Propane as a Vehicle Fuel: The Basics


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Presented by Marty Franzkowiak, Ferrellgas, on February 22, 2012, at the Propel with Propane Workshop hosted by Wisconsin Clean Cities.

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Propane as a Vehicle Fuel: The Basics

  1. 1. PROPANE AUTOGASOne of the best kept secrets in alternative fuels is right here in our own backyard.
  2. 2. What is Propane?• Propane is a hydrocarbon (C3H8) and is sometimes referred to as liquefied petroleum gas, LP-gas or LPG.• Propane is non-toxic and does not contaminate ground water or soil.• Propane is considered a clean fuel by the Clean Air Act of 1990 and National Policy Act of 1992 and 2005
  3. 3. 90 % of the propane used in the US is produced in the US. 1/3 of the world supply is from Texas.
  4. 4. Why Propane? Because…• It’s domestically produced.• It’s environmentally-friendly.• It’s the most widely available alternative fuel in the United State.• It’s the 3d most widely used engine fuel in the world.• More than 12,000,000 vehicles worldwide use propane as an engine fuel.• Now more than ever there are more vehicle choices.
  5. 5. Why is propane essential?• Reduced emissions• Saves dollars: – Reduced fleet fuel cost – Reduced vehicle maintenance costs – Reduced Federal & State fuel tax
  6. 6. Propane is cleaner than gasoline/diesel as approved by the Clean Air Act of 1990 and National Policy Act of 1992 and 2005 On Site Carbon Emissions
  7. 7. NOx and Ozone Reduction• NOx reduction on light duty vehicles is negligible.• Medium Duty trucks: – NOx (major contributor to smog) • 1998 to 2002 Diesel: 4 grams of NOx • Propane Engines produce .175 grams of NOx• Particulate Matter (major contributor to asthma) – Propane is essentially zero emissions.
  8. 8. Going the Distance• Propane gives you the highest volumetric efficiency of all alternative fuels. That means a vehicle range comparable to gasoline and better than any of the other alternatives.• Propane fueled vehicles compare favorably with their gasoline counterparts on power, acceleration, and cruising speeds.
  9. 9. Propane fuel will save you money Propane, without government subsidies, can reduce fuel costs by 30-50% compared to diesel or gasoline.
  10. 10. Wholesale Price Comparison$4.5000$4.0000$3.5000$3.0000 Diesel$2.5000 Gasoline$2.0000 Propane$1.5000$1.0000$0.5000 $- Jan-08 Jan-09 Jan-10 Jan-11 Jul-07 Jul-08 Jul-09 Jul-10 Jul-11 Apr-07 Apr-08 Apr-09 Apr-10 Apr-11 Oct-07 Oct-08 Oct-09 Oct-10
  11. 11. Dedicated Heavy Duty Applications• Cleanest burning alt fuel engine in the world.• Used in Blue Bird Vision school bus.
  12. 12. Blue Bird Vision Type-C School Bus Propane-Powered• Capacities: 47-77 students• Wheelbases: 189”-273”• GVWR Up to 31,000 lb.• Low emission vehicle certification;• Allison Automatic 2300 PTS Transmission• Fuel Range: Approximately 300 miles
  13. 13. Safe The Fuel Tank•16 Mounting Points not 4• Located Inside Crash Cage
  14. 14. Safe The Fuel Tank• 60 Gallon capacity• Carbon Steel• 2X the Required Thickness . for ASME Certification• 312 PSI Working Pressure• Burst Pressure =5X Working . Pressure
  15. 15. Crash Test• 4,000 lbs @ 40 MPH• Angled Side and Rear Impact• 220 PSI Tank Pressure• CMVSS 301.1 Protocol• No Leakage or No PressureDrop in 30 Minute Test
  16. 16. Propane: It’s Readily Available• Most widely available alternative fuel in the US with thousands of fueling locations nationwide.
  17. 17. Our nationwide refueling infrastructure. Over 3,000 public locations.
  18. 18. Fleet Savings Case Study • CARTS is the second-largest rural transit fleet in State of Texas. • Service area size:7,500 sq. mi • Transports 350,000 passengers annually • Annual transit bus mileage— 1.6 million miles • Annual usage of propane – about 150,000 gallons • 33 propane transit buses • Annual savings: $150,000Source: CARTS & Railroad Commission of Texas
  19. 19. Propane Lawn Mowers• Propane Lawn Mowers are environmental-friendly alternative to gasoline and diesel mowers.• Many of the Propane Lawn Mower models today meet the proposed 2012 EPA air standards. Emitting significantly fewer hydrocarbons.• Reduced opportunity for fuel theft.• This allows schools to mow on OZONE ACTION DAYS.
  20. 20. Ferrellgas• Founded in 1939 – Headquartered in Overland Park, Kansas – Listed on the NYSE - stock symbol FGP• One of the largest retail marketers of propane in the U.S. – Fleet of more than 4,000 vehicles and over 5,000 employees – Top “Green Fleet” with over 1,000 propane powered vehicles – Serving more than 1 million Customers – Delivering more than 950,000,000 gallons annually• Dedicated supply chain • Ferrell North America (FNA) • Comprehensive supply operations • Fleet of 379 transport trucks and 167 rail cars• Blue Rhino Division • Largest LPG tank exchange company in the U.S. • 40,000+ retail selling locations
  21. 21. Ferrellgas• Safety – Highest priority at Ferrellgas – All field employees are extensively trained and held to the highest possible standards• Customer Care – 24/7 access to customer care representatives – Billing options to meet customer needs• Technology – Leader in the industry – Hand held computers to record delivery statistics and signature – Satellite tracking of delivery vehicles – State-of-the-art scheduling and routing software• Commitment – Ferrellgas is an employee-owned company…your success is our success!
  22. 22. Ferrellgas Field Offices
  23. 23. Contact Martin FranzkowiakAccount Manager Waukesha Wisconsin 414-491-3486