Carbon Dynamics of Peatswamp Forest

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By Dr Charles Harvey, SMART

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Carbon Dynamics of Peatswamp Forest

  1. 1. Carbon Dynamics in Bruneiʼs Peat Forests Charles Harvey, MIT
  2. 2. SMART/Brunei Forestry Collaboration
  3. 3. A. 5 km Seria Pro#les ofKuala Belait hydraulic and biogeochemical Be characterization Eddy-#ux la it Automated towers rain gages Transmission D a m it Solar-powered line research station Dam it t ower sit e Automated M Dam it river gages en Mendaram da st udy area Ba t ower sit e ra m ra River carbon m Mendaram st udy area #ux stations Sarawak Labi Hills Piezometers with pressure transducers Foot print of #ux measurements Sit e overview Operat ional 2011-09 Under developm ent
  4. 4. Questions: (1) What are the carbon fluxes to and from peat lands? (2) How does peat accumulate? Chicken-or-egg conundrum Local dynamics in peat domes (3) How does deforestation affect peat?
  5. 5. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  6. 6. Solar-powered research station
  7. 7. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  8. 8. Soil gaschambers
  9. 9. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  10. 10. Meter Scale Hydrology
  11. 11. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  12. 12. CoreAnalysis
  13. 13. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  14. 14. RiverFluxes
  15. 15. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  16. 16. Atmospheric Exchange
  17. 17. Fieldwork
  18. 18. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  19. 19. Biogeochemical sampling
  20. 20. Chloride
  21. 21. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  22. 22. Project Components 1. Power supply and infrastructure 2. Small-scale characterization Soil chambers Meter-scale hydrology Core analysis 3. Large-scale fluxes River fluxes Atmospheric fluxes 4. Biogeochemical Characterization 5. Hydrologic models 6. Ecosystem models
  23. 23. Ecological modeling
  24. 24. • Brunei’s peat forest are a unique and valuable resource• We are building novel sensors that quantify carbon fluxes into and out of the peat lands and are designed to work in the peat forest• We are combing data with models to better understand how peat is created and destroyed
  25. 25. Thank You

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