With this slide I would like to have a handout with a story about Blair Hornstine, a high school student who earned acceptance into Harvard. When Harvard discovered Hornstine had plagiarized, they ‘’unaccepted’’ her. The story can be found on pages 7,8 and 9 in Other People’s Words by Barbara Francis. After reading this article, I will ask the audience some questions about plagiarism hopefully starting a discussion about plagiarising, possibly some examples from the audience.
How much of problem is plagiarism? These are a few bits of information I read in Harris’ Plagiarism handbook,
Robert Harris, author of The Plagiarism Handbook listed these as the reasons why students cheat. Cryptomnesia, unconscious plagiraism
How easy is it to obtain a term paper online? The fact that students can easily download a paper off of the internet can make ethics and a conscience disappear.
I googled research paper and the next few slides are sites I found that offer their services to help with the writing process
Tells you that in 5 easy steps you will be on your way to receiving a top notch research paper. This site offered instant chat as well
There are many definitions of Plagiarism in books and on the web. Find the one that feels the best for you, print it on your syllabus and hand a copy to each of your students on the first day of class. Refer to often… Remember out of sight is out of mind… So keep it fresh
Our first defense against plagiarism is education. The first thing we need to do is equip students with the tools needed to avoid plagiarizing.
Summarize: Is the ability to briefly and correctly restate the main points of reading or speech etc. Thefollowing slides are just 2 of the many websites available that offer tips on summarization
. West Virginia DOE site offers lesson plans as well as information regarding summarization.
Paraphrasing is the process of restating or rewording. Our next defense could be to teach students how to paraphrase effectively. Colorado State’s tip on paraphrasing offers an “Example” a the bottom of the page,
Purdue Online Writing Lab explains and offers 6 tips to effective paraphrasingPURDUE OWL is a great tool for writing and researching. They offer many topics and easy to understand explanations
To quote is to repeat a passage or page from a book by way of authority or illustration. To correctly use direct quotes is our third defense against plagiarism. In order to be used effectively students need to be taught how to quote. The Univ. of Richmond Writing Center explains using long and short quotes.
Unilearning website explains a number of examples, correctly and incorrectly quoted
A citation is the quoting of a book, author or website, in support of a fact. We now have the task of teaching students how to correctly cite their sources, when it is necessary to cite and when it is not. . Easybib is free and also offers links with helpful hints about how to cite sources
Son of Citation Machine offers an easy to choose MLA, APA, and CHICAGO style of citing.
Students need to be aware that there are steps that need to be taken in order to write a good research paper. Not only are there steps but there is an effective order to those steps. Starting with topic selection and ending with the review of your final draft and including a works cited page. This is just one web spot that offers these steps.
Academic tips is another site with research paper organization steps. This one really spells it out, very understandable. As long as you remembered to cite the source this would be a great handout for students when assigning them a research paper.
These are just a few suggestions from the MLA as listed in Other People’s Words by Barbara Francis. One tip they stress is TIME MANAGEMENT… Something else that students need to be taught how to do..
Now we are going to go over tools to identify and deter plagiarism and I will show some electronic sources to check assigned papers for plagiarism.
Laura Hennessey DeSena recommends these tools for identification.Students should be able to explain how they arrived at their interpretations of the material. There are multiple websites that will check your papers for “stolen” material. Some are free others will cost.. Here are a few…
With most of the plagiarism detector services it is as simple as a cut, paste and search. Turnitin is not free but comes highly recommended. It was mentioned in a number of the sources I used for this presentation.
Grammarly is free and will check for grammatical errors as well as plagiarized material
Offers a proofreading service. One document submission is $8.95 or for unlimited submissions it will cost $115.95ThePlagiarism.com can be used by teachers, students and publishers alike.
If you have a confirmed case of plagiarism, be sure to educate yourself on the school policy for punishing plagiarists whether it be increased watchfulness, probation, or expulsion. Be prepared, and be consistent with the punishment you doll out. Explain the why and where the student plagiarized. And be sure to follow through…
This is a glogster that I have put together that includes pathfinders to each website that I have used as examples in todays presentation. Feel free to use this glogster and if you would like to make your own, see me and I will demonstrate how.
TIPS ON DEALING WITH, THE DECTECTION OF AND PREVENTING PLAGIARISM WENDI REINWALD LIS5260
Standards for the 21st Century LearnerSkills: Responsibilities: 2.1.1 – Organizing knowledge 1.3.1 – Respect so that it is useful copyright/intellectual property rights of creators and producers 3.1.6 – Use information and technology ethically and responsibly
Every generation has theprivilege of standing on theshoulders of the generationthat went before; but it hasno right to pick the pockets of the first-comer. -Brander Matthews Recreations of an Anthologist
To plagiarize is totake work that is notyour own and submitit as yourown, without givingcredit to the personwho created it. -Others People’s Words, Barbara Francis
A free term paper site, run by a 16 year old, receives 13,000 hits a day. A librarian who went undercover to investigate plagiarism ordered a paper from a term paper mill. The paper could not be delivered on time because the site was being flooded with 800 orders a day John Barrie, co-founder of Plagiarism.org, says the company’s detection service is experiencing a 10-15 percent plagiarism rate on the papers it checks Despite warning his class in advance that he would be checking their papers for signs of plagiarism, Berkeley professor D. Presti found that 45 out of 300 papers submitted had at least some sections copied from other sources A former tutor at the University of Minnesota admitted to having written “400 academic papers for members of the men’s basketball team (Harris, v-vi)
Reasons WHY? Ignorance Careless note taking Stress and Competition Lack of buy-in to the educational enterprise Tutoring out of control Cheating in self-defense Perceived cheating by authority figures Lack of perceived punishment Students are natural economizers Too many choices, out off low priority Poor time management and planning skills Inadequate writing ability Do not believe that instructors actually read research papers Thrill of rule breaking Cryptomnesia
Cybercheating Dozens of internet sites offer papers for free, some in exchange for another paper Some sites charge a fee Paper mills charge on average $8-9.00 per page and accept all major credit cards. Paper mills cover a wide range of topics and have multiple delivery methods. Some offer “custom work”, the student can custom order a term paper
5 Steps1. Go toBookwormLab.com.2. Place an order for aresearch paper.3. Include all the details.4. Pick your writer.5. Get a top-notchpaper! BookWormLab.com
Ways to avoid plagiarism • Do not assume your students Define know what plagiarism is • Present plagiarism in the most & positive way possible • Show and explain examples ofEducate plagiarism and sources • Encourage original thinking
Definition Plagiarism – Latin for plagium, meaning to kidnap Plagiary – derived from Roman times, meaning to abduct a child or slave of another Plagiarius – Latin, meaning plunderer, to seize or rob
Organization Suggestions provided by the MLA handbook: Keep a separate notebook just for research and quotes File card system Mark direct quotes with highlighter NEVER cut and paste paragraphs. Put this research onto its own page and identify its source Check direct quotes, make sure of accuracy Print and review your final draft.
Tools to identify plagiarism1) KEEP STUDENT PORTFOLIOS TO HAVE ACCESS TO AUTHENTIC WRITING SAMPLES2) BECOME A DISCERNING READER3) CHECK SUSPICIOUS PASSAGES USING AN ELECTRONIC SEARCH ENGINE4) CONSIDER USING A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE TO CHECK STUDENT PAPERS AGAINST ELECTRONIC SOURCES5) CHECK FOR PRINT BASED PLAGIARISM6) VARY TOPICS ASSIGNED TO AVOID PASSING DOWN OF PAPERS THROUGH THE YEARS7) DO NOT AVOID CONFRONTATION: CONFERENCE WITH STUDENTS YOU SUSPECT OF PLAGIARISM
Works Cited"A Research Guide for Students." . N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.aresearchguide.com/1steps.html>.Arzola Terry. N.d. Photograph. Austin Community CollegeWeb. 6 Mar 2012. <http://library.austincc.edu/gen-info/facplagiarism.htm>.BookWormLab.com. Writing Solutions LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://bookwormlabs.com/research-paper.php>.DeSena, Laura Hennessey. Preventing Plagiarism : Tips and Techniques . Urbana, Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English, 2007. Print."EasyBib Write Smart." EasyBib. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://content.easybib.com/students/citation-guide/mla/>.Francis, Barbara. Other Peoples Words. Berkeley Heights: Enslow Publishers, Inc, 2005. Print."Grammarly." . N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. < http://ed.grammarly.com/editor/view/?f=1>.Harris, Robert. The Plagiarism Handbook. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing, 2001. Print.N.d. Photograph. Indiana Law and Technology BlogWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.iltb.net/2011/01/online-copyright-violation-–-rap-their-knuckles-and-rap-em’-hard/>.N.d. Photograph. Learning Language OnlineWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://learn-language-online.com/teaching-languages/methodologies>.Purdue Online Writing Lab. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01>.Reading Quest.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.readingquest.org/strat/summarize.html>.Sadlowski Marcin. thief in balaclava - pickpocket in action - theft of walle. N.d. Photograph. 123RFWeb. 6 Mar 2012.< http://www.123rf.com/photo_7302986_thief-in-balaclava--pickpocket-in-action--theft-of-wallet.html>.
Works Cited Continued …Teachable Moment. N.d. Photograph. Higher EDWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=suspiciousplagiarism&view=detail&id=2CFF5E65E62541EB5656673E10B94667AE7CA730&first=61&FORM=IDFRIR>."The Citation Machine." Son of Citation Machine. The Landmark Project, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://citationmachine.net/index2.php>."Tips for writing a research paper." AcademicTips.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.http://www.academictips.org/acad/atipsforwritingresearchpaper.html.TurnItIn, Leading Plagiarism Checker, Online Grading and Peer Review. iParadigm,LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.<http://www.turnitin.com/en_us/home>.Unilearning Note Taking. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://unilearning.uow.edu.au/notetake/note18_directq.html>.. University of Richmond Writing Center, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/dq.html>.West Virginia Department of Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/summarization.html>."Writing @ CSU." Colorado State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.<http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/researchsources/includingsources/paraphrasing/without.cfm>.