Overview on Current Fuel
Trends and Barriers :
Propane, CNG, and
Electricity
Green Vehicles Workshop
Ted Barnes
Gas Techno...
22
Objectives
A. Intro to Fuel Type
B. Fueling Station Basics
C. Barriers
D. Trends and “Typical” Applications
33
ESTABLISHED 1941
GTI Company Overview
> Staff of 250
> 350 active projects
> 1,200 patents; 500 products
Energy & Envir...
44
Propane Autogas 101
oLPG or Propane or Autogas is transferred into a
vehicle as pressurized liquid and will vaporize at...
55
Propane Station Basics
66
CNG 101
oCompressed Natural Gas (CNG) is mostly Methane
(chemical formula CH4), stored in gaseous form
oUnlike other fu...
77
CNG Station Basics
88
Electricity as Trans. Fuel 101
oFueling can be performed in a residential garage or
at commercial location:
o Level 1 -...
99
EV Station Basics
1010
Barriers for Alternative Fuels
o Issues of scale:
oCost – upfront vehicle and station cost
o Number of fueling locati...
1111
Best Practices and Applications
o All of these alt fuels are a triple win:
o Economic advantages
o Environmental bene...
1212
Propane “Typical” Applications
o Low fueling station cost and
maintenance garage similarities
leads to low upfront ca...
1313
CNG “Typical” Applications
o High Fuel use vehicles have very
fast Return On Investment
because of low per gallon cos...
1414
EV “Typical” Applications
o Zero tailpipe emissions and high
motor efficiency lead to local
environmental benefits
EV...
1515
Acknowledgement of Support
1616
Questions?
Thank you for your time.
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Green Vehicles Workshop - Gas Technology Institute Presentation

158

Published on

Ted Barnes from the Gas Technology Institute presented an Overview of Current Fuel Trends and Barriers at the 11th Annual Green Vehicles Workshop & Showcase on Tuesday, April 22, 2014.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
158
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Green Vehicles Workshop - Gas Technology Institute Presentation

  1. 1. Overview on Current Fuel Trends and Barriers : Propane, CNG, and Electricity Green Vehicles Workshop Ted Barnes Gas Technology Institute April 2014
  2. 2. 22 Objectives A. Intro to Fuel Type B. Fueling Station Basics C. Barriers D. Trends and “Typical” Applications
  3. 3. 33 ESTABLISHED 1941 GTI Company Overview > Staff of 250 > 350 active projects > 1,200 patents; 500 products Energy & Environmental Technology Center Office & Labs Pilot-Scale Gasification Campus Training Applied Energy Research and Development Focus
  4. 4. 44 Propane Autogas 101 oLPG or Propane or Autogas is transferred into a vehicle as pressurized liquid and will vaporize at atmospheric pressure and ambient temperature oLike gasoline or diesel, propane gas is heavier than air oPropane is burned in internal combustion engine to power vehicle; same as gasoline or diesel oPropane is dispensed and sold by liquid gallon oPropane Autogas station is similar to gasoline station; fueling time is similar – 10-12 gallons/min
  5. 5. 55 Propane Station Basics
  6. 6. 66 CNG 101 oCompressed Natural Gas (CNG) is mostly Methane (chemical formula CH4), stored in gaseous form oUnlike other fuels, natural gas is lighter than air oCNG pressure is 3600 psi at 70° F (typical settled pressure), and no more than 4500 psi at any temp oCNG is burned in internal combustion engine to power vehicle; same as gasoline or diesel oStation is similar to gasoline station, “fast-fill” 5-10 “gallons”/min. “Time-fill” or home fueling is possible
  7. 7. 77 CNG Station Basics
  8. 8. 88 Electricity as Trans. Fuel 101 oFueling can be performed in a residential garage or at commercial location: o Level 1 - Standard household 120 VAC, 12 A, 7 to 16 hours for full charge. o Level 2 - 240 VAC, 20 A, 3 to 7 hours for charge o DC Fast Charge - requires 480 VAC to charger, DC current goes directly to battery, charges vehicle to 80% capacity in 30 minutes oElectric motor in vehicle oCommercially sold in a variety of ways (subscription, per charge, per hour, per kWh)
  9. 9. 99 EV Station Basics
  10. 10. 1010 Barriers for Alternative Fuels o Issues of scale: oCost – upfront vehicle and station cost o Number of fueling locations (range anxiety) o Number of available vehicle models o Maintenance facilities o Lack of environmental policy and/or incentives to switch to cleaner vehicles o Understanding/education of alternative fuels (i.e. availability, safety, code officials)
  11. 11. 1111 Best Practices and Applications o All of these alt fuels are a triple win: o Economic advantages o Environmental benefits o Energy security benefits o All of these alt fuels offer “dedicated” and “bi-fuel” options; option to use traditional fuel and/or alt fuel o Training and “buy-in” key to every deployment o Knowing your vehicle needs and driving characteristics
  12. 12. 1212 Propane “Typical” Applications o Low fueling station cost and maintenance garage similarities leads to low upfront capital investment Propane Fleet “Sweet Spot” Range Limits (miles) 400 to 800 (varies by vocation) Fleet Size Small to Large (>5) Vehicle Class Light Duty; Medium Duty Fuel Usage High (>1000 gal/yr.) Time of Day Ops 24/7 Station Cost $30,000 (Small Fast Fill) - $175,000 (100’s of vehicles/day) Fuel Cost per year1 (LD Fleet vehicle) $2,533 (25,000 miles ; 26.4 mpg; $2.67 / gallon) 1. Fuel cost from Clean Cities Alt Fuel Price Report (Oct 2013, Midwest); Fuel Economy 85% of LD vehicle
  13. 13. 1313 CNG “Typical” Applications o High Fuel use vehicles have very fast Return On Investment because of low per gallon cost CNG Fleet “Sweet Spot” Range Limits (miles) 200 to 600 (varies by vocation) Fleet Size Medium to Large (>10) Vehicle Class LD; MD; HD Fuel Usage High (>2000 gal/yr.) Time of Day Ops 24/7 Station Cost $40,000 (Small time- fill) - $2M (100’s of vehicles/day) Fuel Cost per year1 (LD Fleet vehicle) $1,508 (25,000 miles ; 31 mpg; $1.83 / GGE) 1. Fuel cost from Clean Cities Alt Fuel Price Report (Oct 2013, Midwest); Fuel Economy of 2012 Honda Civic Natural Gas
  14. 14. 1414 EV “Typical” Applications o Zero tailpipe emissions and high motor efficiency lead to local environmental benefits EV Fleet “Sweet Spot” Range Limits (miles) 30 to 100 (varies by vocation) Fleet Size Small to Medium Vehicle Class Light Duty; MD/HD (limited) Fuel Usage Low Time of Day Ops 8 hours / day Station Cost $1,000/vehicle (Level 1) - $75,000 (DC Fast Charge) Fuel Cost per year1 (Light Duty Fleet vehicle) $1050 (25,000 miles; .35kwh/mile; .12/kwh) 1. Fuel cost from EIA (Midwest, 2013); Fuel Economy from US DOE eGallon
  15. 15. 1515 Acknowledgement of Support
  16. 16. 1616 Questions? Thank you for your time.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×