Sowles Adaptive Management In Taunton Bay

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The Practice and Potential of Ecosystem-Based Management
Applying lessons from land use and coastal management in Maine hosted by Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve,
Maine Coastal Program, Maine Sea Grant,the University of New England, and the Ecosystem-based Management Tools Network

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Sowles Adaptive Management In Taunton Bay

  1. 1. A Model for Science, Stewardship and Adaptive Management in Taunton Bay , Maine Observations and Lessons <ul><ul><li>John W. Sowles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maine Department of Marine Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.maine.gov/dmr/council/tauntonbay / </li></ul></ul>
  2. 5. Evolution of Plan <ul><li>Concerned Consituency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquaculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dragging Moratorium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active “Friends” group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Statewide Bay Management Pilot Project </li></ul><ul><li>DMR sees opportunity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively good knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local support </li></ul></ul>
  3. 6. A Little About the Resource <ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3,700 acres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,824,000 acres coastal waters in Maine (0.0018 th of coast) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29 mi perimeter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>39,000 acre watershed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42,500-15,000 acre-feet volume </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Living Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity of Plants and Animals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aquaculture </li></ul></ul>
  4. 7. Management Area Limit Egypt Bay Hog Bay
  5. 8. Dual and Equal Goals <ul><li>protect and sustain ecological functions and values, and </li></ul><ul><li>manage marine resources for the long-term use and enjoyment of all citizens of Maine. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Comprehensive Resource Management Plan Experiment <ul><li>Not just a fishery plan </li></ul><ul><li>Different from Forest BDP or Downeast Fisheries Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>– few stakeholders or limited focus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measureable Ecological and CommunityTargets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildlife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable harvests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research to support aboveNot just a fisheries plan </li></ul></ul>
  7. 11. Demographic Pressure
  8. 12. Private/Public New vs Traditional Tensions <ul><li>Traditional uses threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Double standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect users – e.g. landowners </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Cornerstones of Plan <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measureable benchmarks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Means to measure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stewardship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity of perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feedback mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal flexibility </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. Immediate Steps <ul><li>Establish Advisory Group </li></ul><ul><li>Address Dragging Moratorium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation to catch the void </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mussels, scallops, urchins, and kelp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvester interest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identify ‘Important’ Ecological Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a sustainable harvest plan </li></ul>
  11. 15. Advisors to Commissioner <ul><li>Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Mussel harvester </li></ul><ul><li>Lobster harvester </li></ul><ul><li>Wormer </li></ul><ul><li>Clammer </li></ul><ul><li>Sea vegetable harvester </li></ul><ul><li>Conservationist </li></ul><ul><li>Business owner </li></ul><ul><li>Non-local citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Property owner </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculturist </li></ul>
  12. 16. Initial Emphasis – Life after Moratorium <ul><li>Four Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mussels, kelp, scallop, and urchin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allocation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvest practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. 2008 Harvest Conditions <ul><li>Based on Assessments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TACs – divided by harvesters themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Season </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method*** </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reporting required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dates, areas, and bycatch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If conditions or conflicts become unmanageable, we will stop harvest. </li></ul>
  14. 21. Avoid Kelp Beds FALLS AREA 7,000 Bushels
  15. 22. New water line CCAR AREA 34,000 Bushels
  16. 23. Please avoid 2 White Buoys BURYING ISLAND AREA 25,000 Bushels
  17. 24. Next Implementation Steps <ul><li>Water quality studies </li></ul><ul><li>Wildlife studies </li></ul><ul><li>Identify important ecological areas </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage municipal involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Augment stewardship </li></ul><ul><li>Refine research plan </li></ul>
  18. 25. Details ARE the BIG Picture Thoughts on Implementation
  19. 26. Obstacles <ul><li>Public Acceptance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NIMBYism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dishonesty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permitting on different scale - docks, eelgrass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blue Hill Bay AQ vs footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Trust issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resources – esp time </li></ul><ul><li>Perfectionism </li></ul>
  20. 27. Hurdles <ul><li>Can’t plan it all </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Real time and continuous adjusting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of Scientific Information Is NOT a Barrier </li></ul><ul><li>Media looking for failure </li></ul><ul><li>Distractions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uninformed ‘expert’ commentary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Politics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treat as “box” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a very”leaky” system </li></ul></ul>
  21. 28. Keys to Success <ul><li>Strong stakeholder support and commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Agree on clear goals, endpoints and strategies upfront </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be personal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must risk injury </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Admit need for and make course corrections </li></ul><ul><li>Give and take – up to a point </li></ul><ul><li>Show progress – keep moving </li></ul><ul><li>Under the radar can be an advantage </li></ul>
  22. 29. Potential Advantages – beyond the obvious <ul><li>Encourages local responsibility to make global impact </li></ul><ul><li>Exposes NIMBYism, </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes scientific literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Improves communication </li></ul><ul><li>Creates new partnerships </li></ul>
  23. 30. So is this Ecosystem-Based-Management?

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