P 101 ep 3-a


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P 101 ep 3-a

  1. 1. 3A-01-P101-EP
  2. 2. Lesson Objectives• List two reasons to do fuels projects.• Name three methods of doing fuels treatments. 3A-02-P101- EP
  3. 3. Introduction• Fuels are classified as live and dead materials and are categorized by size classes and vegetation.• Hazardous fuel situations are found where there is thick growth or accumulation of dead vegetation. 3A-03-P101-EP
  4. 4. • These hazardous fuel conditions can be found in remote areas as well as areas where wildland vegetation is intermixed with structures. 3A-04-P101-EP
  5. 5. • Fuels management is the manipulation and reduction of hazardous fuels to meet fire or resource management objectives. 3A-05-P101-EP
  6. 6. Timber Slash Removal 3A-06-P101-EP
  7. 7. Handwork 3A-07-P101-EP
  8. 8. FuelReduction 3A-08-P101-EP
  9. 9. Roadside HazardReduction 3A-09-P101-EP
  10. 10. Fuelbreaks FuelReduction Zones 3A-10-P101-EP
  11. 11. StructureFuelbreaks 3A-11-P101-EP
  12. 12. Prescribed Fire 3A-12-P101-EP
  13. 13. • Fuel treatments primarily reduce fire intensity and reduce the potential for fire spread. 3A-13-P101-EP
  14. 14. • Less intense wildland fire• Firefighter safety and effectiveness will increase• Not reducing fuels can have serious consequences on adjoining property, public or private 3A-14-P101-EP
  15. 15. • Where smoke is an issue or where topographic features allow, mechanical treatment can be used for biomass removal. 3A-15-P101-EP
  16. 16. Mechanical Removal 3A-16-P101-EP
  17. 17. Chipping 3A-17-P101-EP
  18. 18. Grazing Animals 3A-18-P101-EP
  19. 19. Why Do Fuels Management?• Protection – Protecting property• Protection – Protecting resources 3A-19-P101-EP
  20. 20. • Restoration and maintenance of fire adapted ecosystems• Provide economic benefits to communities• Allow fire to play it’s natural role in ecosystems 3A-20-P101-EP
  21. 21. Fuels Management Methods• Prescribed fire• Mechanical• Biological• Chemical 3A-21-P101-EP
  22. 22. • What Is A Prescribed Fire?• Any fire ignited by management actions to meet specific objectives• A written, approved prescribed fire plan is required 3A-22-P101-EP
  23. 23. • Benefits Of Prescribed Fire• Reduce accumulation of dead material• Recycle nutrients• Minimize epidemics• Firefighter safety 3A-23-P101-EP
  24. 24. • Benefits Of Prescribed Fire• WUI – Reduce threat to lives and property• Reintroduce fire into the environment 3A-24-P101-EP
  25. 25. • Disadvantages Of Prescribed Fire• Risk of escape• Smoke –visibility• Smoke - individuals 3A-25-P101-EP
  26. 26. • Who Does The Burning?• Trained fire management professionals 3A-26-P101-EP
  27. 27. • What Is A Burn Prescription?• Outlines requirements• How the burn will be executed• Defines weather and environmental conditions• Identifies who will be involved 3A-27-P101-EP
  28. 28. 3A-28-P101-EP
  29. 29. • What About Smoke?• Before each burn smoke predictions are made• Burn prescription is written to mitigate• Natural by-product• Fire is part of the natural ecosystem 3A-29-P101-EP
  30. 30. • What Can A Neighboring Landowner Expect?• Smoke• Smell• Scorching• Weeds• Aesthetics 3A-30-P101-EP
  31. 31. Methods - Hand or Mechanical• Crusher or masticator• Other types of mechanical or hand treatment• Biomass 3A-31-P101-EP
  32. 32. 3A-32-P101-EP
  33. 33. Fuel Breaks - Defensible Space Zones• What are they?• How are they designed? 3A-33-P101-EP
  34. 34. Fuels Management Methods – Fuel Breaks - Defensible Space Zones• Fuelbreaks are expected to: 3A-34-P101-EP
  35. 35. Other Types of Treatments• Chemical 3A-35-P101-EP
  36. 36. Other Types of Treatments• Biological 3A-36-P101-EP
  37. 37. Fuel Treatment Methods• Both hazardous fuels reduction and vegetation treatment efforts are essential within the WUI, as well as the surrounding wildland environment 3A-37-P101-EP
  38. 38. Fuel Treatment Methods• The methods and means of reducing fuels within a community may be similar or completely different to those treatments occurring outside the community. 3A-38-P101-EP
  39. 39. Summary and Review Objectives• List two reasons to do fuels projects.• Name three methods of doing fuels treatments. 3A-39-P101-EP