C U R R I C U L U M I N S T R U C T I O N

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Educational Background - Dr. Kritsonis

Dr. William Allan Kritsonis earned his BA in 1969 from Central Washington University, Ellensburg, Washington. In 1971, he earned his M.Ed. from Seattle Pacific University. In 1976, he earned his PhD from the University of Iowa. In 1981, he was a Visiting Scholar at Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, and in 1987 was a Visiting Scholar at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. In June 2008, Dr. Kritsonis received the Doctor of Humane Letters, School of Graduate Studies from Southern Christian University. The ceremony was held at the Hilton Hotel in New Orleans, Louisiana.

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C U R R I C U L U M I N S T R U C T I O N

  1. 1. Curriculum Instruction William Allan Kritsonis, PhD
  2. 2. History of Curriculum <ul><li>Since the early 80’s, the state has focused increasingly on improving student learning. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, a host of measures are in place to strengthen the curriculum, measure student achievement, and hold school districts and schools accountable. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History of Curriculum <ul><li>As a result, more students are passing and graduating at their scheduled time. </li></ul><ul><li>Texas passed legislation in 1981 requiring a well-balanced curriculum in Texas public school districts, including a foundation curriculum and an enrichment curriculum (TEC $$ 28.00I-.022). </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Pros to A Structured Curriculum <ul><li>The curriculum foundation includes core subjects such as mathematics, social studies, reading and science. Enrichment curriculum includes second languages, health, physical education, fine arts, economics, technology education and applications. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Cons to A Structured Curriculum <ul><li>Texas is a state with many immigrants and non-English speaking citizens and no citizens. The state holds everyone accountable to the curriculum; however students with language barriers or special needs has to also take the test, but it does not have to be the same test administered to regular education students. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Cons to A structured Curriculum <ul><li>Through an ARD or other evaluation these students are assigned to an alternate assessment because no one is exempt from the states assessment. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gi Forum Image de Tejas v. Texas Education Agency <ul><li>In 1997 the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund (MALDEF) filed a federal lawsuit against the state’s former exit test, known as the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS). </li></ul><ul><li>This suit was filed because statistics show that 20% of Hispanics and African Americans failed compared to 10% of Caucasian students. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Case Study for Effective Curriculum <ul><li>Students were asked to complete a comparison survey of lectures to the integration of activities in the curriculum. Each student team, consisting of four to five persons, was assigned a specified position on the comparison case. Other students were assigned to other different positions but on the same issue. The results of the effectiveness of cases studied were classified into five categories: (1) focused, single subject, (2) resolution of conflict, (3) major issue, (4) concept application, and (5) laboratory-based problems. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Case Study for Effective Curriculum <ul><li>The six year study led to a number of cognitive and effective values of these methods. Some conclusions were reached by comparing the performances of students in these experimental sections with that of their peers in the same courses. The conclusion is the higher level of thinking and critical analysis skills than what they exhibited in the past. This outcome is a result of the shift from classical methods of instruction to integrating activity </li></ul>
  10. 10. Curriculum Case Of Linda K. Greensheilds <ul><li>this case involved a teacher who was fired, and then was force to reinstate, because the teacher refused to use a commercial science program. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion <ul><li>In conclusion, all cases and case studies are looked upon in different a way. It was very fortunate states developed curriculums that involves every student in some way v. being fired trying to implement a curriculum based on the way you feel as an individual. </li></ul>

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