2012 COSIM Conference     Big Shame or Big Honor?Exploring the Dynamics of Honor andShame in Cross-Cultural PartnershipExp...
Honor & Shamein Cross-Cultural Relationships            Free 30-page article combines            •honor + shame lens      ...
2009LEBANONExploringhonor andshame inPhilippians
Baalbeck:a top touristattraction inLebanon
Templeof Jupiter
FORTHEGLORYOFROME!
Every culture has these features    in varying proportions
Five basic culture scalesKnowing about honor and shame helps you  understand the five basic culture scales
Reading God’s WordWesterners usually readthrough the pivotal theGod’s Word throughcultural value of         lens ofhonor a...
Examine key dynamics ofhonor and shame from a                                1social-science perspective—with examples fro...
Explore honor and shameas the pivotal cultural value                                   2•of the Bible … and•of most of the...
Examine applicationsto cross-cultural ministries                                3and partnerships throughunderstanding the...
Examine key dynamics ofhonor and shame from a                                1social-science perspective—with examples fro...
• Key dynamics of honor and shame  from a social science perspective.  • Love of honor                                    ...
Definition of honorHonor: “the worth or value of personsboth in their eyes and in the eyes of theirvillage, neighborhood, o...
Love of honor•   “Athenians excel all others not so much in singing    or in stature or in strength, as in love of honour”...
“Now the greatest external good we should assume            to be the thing which we offer as a tribute to the            ...
Love of honor                               EXAMPLEThen the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up tohim with her sons, and...
Two sources of honor 1. Ascribed 2. Achieved
Two sources of honor                  EXAMPLEAscribed           The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ,           the s...
Two sources of honor                    EXAMPLEAchieved           Therefore God has highly exalted him and           besto...
Image of limited good   win-loseThe belief that     vs.• everything in social, economic, natural universe…• everything des...
Image of limited good              EXAMPLE     This was why the Jews were seeking           all the more to kill him,becau...
Image of limited good                EXAMPLE   “as it is my eager expectation and hope that I  will not be at all ashamed,...
Challenge and riposteFour steps to this social code of “push and shove”(Neyrey, p20)  • claim of worth or value  • challen...
EXAMPLE             Jesus heals the             man with the Note the             withered hand   public  nature   of this...
9    He went on from there and entered their synagogue.                                                                   ...
PatronageNorth American view of patronage is negative:•“It’s not what you know it’s who you know”•“We sense someone has an...
Patronage“The world … of the New Testament, however, was one in whichpersonal patronage was an essential means of acquirin...
Patronage   “Jesus and his first disciples moved among   and within patronage and friendship   networks, for patronage was...
Patronage                             EXAMPLE       And he said to them,“The kings of the Gentiles exercise       lordship...
Patronage                                     EXAMPLE“Now a centurion had a servant who was sick and at the pointof death ...
Patronage                     EXAMPLE     For God so loved the world,      that he gave his only Son,    that whoever beli...
Patronage“God’s grace (charis) would not have beenof a different kind than the grace with whichthey were already familiar;...
PatronageDistinct, specific honor code abouthow to give and receive.•Benefactor: wise, not self-serving, thattheir gifts we...
PatronageDistinct,specific              GRACEhonor code             •   Benefactors gave out of grace  Benefactor •   The g...
PatronageDistinct,specific                            GRACEhonor code                “This single word  Benefactor encapsul...
PatronageDistinct, specific honor code“The patron or giver never gives with an eye to whatcan be gained from the gift. The ...
Kinship
Kinship“In the ancient world, people are not just taken ontheir ‘merits.’ Instead, their merits begin with themerits (or d...
Kinship      Everyone’s personal honor      begins with their      kinship.(Ascribed honor)
Kinship“The believers, as children of God, become whatsociologists call a fictive kinship group,” that isa collection of pe...
Kinship                          EXAMPLE         Now the LORD said to Abram,  “Go from your country and your kindred      ...
Kinship                          EXAMPLE   And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or ...
Kinship                          EXAMPLE      So then, as we have opportunity,       let us do good to everyone,     and e...
Kinship                        EXAMPLE   But if anyone has the world’s goods     and sees his brother in need,   yet close...
Summary“It would not be an understatement to saythat ‘honor’ as reputation and ‘good name’was endemic to the ancient world...
Small group reflection• Key dynamics of honor and shame  from a social science perspective.  • Love of honor               ...
Honor and shame is the                         2pivotal cultural valueof the Bible
“Whether we turn to Paul’s letters and examine hisself-presentation, his conflict with rival teachersand preachers, his pr...
Examples    And the man and his wife were bothnaked and were not ashamed.(Genesis 2:25                 ESV)           (Gen...
Examples        I will bless those who bless you,and him who dishonors you I will curse, and     in you all the families o...
Examples   Awake, my glory! Awake, O harpand lyre!  I will awake the dawn!         (Psalm 57:8 ESV)
Examples         How can you believe,when you receive glory from one another       and do not seek the glory    that comes...
Examples      The glory that you have given me          I have given to them,that they may be one even as we are one,     ...
Examples   For I am not ashamed of the gospel,        for it is the power of Godfor salvation to everyone who believes…   ...
ExamplesFor all have sinned and fall short        of the glory of God.       (Romans 3:23 ESV)
Examples But we impart a secret and hidden wisdomof God, which God decreed before the agesfor our glory. None of the ruler...
Examples      For even if I boast a little too much  of our authority, which the Lord gave forbuilding you up and not for ...
ExamplesFor by grace you have been saved through   faith. And this is not your own doing;it is the gift of God, not a resu...
Examples  as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with fullcourage now as alway...
Examples we exhorted each one of you and encouraged  you and charged you to walk in a manner    worthy of God, who calls y...
Examples      So the honor is for you who believe,but for those who do not believe, “The stone          that the builders ...
Examples         saying with a loud voice,   “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain,to receive power and wealth and wisdom   an...
“In fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks used inteaching systematic theology across the major theologicaltraditi...
References to Guilt vs. Shame in the Bible                           Shame       Guilt
In Scripture—consider the    use of the words…GLORY, GLORIFY,  GLORIFIED
Frequency and use in Scripture of the words, glory, glorify, glorified, glorious                                           ...
Could it be,we have a blind spot?
Could it be?We in the West have a blind spot that keeps us fromseeing the pivotal cultural value of honor andshame in the ...
2.b.Honor and shame is the pivotalcultural value of most of theMajority World /unreached peoples.
Comparison of Cultures by Geographical Location          —a broad generalization                                  West or ...
West or North          South (Sub-Sahara Africa,            East (Asia, Middle East,                  Geographical Locatio...
Map from floatingsheep.org:               User-Created Geographies of               Religion: Allah, Buddha, Hindu,       ...
The worldof BUDDHISM isan honor/shameculture
The world ofHINDUISMis anhonor/shameculture
The world of  the BIBLE        is anhonor/shame      culture
Examine applicationsto cross-cultural ministries                                3and partnerships throughunderstanding the...
Application: RELATIONSHIPBy understanding New Testament culture better—namely the pivotal cultural value of honor andshame...
Application: RELATIONSHIPTo those of us who support indigenous ministries…Do our ministry partners view us as:•investors•b...
Application: TRAININGCan we develop skills in using the biblicallanguage of honor and shame? …•to present the glorious gos...
Application: SPIRITUAL FORMATIONTo what degree do we recognize          But we impart athis profound honor, this great    ...
Application: EVALUATIONCan we evaluate our partnerships using            And we all, withthe “language of honor and shame”...
Application: PERSECUTED CHURCHHow can we show honor to our                Then they left thebrothers and sisters who serve...
Application: APOSTOLIC VISIONoring the biblical language of honor and   To those outside the in building relationships and...
Application: APOSTOLIC VISION  But we impart a secret and hidden wisdom of God, which God decreed before the ages for our ...
Reading God’s Wordthrough the pivotalcultural value ofhonor and shame …                                         … helps Ch...
For from him and through him and to him              are all things.To him be glory forever. Amen(Romans 11:36            ...
Training servicesWerner Mischke offers training services concerning honor and shame—to churches, mission agencies and mini...
Big Shame or Big Honor? Exploring the Dynamics of Honor and Shame in Cross-Cultural Partnership (PowerPoint)
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Big Shame or Big Honor? Exploring the Dynamics of Honor and Shame in Cross-Cultural Partnership (PowerPoint)

  1. 1. 2012 COSIM Conference Big Shame or Big Honor?Exploring the Dynamics of Honor andShame in Cross-Cultural PartnershipExploring the Dynamics of Honor andWerner MischkeShame in Cross-Cultural Partnership©Copyright 2012 Mission ONE. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Honor & Shamein Cross-Cultural Relationships Free 30-page article combines •honor + shame lens •five basic culture scales •explained through examples from Scripture •practical suggestions for cross- cultural partnerships beautyofpartnership.org/about/free
  3. 3. 2009LEBANONExploringhonor andshame inPhilippians
  4. 4. Baalbeck:a top touristattraction inLebanon
  5. 5. Templeof Jupiter
  6. 6. FORTHEGLORYOFROME!
  7. 7. Every culture has these features in varying proportions
  8. 8. Five basic culture scalesKnowing about honor and shame helps you understand the five basic culture scales
  9. 9. Reading God’s WordWesterners usually readthrough the pivotal theGod’s Word throughcultural value of lens ofhonor and shame …guilt/innocence. But… … helps Christian leaders from the West and Majority World understand each other better—to build more fruitful cross-cultural partnerships.
  10. 10. Examine key dynamics ofhonor and shame from a 1social-science perspective—with examples from Scripture.
  11. 11. Explore honor and shameas the pivotal cultural value 2•of the Bible … and•of most of the Majority World /unreached peoples.
  12. 12. Examine applicationsto cross-cultural ministries 3and partnerships throughunderstanding the dynamics ofhonor and shame.
  13. 13. Examine key dynamics ofhonor and shame from a 1social-science perspective—with examples from Scripture.
  14. 14. • Key dynamics of honor and shame from a social science perspective. • Love of honor 1 • Challenge and riposte • Two sources of honor: • Patronage ascribed and achievedImage of limited good (win-lose) • Kinship Image of limited good (win-lose)
  15. 15. Definition of honorHonor: “the worth or value of personsboth in their eyes and in the eyes of theirvillage, neighborhood, or society.”“The critical item is the public nature ofrespect and reputation.”(Neyrey, p15)
  16. 16. Love of honor• “Athenians excel all others not so much in singing or in stature or in strength, as in love of honour” –Xenophon “For the glory that the Romans burned to possess, be it known, is the favourable judgment of men who think well of other men.” – Augustine• “The ancients name love of honor and praise as their premier value.” –Neyrey, p.17
  17. 17. “Now the greatest external good we should assume to be the thing which we offer as a tribute to the gods and which is most coveted by men of high station, and is the prize awarded for the noblestAristotle deeds; and such a thing is honour, for honour is clearly the greatest of external goods … it is honour above all else that great men claim and deserve.” –Aristotle (Neyrey, p5)
  18. 18. Love of honor EXAMPLEThen the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up tohim with her sons, and kneeling before him she askedhim for something.And he said to her, “What do youwant?” She said to him, “Say that these two sons ofmine are to sit, one at your right hand and one at yourleft, in your kingdom.”(Matthew 20:20–21 ESV) (Matthew 20:20–21 ESV)
  19. 19. Two sources of honor 1. Ascribed 2. Achieved
  20. 20. Two sources of honor EXAMPLEAscribed The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (Matthew 1:1 ESV) and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.” “encomium”— or eulogy (Matthew 3:17 ESV)
  21. 21. Two sources of honor EXAMPLEAchieved Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:9-12 ESV)
  22. 22. Image of limited good win-loseThe belief that vs.• everything in social, economic, natural universe…• everything desired in life: land, wealth, respect and status, power and influence… win-win• exists in finite quantity and is in short supply If you gain, I lose: “zero-sum game” –Neyrey, p18
  23. 23. Image of limited good EXAMPLE This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him,because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father,making himself equal with God.(John 5:18 ESV) (John 5:18 ESV)
  24. 24. Image of limited good EXAMPLE “as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with fullcourage now as always Christ will be honored inmy body, whether by life or by death. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain.”–Philippians 1:20-21 ESV –Philippians 1:20-21 ESV
  25. 25. Challenge and riposteFour steps to this social code of “push and shove”(Neyrey, p20) • claim of worth or value • challenge to that claim • riposte or defense of the claim • public verdict of success awarded to either claimant or challenger
  26. 26. EXAMPLE Jesus heals the man with the Note the withered hand public nature of this –Matt. 12:8–16encounter
  27. 27. 9 He went on from there and entered their synagogue. 1. Claim of worth or value10 And a man was there with a withered hand. And they asked him,Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?—so that they might accuse him. 2. Challenge to that claim11 He said to them, Which one of you who has a sheep, if it falls intoa pit on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out?12 Of how much more value is a man than a sheep! So it is 3. Defense (orlawful to do good on the Sabbath. riposte) of the claim13 Then he said to the man, Stretch out your hand. And the manstretched it out, and it was restored, healthy like the other.14 But the Pharisees went out and conspired against him, how to destroy him.15 Jesus, aware of this, withdrew from there. And many followed him, and he healedthem all 16 and ordered them not to make him known … 4. Public verdict of success23 And all the people were amazed, and said,
  28. 28. PatronageNorth American view of patronage is negative:•“It’s not what you know it’s who you know”•“We sense someone has an unfair advantage over us”•“Violates our conviction that everyone should have equal accessto employment opportunities (being evaluated on the basis ofpertinent skills rather than personal connection).”•“Under the table” … nepotism … keep it quiet (it’s bad) See David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p96
  29. 29. Patronage“The world … of the New Testament, however, was one in whichpersonal patronage was an essential means of acquiring accessto goods, protection, or opportunities for employment andadvancement. Not only was it essential—it was expectedand publicized! The giving and receiving of favors was,according to a first-century participant, the ‘practice thatconstitutes the chief bond of human society’(Seneca, Ben. 1.4.2).” deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p97
  30. 30. Patronage “Jesus and his first disciples moved among and within patronage and friendship networks, for patronage was as much at home on Palestinian soil as in Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, Africa, and Rome.”See David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p121
  31. 31. Patronage EXAMPLE And he said to them,“The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those in authority over them are called benefactors.” (Luke 22:25–26 ESV).
  32. 32. Patronage EXAMPLE“Now a centurion had a servant who was sick and at the pointof death … When the centurion heard about Jesus, he sent to himelders of the Jews, asking him to come and heal his servant. Andwhen they came to Jesus, they pleaded with him … “He is worthyto have you do this for him, for he loves our nation, and heis the one who built us our synagogue.”(Luke 7:2-5 ESV)
  33. 33. Patronage EXAMPLE For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in himshould not perish but have eternal life. (John 3:16 ESV)
  34. 34. Patronage“God’s grace (charis) would not have beenof a different kind than the grace with whichthey were already familiar; it would havebeen understood as different only in qualityand degree.”David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p122
  35. 35. PatronageDistinct, specific honor code abouthow to give and receive.•Benefactor: wise, not self-serving, thattheir gifts were given to honorable people;examples of excellent stewardship•Client: show proper gratitude and honorto the benefactor or patron.
  36. 36. PatronageDistinct,specific GRACEhonor code • Benefactors gave out of grace Benefactor • The gift itself is grace Client • Client’s response of gratitude • “Dance of reciprocity”—grace honorably given … grace as the gift … grace in gratitude and honor bestowed back to the patron.
  37. 37. PatronageDistinct,specific GRACEhonor code “This single word Benefactor encapsulated the entire Client ethos of the relationship…” David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p105
  38. 38. PatronageDistinct, specific honor code“The patron or giver never gives with an eye to whatcan be gained from the gift. The giver does not giveto an elderly person so as to be remembered in awill, or to an elected official with a view to gettingsome leverage in politics. Such people are investors,not benefactors or friends.” David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p107
  39. 39. Kinship
  40. 40. Kinship“In the ancient world, people are not just taken ontheir ‘merits.’ Instead, their merits begin with themerits (or debits) of their lineage, the reputation oftheir ancestral house. Greeks and Romans receive abasic identity from their larger family: for Romansthis takes the form of including the clan name in thename of each individual.” David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p159
  41. 41. Kinship Everyone’s personal honor begins with their kinship.(Ascribed honor)
  42. 42. Kinship“The believers, as children of God, become whatsociologists call a fictive kinship group,” that isa collection of people who are not genealogicallyrelated but who nevertheless consider one anotheras family, attempting to relate at that higher levelof intimacy, belonging and mutualcommitment.” David deSilva: Honor, Patronage, Kinship, Purity: Unlocking New Testament Culture, p78
  43. 43. Kinship EXAMPLE Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s houseto the land that I will show you.(Genesis 12:1 ESV) (Genesis 12:1 ESV)
  44. 44. Kinship EXAMPLE And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for my name’s sake, will receive a hundredfoldand will inherit eternal life.(Matthew 19:29 ESV) (Matthew 19:29 ESV)
  45. 45. Kinship EXAMPLE So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to those who areof the household of faith.(Galatians 6:10 ESV) (Galatians 6:10 ESV)
  46. 46. Kinship EXAMPLE But if anyone has the world’s goods and sees his brother in need, yet closes his heart against him,how does God’s love abide in him?(1 John 3:17 ESV) (1 John 3:17 ESV)
  47. 47. Summary“It would not be an understatement to saythat ‘honor’ as reputation and ‘good name’was endemic to the ancient world; hence,we hear classicists and anthropologistscalling it a ‘pivotal value’ of theMediterranean world, both ancient andmodern.” (Neyrey, p5)
  48. 48. Small group reflection• Key dynamics of honor and shame from a social science perspective. • Love of honor • Challenge and riposte • Two sources of honor: • Patronage ascribed and achievedImage of limited good (win-lose) • Kinship Image of limited good (win-lose) Identify one of these dynamics and how it might relate to your ministry.
  49. 49. Honor and shame is the 2pivotal cultural valueof the Bible
  50. 50. “Whether we turn to Paul’s letters and examine hisself-presentation, his conflict with rival teachersand preachers, his praise of certain behavior orblame of other, or his articulation of the status androle of Jesus—all of this needs to be assessedin light of the pivotal value of his world,namely, honor and shame.” (Neyrey, p34)
  51. 51. Examples And the man and his wife were bothnaked and were not ashamed.(Genesis 2:25 ESV) (Genesis 2:25 ESV)
  52. 52. Examples I will bless those who bless you,and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed. (Genesis 12:3 ESV)
  53. 53. Examples Awake, my glory! Awake, O harpand lyre! I will awake the dawn! (Psalm 57:8 ESV)
  54. 54. Examples How can you believe,when you receive glory from one another and do not seek the glory that comes from the only God? (John 5:44 ESV)
  55. 55. Examples The glory that you have given me I have given to them,that they may be one even as we are one, (John 17:22 ESV) (John 17:22 ESV)
  56. 56. Examples For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of Godfor salvation to everyone who believes… (Romans 1:16 ESV)
  57. 57. ExamplesFor all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23 ESV)
  58. 58. Examples But we impart a secret and hidden wisdomof God, which God decreed before the agesfor our glory. None of the rulers of this ageunderstood this, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.(1 Corinthians 2:7-8 ESV) (1 Corinthians 2:7-8 ESV)
  59. 59. Examples For even if I boast a little too much of our authority, which the Lord gave forbuilding you up and not for destroying you, I will not be ashamed.(2 Corinthians 10:8 ESV) (2 Corinthians 10:8 ESV)
  60. 60. ExamplesFor by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing;it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. (Ephesians 2:8–9 ESV)
  61. 61. Examples as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with fullcourage now as always Christ will be honored in my body, whether by life or by death. For to me to live is Christ, and to die is gain. (Philippians 1:20-21 ESV) (Philippians 1:20-21 ESV)
  62. 62. Examples we exhorted each one of you and encouraged you and charged you to walk in a manner worthy of God, who calls you into hisown kingdom and glory.(1 Thessalonians 2:12 ESV) (1 Thessalonians 2:12 ESV)
  63. 63. Examples So the honor is for you who believe,but for those who do not believe, “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,”(1 Peter 2:7 ESV) (1 Peter 2:7 ESV)
  64. 64. Examples saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain,to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!”(Revelation 5:12 ESV) (Revelation 5:12 ESV)
  65. 65. “In fact, a survey of all of the leading textbooks used inteaching systematic theology across the major theologicaltraditions reveals that although the indexes are filled withreferences to guilt, the word “shame” appears in the indexof only one of these textbooks. This omission continues topersist despite the fact that the term guilt and its variousderivatives occur 145 times in the Old Testament and 10times in the New Testament, whereas the term shame andits derivatives occur nearly 300 times in the Old Testamentand 45 times in the New Testament.” – Timothy C. Tennent: Theology in the Context of World Christianity, p.93
  66. 66. References to Guilt vs. Shame in the Bible Shame Guilt
  67. 67. In Scripture—consider the use of the words…GLORY, GLORIFY, GLORIFIED
  68. 68. Frequency and use in Scripture of the words, glory, glorify, glorified, glorious Other Referring to GOD 304 65% Referring to Humanity 139 29% Referring to Other 27 6% Humanity 470Awake, my glory! … –Psalm 57:7 GOD How can you believe, when you receive glory from one another and do not seek the glory that comes from the only God?– John 5:44 John 5:44Data compiled by Werner Mischke using English Standard Version. To request spreadsheet, write to werner@mission1.org.
  69. 69. Could it be,we have a blind spot?
  70. 70. Could it be?We in the West have a blind spot that keeps us fromseeing the pivotal cultural value of honor andshame in the Bible. This hinders… our understanding of Scripture our being awakened to our own sense of honor andglory in Christ our ability to use Scriptural insights by which to buildhealthier, more fruitful cross-cultural relationships andpartnerships
  71. 71. 2.b.Honor and shame is the pivotalcultural value of most of theMajority World /unreached peoples.
  72. 72. Comparison of Cultures by Geographical Location —a broad generalization West or North South (Sub-Sahara East (Asia, Middle East, Geographical Location (North America, Europe) Africa, Latin America) North Africa) Cultural Orientation Justice-Guilt Power-Fear Honor-Shame Cultural Civilizations Muslim, Indian, Sinic, Western, Orthodox Latin American, African (Huntington) Buddhist, Japanese Christian Status Post Christian Emerging Christian Non Christian % Christian in 1910 95% 16% 2.7% % Christian in 2010 81% 62% 8.5% Total population in 2010 1.08 billion 1.42 billion 4.37 billion Theological Orientation Augustinian, Western Pentecostal, Charismatic Undeveloped Chart used by permission of Jason Borges
  73. 73. West or North South (Sub-Sahara Africa, East (Asia, Middle East, Geographical Location (North America, Europe) Latin America) North Africa) Cultural Orientation Justice-Guilt Power-Fear Honor-Shame Cultural Civilizations Muslim, Indian, Sinic, Western, Orthodox Latin American, African (Huntington) Buddhist, JapaneseComparison Christian Status Post Christian Emerging Christian Non Christianof Cultures by % Christian in 1910 % Christian in 2010 95% 81% 16% 62% 2.7% 8.5%Geographical Total population in 2010 1.08 billion 1.42 billion 4.37 billion Theological Orientation Augustinian, Western Pentecostal, Charismatic UndevelopedLocation: POPULATION, BILLIONSA broad generalization GEOGRAPHICAL REGION
  74. 74. Map from floatingsheep.org: User-Created Geographies of Religion: Allah, Buddha, Hindu, Jesus http://www.floatingsheep.org/2009/12/user-cThe world ofISLAM is anhonor/shameculture
  75. 75. The worldof BUDDHISM isan honor/shameculture
  76. 76. The world ofHINDUISMis anhonor/shameculture
  77. 77. The world of the BIBLE is anhonor/shame culture
  78. 78. Examine applicationsto cross-cultural ministries 3and partnerships throughunderstanding the dynamics ofhonor and shame.
  79. 79. Application: RELATIONSHIPBy understanding New Testament culture better—namely the pivotal cultural value of honor andshame…would we communicate better withour partners and reduce misunder-standing and conflict—becausewe understand and speak the“language of honor and shame?”
  80. 80. Application: RELATIONSHIPTo those of us who support indigenous ministries…Do our ministry partners view us as:•investors•benefactors•or friends?
  81. 81. Application: TRAININGCan we develop skills in using the biblicallanguage of honor and shame? …•to present the glorious gospel of Jesus Christin a more relevant way•to better equip servant leaders•to improve mobilization for mission
  82. 82. Application: SPIRITUAL FORMATIONTo what degree do we recognize But we impart athis profound honor, this great secret and hiddenprivilege? … in and with one another? wisdom of God, which God decreed beforeThat as cross-cultural partners the ages for ourco-laboring to impart the glorious, glory. (1 Cor. 2:7transforming grace and truth of Jesus ESV)Christ—“God has decreed this before See also Eph. 3:6–8the ages for our glory.”
  83. 83. Application: EVALUATIONCan we evaluate our partnerships using And we all, withthe “language of honor and shame”— unveiled face,•Personal Transformation: In what ways beholding the glory ofare we as leaders changing “from glory to the Lord, are beingglory”? transformed into the same image from one•Community Transformation: In what degree of glory toways is our ministry gaining honor/glory in the another. For thisview of the community? … and our community comes from the Lordgaining honor in the region? who is the Spirit.(2 Cor. 3:18 ESV) (2 Cor. 3:18 ESV)
  84. 84. Application: PERSECUTED CHURCHHow can we show honor to our Then they left thebrothers and sisters who serve inside of presence of the council, rejoicing thatthe community of the persecuted they were countedchurch? worthy to sufferShould we in the West derive honor dishonor for thefrom those in our family, especially our name.(Acts 5:41 ESV)partners, who suffer “for the sake of his (Acts 5:41 ESV)name”?
  85. 85. Application: APOSTOLIC VISIONoring the biblical language of honor and To those outside the in building relationships and law I became as oneunicating outside the law… that I might win those pel … outside the law. …forfeiting advances for the kingdom of I have become allamong Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist and things to all people,roups whose pivotal cultural value is that by all means I might save some.and shame? (1 Cor. 9:21-22 ESV)
  86. 86. Application: APOSTOLIC VISION But we impart a secret and hidden wisdom of God, which God decreed before the ages for our glory. None of the rulers of this ageunderstood this, for if they had, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.(1 Corinthians 2:7-8 ESV) (1 Corinthians 2:7-8 ESV)
  87. 87. Reading God’s Wordthrough the pivotalcultural value ofhonor and shame … … helps Christian leaders from the West and Majority World understand each other better—to build more fruitful cross-cultural partnerships.
  88. 88. For from him and through him and to him are all things.To him be glory forever. Amen(Romans 11:36 ESV) (Romans 11:36 ESV)
  89. 89. Training servicesWerner Mischke offers training services concerning honor and shame—to churches, mission agencies and ministry teams of all kinds. Using adult learningtheory, Werner designs seminars and workshops in which participants…• Examine six main features of an honor/shame-based culture, FOR MORE INFORMATION: and how to recognize it in Scripture.• Explore how the teachings of Christ incorporate the pivotal cultural value of honor and shame.• Develop skills in using the “language of honor and shame” Werner Mischke to talk about faith and what it means to follow Executive Vice President Jesus.Recognize honor/shame-based dynamics in cross- Director of Training Ministries Mission ONE cultural ministry in order to avoid misunderstanding and werner@mission1.org build trust.Identify next steps for their missional journey or Office: 480-951-0900 cross-cultural relationships.

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