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Contextualizing the gospel
 

Contextualizing the gospel

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An exploration of how the gospel of Jesus Christ is contextualized. Incorporates concepts particularly from Jackson Wu, also Lesslie Newbigin. An updated version of this is available for download at: ...

An exploration of how the gospel of Jesus Christ is contextualized. Incorporates concepts particularly from Jackson Wu, also Lesslie Newbigin. An updated version of this is available for download at: http://www.slideshare.net/WernerMischke/contextualization-acmi

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    Contextualizing the gospel Contextualizing the gospel Presentation Transcript

    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgWhat does itmean tocontextualizethe gospel?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgA classicBible text oncontextualization…Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org(19) For though I am free from all, I have made myselfa servant to all, that I might win more of them.(20) To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to winJews. To those under the law I became as oneunder the law (though not being myself under thelaw) that I might win those under the law.(21) To those outside the law I became as one outsidethe law (not being outside the law of God butunder the law of Christ) that I might win thoseoutside the law.(22) To the weak I became weak, that I might win theweak. I have become all things to all people, thatby all means I might save some.(23) I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I mayshare with them in its blessings.1 Corinthians 9:19-23 ESVWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHow can the gospel “come alive”in all these different culturalcontexts, and still be the sameauthentic gospel? That is theproblem of contextualization.–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHere’s a way of thinking aboutcontextualization based on ideas fromJackson Wu’s book:Saving God’s Face: A ChineseContextualization of Salvationthrough Honor and ShameWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthJackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheologyFrom Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheologyFrom Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Note: The totality of Biblical truth isalways greater than our theology.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContextJackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContextArea 1: One’s theology is biblical andcorrect but a culture rejects the truth.1Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 3: Values and beliefs are consistentwith biblical truth, one’s theology and thecultural context.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 23Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 4: One’s theology is accepted by thecultural context, but is outside of biblicaltruth.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 234Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 5: Beliefs are part of one’s theology,but are neither biblical nor overlap withthe cultural context.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 6: Beliefs and values in the culturalcontext are neither biblical nor a part ofone’s theology.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.What are some valuesfrom other cultureswhich might fit intoArea 2 ?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.What are some valuesfrom other cultureswhich might fit intoArea 2 ?• honor/shame• respect forancestors• narrative• ?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Area 2 iswhere“blind spots”occurWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgExample of ablind spotWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgTimothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93Since Western systematic theology has beenalmost exclusively written by theologians fromcultures framed primarily by the values of guilt andinnocence, there has been a corresponding failure tofully appreciate the importance of the pivotal valuesof honor and shame in understanding Scripture andthe doctrine of sin.Bruce Nichols, the founder of the “EvangelicalReview of Theology,” has acknowledged this problem,noting that Christian theologians have “rarely if everstressed salvation as honoring God, exposure of sin asshame, and the need for acceptance as the restorationof honor.”*‘‘*Bruce Nicholls: “The Role of Shame and Guilt in a Theology of Cross-Cultural Mission,” Evangelical Review of Theology 25, no. 3, (2001): 232.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgIn fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks usedin teaching systematic theology across the majortheological traditions reveals that although theindexes are filled with references to guilt, the word“shame” appears in the index of only one of thesetextbooks. This omission continues to persist despitethe fact that the term guilt and its various derivativesoccur 145 times in the Old Testament and 10 times inthe New Testament, whereas the term shame and itsderivatives occur nearly 300 times in the OldTestament and 45 times in the New Testament.”‘‘Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThis is clearly an area where systematic theologymust be challenged to reflect more adequately thetestimony of Scripture. I am confident that a morebiblical understanding of human identity outside ofChrist that is framed by guilt, fear, and shame will, inturn, stimulate a more profound and comprehensiveappreciation for the work of Christ on the cross. Thisapproach will also greatly help peoples in theMajority World to understand the significance andpower of Christ’s work, which has heretofore beentold primarily from only one perspective.‘‘Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93’’Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org0100200300400Guilt-based words Shame-based wordsOld TestamentNew TestamentGuiltShameReferences to Guiltvs. Shame in the BibleWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org0100200300400Guilt-based words Shame-based wordsOld TestamentNew TestamentGuiltShameReferences to Guiltvs. Shame in the BibleCould it bewe have ablindspot?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orpoverty / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCanopy of Biblical TruthAre there other “spectrumsof biblical/cultural values”?Yes. For example…Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCould it be we havemultipleblind spots?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org“We must start with the basic factthat there is no such thing as a puregospel if by that is meant somethingwhich is not embodied in a culture.… Every interpretation of thegospel is embodied in somecultural form.”–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgLet’s look at an example ofa gospel presentation whichis embodied in the culturalform of Western Americanevangelicalism:Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThe Four Spiritual Laws© CRU (Campus Crusade for Christ).Taken from http://www.campuscrusade.com/fourlawseng.htmLet’s look at an example ofa gospel presentation whichis embodied in the culturalform of Western Americanevangelicalism:Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org“Every interpretationof the gospelis embodied in somecultural form.”–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Again…Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWestern?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical Truth?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical Truth?Are there ways topresent the gospel ofJesus Christ usingcultural forms andvalues whichresonate moredeeply with MajorityWorld cultures?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • YES.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • YES.Here’s an example of thegospel which is designed toresonate more deeply withmany Majority Worldcultures.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • YES.Here’s an example of thegospel which is designed toresonate more deeply withmany Majority Worldcultures.It emphasizes story, family,and the cultural value ofhonor and shame.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • Who will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • There was a manwho had two sons.The younger son saidto his father,“Give me now the partof your property thatI am supposed toreceive someday.”Jesus Christ told many beautiful stories and parables.Perhaps this is the most famous:Whatmadetheyoungerson’sdemandsoinsultingandhurtful?Scripture quotations are fromThe Holy Bible, Easy-To-ReadVersion (ERV), Copyright © 2006 byWorldTranslation Center. Drawings Copyright © Robert H. Flores. www.bibleartbooks.comWednesday, May 22, 13
    • So the father dividedhis wealth betweenhis two sons.Not long after that,the younger son soldhis share of the propertyand left homewith the money.He traveled far awayto another country.Whatwillthesondointhefarcountry?Whydidthefatheragreetohisrequest?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • There he wasted hismoney living like a fool.After he spenteverything he had,there was a terriblefamine [lack of food]throughout the country.He was hungry andneeded money.Whywerehisactionssobad?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • So he went and got a jobwith one of the peoplewho lived there.The man sent him intothe fields to feed pigs.He was so hungry thathe wanted to eat the foodthe pigs were eating.But no one gave himanything.Whatwillthesondonow?Howishetryingtostayalive?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • The son realized that hehad been very foolish.He thought,“All my father’s hiredworkers haveplenty of food.But here I am,almost dead becauseI have nothing to eat.”Whydidhefinallygainhumility?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • “I will leave and go to myfather. I will say to him:‘Father, I have sinnedagainst God and havedone wrong to you.I am no longer worthyto be called your son.But let me be like one ofyour hired workers.’”Whenhegetshome,whatshouldhisfatherdo?Isthereawayout?Stayhere?Go home andbe a slave?Steal thepigs??Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • So he left andwent to his father.But while the sonwas still alongwayoff,Whatdoesthesonthinkthathisfatherwilldotohim?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • his father sawhim coming and feltsorry for him. So he ranto him and huggedand kissed him.Whataretheneighborsthinking?Astheneighborswerewatching,howdidthefatherprotecthissonfrombeingshamed?Itwasabigshameonthefathertoruntohisson!Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • The son said,“Father, I have sinnedagainst God and havedone wrong to you.I am no longer worthy tobe called your son.”Whatdoestheyoungersonneed?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • But the father calledto his servants,“Hurry!Bring the best clothesand put them on him.Also, put a ring on hisfinger and goodsandals on his feet.And bring our best calfand kill it so that wecan celebrate withplenty to eat.” Thefathercalledforabigpartytohonorhisyoungerson.Why?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • “My son was dead,but now he is alive again!He was lost,but now he is found!”So they began tohave a party.The older son hadbeen out in the field.When he came near thehouse, he heard the soundof music and dancing.Thefather’spartyforhissonwouldhavesurprisedthepeopleinthevillage.Why?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • He would not go into the party.So his father went out andbegged him to come in.But he said to his father,“Look, for all these yearsI have worked like a slavefor you. I have always donewhat you told me to do,and you never gave meeven a young goat for aparty with my friends.Howdidtheoldersoninsulthisfather?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • “But then this son of yourscomes home after wastingyour money on prostitutes,and you kill the bestcalf for him!”His father said to him,“Oh, my son, you arealways with me, andeverything I have is yours.But this was a day to behappy and celebrate.Yourbrother was dead, but nowhe is alive. He was lost,but now he is found.”Howdidbothsonsdishonorthefather?Itwasabigshameonthefathertohavetoleavetheparty.Buthetalkedinagentlewaywithhisson.Whatkindoffatherishe?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • Howdidthefathershowsufferinglovetobothhisyoungersonandolderson?vYOUNGER SONRebellious SinnerOLDER SONReligious SinnerHe insulted his father by rejection, He insulted his father by hating thegreed, and foolish actions. forgiveness given to his brother.He was lost in a far-away land. Later, He was lost at home. He never left hishe returned in humility and sorrow. father, but he was full of ugly pride.Turning from his dirty sin and shame, Thinking he had no sin and shame,he humbled himself before his father. he argued, and accused his father.He received the father’s love; his He never knew the greatness of theshame was covered, his honor restored. father’s love and mercy.He entered into the father’s house He stayed outside the father’s housefor the great party. during the great party.Jesus said, “I tell you, it will be the same in heaven.There will be great joy whenone sinner turns away from sin.Yes, there will be more joy than for 99 godly peoplewho do not need to turn away from their sins.” (Luke 15:7 NIRV)Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • RebelliousSinnerReligiousSinnerThefatherwasdishonoredandhurtbybothsons.Butbecauseofloveforbothsons,thefathersufferedshametohealhisrelationshipwiththem.Jesusisteaching: God is like a father willing to suffer shame for us.As humans, we ALL have sinned,insulting our glorious Creator God. And,“When people sin, they earn what sin pays–death…”(Romans 6:23). Still, He loves ussomuch,thatHesufferstocoverourshameandgiveusHishonor!Howcanitbe,that because of love, Almighty God would sufferto coveroursinandshameand give us His righteousnessandhonor?Isthereaway,today,to have the honor of joining God’s great family–and know for sure the honor of entering heaven’s great party?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • “Jesus answered,‘I am the way,and the truth,and the life.TheonlywaytotheFatheristhroughme.’”(John14:6)JESUS CHRIST was perfect, pure, holy. ButHe died in public at the hands of sinful men.The Bible says that Jesus was shamed, nailedto a wooden cross. After He died, His bodywas put in a tomb. Butthreedayslater,GodraisedHimfromdeathinhighesthonor!JESUS DEFEATED SIN, SHAME, DEATH.He died on the cross, suffering shame forall peoples. But in rising from death, Jesusdefeatedsinandshameforus. And when webelieveinJesus,followingHimdaybyday,wecan truly live in victory over sin and shame!GLORIOUS LOVE. “But Christ died for uswhile we were still sinners, andby this God showed howmuch He loves us.”(Romans5:8)Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • Do you want victory over sin and shame? The honor of being a child of God?To have eternal life? Turn from your sin and follow Jesus. Prayhonestly:“Jesus,You know all the ways I have insulted the honor, love, and holiness of God. I am sorry.I deeply desire an honor that never goes away—the honor of being one of God’s children.Jesus, I believe that because of love,You suffered to bear our sin and shame, so we could bearGod’s honor and join God’s family.You invite us to joinYou in heaven’s great party. Oh yes,I want to be there. I believe you rose from deathto defeat sin, shame, and death.Please saveme from all my sin and shame, withYour eternal life. Lord Jesus, I believe inYou. Amen.”“The Father has loved us so much! This shows how much He loved us:We are calledchildren of God.”(1John3:1) “Some people did accept Him [Jesus].They believed in Him,and He gave them the right [honor] to become children of God.”(John1:12)Jesus said,“Anyone who hears what I say and believes in the one who sent Me haseternal life.They will not be judged guilty … and have entered into life.”(John5:24)“If you openly say,‘Jesus is Lord,’and believe in your heart thatGod raised Him from death, you will be saved. …Yes, the Scriptures say,‘Everyone who trusts in Him will not be put to shame.’” (Romans10:9-11)Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!“So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the namethat is greater than any other name. God did this so that every personwill bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth,and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11)Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with othersin the honor of following Jesus? Please contact:thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!“So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the namethat is greater than any other name. God did this so that every personwill bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth,and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11)Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with othersin the honor of following Jesus? Please contact:thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.This booklet is available for purchase atthefatherslovebooklet.orgWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Is this “a gospel” whichbetter overlaps biblicaltruth with Majority Worldvalues—and thus has morerelevance?GOSPELWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Is this “a gospel” whichbetter overlaps biblicaltruth with Majority Worldvalues—and thus has morerelevance?GOSPELWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThe Seed of the GospelThe concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Let’s further explorewhat it means tocontextualize the gospelWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgKernelHuskThe Seed of the GospelThe concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Concepts taken from Jackson Wu:Saving God’s Face:A Chinese Contextualizationof Salvation throughHonor and ShameWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelHusk embodiesthe gospelTraditional view ofcontextualizationfocuses on the husk,not on the gospel itself.The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelHusk embodiesthe gospelTraditionalcontextualization“assumes thegospel”The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{GospelTraditionalcontextualizationWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{GospelTraditionalcontextualizationWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.GospelWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.• Contextualize the huskGospelWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.• Contextualize the husk• But the gospel is “assumed”GospelWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualization• PLUS: Contextualize the kernel!Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelLet us also learn tocontextualizethe gospel itself.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelLet us also learn tocontextualizethe gospel itself.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternGOSPELSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternGOSPELGOSPELSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWestern?GOSPELGOSPELLet us find ways to bettercontextualize the gospel!C O N C L U S I O NWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgConsiderations1. Can we see that the kernel ofthe gospel (not just the “husk”)is adaptable to cultures withoutcompromising biblical truth?2. What are some practicalramifications of acknowledgingour tendency to “assume thegospel”?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgConsiderations3. Can we appreciate that theadaptability of the kernel of thegospel is a powerful distinctiveof Christianity over and againstIslam, which mandates that theQuran is not translatable?Contextualizing the gospel isnot a threat. It is a strategicadvantage.Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgConsiderations4. If contextualizing the gospelitself a major strategic issue—for reaching the remainingMuslim, Hindu, Buddhist,tribal unreached/unengagedpeoples of the world—what aresome possible next steps?Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgConsiderations5. What are some biblical themeswhich may be considered relevant toMuslim, Hindu, Buddhist, tribalother Majority-World peoples?• meta-narrative / mystery• family / progeny / respect for ancestors• honor+shame / blessing+cursing /honor-status reversal• kingdom power / regal authority /justice to oppressors and oppressedWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFinally…(7) Know then that it is those of faith who arethe sons of Abraham.(8) And the Scripture, foreseeing that Godwould justify the Gentiles by faith,preached the gospel beforehand toAbraham, saying, “In you shall all thenations be blessed.”(9) So then, those who are of faith are blessedalong with Abraham, the man of faith.Galatians 3:7–9 ESVWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgConsiderations6. Does the gospel which God preachedto Abraham (Gal 3:7–9) representsome or all of these elements?• meta-narrative / mystery / humor• family / respect for ancestors / progeny• blessing+cursing: honor+shame• global purpose / all peoples• honor-status reversal• kingdom power / regal authority• justice to oppressors• justice for the oppressedWednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgUnderdevelopment:“The AbrahamicGospel”Wednesday, May 22, 13
    • © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgWant to discuss it?You may contact Werner Mischke atwerner@mission1.orgBlog: wernermischke.orgResource on honor and shame:wernermischke.org/resourcesThe Father’s Love Booklet is available forpurchase at thefatherslovebooklet.orgWerner Mischke is Executive Vice President at Mission ONEand Director of Training Ministries.mission1.org/equipWednesday, May 22, 13