of Study
    Instrumentation
    Validity and Reliability of the Study
    20
  • 21. Research Methodology
    Qualitative Study
    Phenomenological
    Hermeneutic
    21
  • 22. Subjects of Study
    Four Participants
    Criterion Sampling
    African American Male
    Educational Leaders/Teachers
    30 or more years of service
    Currently serving at a Southwestern HBCU
    Anonymity - lettering
    22
  • 23. Instrumentation
    Demographic Information Instrument
    In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews
    Observations
    23
  • 24. Instrumentation
    Demographic Information Instrument
    3 Sections:
    Familial
    Educational
    Occupational
    30 Questions
    Distributed during the initial meeting with each participant.
    24
  • 25. Instrumentation
    In-Depth Phenomenological Interviews
    Three Face-to-Face In-Depth interviews
    Historical
    Reconstructive
    Reflective
    Open-Ended
    Semi-Structured
    Audio/video-taped
    25
  • 26. Instrumentation
    Observations
    One thirty-minute observation
    To capture dialogue from an artifact
    26
  • 27. Validity and Reliability of the Study
    Participants will review and provide feedback on the interview questions to check for ambiguity, repetition, or relevancy of the questions
    Triangulation will include: observation field notes, demographic information, artifacts, and vitas
    27
  • 28. VI. Data Analysis
    Researcher and participants collaborate interactively in shaping emerging themes (Creswell, 2007).
    Data Analysis Steps:
    1. The researcher brackets/suspends personal bias.
    2. The researcher will read, memo, and horizontalize (highlighting significant statements) the interview data will answer the research questions.
    3. The researcher/participants develop emerging themes based upon “textural and structural” descriptions.
    28
  • 29. VI. Data Analysis
    Data Analysis Steps, continued:
    4. Textual and Structural descriptions will be detailed in paragraph form in order to capture the “essence” of the phenomenon.
    5. Triangulation will help validate the study through observation field notes, demographic information, and artifacts will be scanned to help embellish key concepts for emerging themes.
    6. After the data has been analyzed, the results will be reported through a combination of narration and tables.
    29
  • 30. Questions/Comments
    30
    “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.