TIPS ON DEALING WITH, THE DECTECTION OF AND PREVENTING PLAGIARISM WENDI REINWALD LIS5260
Standards for the 21st Century LearnerSkills: Responsibilities: 2.1.1 – Organizing knowledge 1.3.1 – Respect so that it is useful copyright/intellectual property rights of creators and producers 3.1.6 – Use information and technology ethically and responsibly
Every generation has theprivilege of standing on theshoulders of the generationthat went before; but it hasno right to pick the pockets of the first-comer. -Brander Matthews Recreations of an Anthologist
To plagiarize is totake work that is notyour own and submitit as yourown, without givingcredit to the personwho created it. -Others People’s Words, Barbara Francis
A free term paper site, run by a 16 year old, receives 13,000 hits a day. A librarian who went undercover to investigate plagiarism ordered a paper from a term paper mill. The paper could not be delivered on time because the site was being flooded with 800 orders a day John Barrie, co-founder of Plagiarism.org, says the company’s detection service is experiencing a 10-15 percent plagiarism rate on the papers it checks Despite warning his class in advance that he would be checking their papers for signs of plagiarism, Berkeley professor D. Presti found that 45 out of 300 papers submitted had at least some sections copied from other sources A former tutor at the University of Minnesota admitted to having written “400 academic papers for members of the men’s basketball team (Harris, v-vi)
Reasons WHY? Ignorance Careless note taking Stress and Competition Lack of buy-in to the educational enterprise Tutoring out of control Cheating in self-defense Perceived cheating by authority figures Lack of perceived punishment Students are natural economizers Too many choices, out off low priority Poor time management and planning skills Inadequate writing ability Do not believe that instructors actually read research papers Thrill of rule breaking Cryptomnesia
Cybercheating Dozens of internet sites offer papers for free, some in exchange for another paper Some sites charge a fee Paper mills charge on average $8-9.00 per page and accept all major credit cards. Paper mills cover a wide range of topics and have multiple delivery methods. Some offer “custom work”, the student can custom order a term paper
5 Steps1. Go toBookwormLab.com.2. Place an order for aresearch paper.3. Include all the details.4. Pick your writer.5. Get a top-notchpaper! BookWormLab.com
Ways to avoid plagiarism • Do not assume your students Define know what plagiarism is • Present plagiarism in the most & positive way possible • Show and explain examples ofEducate plagiarism and sources • Encourage original thinking
Definition Plagiarism – Latin for plagium, meaning to kidnap Plagiary – derived from Roman times, meaning to abduct a child or slave of another Plagiarius – Latin, meaning plunderer, to seize or rob
Organization Suggestions provided by the MLA handbook: Keep a separate notebook just for research and quotes File card system Mark direct quotes with highlighter NEVER cut and paste paragraphs. Put this research onto its own page and identify its source Check direct quotes, make sure of accuracy Print and review your final draft.
Tools to identify plagiarism1) KEEP STUDENT PORTFOLIOS TO HAVE ACCESS TO AUTHENTIC WRITING SAMPLES2) BECOME A DISCERNING READER3) CHECK SUSPICIOUS PASSAGES USING AN ELECTRONIC SEARCH ENGINE4) CONSIDER USING A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE TO CHECK STUDENT PAPERS AGAINST ELECTRONIC SOURCES5) CHECK FOR PRINT BASED PLAGIARISM6) VARY TOPICS ASSIGNED TO AVOID PASSING DOWN OF PAPERS THROUGH THE YEARS7) DO NOT AVOID CONFRONTATION: CONFERENCE WITH STUDENTS YOU SUSPECT OF PLAGIARISM
Works Cited"A Research Guide for Students." . N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.aresearchguide.com/1steps.html>.Arzola Terry. N.d. Photograph. Austin Community CollegeWeb. 6 Mar 2012. <http://library.austincc.edu/gen-info/facplagiarism.htm>.BookWormLab.com. Writing Solutions LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://bookwormlabs.com/research-paper.php>.DeSena, Laura Hennessey. Preventing Plagiarism : Tips and Techniques . Urbana, Illinois: National Council of Teachers of English, 2007. Print."EasyBib Write Smart." EasyBib. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://content.easybib.com/students/citation-guide/mla/>.Francis, Barbara. Other Peoples Words. Berkeley Heights: Enslow Publishers, Inc, 2005. Print."Grammarly." . N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. < http://ed.grammarly.com/editor/view/?f=1>.Harris, Robert. The Plagiarism Handbook. Los Angeles: Pyrczak Publishing, 2001. Print.N.d. Photograph. Indiana Law and Technology BlogWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.iltb.net/2011/01/online-copyright-violation-–-rap-their-knuckles-and-rap-em’-hard/>.N.d. Photograph. Learning Language OnlineWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://learn-language-online.com/teaching-languages/methodologies>.Purdue Online Writing Lab. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01>.Reading Quest.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.readingquest.org/strat/summarize.html>.Sadlowski Marcin. thief in balaclava - pickpocket in action - theft of walle. N.d. Photograph. 123RFWeb. 6 Mar 2012.< http://www.123rf.com/photo_7302986_thief-in-balaclava--pickpocket-in-action--theft-of-wallet.html>.
Works Cited Continued …Teachable Moment. N.d. Photograph. Higher EDWeb. 8 Mar 2012. <http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=suspiciousplagiarism&view=detail&id=2CFF5E65E62541EB5656673E10B94667AE7CA730&first=61&FORM=IDFRIR>."The Citation Machine." Son of Citation Machine. The Landmark Project, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://citationmachine.net/index2.php>."Tips for writing a research paper." AcademicTips.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.http://www.academictips.org/acad/atipsforwritingresearchpaper.html.TurnItIn, Leading Plagiarism Checker, Online Grading and Peer Review. iParadigm,LLC, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.<http://www.turnitin.com/en_us/home>.Unilearning Note Taking. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://unilearning.uow.edu.au/notetake/note18_directq.html>.. University of Richmond Writing Center, n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/dq.html>.West Virginia Department of Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012. <http://wvde.state.wv.us/strategybank/summarization.html>."Writing @ CSU." Colorado State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar 2012.<http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/researchsources/includingsources/paraphrasing/without.cfm>.