CLIMATE CHANGE: PROTECTING OUR CHILDREN
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CLIMATE CHANGE: PROTECTING OUR CHILDREN

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This is a presentation for women in developed countries about how climate change threatens the health of their children and grandchildren and what they can do about it.

This is a presentation for women in developed countries about how climate change threatens the health of their children and grandchildren and what they can do about it.

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  • WHY CLIMATE CHANGE IS A WOMEN&apos;S ISSUE: our job has just begun when our babies are born. Our families and communities need us to look after their health. <br />
  • There is a difference between deniers and denial. We&apos;ve been in denial, just waking up. Thank you for being willing to listen. The first part of this talk will expose you to some harsh and uncomfortable reality. I want to make sure you understand in your gut why we have to act, and then we&apos;ll talk about solutions. <br />
  • Admiral Samuel Locklear, Commander of the Pacific Command- supreme military authority for all branches of our Armed Forces of the in the Pacific Region. In the chain of command he is just below the Secretary of Defense. <br /> CLIMATE CHANGE IS #1 THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY- THREAT MULTIPLIER <br /> Adm Locklear is talking about DANGER FROM OUTSIDE. I&apos;m here to talk to you about dangers within our borders. How climate change takes problems we already have and magnifies natural processes to put our families&apos; health in danger. <br />
  • Climate change effects: longer hotter drier summers, shorter, (mostly) warmer winters, more extremes: drought, floods, big storms <br />
  • Children are vulnerable to increased environmental health risks from climate change. Climate change&apos;s propensity to increase the formation of natural toxins and mobilize heavy metals and pollutants have a disproportionate effect on the young because their organs are still developing and because per pound of body weight, children inhale more air, eat more food, and drink more water than adults. <br />
  • DIRTY DOZEN DDT was first example. Live a long time, transported long distances, magnify up food chain, stored in our fat. <br />
  • Dioxin in smoke, deposited on range and farmland resulting in human ingestion and accumulation in fatty tissues. 80% of dioxin exposure is from beef and dairy <br /> PAH also in wildfire smoke adhered to very fine particulates. In addition to consumption of contaminated food , Inhalation is a signifcant exposure route, can cause lung cancer. PAHis very persistent. levels are used by paleontologists studying prehistoric fires. <br /> Runoff from burned areas, has higher levels of PAH than urban runoff. <br />
  • Pollutants that are volatile, that change to a gaseous form at natural temperatures, move from soil to air and then condense back to liquid and drop into soil or water when they meet cold air. Grasshopper effect or global distillation. Works its way up the food chain, Fish can bioconcentrate from 3,000 to more than 200,000 times concentration in water. 50% of US women of childbearing age have significant levels of PCBs. <br />
  • Legacy from unleaded gasoline. In soil dust, inhaled. <br /> 30% of kids with lead poisoning don&apos;t have lead paint in their homes. <br /> Lead goes from blood to be stored in bone.Analysis of skeletons: Body burden of lead 500-1000x higher than pre-industrial. No safe level. Causes brain damage <br /> Pregnant woman&apos;s bones provide calcium during pregnancy, lead goes back into blood and to baby. <br />
  • Elevated mercury in cord blood tripled risk of developmental delay at 1 year, 300,000 to 600,000 babies each year. Iowa standard is double the EPA standard. <br />
  • Climate change increases the burden of toxins our daughters will pass to their children. <br /> 83% had PCBs, lead, mercury or some combination of the 3, any one of which can harm fetal brain development. <br />
  • Active wildfires emit large quantities of fine particulates, enter deep into lungs and pass into bloodstream. Fires are associated with PM2.5 levels as high as the smog in Beijing. Compared with pregnancies before and after the wildfires, moms exposed to wildfire smoke in CA 2003 gave birth to babies with lower birth weight up to 3-9 gms depending on trimester of exposure. Exposure during infancy results in poor lung development and ability to fight infections. Exposure at any age- ER visits for asthma/COPD, hospitalization for pneumonia <br />
  • Unused fertililzer not taken up by drought stunted plants will sink down into groundwater with next rain and also run into rivers and lakes, increasing HABs <br /> Bladder Colon Stomach Thyroid Cancer suspected <br /> $7000 per day Des Moines to remove nitrate <br />
  • Almost half of the water samples in a statewide survey of 475 wells contained arsenic, with high levels documented in 31 Iowa counties. <br /> Low birth weight, neonatal infection, abnormal gene expression. Carcinogen- toenail arsenic double risk for melanoma, squamous nad basal cell ca. <br />
  • TERATOGENIC, DECREASED BIRTH WEIGHTS. PLACENTA CONCENTRATES, found levels 6x higher in cord blood than maternal <br />
  • THE CROPS WE GET DURING A DROUGHT MAY NOT BE HEALTHY. STRESSED CORN GETS A FUNGUS INFECTION THAT MAKES Aflatoxin potent natural carcinogen. Inserts self into DNA TURNS OFF tumor suppresser gene. <br />
  • PSP- paralytic <br /> NSP- neurotoxic <br /> ASP- amnesic <br /> Sea mammals <br />
  • Toxic pea soup. Most common for there to be multiple algal toxins. Safety limits set on basis of sole effect, no research on combined effects. <br />
  • Combination of nutrient load from ag runoff and warm water causing increased fresh water algae blooms. <br /> Advisories for elevated microcystin, Iowa’s most common algae-produced toxin, nearly doubled this summer at state park beaches, from 14 in 2012 to 24 in 2013, algae season longer, microcystin exceeded the DNR’s safe swimming guidelines &gt; 20 for state parks 68 times since 2006. <br /> lincreased dissolved organic carbon resulting in trihalomethanes, carcinogenic byproducts of chlorine disinfection. <br /> prenatal exposure to THM increases neural tube congenital heart and musculoskeletal anomalies.choloramine instead of chlorine not as effective: In LA Naegleria in public water systems, In DC lead leached from pipes <br />
  • CA Office of Env Health Hazard Assessment looked at 60,000 birth records and found that a 10°F (5.6°C) increase in weekly average apparent temperature (T and H) resulted in 8.6% increase in preterm delivery. Greater associations were observed for younger mothers, blacks, and Asians. independent of air pollutants. <br /> BY 2050 COOLEST YEARS WILL BE HOTTER THAN OUR HOTTEST YEARS NOW. SEVERE HEAT WAVES NOW ONCE EVERY 30 YEARS WILL BE ANNUAL. <br />
  • AGRESSION increased rates of assault, murder, domestic violence, suicides and psychiatric holds for danger to others. Risk of domestic violence highest in pregnancy. <br /> UC Berkeley metaanalysis of 60 studies- for each SD of increased temp <br /> or decreased rainfall 4% increase in individual/small group violence, <br /> 14% increase in major conflicts. 2 SD INCREASE BY 2050.= 8% increase individual, 28% increase major conflicts <br />
  • Children are vulnerable to increased environmental health risks from climate change. Climate change&apos;s propensity to increase the formation of natural toxins and mobilize heavy metals and pollutants have a disproportionate effect on the young because their organs are still developing and because per pound of body weight, children inhale more air, eat more food, and drink more water than adults. <br />
  • SUMMER ASTHMA CAMP STUDY SHOWS MDI USE DOSE RESPONSE AT OZONE LEVELS BELOW EPA LIMITS, increase in er visits <br /> Causes asthma 3 sports=3x risk <br /> OZONE – IUGR AND LOW BIRTH WEIGHT <br />
  • Mold causes increased ER visits for asthma and causes asthma. Recent birth cohort study higher levels of mold in home dust samples at 8 months of age doubled the risk of developing asthma by age 7 <br /> Mold more allergenic when grown at higher CO2.. <br />
  • CO2 acts as fertilizer, increases pollen production and allergenicity, and extends flowering season, spread of allergenic plants. Graph shows pollen production under preindustrial, current and projected future CO2 levels. Pollen levels predicted to double by 2040. <br /> SEASON EXTENDING MOST IN HIGHER LATITUDES. <br /> NE HAY FEVER SEASON NOW 10D LONGER <br />
  • Soil is a significant source of lead exposure. About 30% of kids with elevated blood levels don&apos;t live in houses with lead paint. The correlation of lead poisoning incidence with areas with old housing could be because by virtue of their age, those communities have seen a lot of traffic and have a higher legacy burden of lead in their soil. Children&apos;s blood lead levels follow the same seasonal pattern which can be predicted by a model incorporating soil moisture and air temperature. The longer we have hot dry weather, the more exposure to lead kids will get. <br />
  • This slide shows how childrens visits to the emergency room for gastroenteritis (black line) match up with a model based on heavy rainfall (blue line). Majority of drinking water contamination cases in urban watersheds and nearly 70% of all gastroenteritis outbreaks occur after heavy rainstorms. Hospital admission of kids with diarrhea triples after heavy rain. <br />
  • WATER TEMP AT LILY LAKE 76 DEGREES, REPRODUCED AT 77 DEG <br />
  • , deaths related to exertional heat stroke (EHS), the most severe form of EHI, appear to be on the rise [2]. STUDENT ATHLETE DEATHS from EHS were higher during the period from 2005 to 2009 than any other five year period over the past 35 years. CDC 9,000 PER YEAR <br /> 1991-1999- 17 child deaths/yr from being left in hot car <br /> 2002-2012 40/yr <br />
  • 9,000 US high school athletes/year <br />
  • INDUSTRIAL AG - CORN AND SOY, <br /> fuel, fertilizer and water intensive. <br /> Ruminants produce methane. 20X Fertilizer produces nitrogen oxides 300X <br /> corn sugars (fructose) leads to FATTY LIVER, elevated bad cholesterol, insulin resistance, obesity. <br /> Red meat, same plus cancer. <br />
  • WHY? BECAUSE OUR FOSSIL FUEL ADDICTION IS MAKING US SICK <br /> 1/3 OF COLON CANCERS, 1/3 OF POSTMENOPAUSAL AND RECURRENT BREAST CANCERS, 1/3 OF HEART DISEASE AND DIABETES CASES PREVENTABLE BY PHYSICAL ACTIVITY <br /> HALF ENDOMETRIAL CANCERS, 1/3 ESOPHAGEAL AND PANCREATIC CANCERS ATTRIBUTED TO OBESITY WHICH IS RELATED TO INACTIVITY <br />
  • We are facing a public health emergency. Public health- affects whole populations <br />
  • By 2030, 40% of adults will be obese, 44% will have cardiovascular disease, 20% will have DM. ASTHMA RISK DOUBLE FOR OBESE <br /> BY 2050 OVER HALF obese, CVD, 33% DM <br /> Almost 37% of GDP on healthcare <br />
  • TIME LAG BETWEEN EMISSIONS AND WARMING. EACH GENERATION DECIDES FOR THE NEXT. Even if we stopped now, it would take 1000 years to cool back down. <br /> 300 hundred years for the ocean to absorb 60% CO2 because once the surface water gets saturated, have to wait for deep water to cycle up. Then the ocean is full. Removal of the next 10% takes 1000 years to react chemically with rock to become bicarbonate and get taken up into seashells, fall to the floor and get turned into limestone. The remaining 20% has to go back underground to coal and oil, which will take 10,000 years. Meanwhile, CO2 from natural sources is still being emitted and adding to what&apos;s there. If you add faster than you can remove, it keeps building up. <br /> What happens to T? Global warming is like weight. Its easier to gain than lose. T would keep increasing for decades and then plateau. It wouldn&apos;t go down for 1000 years. <br />
  • LUCKILY, ITS NOT THAT DIFFICULT. THE SOLUTIONS ARE COMMONSENSE, PAY FOR THEMSELVES IN FUEL AND HEALTHCARE SAVINGS, AND IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE. <br />
  • JOHN SNOW BECAME THE FATHER OF EPIDEMIOLOGY BY STOPPING A CHOLERA EPIDEMIC IN LONDON BEFORE THE GERM THEORY OF DISEASE WAS EVEN ESTABLISHED. DID HE DO IT BY GOING AROUND THE NEIGHBORHOOD TELLING EVERYONE NOT TO DRINK WATER? HEWENT TO HIS LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND GOT THEM TO TAKE THE HANDLE OFF THE PUMP. “The pestilence was stayed.” <br /> Take the handle off the pump is not something you do at your own house, <br />
  • 3 IN NE: Belleview, Lincoln, and Omaha. <br /> Cities across the country have almost a decade of experience and many successful projects to decrease energy waste and lower emissions. <br /> So we know what to do and we know how to do it, but we don&apos;t have the political will in Washington to scale them up and get them done. <br /> 32 TEXAS, 50 FLA, 33 IOWA, <br /> SO WHAT&apos;S IN THE DOCTORS&apos; PRESCRIPTION? <br />
  • ZERO ENERGY HOME SEATTLE, MAKES UP USE WITH SOLAR. 75% CONSERVATION AND 25% GENERATION. <br />
  • Atlanta Olympics- traffic decreased 20%, ozone decreased almost 30%, and kids ER visits for asthma down over 40%. <br /> The health cost of fossil fuel addiction is enormous. Globally 400,000 people a year die as a result of climate change (90% are children) but 4.5 million die from lung disease, CVD and cancer from carbon related air pollution. We spend more on the health consequences of fossil fuel than we do on fossil fuel itself. <br /> Closing all coal burning power plants in the US would save 13,200 lives and prevent nearly 10,000 hospitalizations and more than 20,000 heart attacks each year with an annual health savings of more than $100 billion per year <br /> For every ton of CO2 emissions we eliminate, even counting the cost to do it, we come out economically ahead. <br />
  • MODERNIZE OUR OUTDATED TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM, BRING AMERICAN CITIES INTO THE 21ST CENTURY, GET CITY PEOPLE OUT OF THEIR CARS <br /> 1% FOR ACTIVE TRANSPORT AND WE HAVE TO FIGHT TO KEEP IT. <br />
  • Increased average daily time spent on active transport from 4 to 22 minutes/d SF bay area <br /> Decrease <br /> 14% heart disease, stroke, and diabetes <br /> 6-7% dementia and depression <br /> 5% breast and colon cancer <br /> 1.4 -22 billion dollars/year saved <br /> Midwestern metrop areas- 50% short trips by bike save over $5 billion in health spending per year: $3.8 billion/year saved due to health benefits of exercise and $2.5 billion due to benefits of cleaner air. <br />
  • Nutritionally in the US we get what we pay for. We fund price supports corn for feed and ethanol . Growers of produce. Just got on crop insurance this year. Farmers make more money from growing corn fencepost to fencepost than by putting land into conservation or diversifying their crops. <br /> We know that lowering prices of produce increases consumption. Align subsidies with federal dietary recommendations <br /> 40% of food is wasted. Farm waste hazard. <br /> Revising use by labelling, subsidize digesters, <br /> Tax credits for farmers who donate crops <br />
  • Heavy meat eaters eat an avg 700 cal more/d <br /> Decrease cancers by 10%, heart disease by 20%, 25% less diabetes <br />
  • I&apos;d like to call your attention to one small problem: <br /> While a STRONG MAJORITY OF US CITIZENS WANT CLIMATE ACTION NOW, even if other countries don&apos;t act, and even if it costs us some money <br />
  • But we have a powerful tool called democracy. And despite what you may hear, we have a lot of people who care. A recent poll showed that 1 out of 4 citizens are willing to participate in a campaign to get Congress to enact climate legislation. They&apos;re waiting for someone in their community to step forward and it has to be people like you and me. We can&apos;t do this by clicking on a computer screen. We have to be visible and show people what to do. Talk to your friends and neighbors and members of whatever groups you belong to. Make a phone call, write a letter, tell people you did it, invite them to do it with you. Most important go to candidate forums, raise your hand and ask what they&apos;re going to do about climate change. Most important be public, and create opportunities for others to join you. We are in the majority and can not be cowed by some shortsighted corporations who put this quarters profits above everyone&apos;s future. <br />
  • We can ensure a healthy future, but we can&apos;t wait any longer for someone else to lead the way. Its time for women to stand up, speak out and kick some political butt. We can do it if we hurry, but there&apos;s no time to lose. <br />
  • THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION TODAY. Please go online to climate911.org, to join our email list and endorse our prescription for action. <br /> THIS SLIDESHOW AND MY SPEAKERS NOTES ARE AVAILABLE FOR YOU TO DOWNLOAD AND USE along other shorter PRESENTATIONS FOR GENERAL AUDIENCES THAT YOU CAN SHARE WITH YOUR COMMUNITY. <br />

CLIMATE CHANGE: PROTECTING OUR CHILDREN CLIMATE CHANGE: PROTECTING OUR CHILDREN Presentation Transcript

  • CLIMATE CHANGE PROTECTING OUR CHILDREN
  • MULTIPLE POINTS OF IMPACT  Before conception  Pregnancy  Infancy  Child/Teen/Adult
  • BEFORE CONCEPTION What is stored in our bodies  Build up in body  Stored in Fat  Cross Placenta  Enter Breast Milk
  • PREGNANCY  Cross Placenta and Harm Fetus  Affect Delivery of Nutrients or Oxygen from Mother to Fetus  Cause Miscarriage
  • INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD  Retard Growth  Prevent Normal Development − Brain − Lungs − Immune System  Extreme Conditions  Infections
  • TEENS AND YOUNG ADULTS  Heat Stroke  Obesity  Diabetes  Liver Disease  High Blood Pressure
  • BEFORE CONCEPTION What is stored in our bodies  DIOXINS  PCBs  LEAD  MERCURY
  • PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS ENDOCRINE DISRUPTERS BABY Low birthweight Brain Damage Chromosome Damage (childhood cancer?) MOTHER Cancer Thyroid Disease Diabetes Heart Disease
  • DIOXINS and Wildfires Smoke from Idaho Fires 2013
  • DIOXINS and Heavy Rainfall 80% of dioxins entering SF Bay from storm runoff
  • Poly Chlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) Warming Moves Them North Vaporize in Warm Air Condense in Cold Air
  • HEAVY METALS Lead: Hot + Dry = DUST Tons of Lead Deposited In US Urban Areas 1950s-1980s Blood Levels Air Levels
  • Mercury: HEAVY RAIN carries it from land to fish to people River Miles Under Fish Advisory 1993-2011
  • Toxic Body Burden US Women of Childbearing Age
  • PREGNANCY  WILDFIRE SMOKE  NITRATES/ARSENIC  FUNGUS and ALGAE TOXINS  HEAT WAVES
  • WILDFIRE SMOKE: Lower Birth Weight Impaired Lung Development Decreased Immunity Asthma Flare-Ups
  • Drought and Nitrates Stillbirth Miscarriage Birth Defects
  • NITRATES: Blue Baby Syndrome Methemoglobinemia
  • Arsenic Low Birth Weight Neonatal Infections Abnormal Gene Expression IA WELLS OVER EPA STANDARD Rahman M, 2013 Childhood Survival and Drinking Water Arsenic Levels
  • Carcinogenic Hepatotoxic Teratogenic Immunosuppressive  Concentrated by Placenta (x6)  Transmitted in Breast Milk AFLATOXIN
  • AFLATOXIN in the US 2012
  • ALGAE BLOOMS AND TOXINS California 2012
  • Blue Green Algae Toxins
  • Decomposed Algae + Chlorine = “Disinfection Byproducts” in Drinking Water TRIHALOMETHANE DIBROMOCHLOROMETHANE  Low Birth Weight  Birth Defects  Spontaneous Abortions
  • Increased Temperatures and Preterm Births
  • HEAT AND DROUGHT INCREASE VIOLENCE at ALL LEVELS of SOCIETY
  • INFANCY AND CHILDHOOD  OZONE  MOLD  POLLEN  LEAD  INFECTIONS  EXTREME HEAT
  • Ozone Causes and Worsens Asthma Thurston GD Am J Respir Crit Care Med RMcConnell Lancet.304):386-91. February 1, 1997 vol. 155 no. 2654-660 InhalerUse 3 Sports = Triple Risk for Asthma Ozone ppb Acute exposure increases bronchodilator use
  • Mold exposure doubles asthma risk, increases ER visits & hospitalizations
  • Ziska, L. H. and F. A. Caulfield. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000. 27: 893− 898. Pollen Higher Counts Longer Season
  • US Childhood Asthma Rates Tripled 1960-2009 L Akinbami, 2009 National Center for Health Statistics
  • Child Blood Lead
  • Gastroenteritis and Rainfall Combined Sewer Overflow Pediatric ER GE Visits P. Drayna et al, Environ Health Perspect. 2010 October; 118(10): 1439–1443.
  • AMOEBIC MENINGOENCEPHALITIS
  • VEHICULAR HEAT STROKE 40 heat deaths per year
  • TEENS AND YOUNG ADULTS  Heat Illness  Air Pollution  Physical Inactivity  Unhealthy Diet
  • HEAT STROKE
  • AIR POLLUTION FROM FOSSIL FUEL: ASTHMA, HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, VASCULAR DISEASE, CANCER
  • UNHEALTHY DIET FROM INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE OBESITY, DIABETES, HEART DISEASE, CANCER
  • HEART DISEASE, OBESITY, DIABETES; CANCERS: PROSTATE, COLON, UTERUS, RECURRENT BREAST ONE THIRD CAUSED BY PHYSICAL INACTIVITY INACTIVE LIFESTYLE: MOTOR VEHICLE DEPENDENCE
  • IPCC 2014 OUR CHOICE OF FUTURES
  • + 2-3 DEGREES BY 2030 + 4-6 DEGREES BY 2050 +7-12 DEGREES
  • MOST VULNERABLE ADULTS 2030 2 in 5 OBESE CV DISEASE 1 in 5 DIABETES 2050 1 in 2 OBESE AND CV DISEASE, 1 in 3 DIABETES
  • We Can't Adapt Enough Increased Heat Increased Rain and Floods Increased Fires Increased Rain/Floods
  • CARBON DIOXIDE IS (pretty much)FOREVER. 70%Hundreds 10% Thousands20% Tens of Thousands YEARS TO REMOVE FROM ATMOSPHERE
  • A Healthy Prescription For Climate Action
  • LOW CARB(ON) DIET IN HALF BY 2030 IN HALF AGAIN BY 2050 HOW MUCH? HOW FAST?
  • IOWA can be 100% CLEAN POWER by 2050
  • CLEAN POWERED IOWA will be SAFER and CHEAPER
  • HOW ?
  • LEVEL THE PLAYING FIELD STOP FOSSIL FUEL SUBSIDIES MAKE CARBON POLLUTERS PAY
  • CHANGE OUR STRATEGY from “ALL OF THE ABOVE” to “LEAVE IT ALL BELOW” PIPELINE SPILL NORTH DAKOTA FARM LAC MEGANTIC QUEBEC
  • STOP WASTING ENERGY
  • 20,000 Heart Attacks PREVENTED 23,000 Deaths each year SAVED: OVER 100 BILLION DOLLARS PER YEAR
  • GET CITY FOLKS OUT OF THEIR CARS SMART GROWTH BIKEWAYS AND WALKWAYS BETTER PUBLIC TRANSIT
  • 10,000 colon cancers 215,000 heart attacks PREVENTED 570,000 new diabetes cases each year ANNUAL SAVINGS SF AREA $1.4-22 BILLION/YEAR
  • HEALTHY FARMS & HEALTHY FOODS END FOOD WASTE REWARD HEALTHY FARMING PROMOTE LOCAL FOOD
  • 300,000 Heart Attacks/Strokes PREVENTED 260,000 New Diabetes Cases each year 144,000 Cancer Deaths
  • AMERICANS WANT CLIMATE ACTION (Clean Air, Liveable Cities, Affordable Healthy Food)
  • A healthy high quality future is still within reach* *ACT NOW, we're almost out of time.
  • HEALTHY PEOPLE = HEALTHY PLANET www.climate911.org