The theoretical underpinningof ϵ-Learning Learning theory itself is prime for development. e-Learning takes the concept of “community of learners”. “Communal constructivism”- individuals not only learn socially but contribute to other learners.
e-Learning has limitations: 1. The fixed times 2. Locations for learning However, e-Learning is simply an add-on in the technology itself
e-Learning has theoretical underpinning and the concepts have emerged from: 1. A number of different traditions and fields 2. Education 3. Psychology 4. Computer science 5. Sociology
an understanding of three main theoreticalframeworks underpinning educational and e- Learning theory: Behaviourism
The best known proponents of the approach:
The most prominent theorists of Cognitivist approaches:
Sensory-motor skills: 0-2 years; reaching, touching and so on Pre-operational: 2-7 years; linguistic development, intuitive understanding of some simple processes Concrete operations: 7-11 years; organized thinking, problem solving with “real” contextsFormal operations: 11-15 years; abstract conceptualization and formal logic
The learner`s steps: implying that some learning capabilities are dependent on the consolidation of others David Wood introduces the concept of “scaffolding”Scaffolding is considered as part of the tutor`s role
SAMPLE WEBSITES 1. https://www.cs.tcd.ie/publications/tech- reports/reports.01/TCD-CS-2001-04.pdf2. http://searchwarp.com/swa596784-Educational- Implications-Of-Theory-Of-Communal- Constructivism.htm 3. e-Learning Theory – Communal Constructivism : SAGE Knowledge knowledge.sagepub.com/view/e-learning/n5.xml 4. E-learning: concepts and practice - University of East London www.uel.ac.uk/rite/issues/vol1/2/bookreview/pp34/
REFERENCES “Communal Constructivism: Students constructing learning for as well as with others” Bryn Holmes, Brendan Tangney, Ann FitzGibbon, Tim Savage, Siobhan Mehan. https://www.cs.tcd.ie/publications /tech-reports/reports.01/TCD- CS-2001-04.pdf “Educational Implications of Theory of Communal Constructivism” by Rahaman Onike http://searchwarp.com/swa59678 4-Educational-Implications-Of- Theory-Of-Communal- Constructivism.htm And http://www.powershow.com/view /fc081- MDczY/Constructivist_Learning _Theory_powerpoint_ppt_pres entation
Socio—constructivist model requires a third dimension to the interaction Learner
http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html1. Vygotsky places more emphasis on culture.2. Vygotsky places considerably more emphasis on social factors.3. Vygotsky places more (and different) emphasis on the role of language in cognitive development
DEFINITION• Communal Constructivism is an approach to learning in which students construct their own knowledge as a result of their experiences and interactions with others and are afforded the opportunity to contribute this knowledge to a communal knowledge base for the benefit of existing and new learners (Holmes, 2001)
‘a river and a pipe’
Two analogies, of water flowing in a river and in apipe, illustrate the basic tenet of communalconstructivism.
Salomon, G. and Perkins, D. (1998)
The concept of PhD studyThe concept of PhD study is that of the students making a contribution to the field they are studying.Doctoral students attempt to expand knowledge in a discipline and are encouraged to publish their results so that their own work is recorded and helps develop the field of knowledge.the doctoral study is arguably one of the best learning experiences available, especially if it is undertaken in a team context such as a science research group
Types of e-learning
they represent a significant move forward for e-Learning, based oncommunities of users/learners in a communal constructivist context.
form of e-Learning exemplified by weblogs(blog)http://languagepie.wordpress.com/
form of e-Learning exemplified by multi-userobject oriented systems (MOO)http://www.angelfire.com/ma/CasaDax/moo.html
form of e-Learning exemplified by multi-editorwiki systems (wiki).http://web20andlanguagelearning.wikidot.com/wikis
SEEDS OF CHANGE! To learn with and from others Peer tutoring and project-based learning in a group Conventional educational process will become increasingly vulnerable to change in the face of communal constructivist approaches stimulated by e-learning environments.
QUESTIONS TO DISCUSS :
Why is making it social valuable? Which is better? Why? Getting it from a peer… Or getting it from a teacher?discussion
How to designd Multi-user Objectis Oriented systemscu (MOO)ss ?ion