The State of the World’s
Wetlands
Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and
resources
Taej Mundkur and Jaime Ga...
Wetlands are under threat
• More than 50% of some types of
wetlands have been converted in
North America, Europe, Australi...
Millenium Ecosystem Assessment and
wetlands
• loss and degradation of inland wetlands
reported in many parts of the world
...
• Discrepancy between comprehensive
estimates of global wetland area as reported
in MEA (2005):
1,280 vs. 917 million hect...
Knowledge-base for wetland protection
• To protect wetlands effectively it is important
to be able to provide basic inform...
Knowledge is central in WI
• Knowledge is at the heart of Wetlands
International Strategic Intent.
– Goal 1: Information t...
WI supports the Ramsar convention
• WI has been supporting the Ramsar
Convention
– with wetland inventories
– with wetland...
Ramsar Database
supporting data
reports and
publications
graphical &
spatial
analyses and
outputs
accessible
formats, e.g....
• There are several wetland types for which information
has been compiled
– Global information on peatlands, lakes, dams, ...
…but many gaps remain
• Still, many gaps remain because
wetland inventories are incomplete,
inaccurate, and lack a time di...
Many initiatives touch on wetlands
– Ramsar Sites Information System contains
information for nearly 1900 wetlands
Many initiatives touch on wetlands
– Global freshwater biodiversity assessment has
been done in Africa and continues its w...
Many initiatives touch on wetlands
– The Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory will
measure 20 indicators touching on 5 diffe...
Many initiatives touch on wetlands
– Waterbird information runs
over 40 years back in time
for some regions
…but they are not coordinated
• These and other information sources
are currently disconnected and lack
coordination with ...
New tools are being developed
• (Globwetlands)
• Wetlands International has been
leading the development of new tools
to c...
engine
IWC IBAs
Red
List
RamsarFlyways
WDPA
New tools - CSNT
Ramsar STRP and SOWW
• Ramsar STRP introduced a concept to
produce a regularly issued
“…flagship publication presenting
co...
Ramsar and SOWW
• This publication would allow to report
on the effectiveness of implementation
of Ramsar Convention
• Wou...
Synergies with others
• GEOBON is the biodiversity arm of the
Global Earth Observation System of
System of Systems (GEOSS)...
GWOS
IUCN Red List
2020
Biodiversity
Indicators
Partnership
GEO-BON
IBAs
KBAs
Mediterranean
Wetlands
Observatory
Living Pl...
GWOS
State of the
World’s
Wetlands
Towards a “State of the World’s
Wetlands”
Others..
Thank you
The State of the World’s Wetlands - Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and resources
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The State of the World’s Wetlands - Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and resources

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Presentation Taej Mundkur & Jaime García Moreno: The State of the World’s Wetlands - Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and resources, held at the CBD Side Event 'Space Agencies for Inland and Coastal Wetlands Observation and Reporting'.
With the participation of the Ramsar Secretariat, Wetlands International and UN-CBD Environmental Affairs for Inland Waters.

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  • <number>
    Overall picture that wetlands are threatened under all fronts
  • <number>
    Two messages from Millennium Ecosystem Assessment relevant for this discussion are the ones displayed in this slide
  • <number>
    An example of the lack of data is that the two comprehensive estimates of global wetland area differ by about 363 million hectares. This figure is equivalent to the area occupied by India and Turkey.
  • <number>
    This highlights that conditions may be ripe to push towards the establishment of a global wetland information system. Although the MEA pointed out many gaps of information, it also indicated that information for several wetland types has already been compiled
  • <number>
    There are a number of initiatives that touch on wetlands and are well systematised. Also, there are new tools that facilitate the simultaneous queries of different data sets
  • <number>
    There are a number of initiatives that touch on wetlands and are well systematised. Also, there are new tools that facilitate the simultaneous queries of different data sets
  • <number>
    There are a number of initiatives that touch on wetlands and are well systematised. Also, there are new tools that facilitate the simultaneous queries of different data sets
  • <number>
    There are a number of initiatives that touch on wetlands and are well systematised. Also, there are new tools that facilitate the simultaneous queries of different data sets
  • <number>
    There are a number of initiatives that touch on wetlands and are well systematised. Also, there are new tools that facilitate the simultaneous queries of different data sets
  • <number>
    Such as the CSNT
  • <number>
    That interrogates many databases in order to come up with a suggested network of critical sites for any given species
  • <number>
    It could thus be envisioned that different initiatives share information to facilitate the reporting of the State of the World’s Wetlands
  • <number>
    This will require coordination of broad partnerships
  • The State of the World’s Wetlands - Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and resources

    1. 1. The State of the World’s Wetlands Building a knowledge-base on wetland information and resources Taej Mundkur and Jaime Garcia-Moreno Wetlands International
    2. 2. Wetlands are under threat • More than 50% of some types of wetlands have been converted in North America, Europe, Australia and New Zealand (MAE 2005) • 65% of global river discharge – and the aquatic habitat supported by this water – is under moderate to high threat (Vörösmarty et al 2010) • Mangroves are declining at a global annual rate of 0.76% (FAO 2007). More than half of global area lost in the last 20 years • Living Planet Index for freshwater has declined 35% between 1970 and 2007 – more than marine (24%) and terrestrial (25%) biomass
    3. 3. Millenium Ecosystem Assessment and wetlands • loss and degradation of inland wetlands reported in many parts of the world • information is variable and dispersed, making assessments difficult
    4. 4. • Discrepancy between comprehensive estimates of global wetland area as reported in MEA (2005): 1,280 vs. 917 million hectares + Incomplete information
    5. 5. Knowledge-base for wetland protection • To protect wetlands effectively it is important to be able to provide basic information : – Where are the wetlands – What is their ecological character – What biodiversity do they hold – What services they provide to people directly and indirectly
    6. 6. Knowledge is central in WI • Knowledge is at the heart of Wetlands International Strategic Intent. – Goal 1: Information to stakeholders and decision-makers about the status and trends of wetlands, their biodiversity, socio-economic values and priorities for action – Has become a cross cutting strategy supporting all of Wetlands International work
    7. 7. WI supports the Ramsar convention • WI has been supporting the Ramsar Convention – with wetland inventories – with wetland methodologies
    8. 8. Ramsar Database supporting data reports and publications graphical & spatial analyses and outputs accessible formats, e.g. Directory full range WWW presentation service Bureau’s (and other’s) needs Ultimately FOR: Decision makers & planners Conservat ion & w ise use To effect: WI supports the Ramsar convention • WI has been supporting the Ramsar Convention – with wetland inventories – maintaining the RSIS – turning this into a tool for Parties and other users
    9. 9. • There are several wetland types for which information has been compiled – Global information on peatlands, lakes, dams, and major rivers – Large lakes have been well mapped – Information on several coastal wetlands has been compiled No need to start from scratch
    10. 10. …but many gaps remain • Still, many gaps remain because wetland inventories are incomplete, inaccurate, and lack a time dimension 1991 2000
    11. 11. Many initiatives touch on wetlands – Ramsar Sites Information System contains information for nearly 1900 wetlands
    12. 12. Many initiatives touch on wetlands – Global freshwater biodiversity assessment has been done in Africa and continues its work – Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) encompassing wetlands can be identified
    13. 13. Many initiatives touch on wetlands – The Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory will measure 20 indicators touching on 5 different areas relevant for wetland conservation – The Globwetland consortium will contribute to set up a pilot information system at a regional scale
    14. 14. Many initiatives touch on wetlands – Waterbird information runs over 40 years back in time for some regions
    15. 15. …but they are not coordinated • These and other information sources are currently disconnected and lack coordination with regards to coastal and inland water systems
    16. 16. New tools are being developed • (Globwetlands) • Wetlands International has been leading the development of new tools to connect and integrate information – Critical Sites Network Tool
    17. 17. engine IWC IBAs Red List RamsarFlyways WDPA New tools - CSNT
    18. 18. Ramsar STRP and SOWW • Ramsar STRP introduced a concept to produce a regularly issued “…flagship publication presenting comprehensive and objective information and analysis on the current global state of coastal and inland wetlands and their capacity to continue to deliver major benefits to people.”
    19. 19. Ramsar and SOWW • This publication would allow to report on the effectiveness of implementation of Ramsar Convention • Would facilitate feeding Ramsar information into other processes (e.g., CBD, BIP, GOB, IPBES, etc) • Requires broad partnership links with wetland observation initiatives and processes
    20. 20. Synergies with others • GEOBON is the biodiversity arm of the Global Earth Observation System of System of Systems (GEOSS). • It already brings together many data- holding organisations interested in the conservation of water systems • It facilitates the link with space agencies to assist monitoring of trends in ecosystems
    21. 21. GWOS IUCN Red List 2020 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership GEO-BON IBAs KBAs Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory Living Planet Index Ramsar Sites Information Service Waterbird Population Estimates Scientific literature State of the World’s Wetlands Towards a global wetland information system Others..
    22. 22. GWOS State of the World’s Wetlands Towards a “State of the World’s Wetlands” Others..
    23. 23. Thank you

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