Knowing and sharing the gospel of Christ in the language of honor and shame

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This presentation covers:
• What does it mean to contextualize the gospel?
• Where the Western blind spot comes from concerning honor and shame
• How the gospel is embodied by culture, and what it means to “assume the gospel”
• Comparison of “The Four Spiritual Laws” with the “Father’s Love Gospel Booklet”
• Practice describing your story in the language of honor and shame
• Where to get free resources to learn more about honor and shame

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Knowing and sharing the gospel of Christ in the language of honor and shame

  1. 1. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgKnowing and sharingthe blessing of Christin the language ofhonor and shameACMI Conference / Capital University / Columbus, OHMay 30–June 1, 2013Saturday, June 1, 13
  2. 2. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org30-page article: “Honor & Shamein Cross-Cultural Relationships”© Copyright 2013 Mission ONE. Developed by Werner Mischke. http://wernermischke.org / http://mission1.org / werner@mission1.org Page 1Available as a free download at http://wernermischke.org/resourcesNine lessons for individualsand small groupsinthedynamicsofHonor&ShameWerner MischkeExecutiveVice PresidentDirector ofTraining Ministries, Mission ONEAn introduction to key concepts about honor and shame in the BibleA B I B L E S T U D YInductive Bible study:“Nine-lessons for individualsand small groups in thedynamics of honor andshame”Blog: wernermischke.org/resourcesLove of honor: Aristotle: “…honor is clearly the greatest of external goods…it is honorabove all else that great men claim and deserve.” Augustine: “For the glory that theRomans burned to possess…is the favorable judgment of men who think well of othermen.” The ancients name love of honor and praise as their premier value. (Neyrey)Two sources of honor: 1) Ascribed honor: granting respect to a person basedupon family, kinship, name, title, government, politics. 2) Achieved honor: respectbased on competition, warfare, aggression, envy, athletic competition, or “socialgames of push-and-shove”. (Neyrey)Challenge and riposte: Four steps: 1) Claim of worth or value, 2) Challenge tothat claim or refusal to acknowledge the claim, 3) Riposte or defense of the claim,4) Public verdict of success awarded to either claimant or challenger. (Neyrey)Image of limited good: “The belief that everything in the social, economic,natural universe … everything desired in life: land, wealth, respect and status,power and influence … exist in finite quantity and are in short supply.” If you gain,I lose … a “zero-sum game.” (Neyrey)Name / kinship / blood: “In the ancient world, people are not just taken on their ‘merits.’”Honor “begins with the merits (or debits) of their lineage, the reputation of their ancestralhouse. Greeks and Romans receive a basic identity from their larger family: for Romansthis takes the form of including the clan name in the name of each individual.” (deSilva)Honor-status reversal: When a person, familyor people have their honor status reversed. Twotypes. 1) End result is honor: Honor-to-shame-to-honor, or simply, shame-to-honor. 2) Endresult is shame: Shame-to-honor-to-shame, orsimply, honor-to-shame.Primary honor/shame dynamics in the BibleAscribedHonorAchievedHonorAnd the winner is…W I N L O S ENAMEHONORBody parts: Feet and other dirty partsof the body represent shame. Head, face,right hand, right arm represent honor.Cross-cultural ministry skills related to honor and shame1. READ God’s Word through the lens of honor and shame. Readingthe Bible is a cross-cultural experience. Reading the Bible through thelens of honor and shame is an attempt to know the Word of God theway the original hearers would have heard it or read it. It’s an effort tode-Westernize our reading of the Scriptures. Read one book at a time.2. SPEAK using the Bible’s language of honor and shame, both inconversation and in prayer. Talk with others together about what you’re learning. Becomecomfortable using words like honor and glory relative to our own relationship with Christ. PrayScripture. Pray together using the honor/shame words found in God’s Word.3. WALK your own authentic path of shame to honor—in the light of Christ. Discoveringthe honor of who we are in Jesus Christ has two parts.a. Be vulnerable and real about your own shame—the shame dynamics of our own lives—whether as agents or victims of sin—and letting the work and Person of Christ deal withthat. Personal prayer times and trusting small groups are healthy places for vulnerability.b. Explore the honor of who we are in Christ. See yourself and your church family as apart of the story and drama of the honor-status reversal of Jesus Christ. Pray togetherwith others about overcoming shame and experiencing honor—in relation to Jesus Christ.This sense of honor may be experienced both individually with the Lord, and in communitywith the Lord, that is, together in the love and ministry of the Body of Christ, the church.Sources: Jerome H. Neyrey: Honor and Shame in the Gospel of Matthew (Louisville: Westminster Press, 1998),David A. deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship & Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture (Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2000)READSPEAK WALKTogetherReading your Bible through the lens of honor and shame1. Recognize honor/shame dynamics: In the “universe” or spectrum of words anddynamics of honor and shame, circle the words in black in your Bible as you read.2. Recognize all conflicts as honor competition. From sibling rivalries to deadlywars—remember it is fueled by “challenge and riposte” (the ubiquitous honor-shame “game”) and the “image of limited good” (win-win was conceptually impossibleexcept as revealed by God; win-lose was the only way). Make a note in your Bible.3. Identify examples of honor-status reversal. Underline or circle these verses witha yellow colored pencil. This can range from individual verses to long stories.4. Observe words and ideas relative to salvation (in Old Testament and New) —saved, ransom, redeem, atone, propitiation, etc. Underline or circle these words inred. Observe the relationship, if any, between salvation and honor-status reversal.5. Share and pray. Talk with others about what you’re learning. Pray biblically; use thewords of Scripture. Become comfortable using words like honor and glory relative toour own relationship with Christ. Pray with others about overcoming shame andexperiencing honor in relation to Jesus Christ.Written and designed by Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.For information about training contact Mission ONE: 480-951-0900 /werner@mission1.org / mission1.org/equip / Blog: wernermischke.orgThis resources is available at: wernermischke.org/resourcesHONORshameBlessingRenownPraiseGreatAuthorityWorthyMightHolyPowerApostleGloryWorshipMajestyKingThroneBeautyRaisedOverHighFreeAbovePureCleanAmbassadorWarriorBoastingPrideBlessBlessedKingdomFameGlorifyGloriousRoyalGreaterBoastfulRingRobeReignAwesomeHighestLifted upConquerPriesthoodBrightWhiteHonoredExaltedApprovedCrownOvercomeBoastConfidenceFamilyNameHeadBloodFatherSonRight handFaceInheritanceHeirsElderBelowElect AdoptedRighteousChosenBelovedPleasedFriendInsideChildrenOffspringLovedSanctifiedPleasingAnointedHonorableRespectDominionFreedomRight armRememberedLifeRiseImmortalCursingMockingDishonorSpit uponHiddenBlindDiseasedUncleanImpureAshamedDarkDefeatedDeathRejectedDespisedSmitten AfflictedDesolateNakedSufferedHumiliationCrucifiedCut offRejectedDarknessAccursedFeetSlaveUnderLowFallenYoungerAlienStrangerImprisonedEnemyLesserReproachBywordSickOppressedOutsideGentilePersecutedLeastWretchedCursedCrushedForgottenCaptivityReviledFearWeakStrongBetterQuick Reference Guide: “Read the Biblein the Language of Honor and Shame”QuickReferenceGuideSaturday, June 1, 13
  3. 3. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• What does it mean to contextualize the gospel?• Where the Western blind spot comes fromconcerning honor and shame• How the gospel is embodied by culture, and whatit means to “assume the gospel”• Comparison of “The Four Spiritual Laws”with the “Father’s Love Gospel Booklet”• Practice describing your story in the language ofhonor and shame• Where to get free resources to learn moreabout honor and shameKnowing and sharing the blessing of Christin the language of honor and shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  4. 4. DEFINITIONSHONOR: “the worth orvalue of persons both intheir eyes and in the eyes oftheir village, neighborhood,or society.” … “The critical itemis the public nature of respectand reputation.”–Jerome NeyreySaturday, June 1, 13
  5. 5. SHAME: “the intenselypainful feeling orexperience of believing thatwe are flawed and thereforeunworthy of love andbelonging” … “the fear ofdisconnection.”–Brené BrownDEFINITIONSSaturday, June 1, 13
  6. 6. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  7. 7. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  8. 8. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameNorthAmericaEuropeAustralia &New ZealandWesternWorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  9. 9. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameNorthAmericaEuropeAustralia &New ZealandWesternWorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  10. 10. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameMajority WorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  11. 11. Innocence/guilt vshonor/shameMajority WorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  12. 12. Very generalcomparisonMajorityWorldWesternWorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  13. 13. Very generalcomparisonMajorityWorldWesternWorldEquality HierarchyIndividual GroupSaturday, June 1, 13
  14. 14. Very generalcomparisonMajorityWorldWesternWorldEquality HierarchyIndividual GroupSaturday, June 1, 13
  15. 15. There’s a lot more about shamein the Bible than guiltMajorityWorldWesternWorldSaturday, June 1, 13
  16. 16. 0100200300400Guilt-based words Shame-based wordsOld TestamentNew TestamentGuiltShameReferences to Guilt vs. Shamein the BibleSOURCE: Timothy C. Tennent: Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93Saturday, June 1, 13
  17. 17. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgA classicBible text oncontextualization…Saturday, June 1, 13
  18. 18. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org(19) For though I am free from all, I have made myselfa servant to all, that I might win more of them.(20) To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to winJews. To those under the law I became as oneunder the law (though not being myself under thelaw) that I might win those under the law.(21) To those outside the law I became as one outsidethe law (not being outside the law of God butunder the law of Christ) that I might win thoseoutside the law.(22) To the weak I became weak, that I might win theweak. I have become all things to all people, thatby all means I might save some.(23) I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I mayshare with them in its blessings.1 Corinthians 9:19–23 ESVSaturday, June 1, 13
  19. 19. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHow can the gospel “come alive”in all these different culturalcontexts, and still be the sameauthentic gospel? That is theproblem of contextualization.–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Saturday, June 1, 13
  20. 20. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgcontextualization—The dynamic andcomprehensive processby which the gospel isincarnated within aconcrete historical orcultural situation. …Dean Flemming: Contextualization in the NewTestament: Patterns for Theology and Mission(Kindle Locations 123-126). Kindle Edition.‘‘Saturday, June 1, 13
  21. 21. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgcontextualization—… This happens in such a way thatthe gospel both comes to authenticexpression in the local context andat the same time propheticallytransforms the context.Contextualization seeks to enable thepeople of God to live out the gospel inobedience to Christ within their owncultures and circumstances.Dean Flemming: Contextualization in the NewTestament: Patterns for Theology and Mission(Kindle Locations 123-126). Kindle Edition.‘‘’’Saturday, June 1, 13
  22. 22. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHere’s a way of thinking aboutcontextualization based on ideas fromJackson Wu’s book:Saving God’s Face: A ChineseContextualization of Salvationthrough Honor and ShameSaturday, June 1, 13
  23. 23. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGreat blog:jacksonwu.orgSaturday, June 1, 13
  24. 24. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthJackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  25. 25. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheologyFrom Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  26. 26. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheologyFrom Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Note: The totality of Biblical truth isalways greater than our theology.Saturday, June 1, 13
  27. 27. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContextJackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  28. 28. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContextArea 1: One’s theology is biblical andcorrect but a culture rejects the truth.1Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  29. 29. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2Jackson Wu’sFigure 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  30. 30. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 3: Values and beliefs are consistentwith biblical truth, one’s theology and thecultural context.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 23Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  31. 31. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 4: One’s theology is accepted by thecultural context, but is outside of biblicaltruth.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 234Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  32. 32. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 5: Beliefs are part of one’s theology,but are neither biblical nor overlap withthe cultural context.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  33. 33. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgArea 6: Beliefs and values in the culturalcontext are neither biblical nor a part ofone’s theology.Biblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Jackson Wu’sFigure 1From Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013) 52-53.Saturday, June 1, 13
  34. 34. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Saturday, June 1, 13
  35. 35. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.What are some valuesfrom other cultureswhich might fit intoArea 2 ?• honor/shame• respect forancestors• narrative• oralitySaturday, June 1, 13
  36. 36. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgBiblical TruthTheology CulturalContext1 2345 6Area 2: The culture has accepted biblicalcategories and values (perhapsunknowingly), but which are outside ofone’s theology.Area 2 iswhere“blind spots”occurSaturday, June 1, 13
  37. 37. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgExample of ablind spotSaturday, June 1, 13
  38. 38. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgTimothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93Since Western systematic theology has beenalmost exclusively written by theologians fromcultures framed primarily by the values of guilt andinnocence, there has been a corresponding failure tofully appreciate the importance of the pivotal valuesof honor and shame in understanding Scripture andthe doctrine of sin.Bruce Nichols, the founder of the “EvangelicalReview of Theology,” has acknowledged this problem,noting that Christian theologians have “rarely if everstressed salvation as honoring God, exposure of sin asshame, and the need for acceptance as the restorationof honor.”*‘‘*Bruce Nicholls: “The Role of Shame and Guilt in a Theology of Cross-Cultural Mission,” Evangelical Review of Theology 25, no. 3, (2001): 232.Saturday, June 1, 13
  39. 39. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgIn fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks usedin teaching systematic theology across the majortheological traditions reveals that although theindexes are filled with references to guilt, the word“shame” appears in the index of only one of thesetextbooks. This omission continues to persist despitethe fact that the term guilt and its various derivativesoccur 145 times in the Old Testament and 10 times inthe New Testament, whereas the term shame and itsderivatives occur nearly 300 times in the OldTestament and 45 times in the New Testament.”‘‘Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93Saturday, June 1, 13
  40. 40. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThis is clearly an area where systematic theologymust be challenged to reflect more adequately thetestimony of Scripture. I am confident that a morebiblical understanding of human identity outside ofChrist that is framed by guilt, fear, and shame will, inturn, stimulate a more profound and comprehensiveappreciation for the work of Christ on the cross. Thisapproach will also greatly help peoples in theMajority World to understand the significance andpower of Christ’s work, which has heretofore beentold primarily from only one perspective.‘‘Timothy Tennent, President, Asbury Theological SeminaryTheology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93’’Timothy C. Tennent: Theology in the Context of World Christianity:How the Global Church Is Influencing the Way We Think about andDiscuss Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007) p. 92–93Saturday, June 1, 13
  41. 41. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org0100200300400Guilt-based words Shame-based wordsOld TestamentNew TestamentGuiltShameReferences to Guiltvs. Shame in the BibleSaturday, June 1, 13
  42. 42. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org0100200300400Guilt-based words Shame-based wordsOld TestamentNew TestamentGuiltShameReferences to Guiltvs. Shame in the BibleCould it bewe have ablindspot?Saturday, June 1, 13
  43. 43. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orpoverty / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  44. 44. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  45. 45. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  46. 46. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  47. 47. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  48. 48. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  49. 49. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  50. 50. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  51. 51. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  52. 52. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  53. 53. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  54. 54. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCanopy of Biblical TruthSaturday, June 1, 13
  55. 55. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  56. 56. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  57. 57. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  58. 58. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  59. 59. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  60. 60. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgglory to God glory for humanityjustice for oppressedjustice for oppressor acceptance of injusticesubjective / emotional objective / intellectualeveryday / local cosmic / universalIsrael relativized Israel prioritizedromantic / desire militant / dutyCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 2Saturday, June 1, 13
  61. 61. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCould it be we havemultipleblind spots?Saturday, June 1, 13
  62. 62. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org“We must start with the basic factthat there is no such thing as a puregospel if by that is meant somethingwhich is not embodied in a culture.… Every interpretation of thegospel is embodied in somecultural form.”–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Saturday, June 1, 13
  63. 63. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgLet’s look at an example ofa gospel presentation whichis embodied in the culturalform of Western Americanevangelicalism:Saturday, June 1, 13
  64. 64. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThe Four Spiritual Laws© CRU (Campus Crusade for Christ).Taken from http://www.campuscrusade.com/fourlawseng.htmLet’s look at an example ofa gospel presentation whichis embodied in the culturalform of Western Americanevangelicalism:Saturday, June 1, 13
  65. 65. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsSaturday, June 1, 13
  66. 66. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsnarrativeSaturday, June 1, 13
  67. 67. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawspropositionalnarrativeSaturday, June 1, 13
  68. 68. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawspropositionalnarrativeSaturday, June 1, 13
  69. 69. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsSaturday, June 1, 13
  70. 70. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsregalSaturday, June 1, 13
  71. 71. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawslegalregalSaturday, June 1, 13
  72. 72. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawslegalregalSaturday, June 1, 13
  73. 73. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawslegalregaljustice foroppressed /justice tooppressorSaturday, June 1, 13
  74. 74. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawslegalregaljustice foroppressed /justice tooppressoracceptanceof injusticeSaturday, June 1, 13
  75. 75. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawslegalregaljustice foroppressed /justice tooppressoracceptanceof injusticeSaturday, June 1, 13
  76. 76. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsSaturday, June 1, 13
  77. 77. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsconcreteSaturday, June 1, 13
  78. 78. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsabstractconcreteSaturday, June 1, 13
  79. 79. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsabstractconcreteSaturday, June 1, 13
  80. 80. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsabstractconcretegloryto GodSaturday, June 1, 13
  81. 81. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsabstractconcreteglory forhumanitygloryto GodSaturday, June 1, 13
  82. 82. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsabstractconcreteglory forhumanitygloryto GodSaturday, June 1, 13
  83. 83. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsabstractconcreteglory forhumanitygloryto GodSaturday, June 1, 13
  84. 84. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsSaturday, June 1, 13
  85. 85. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsfamilialSaturday, June 1, 13
  86. 86. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsindividualfamilialSaturday, June 1, 13
  87. 87. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsindividualfamilialSaturday, June 1, 13
  88. 88. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual LawsSaturday, June 1, 13
  89. 89. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawshonor /shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  90. 90. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsinnocence /guilt /honor /shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  91. 91. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsinnocence /guilt /honor /shameSaturday, June 1, 13
  92. 92. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsinnocence /guilt /honor /shameassumessuffering /vulnerabilitySaturday, June 1, 13
  93. 93. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsinnocence /guilt /honor /shameassumesstabilityassumessuffering /vulnerabilitySaturday, June 1, 13
  94. 94. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgFour Spiritual Lawsinnocence /guilt /honor /shameassumesstabilityassumessuffering /vulnerabilitySaturday, June 1, 13
  95. 95. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org“Every interpretationof the gospelis embodied in somecultural form.”–Lesslie Newbigin,The Gospel in a Pluralistic Society, p.144Again…Saturday, June 1, 13
  96. 96. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  97. 97. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  98. 98. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  99. 99. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  100. 100. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  101. 101. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWestern?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  102. 102. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical Truth?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  103. 103. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical Truth?Are there ways topresent the gospel ofJesus Christ usingcultural forms andvalues whichresonate moredeeply with MajorityWorld cultures?Spectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  104. 104. YES.Saturday, June 1, 13
  105. 105. YES.Here’s an example of thegospel which is designed toresonate more deeply withmany Majority Worldcultures.Saturday, June 1, 13
  106. 106. YES.Here’s an example of thegospel which is designed toresonate more deeply withmany Majority Worldcultures.It emphasizes story, family,and the cultural value ofhonor and shame.Saturday, June 1, 13
  107. 107. Who will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Saturday, June 1, 13
  108. 108. There was a manwho had two sons.The younger son saidto his father,“Give me now the partof your property thatI am supposed toreceive someday.”Jesus Christ told many beautiful stories and parables.Perhaps this is the most famous:Whatmadetheyoungerson’sdemandsoinsultingandhurtful?Scripture quotations are fromThe Holy Bible, Easy-To-ReadVersion (ERV), Copyright © 2006 byWorldTranslation Center. Drawings Copyright © Robert H. Flores. www.bibleartbooks.comSaturday, June 1, 13
  109. 109. So the father dividedhis wealth betweenhis two sons.Not long after that,the younger son soldhis share of the propertyand left homewith the money.He traveled far awayto another country.Whatwillthesondointhefarcountry?Whydidthefatheragreetohisrequest?Saturday, June 1, 13
  110. 110. There he wasted hismoney living like a fool.After he spenteverything he had,there was a terriblefamine [lack of food]throughout the country.He was hungry andneeded money.Whywerehisactionssobad?Saturday, June 1, 13
  111. 111. So he went and got a jobwith one of the peoplewho lived there.The man sent him intothe fields to feed pigs.He was so hungry thathe wanted to eat the foodthe pigs were eating.But no one gave himanything.Whatwillthesondonow?Howishetryingtostayalive?Saturday, June 1, 13
  112. 112. The son realized that hehad been very foolish.He thought,“All my father’s hiredworkers haveplenty of food.But here I am,almost dead becauseI have nothing to eat.”Whydidhefinallygainhumility?Saturday, June 1, 13
  113. 113. “I will leave and go to myfather. I will say to him:‘Father, I have sinnedagainst God and havedone wrong to you.I am no longer worthyto be called your son.But let me be like one ofyour hired workers.’”Whenhegetshome,whatshouldhisfatherdo?Isthereawayout?Stayhere?Go home andbe a slave?Steal thepigs??Saturday, June 1, 13
  114. 114. So he left andwent to his father.But while the sonwas still alongwayoff,Whatdoesthesonthinkthathisfatherwilldotohim?Saturday, June 1, 13
  115. 115. his father sawhim coming and feltsorry for him. So he ranto him and huggedand kissed him.Whataretheneighborsthinking?Astheneighborswerewatching,howdidthefatherprotecthissonfrombeingshamed?Itwasabigshameonthefathertoruntohisson!Saturday, June 1, 13
  116. 116. The son said,“Father, I have sinnedagainst God and havedone wrong to you.I am no longer worthy tobe called your son.”Whatdoestheyoungersonneed?Saturday, June 1, 13
  117. 117. But the father calledto his servants,“Hurry!Bring the best clothesand put them on him.Also, put a ring on hisfinger and goodsandals on his feet.And bring our best calfand kill it so that wecan celebrate withplenty to eat.” Thefathercalledforabigpartytohonorhisyoungerson.Why?Saturday, June 1, 13
  118. 118. “My son was dead,but now he is alive again!He was lost,but now he is found!”So they began tohave a party.The older son hadbeen out in the field.When he came near thehouse, he heard the soundof music and dancing.Thefather’spartyforhissonwouldhavesurprisedthepeopleinthevillage.Why?Saturday, June 1, 13
  119. 119. He would not go into the party.So his father went out andbegged him to come in.But he said to his father,“Look, for all these yearsI have worked like a slavefor you. I have always donewhat you told me to do,and you never gave meeven a young goat for aparty with my friends.Howdidtheoldersoninsulthisfather?Saturday, June 1, 13
  120. 120. “But then this son of yourscomes home after wastingyour money on prostitutes,and you kill the bestcalf for him!”His father said to him,“Oh, my son, you arealways with me, andeverything I have is yours.But this was a day to behappy and celebrate.Yourbrother was dead, but nowhe is alive. He was lost,but now he is found.”Howdidbothsonsdishonorthefather?Itwasabigshameonthefathertohavetoleavetheparty.Buthetalkedinagentlewaywithhisson.Whatkindoffatherishe?Saturday, June 1, 13
  121. 121. Howdidthefathershowsufferinglovetobothhisyoungersonandolderson?vYOUNGER SONRebellious SinnerOLDER SONReligious SinnerHe insulted his father by rejection, He insulted his father by hating thegreed, and foolish actions. forgiveness given to his brother.He was lost in a far-away land. Later, He was lost at home. He never left hishe returned in humility and sorrow. father, but he was full of ugly pride.Turning from his dirty sin and shame, Thinking he had no sin and shame,he humbled himself before his father. he argued, and accused his father.He received the father’s love; his He never knew the greatness of theshame was covered, his honor restored. father’s love and mercy.He entered into the father’s house He stayed outside the father’s housefor the great party. during the great party.Jesus said, “I tell you, it will be the same in heaven.There will be great joy whenone sinner turns away from sin.Yes, there will be more joy than for 99 godly peoplewho do not need to turn away from their sins.” (Luke 15:7 NIRV)Saturday, June 1, 13
  122. 122. RebelliousSinnerReligiousSinnerThefatherwasdishonoredandhurtbybothsons.Butbecauseofloveforbothsons,thefathersufferedshametohealhisrelationshipwiththem.Jesusisteaching: God is like a father willing to suffer shame for us.As humans, we ALL have sinned,insulting our glorious Creator God. And,“When people sin, they earn what sin pays–death…”(Romans 6:23). Still, He loves ussomuch,thatHesufferstocoverourshameandgiveusHishonor!Howcanitbe,that because of love, Almighty God would sufferto coveroursinandshameand give us His righteousnessandhonor?Isthereaway,today,to have the honor of joining God’s great family–and know for sure the honor of entering heaven’s great party?Saturday, June 1, 13
  123. 123. “Jesus answered,‘I am the way,and the truth,and the life.TheonlywaytotheFatheristhroughme.’”(John14:6)JESUS CHRIST was perfect, pure, holy. ButHe died in public at the hands of sinful men.The Bible says that Jesus was shamed, nailedto a wooden cross. After He died, His bodywas put in a tomb. Butthreedayslater,GodraisedHimfromdeathinhighesthonor!JESUS DEFEATED SIN, SHAME, DEATH.He died on the cross, suffering shame forall peoples. But in rising from death, Jesusdefeatedsinandshameforus. And when webelieveinJesus,followingHimdaybyday,wecan truly live in victory over sin and shame!GLORIOUS LOVE. “But Christ died for uswhile we were still sinners, andby this God showed howmuch He loves us.”(Romans5:8)Saturday, June 1, 13
  124. 124. Do you want victory over sin and shame? The honor of being a child of God?To have eternal life? Turn from your sin and follow Jesus. Prayhonestly:“Jesus,You know all the ways I have insulted the honor, love, and holiness of God. I am sorry.I deeply desire an honor that never goes away—the honor of being one of God’s children.Jesus, I believe that because of love,You suffered to bear our sin and shame, so we could bearGod’s honor and join God’s family.You invite us to joinYou in heaven’s great party. Oh yes,I want to be there. I believe you rose from deathto defeat sin, shame, and death.Please saveme from all my sin and shame, withYour eternal life. Lord Jesus, I believe inYou. Amen.”“The Father has loved us so much! This shows how much He loved us:We are calledchildren of God.”(1John3:1) “Some people did accept Him [Jesus].They believed in Him,and He gave them the right [honor] to become children of God.”(John1:12)Jesus said,“Anyone who hears what I say and believes in the one who sent Me haseternal life.They will not be judged guilty … and have entered into life.”(John5:24)“If you openly say,‘Jesus is Lord,’and believe in your heart thatGod raised Him from death, you will be saved. …Yes, the Scriptures say,‘Everyone who trusts in Him will not be put to shame.’” (Romans10:9-11)Saturday, June 1, 13
  125. 125. WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!“So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the namethat is greater than any other name. God did this so that every personwill bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth,and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11)Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with othersin the honor of following Jesus? Please contact:thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.Saturday, June 1, 13
  126. 126. WasJesusChristrewardedforHissufferinglove—bearingtheshameofhumanityandconqueringdeath? YES!“So God raised Him up to the most important place and gave Him the namethat is greater than any other name. God did this so that every personwill bow down to honor the name of Jesus. Everyone in heaven, on earth,and under the earth will bow.They will all confess,‘Jesus Christ is Lord,’and this will bring glory to God the Father.” (Philippians2:9–11)Do you have questions? Do you want to grow with othersin the honor of following Jesus? Please contact:thefatherslovebooklet.org Design:Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.This booklet is available for purchase atthefatherslovebooklet.orgSaturday, June 1, 13
  127. 127. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Is this “a gospel” whichbetter overlaps biblicaltruth with Majority Worldvalues—and thus has morerelevance?GOSPELSaturday, June 1, 13
  128. 128. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32Is this “a gospel” whichbetter overlaps biblicaltruth with Majority Worldvalues—and thus has morerelevance?GOSPELSaturday, June 1, 13
  129. 129. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgThe Seed of the GospelThe concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Let’s further explorewhat it means tocontextualize the gospelSaturday, June 1, 13
  130. 130. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgKernelHuskThe Seed of the GospelThe concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Concepts taken from Jackson Wu:Saving God’s Face:A Chinese Contextualizationof Salvation throughHonor and ShameSaturday, June 1, 13
  131. 131. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelHusk embodiesthe gospelTraditional view ofcontextualizationfocuses on the husk,not on the gospel itself.The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Saturday, June 1, 13
  132. 132. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelHusk embodiesthe gospelTraditionalcontextualization“assumes thegospel”The concept of seed, kernel and husk—and “assuming the gospel”—as applied to contextualizing the gospelis taken from Jackson Wu: Saving God’s Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor andShame (EMS Dissertation Series, William Carey International University Press: Pasadena, 2013), 21–29.Saturday, June 1, 13
  133. 133. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{GospelTraditionalcontextualizationSaturday, June 1, 13
  134. 134. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{GospelTraditionalcontextualizationSaturday, June 1, 13
  135. 135. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.GospelSaturday, June 1, 13
  136. 136. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.• Contextualize the huskGospelSaturday, June 1, 13
  137. 137. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgHusk embodiesthe gospel{Contextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.• Contextualize the husk• But the gospel is “assumed”GospelSaturday, June 1, 13
  138. 138. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.Saturday, June 1, 13
  139. 139. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationSaturday, June 1, 13
  140. 140. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationSaturday, June 1, 13
  141. 141. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualizationSaturday, June 1, 13
  142. 142. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org• Contextualize the huskGospelContextualize• language• music• clothing• food• storying• values, i.e.hospitality• etc.EXPANDEDVIEW ofcontextualization• PLUS: Contextualize the kernel!Saturday, June 1, 13
  143. 143. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelLet us also learn tocontextualizethe gospel itself.Saturday, June 1, 13
  144. 144. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgGospelLet us also learn tocontextualizethe gospel itself.Saturday, June 1, 13
  145. 145. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  146. 146. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternGOSPELSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  147. 147. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityCanopy of Biblical TruthWesternGOSPELGOSPELSpectrums of Biblical-Cultural values, Set 1Saturday, June 1, 13
  148. 148. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgnarrative / oral propositional / writtenhonor / shame guilt / innocencekingdom / regal democratic / legalfamilial / ancestral individual / present-futureobedience / concrete knowledge / abstractmystery / both-and logical / either-orsuffering / vulnerability wealth / stabilityWestern?GOSPELGOSPELLet us find ways to bettercontextualize the gospel!C O N C L U S I O NSaturday, June 1, 13
  149. 149. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgCan you talk about your faith in the language of honor and shame?But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name,he gave the right [honor, authority]to become children of God (John 1:12 ESV)if you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believein your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will besaved. … For the Scripture says, “Everyone who believes inhim will not be put to shame.” (Rom 10:9-11 ESV)“So the honor is for you who believe …” (1 Peter 2:7 ESV)But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation,a people for his own possession … (1 Peter 2:9 ESV)Saturday, June 1, 13
  150. 150. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.org30-page article: “Honor & Shamein Cross-Cultural Relationships”© Copyright 2013 Mission ONE. Developed by Werner Mischke. http://wernermischke.org / http://mission1.org / werner@mission1.org Page 1Available as a free download at http://wernermischke.org/resourcesNine lessons for individualsand small groupsinthedynamicsofHonor&ShameWerner MischkeExecutiveVice PresidentDirector ofTraining Ministries, Mission ONEAn introduction to key concepts about honor and shame in the BibleA B I B L E S T U D YInductive Bible study:“Nine-lessons for individualsand small groups in thedynamics of honor andshame”Blog: wernermischke.org/resourcesLove of honor: Aristotle: “…honor is clearly the greatest of external goods…it is honorabove all else that great men claim and deserve.” Augustine: “For the glory that theRomans burned to possess…is the favorable judgment of men who think well of othermen.” The ancients name love of honor and praise as their premier value. (Neyrey)Two sources of honor: 1) Ascribed honor: granting respect to a person basedupon family, kinship, name, title, government, politics. 2) Achieved honor: respectbased on competition, warfare, aggression, envy, athletic competition, or “socialgames of push-and-shove”. (Neyrey)Challenge and riposte: Four steps: 1) Claim of worth or value, 2) Challenge tothat claim or refusal to acknowledge the claim, 3) Riposte or defense of the claim,4) Public verdict of success awarded to either claimant or challenger. (Neyrey)Image of limited good: “The belief that everything in the social, economic,natural universe … everything desired in life: land, wealth, respect and status,power and influence … exist in finite quantity and are in short supply.” If you gain,I lose … a “zero-sum game.” (Neyrey)Name / kinship / blood: “In the ancient world, people are not just taken on their ‘merits.’”Honor “begins with the merits (or debits) of their lineage, the reputation of their ancestralhouse. Greeks and Romans receive a basic identity from their larger family: for Romansthis takes the form of including the clan name in the name of each individual.” (deSilva)Honor-status reversal: When a person, familyor people have their honor status reversed. Twotypes. 1) End result is honor: Honor-to-shame-to-honor, or simply, shame-to-honor. 2) Endresult is shame: Shame-to-honor-to-shame, orsimply, honor-to-shame.Primary honor/shame dynamics in the BibleAscribedHonorAchievedHonorAnd the winner is…W I N L O S ENAMEHONORBody parts: Feet and other dirty partsof the body represent shame. Head, face,right hand, right arm represent honor.Cross-cultural ministry skills related to honor and shame1. READ God’s Word through the lens of honor and shame. Readingthe Bible is a cross-cultural experience. Reading the Bible through thelens of honor and shame is an attempt to know the Word of God theway the original hearers would have heard it or read it. It’s an effort tode-Westernize our reading of the Scriptures. Read one book at a time.2. SPEAK using the Bible’s language of honor and shame, both inconversation and in prayer. Talk with others together about what you’re learning. Becomecomfortable using words like honor and glory relative to our own relationship with Christ. PrayScripture. Pray together using the honor/shame words found in God’s Word.3. WALK your own authentic path of shame to honor—in the light of Christ. Discoveringthe honor of who we are in Jesus Christ has two parts.a. Be vulnerable and real about your own shame—the shame dynamics of our own lives—whether as agents or victims of sin—and letting the work and Person of Christ deal withthat. Personal prayer times and trusting small groups are healthy places for vulnerability.b. Explore the honor of who we are in Christ. See yourself and your church family as apart of the story and drama of the honor-status reversal of Jesus Christ. Pray togetherwith others about overcoming shame and experiencing honor—in relation to Jesus Christ.This sense of honor may be experienced both individually with the Lord, and in communitywith the Lord, that is, together in the love and ministry of the Body of Christ, the church.Sources: Jerome H. Neyrey: Honor and Shame in the Gospel of Matthew (Louisville: Westminster Press, 1998),David A. deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship & Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture (Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2000)READSPEAK WALKTogetherReading your Bible through the lens of honor and shame1. Recognize honor/shame dynamics: In the “universe” or spectrum of words anddynamics of honor and shame, circle the words in black in your Bible as you read.2. Recognize all conflicts as honor competition. From sibling rivalries to deadlywars—remember it is fueled by “challenge and riposte” (the ubiquitous honor-shame “game”) and the “image of limited good” (win-win was conceptually impossibleexcept as revealed by God; win-lose was the only way). Make a note in your Bible.3. Identify examples of honor-status reversal. Underline or circle these verses witha yellow colored pencil. This can range from individual verses to long stories.4. Observe words and ideas relative to salvation (in Old Testament and New) —saved, ransom, redeem, atone, propitiation, etc. Underline or circle these words inred. Observe the relationship, if any, between salvation and honor-status reversal.5. Share and pray. Talk with others about what you’re learning. Pray biblically; use thewords of Scripture. Become comfortable using words like honor and glory relative toour own relationship with Christ. Pray with others about overcoming shame andexperiencing honor in relation to Jesus Christ.Written and designed by Werner Mischke © Copyright 2012 Mission ONE.For information about training contact Mission ONE: 480-951-0900 /werner@mission1.org / mission1.org/equip / Blog: wernermischke.orgThis resources is available at: wernermischke.org/resourcesHONORshameBlessingRenownPraiseGreatAuthorityWorthyMightHolyPowerApostleGloryWorshipMajestyKingThroneBeautyRaisedOverHighFreeAbovePureCleanAmbassadorWarriorBoastingPrideBlessBlessedKingdomFameGlorifyGloriousRoyalGreaterBoastfulRingRobeReignAwesomeHighestLifted upConquerPriesthoodBrightWhiteHonoredExaltedApprovedCrownOvercomeBoastConfidenceFamilyNameHeadBloodFatherSonRight handFaceInheritanceHeirsElderBelowElect AdoptedRighteousChosenBelovedPleasedFriendInsideChildrenOffspringLovedSanctifiedPleasingAnointedHonorableRespectDominionFreedomRight armRememberedLifeRiseImmortalCursingMockingDishonorSpit uponHiddenBlindDiseasedUncleanImpureAshamedDarkDefeatedDeathRejectedDespisedSmitten AfflictedDesolateNakedSufferedHumiliationCrucifiedCut offRejectedDarknessAccursedFeetSlaveUnderLowFallenYoungerAlienStrangerImprisonedEnemyLesserReproachBywordSickOppressedOutsideGentilePersecutedLeastWretchedCursedCrushedForgottenCaptivityReviledFearWeakStrongBetterQuick Reference Guide: “Read the Biblein the Language of Honor and Shame”QuickReferenceGuideSaturday, June 1, 13
  151. 151. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32This booklet is available for purchase atthefatherslovebooklet.orgRegular price: 50 for $40Conference price: 50 for $25Saturday, June 1, 13
  152. 152. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgWho will have their honor restored?TheFather’sLoveA story toldby Jesus ChristLuke 15:11–32This booklet is available for purchase atthefatherslovebooklet.org’Til June 30—ACMI discount—Save 20%Discount code: acmi20Saturday, June 1, 13
  153. 153. © 2013 Mission ONE. Created by Werner Mischke / werner@mission1.orgWant to discuss it?You may contact Werner Mischke atwerner@mission1.orgBlog: wernermischke.orgFree resources to learn about honor and shame:wernermischke.org/resourcesThe Father’s Love Booklet is available forpurchase at thefatherslovebooklet.orgWerner Mischke is Executive Vice President at Mission ONEand Director of Training Ministries.mission1.org/equipSaturday, June 1, 13

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