P 101 ep 1-b


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P 101 ep 1-b

  1. 1. 1B-01-P101-EP
  2. 2. Lesson Objective Explain the fire prevention triangle List examples of risk, hazard, and values as related to fire prevention 1B-02-P101-EP
  3. 3. Introduction Over half of the United States, about one billion acres is forest, brush, and grasslands. Annually, about 100,000 wildfires start on these lands. 1B-03-P101-EP
  4. 4.  These fires burn more than five million acres, destroying structures, resources, and lives. The average cost to suppress these fires exceed 1.2 billion dollars. 1B-04-P101-EP
  5. 5. The Serious Wildland FireProblem In The U.S. 90 percent of these fires are human caused. Different regions of the U.S. experience unique fire cause problems. The west may be lightning, but the northeast and south are human caused. 1B-05-P101-EP
  6. 6. Major Causes Of Wildland Fires Arson  Children Campfires  Railroads Debris burning  Power lines Equipment use Smoking 1B-06-P101-EP
  7. 7. The Wildland Fire Environment Topography, fuels, and air mass (weather) Ignition susceptibility and fire behavior are determined by these elements. Wildland environment no longer consists only of naturally occurring elements. 1B-07-P101-EP
  8. 8. The Wildland Fire Environment An important effect on the environment is the human impact. The suppression of periodic natural wildland fire has changed fuels characteristics. The wildland fire prevention problem will increase. 1B-08-P101-EP
  9. 9. Wildland Fire Prevention In The U.S. A National and Regional integrated program Wildland Fire Prevention is complex 1B-09-P101-EP
  10. 10. Wildland Fire Prevention Defined: Activities, such as, public education, community outreach, law enforcement, and reduction of hazardous fuels that are intended to reduce wildland fire and the risks it poses to life and property. 1B-10-P101-EP
  11. 11. Risks “Potential To Ignite” Equipment,  Railroads vehicles  Transportation Campfires systems Smoking  Structures Children  Incendiary 1B-11-P101-EP
  12. 12. EQUIPMENT 1B-12-P101-EP
  13. 13. 1B-13-P101-EP
  14. 14. 1B-14-P101-EP
  15. 15. VEHICLE ACCIDENTS 1B-15-P101-EP
  16. 16. 1B-16-P101-EP
  17. 17. 1B-17-P101-EP
  18. 18. Structures 1B-18-P101-EP
  19. 19. 1B-19-P101-EP
  20. 20. Hazard Is Fuel Defined By Its: Volume  Arrangement Type  Location Condition 1B-20-P101-EP
  21. 21. The fuels, topographic, and weatherfeatures of an area determine theease of ignition and fire suppressiondifficulty. 1B-21-P101-EP
  22. 22. Hazard is the “Potential To Burn” Activity  Trash debris/slash  Ground litter Homes/structures Dry grass Dead trees 1B-22-P101-EP
  23. 23. RISK and HAZARD EQUALS FIRE 1B-23-P101-EP
  24. 24. Value is defined as any area, whetherit be natural or developed, where lossor damage from Wildland Fire wouldbe unacceptable. 1B-24-P101-EP
  25. 25. Examples Of Value Elements CouldBe: Developments  Soils Watershed  Plants Cultural Aesthetic/scenic 1B-25-P101-EP
  26. 26. Fire Prevention TriangleEDUCATION ENGINEERING ENFORCEMENT 1B-26-P101-EP
  27. 27.  The fire prevention triangle is used by Fire Prevention Specialists to describe the fire prevention program. Like the fire triangle, the fire prevention triangle separates a program into three key areas. 1B-27-P101-EP
  28. 28.  The education leg of the triangle, the objective is to modify or change human behavior. 1B-28-P101-EP
  29. 29. Fire Prevention Education HasFive Main Elements That AreIntended To: Create an awareness of the fire problem Provide information needed to understand the risks, hazards, and values associated with wildfire 1B-29-P101-EP
  30. 30. Fire Prevention Education Will: Establish ownership with the problem Change attitude Change behavior 1B-30-P101-EP
  31. 31. Fire Prevention Education Four KeyFactors Target the right people Use the right message Time the message appropriately Use the appropriate vehicle/transmission 1B-31-P101-EP
  32. 32. Types of Educational Activities ThatHelp Deliver The Wildfire PreventionMessage To: A specific audience To address a specific problem At key times, for maximum effectiveness 1B-32-P101-EP
  33. 33. 1B-33-P101-EP
  34. 34. 1B-34-P101-EP
  35. 35. 1B-35-P101-EP
  36. 36. 1B-36-P101-EP
  37. 37. Are YOU Prepared?REPORT CAMPFIRE ARSON SAFETY Call: 1B-37-P101-EP
  38. 38. 1B-38-P101-EP
  39. 39. 1B-39-P101-EP
  40. 40. What Is Engineering and How Is It Done? 1B-40-P101-EP
  41. 41. Removing The Heat Source FromThe Fuel This involves such actions as using spark arresters, closing an area because of a hazardous situation, or smoking only in designated areas 1B-41-P101-EP
  42. 42. 1B-42-P101-EP
  43. 43. Closing Areas to The Public 1B-43-P101-EP
  44. 44. Reducing or Eliminating Fuels 1B-44-P101-EP
  45. 45. Prescribed Fire 1B-45-P101-EP
  46. 46. Fuelbreaks, Clearing Around Structures 1B-46-P101-EP
  47. 47. rance mpfire C le aCa 1B-47-P101-EP
  48. 48. 1B-48-P101-EP
  49. 49. Through Engineering AND Education,We Can Provide a Safer Environment For The Public To Enjoy 1B-49-P101-EP
  50. 50. What Is Enforcement ? and How Is It Done? 1B-50-P101-EP
  51. 51. 1B-51-P101-EP
  52. 52. 1B-52-P101-EP
  53. 53. 1B-53-P101-EP
  54. 54. 1B-54-P101-EP
  55. 55. 1B-55-P101-EP
  56. 56. Once We IdentifyHAZARD AND RISK We Can Educate Engineer Enforce 1B-56-P101-EP
  57. 57. Fire Prevention Triangle Education Engineering Enforcement 1B-57-P101-EP
  58. 58. Summary and Review LessonObjectives Explain the fire prevention triangle List examples of risk, hazard, and value as related to fire prevention 1B-58-P101-EP