Tools of Information and Communication Technology Communication Tools in the PastNo. Name of the Tools The Functions1. Kentongan To tell the people that has been or will something happening.2. Drum Give information to the people about the prayer time.3. Smoke Send a secret message to friends or foe, to ask people to help us.4. Inscription and Palm Leaf To write and send the letter before paper has been found.5. Bell To determine the time and tell information.6. Bird Mail Send a letter to other place by using a bird.7. Symbol Alert Give information via the movement of hand, face, or expressions.8. Sounds Expressed the danger alarms by sirine or kentongan. Modern Communication Tools9. Telephone and Handphone Call someone although the distance is far. And for handphone, it can send and receive message from the other handphone user.10. E-mail Send a mail quickly, and chatting with other account.11. Television Give information by watch the daily news, and an entertainment by watch the movies or cartoon.12. Internet Provide informations to general public via websites. And we can have a connection with other people in other countries via social networks.13. Telegraph Send and receive message for long distance.14. Facsimile Send document by the telephone network by the result is the fotocopies of the original document.15. Newspaper Give the latest and important news, entertainment, and education.16. Radio Publishing news by sounds, and share the new popular songs.17. Pager Personal communication tools to send and receive short messages.
The Historical Development of Information and Communication Technology Count ToolsFirstly, our forefather are not familiar with number symbols. But, they have to know how to count.They have used their fingers, gravel, and the knot of the rope. As the discovery of the symbolnumbers, the count tools had a progress. About 1800 years ago, abacus was found. And thenNapier’s bone and slide rule was found. Finally the digital calculator was found. And we almost usethat everyday. ComputerFirst Generation Was developed during the World War II. The operating system created specifically for a specific task.Second Generation Vacuum tube has been replaced by transistors, so the size of the computer less drastically.Third Generation Transistor components that used in the second generation computer, replaced by Integrated Circuit (IC).Fourth Generation Minimize the size of circuits and electrical components.Fifth Generation This computer used VLS1 Components (Very Large Scale Integration).