Dissertation Proposal:  An Analysis of the Rural  School Superintendency James Laub Prairie View A & M University March 2006
Significance of the Study <ul><li>Limited research available on rural schools </li></ul><ul><li>Research developed by the ...
Significance of the Study (con’t.) <ul><li>Research gathered by the study may help rural public school superintendents mor...
Purpose of the Study <ul><li>The purpose of the study is to analyze the educational governance challenges faced by superin...
Statement of the Problem <ul><li>A high rate of rural public school districts continue to experience a high incidence of s...
Statement of the Problem (con’t) <ul><li>A decreasing number of applicants in the pool for superintendent vacancies create...
Research Questions <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the characteristics of rural public school districts...
Qualitative Questions <ul><li>Question 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extant ...
Research Questions <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the factors that contribute to superintendent turno...
Hypotheses <ul><li>H1 – There is a statistically significant difference between turnover rates among superintendents in ru...
Limitations of the Study <ul><li>A potential for differences in the responses may exist, given the type of survey instrume...
Chapter 2 <ul><li>Strands of Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural School Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintende...
Rural School Districts <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Gove...
Superintendents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </...
Challenges <ul><li>School Board Relations </li></ul><ul><li>NCLB </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Fun...
Leadership <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MBE - Active </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Chapter 3 <ul><li>Data Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintendents in 5 states </li...
Population and Sample <ul><li>Target Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural School Superintendents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Survey Instruments <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive/Explanatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liker...
Survey Instruments <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cronbach’s alpha ....
Data Analysis - Quantitative <ul><li>Hypotheses  Stat Method  Ind. Variable Dep. Variable   Covariant </li></ul><ul><li>H1...
Data Analysis - Qualitative <ul><li>What are the characteristics of a rural public school district? </li></ul><ul><li>What...
Descriptive Statistics <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul...
Recommendations for Future Studies <ul><li>Comparison study of suburban and urban superintendents </li></ul><ul><li>Manage...
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James D. Laub, Dissertation Proposal Defense, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Committee

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Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, PhD Dissertation Chair for James D. Laub, PVAMU, Member of the Texas A&M University System

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James D. Laub, Dissertation Proposal Defense, Dr. William Allan Kritsonis, Dissertation Committee

  1. 1. Dissertation Proposal: An Analysis of the Rural School Superintendency James Laub Prairie View A & M University March 2006
  2. 2. Significance of the Study <ul><li>Limited research available on rural schools </li></ul><ul><li>Research developed by the study could lead to less turnover and better retention rates of rural public school superintendents, thus, eliminating costly executive employee searches for school districts. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Significance of the Study (con’t.) <ul><li>Research gathered by the study may help rural public school superintendents more accurately identify problems and challenges, thus stabilizing the role of chief executive officer of the school district, where he or she can positively impact the educational program. </li></ul><ul><li>Information, recommendations and experiences offered by other rural superintendents during the data gathering portion of the study could impact training and curriculum for educational leadership and superintendency certification programs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose of the Study <ul><li>The purpose of the study is to analyze the educational governance challenges faced by superintendents in rural public school districts. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the constraints that have historically inhibited the abilities of rural public school districts can be overcome provided the school leadership is stable and dedicated to excellence. (Chance & Capps 1992). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Statement of the Problem <ul><li>A high rate of rural public school districts continue to experience a high incidence of superintendent turnover (Grady & Bryant, 1991) </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions loom of an increasingly high turnover rate in the superintendency, reaching perhaps as high as 40 percent to 50 percent in the upcoming years (Stricherz, 2001). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Statement of the Problem (con’t) <ul><li>A decreasing number of applicants in the pool for superintendent vacancies create a challenge for school districts, particularly those that are rural and small (Czaza & Harman,1999; Johnson & Howley, 2001). </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive turnover caused by a high rate of turnover in the superintendency can detract from the espoused purpose of educating students (Chance & Capps, 1992). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Research Questions <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the characteristics of rural public school districts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the governance challenges facing rural public school superintendents? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What knowledge, skills and strategies are utilized by rural public school superintendents to address governance challenges? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Qualitative Questions <ul><li>Question 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extant databases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Question 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey – Naturalistic Inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Question 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of the Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey – Naturalistic Inquiry </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Research Questions <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the factors that contribute to superintendent turnover in rural public school districts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What innovative models are available to address the current and future challenges facing rural public school superintendents? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hypotheses <ul><li>H1 – There is a statistically significant difference between turnover rates among superintendents in rural public school districts. </li></ul><ul><li>H2 – There is a statistically significant difference between the leadership behaviors exhibited among superintendents in rural public school districts as identified by the MLQ (Form 5X). </li></ul>
  11. 11. Limitations of the Study <ul><li>A potential for differences in the responses may exist, given the type of survey instruments and methodology (web based survey, telephone survey, personal interview) utilized in data collection and gathering. </li></ul><ul><li>The study may be restricted by the personal perceptions, beliefs, assumptions, feelings and experiences of rural public school superintendents. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic, regional and cultural biases may exist in the data, given the scope of the study is geographically based in the southwestern part of the United States </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chapter 2 <ul><li>Strands of Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural School Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintendents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Rural School Districts <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Gurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Howley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arnold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beeson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strange </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Superintendents <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Gurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kowalski </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brunner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bjork </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Challenges <ul><li>School Board Relations </li></ul><ul><li>NCLB </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Gurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Howley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beeson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Johnson </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Leadership <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MBE - Active </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laissez-Faire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MBE - Passive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gurus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avolio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sergiovanni </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Chapter 3 <ul><li>Data Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Instruments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Superintendents in 5 states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extant Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chapter 1 glossary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEDL, AEIS, ADC, SISD, SAIS, ODE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AASA, Professional Organizations </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Population and Sample <ul><li>Target Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural School Superintendents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TX, NM, OK, NM, AZ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>653 Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 500 students in district </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simple Random Sample </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPSS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>150 Superintendents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 Superintendents </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Survey Instruments <ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptive/Explanatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Likert Scale </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MLQ Form 5X </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses in variety of contexts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Survey Instruments <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cronbach’s alpha .8945 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panel of experts </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Data Analysis - Quantitative <ul><li>Hypotheses Stat Method Ind. Variable Dep. Variable Covariant </li></ul><ul><li>H1 ANOVA Superintendent Turnover Rate </li></ul><ul><li>H2 ANOVA Superintendent Management Style </li></ul><ul><li>H1, H2 ANCOVA Age Gender </li></ul><ul><li> Yrs Exp </li></ul>
  22. 22. Data Analysis - Qualitative <ul><li>What are the characteristics of a rural public school district? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the responsibilities of a rural public school superintendent? </li></ul><ul><li>What would you depict as the governance challenges facing rural public school superintendents? </li></ul><ul><li>What knowledge, skills and strategies do you utilize to address these governance challenges? </li></ul><ul><li>How would you define your leadership style? </li></ul><ul><li>What advice were you given as a first year superintendent that helped you the most? </li></ul><ul><li>What advice would you give a first year superintendent? </li></ul><ul><li>Review of the Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Triangulation </li></ul><ul><li>Member Checks </li></ul><ul><li>Emergent Themes </li></ul>
  23. 23. Descriptive Statistics <ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yrs Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li># of Students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Rate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extant Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SEDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AEIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ADC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SISD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SAIS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ODE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Districts </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Recommendations for Future Studies <ul><li>Comparison study of suburban and urban superintendents </li></ul><ul><li>Management Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Superintendent Preparation Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison study of suburban and urban school districts </li></ul>

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