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NKBA Kitchen and Bath Workbook


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  • 1. KKIITTCCHHEENN && BBAATTHH WWOORRKKBBOOOOKK 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:20 PM Page 1
  • 2. The kitchen and bathroom are the most essential rooms in your home. You want these spaces to be comfortable and welcoming while reflecting your lifestyle and personality as much as possible. However, finding that perfect balance for your kitchen or bathroom is no easy task. From choosing a designer, to picking out colors, materials, styles and the latest trends, projects like these can be daunting to any homeowner. This is why the National Kitchen & Bath Association has created the NKBA Kitchen & Bath Workbook. This workbook will take you through every stage of creating that perfect space, whether it’s new construction or a remodeling project. From selecting a designer, to collecting ideas and establishing a budget, this workbook will help turn your dreams into a reality. DEAR CUSTOMER 2 To access more kitchen and bath design tools and ideas, or find a NKBA professional in your area, visit To obtain more information by phone contact a helpful NKBA customer service representative by calling 800-THE-NKBA (843-6522). 30% Cert no. SCS-COC-002015 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:20 PM Page 2
  • 3. Pg 2 – Dear Customer Pg 4 – Time To Update Pg 6 – Where To Begin Pg 8 – Taste & Style Pg 10 – Control Your Budget Pg 12 – NKBA Guidelines Pg 14 – Remodeling Guide Pg 15 – Manage Your Project Pg 16 – Frequently Asked Questions Pg 17 – Glossary of Terms Pg 18 – Kitchen & Bath Worksheet The National Kitchen & Bath Association is a multinational not-for-profit organization comprised of more than 40,000 members of the kitchen and bath industry. The NKBA was incorporated in 1963 and is the leading source of information and education for consumers and professionals alike. INDEX About the NKBA 3 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:20 PM Page 3
  • 4. TIME TO UPDATE Before you remodel your kitchen or bathroom, make a checklist of major and minor problems and keep notes of the features you like and dislike the most. This way, when it comes time to sit down with a qualified designer, they’ll know exactly how to suit your needs, taste and style. Start by thinking about the details in your kitchen and what you’d like to either keep or change in your remodeled room.      My Remodeling ChecklistIs there adequate space? Make sure you’re satisfied with the amount of counter space, storage space and floor space. The position of your refrigerator or shape of your counter may be taking away from a useful area. Are you happy with the traffic flow through your kitchen? If there’s more than one cook in your household, you may want to consider making more room around the main work space. If you enjoy entertaining, you may want an open plan kitchen that allows for more social interaction with adjoining spaces. Is your kitchen efficient? If your appliances are dated, they may be costing you more money than you expect. New technological advances with dishwashers, disposals and refrigerators can save you a considerable amount of money and may be worth the investment. Do you have children? If so, your kitchen may need to be remodeled. Dated appliances and the setup of your kitchen can be hazardous for young kids. If you are in the process of extending your family, you may even want more room for cooking larger meals, and lower cabinets for easier access to children’s food. Do you like the location and design of your kitchen? Maybe you’d like to add a deck on to the side of your house and would like to incorporate the door into the layout of your kitchen. You may want to rearrange the position of windows to allow more or less sunlight. 4 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:20 PM Page 4
  • 5. Visit the Tips & How-To’s section of for free, expert advice on completing your project. 5 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 5
  • 6. WHERE TO BEGIN Now that you know your kitchen or bath needs remodeling, it may seem like the list of “things to do” is endless, but don’t worry, just follow the steps below and take our advice. You’ll be on your way in no time. 6 1 2 3 Decide What You Want •What is the main purpose of remodeling your room? Is it to add extra space, upgrade the kitchen/bathroom, improve security, make changes for health reasons, or just to improve your living space? •What are your options? Is there room to expand into the back/front yard or is there enough room to redesign using the existing floor space? •What are your priorities? Figure out what you want to change the most, and what can you keep or just update. •Get input from all members of your household – find out their needs and wants. •Consider short-term and long-term implications of your renovation decisions. Will you have more/any children; how long do you plan to live in this house; and will your choices increase or decrease the home’s resale value? Determine Your Budget •Establish your priorities and determine where to best spend your money. •What’s the total amount you are willing to spend? •How much can/are you willing to borrow? Collect Ideas and Information •Read magazines and books to get an idea of the look you want or visit the Inspiration Gallery at to view real kitchen and bath projects. •Make a clip book of all the pictures and ideas that represent your taste and style. •Watch related television shows and record episodes you particularly like. •Visit home shows and manufacturer/supplier showrooms. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 6
  • 7. 7 Use the Find A Professional Tool for an extensive list of NKBA members and certified designers in your area. 4Find a Qualified NKBA Professional •Contact one of the more than 40,000 NKBA professionals to assist you with your kitchen or bath project. •The National Kitchen & Bath Association offers certification programs for kitchen and bath design professionals at various levels of experience to meet your specific needs. NKBA certification lets you know that your chosen professional’s skills have been independently evaluated and tested, and that they’re committed to improving those skills through ongoing education and professional development. All NKBA certifications are based on written examinations and industry experience. •Associate Kitchen & Bath Designer (AKBD® ): This certification is awarded to professionals with at least 2 years of kitchen/bath industry experience, who have a minimum of 2 years of formal design education or 30 hours of NKBA professional development programming, and who have passed a comprehensive academic exam. •Certified Kitchen Designer (CKD® ) or Certified Bath Designer (CBD® ): The NKBA’s benchmark certification level, the CKD and CBD certifications are awarded to designers with a minimum of 7 years kitchen/bath design experience, who have a minimum of 4 years of formal design education or 60 hours of NKBA professional development programming, and who pass a rigorous 2-part exam testing both academic knowledge and practical skills. •Certified Master Kitchen & Bath Designer (CMKBD® ): This advanced-level certification recognizes design professionals with over 17 years of kitchen/bath industry experience! CMKBDs must possess both CKD and CBD certifications, and have a minimum of 100 hours of NKBA professional development programming or equivalent formal design education. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 7
  • 8. TASTE AND STYLE Whether you’re a homeowner or looking to become one, chances are you’ve been to many home decorating stores so you know how over- whelming it can be to pick out and choose styles and designs to suit your taste. Believe it or not, you’re not alone. Most people have a hard time defining their style, so we’ve taken the liberty of explaining the definition of some of the more popular styles. (See the glossary at for an expanded list of definitions.) Knowing how to define your style will make the process much easier for you and for your designer. 8 Victorian Usually characterized by steeply pitched roofs, pointed-arch windows, elaborate trim along roof edges, high dormers, lancet windows and other Gothic details. Light fixtures range from chandeliers, kerosene and electric lamps to astra and sconces. Cabinets are usually ‘weathered’ looking and made of heavy, real wood with chrome pulls and knobs. Modern ‘Modern’ styles change from year to year. Most recent designs include sleek, straight and clean lines. Less is more, such as less accessories, visible appliances and details. Common materials include stainless steel, marble, granite and ‘frosted’ glass. Basic geometric shapes and bold, bright colors such as reds, blues and yellow, black and white are prevalent. Southwestern A lot of detail and craftsmanship. Natural materials such as stucco and hand-painted fabrics are very common, as are wood, quarry tile, ceramic tile, earth tones and vibrant acces- sories. Colors usually reflect the nature of a desert such as warm oranges, greens, tans and browns. Southwest kitchens usually incorporate ceramic materials and terra cotta elements. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 8
  • 9. 9 Visit the Inspiration Gallery to view kitchen and bath projects that illustrate these styles and more. Traditional Plays up architectural details such as crown moldings, raised wood paneling and rich, deep colors to enhance the mood and ‘traditional’ feel. Dark stains, honey tones, semi-opaque paints, wicker baskets and oak cabinets add to the usually more formal feel than country style. Eclectic A mix of old and new features combined for a harmonious look. This style is not characterized by a particular color palette, pattern, style or material but is a mix of extravagant decorations from numerous eras including hand-me- downs, second-hand items and other recyclables. Kitchens and bathrooms range from modern appli- ances mixed with antique decorations to the complete opposite. Country Rustic, weathered look creates a warm, cozy feeling in a country style home. Common colors range from muted hues to earth tones. Exposed beams, pine paneling, brick and barn boards are elements used to express this style. Fabrics and patterns are a sure way to create a ‘country’ feeling, as is the use of wallpaper and baskets. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 9
  • 10. CONTROL YOUR BUDGET 10 The price of kitchen and bath remodels can vary greatly depending on the size and scope of the project, but no matter what your price point, a typical payment schedule includes three installments, which are: First Installment: 20-to-50 percent deposit is paid at the beginning of the project. Second Installment: This is paid when tear out and installation of cabinetry, counter- tops and appliances begins. Third Installment: The balance is due at completion and final inspection of the project. Other payment options are possible, and some may even spread payments over as many as six installments, but that can also lead to more paperwork to finance the job. Some professionals may require a 50 percent payment on the cabinet portion of a project to place an order for custom cabinets. Look for the situation that best suits you, but what is most important is to arrange a clearly defined payment schedule up front that will allow you to stay within your budget. Sticking to that plan can prevent disagree- ments with contractors and the possibility of an unfinished room. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 10
  • 11. 11 Tips to consider when planning your investment: • Be sure to visit a showroom and see exactly what you are buying. An in-person visit allows you to check out a professional’s work for yourself. • Don’t accept a quote for the design and installation of the room until a retailer has visited your home. Once the survey is complete, make sure you have a full quotation for the installation. • Never pay in full until you have received delivery of all goods and services and your project is complete. • Do not sign anything unless you are prepared to honor your side of the contract. Some ‘Terms and Conditions’ have expensive cancellation fees. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 11
  • 12. NKBA GUIDELINES Are you wondering why you need to hire a designer to help you remodel your kitchen or bathroom? Many homeowners ask this, especially when it comes to spending their hard earned money. However, most are unaware of all the technical aspects involved with remodeling these rooms, which are the most design sensitive and intricate rooms in a home. For instance, did you know the width of a work aisle should be at least 42 inches for one cook and at least 48 inches for multiple cooks? Or, that bath- rooms should have a minimum floor to ceiling height of 80 inches over the fixture? Probably not; that’s why the National Kitchen & Bath Association created the Kitchen and Bath Planning Guidelines to help clear up misconceptions and to educate designers/homeowners on kitchen and bath safety, functionality and smart design. 12 Here are additional guidelines to consider when remodeling your kitchen: • The clear opening of a doorway should be at least 32 inches wide which would require a minimum 2-foot, 10-inch door • A full-height, full-depth, tall obstacle should not separate two primary work centers • The width of a walkway should be at least 36 inches • If a kitchen has only one sink, locate it adjacent to or across from the cooking surface and refrigerator • At least 3 inches of countertop frontage should be provided on one side of the auxiliary sink, and 18 inches of countertop frontage on the other side, both at the same height as the sink 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 12
  • 13. Visit the NKBA Guidelines site to view the complete list of NKBA Kitchen & Bath Planning Guidelines, which are accompanied by an explanation and a diagram. Please note: These guidelines are designed to serve as a reference for you and your kitchen and bath professional. They are not intended to be used in place of a designer, but rather to help you work out the specifics of your vision. 13 • A clear floor space should be at least 30 inches from the front edge of all fixtures (i.e., lavatory, toilet, bidet, tub and shower) • The distance between the centerlines of two lavatories should be at least 36 inches • Shower controls should be accessible from both inside and outside the shower spray and be located between 38 inches to 48 inches above the floor depending on the user’s height Here are additional guidelines to consider when remodeling your bathroom: 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 13
  • 14. REMODELING GUIDE Below are a few tips when it comes to considering what design to choose for your dream kitchen or bath and which designer you’ll select to help you achieve your goals. 14 DO pick a qualified professional. Choose several designers and meet with each of them and trade ideas and suggestions. Make sure they’re qualified; ask to see past projects and/or a portfolio and discuss your budget. It’s also a good idea to ask for references and check out their showroom or store if possible. Pick the designer that satisfies your taste and style most. You should never be persuaded to do anything you don’t like or that’s beyond your budget. A good designer will work closely with you until your dream home is a reality. think of resale value. Being unique may lead to regrets down the road. For your next remodeling project, we suggest putting thought into what others might like in your kitchen or bath. You may be content with the location of your home, your neighbors, your property and the town, but sometimes things change. If you wish to sell your home one day you’ll want to make sure you can recoup your investment. DO DON’Tdo it yourself. Remodeling a bedroom, dining room or family room is very different than taking on the challenge of a kitchen or bathroom. A specialized designer should be brought in to figure out logistics, suggest proper materials and make a functional and cost efficient room that specifically reflects your taste, style and personality. This is NOT a do-it-yourself project. Use the Ask A Professional Tool to get answers to your kitchen and bath questions. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 14
  • 15. MANAGE YOUR PROJECT The size and scope of your project can alter the time- frame. Minor alterations to a room could take days, medium-range improvements to your space could take four to six weeks while more expansive projects could consume six to eight months. Make sure your qualified NKBA Professional assisting you on your project is clear about the length of time to complete the project, so you can properly prepare. Between the time of tear down and rebuilding, you may be distress by various factors. Below are a few things to consider: • Prepare to have your routine interrupted. Beyond seeing the kitchen or bath in shambles, you may also have to deal with strangers arriving at your house, and maybe even a dumpster parked in the yard for a short time. • If you are remodeling your kitchen, saving coupons for local restaurants will help ease the pain of being without a kitchen. You might ask if a hotplate and refrigerator can be moved to another area to accommodate basic meals. • If you are remodeling a bathroom and it’s the only bathroom in the house, you might want to consider a portable shower or toilet for your use. • If you have pets, they may be upset by the noise, so it might be appropriate to consider alternative arrangements for them during the duration of the job. 15 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 15
  • 16. 16 QUESTION: We’re planning on remodeling our kitchen and would like to know in what order are installations, materials, etc. put in and torn out. ANSWER: After you’ve made all of your choices and have the installation specifications for the products and materials you will use, you will need to discuss the schedule with your designer and/or contractor. They will change the installation order based on the lead times and specifications on various materials. A typical schedule would start with a complete tear-out, any structural modifi- cations, installation of win- dows and doors, plumbing modifications, electrical modi- fications, drywall, tape and texture, painting, floor and underlayment (particle board), cabinet installation, counter- tops, plumbing and electrical top-out, floor covering installa- tion, appliance installation, fol- lowed by a grand dinner party. QUESTION: Our kitchen will be getting a “face lift” in a few weeks; however, while I am happy with the layout and structure of our cabinets, I dislike the color of the wood. Do you have any quick fix suggestions or methods that work best? ANSWER: One way you could go is ‘glazing’ your cabinets by painting them with a base color then applying a glaze (usually a darker color than the paint) which is wiped away only to leave in the crevices. Once dry, a top coat can be applied for protection. Another finishing processes that gives an aged effect is ‘antiquing’ in which different colors are applied and the edges of the outer coats are sanded through to expose the colors beneath. For best results, hire a designer who’s experienced with re-facing cabinets, especially if your intention for doing this is to save money. These effects can be tricky so for your first time trying, you may not get the results you desire and that can end up costing more. QUESTION: I’ve heard of Universal Design but not sure what it is exactly. Now that we’re ready to remodel I’d like to learn more. Do you have some advice or an explanation? ANSWER: Traditionally, the built environment has been designed for an idealized, able- bodied, non-elderly adult. Since that description fits less than 15 percent of our population, the result is environments, including kitchens and bath- rooms, which create handicaps and barriers for the rest of us. Demographics, legislation, public awareness, and personal experience are pressing us to examine the basic assumptions we have used in design, partic- ularly in high function areas like the kitchen and bath. The result is design that breaks the traditional molds and is more flexible and adaptable. It is accessible to or useable by all people, regardless of age, size, or physical ability, as much as possible. This is Universal Design. In terms of bath design, you will want to consider clear floor spaces sufficient for entering, closing the door, and approach- ing each fixture. In addition, you'll want support in the walls for grab bars to be placed as needed. The beautiful choices available today in fixtures make it easy to create this supportive environment attractively. QUESTION: How do I put a budget together to make sure I get the kitchen I really want? ANSWER: Your kitchen and bath dealer or designer can help you with this process. Be honest with them about your budget expectations. Cabinets, appliances and floor coverings come in a variety of price ranges. A kitchen design can usually be done in all price ranges. Some changes may be required, but the basic design can usually be achieved. You can also do your own research. Price appliances and flooring, ask friends who have remodeled about the costs and read shelter magazines to help you mentally prepare a budget that is realistic. FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 16
  • 17. GLOSSARY OF TERMS 17 Below is a list of terms to help you feel more com- fortable with the lingo you may encounter in your quest to create the kitchen or bath of your dreams. Alcove: A recessed area in a room Apron: Trim attached below a tabletop or window sill Banquette: A built-in upholstered bench along a wall, often used in breakfast areas Breakfront: A large cabinet or bookcase whose center section projects beyond the two end sections Burled wood: A hard wood cut from a large rounded growth on a tree characterized by a large swirl and often used as a veneer or inlay Casing: An enclosing frame around a door or window opening Colorwashing: A decorative paint technique in which a base color and glaze(s) are applied to a wall for a muted “washed” effect Dormer: A window set vertically in a structure projecting through a sloping roof Emboss: A raised effect on an object Green Design: A design, also referred to as sustainable design, that conforms to environmentally sound principles of building, material and energy use. Laminate: Any thin material such as wood or plastic glued to the exterior of a cabinet, countertop or other surface Lattice: Wood, wrought iron or other material formed into a cross-hatch design Molding: Ornamental wood strips that are applied to and project from a surface Sisal: A natural, durable fiber frequently used for floor coverings Veneer: Thin sheets of wood applied to a furniture surface Wainscoting: An application of wood paneling up to the middle or lower half of a wall Expand your knowledge by visiting the NKBA’s glossary of kitchen and bath terms and definitions. Banquette 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 17
  • 18. This section is designed to help you keep notes while doing your homework about what styles and products you would like to have in your new kitchen or bathroom. Writing down likes or dislikes on key elements of your future project will get you on the same page when you sit down with an NKBA Professional to design your new space. Clipping magazine photos or collecting color swatches is another great way to communicate your vision to a designer. If all of this seems like too much work, then don't worry. You can sit back, relax and let the designer walk you through these questions when you meet for a planning session with an NKBA Professional. Kitchen Checklist Your Style: K Victorian K Modern K Southwestern K Traditional K Eclectic K Country Serves as: K Primary residence K Vacation home K Other Setting: K Rural K Suburban K Urban Cabinets: Line: Style: Color: Finish: Hardware : Appliances: Microwave Microwave Model: Cooktop K Gas K Electric K Halogen K Magnetic Ind. K Combo Oven K Gas K Electric K Other Range K Gas K Electric K Halogen K Magnetic Ind. K Combo K Slide-in K Drop-in K Ventil. Unit Dishwasher K Compactor K Disposal Refrigerator K Side-by-side K Freezer top K Freezer Bottom Freezer K Side-by-side K Chest Other Appliances K Washer K Dryer Countertops: Material used: K Wood K Marble K Laminate K Solid Surface K Granite K Tile K Other Flooring: Material used: K Wood K Tile (Ceramic) K Vinyl K Carpet KGranite K Marble K Other K Concrete Fixtures/Fittings: Sink : K Single Bowl K Double Bowl K Triple Bowl K Vegetable K Utility K Lavatory K Pedestal Bathroom Checklist Your Style: K Victorian K Modern K Southwestern K Traditional K Eclectic K Country Serves as: K Primary residence K Vacation home K Other Setting: K Rural K Suburban K Urban Cabinets: Line: Style: Color: Finish: Hardware : Fixtures/Fittings: Sink : K Single Bowl K Double Bowl K Triple Bowl K Vegetable K Utility K Lavatory K Pedestal Faucet #1 Style: Faucet #2 Style: K Toilet Toilet Model: K Bidet Bidet Model: K Tub Tub Fixtures: K Shower Shower Fixtures: K Whirlpool Whirlpool Fixtures: Safety Features: K Grab Bars K Temperature Control Valves K Other: Countertops: Material used: K Wood K Marble K Laminate K Solid Surface K Granite K Tile K Other Flooring: Material used: K Wood K Tile (Ceramic) K Vinyl K Carpet KGranite K Marble K Other K Concrete Lighting: General K Incandescent K Fluorescent K Halogen Task K Incandescent K Fluorescent K Halogen Accent K Incandescent K Fluorescent K Halogen 18 KITCHEN&BATH WORKSHEET 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 18
  • 19. 19 Use this area to illustrate how the room you wish to remodel looks currently. Be sure to indicate all static objects. (i.e. walls, windows, cabinets, tubs, pipes, toilets, appliances, electrical outlets, lights, radiators and or vents.) Notes: Use this area to illustrate how you wish the room to look after remodeling. Be sure to indicate all static objects. (i.e. walls, windows, cabinets, tubs, pipes, toilets, appliances, electrical outlets, lights, radiators and or vents.) Also include any new walls or items you wish in your new space. Notes: 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 19
  • 20. • 800-THE-NKBA (843-6522) 687 WILLOW GROVE STREET HACKETTSTOWN, NJ 07840 PRESORT STD U.S. POSTAGE PAID SSD, INC. 91213-281622.qxd 2/24/09 4:21 PM Page 20