Atkins Bwh Biodiversity Conservation

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The Practice and Potential of Ecosystem-Based Management
Applying lessons from land use and coastal management in Maine hosted by The Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve,
Maine Coastal Program, Maine Sea Grant,the University of New England, and the Ecosystem-based Management Tools Network

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Atkins Bwh Biodiversity Conservation

  1. 1. Beginning with Habitat A Community-based Ecosystem Management Tool
  2. 2. Beginning with Habitat A Community-based Ecosystem Management Tool
  3. 3. What is Beginning with Habitat (BwH)? Purpose: To provide comprehensive data related to plant and wildlife habitat and tools and technical assistance to assist with the implementation of a local approach to habitat and open space conservation. BwH is… A non-regulatory landscape based approach to sustaining natural systems and achieving meaningful conservation and of all native species on a developing landscape.
  4. 4. The Process 3. Develop a Conservation Blueprint Goal: Preserve habitat and habitat functions for all species of plants and animals native to your community 1. Inventory and Identify What is Important 2. Design a Landscape
  5. 5. The Process 1. Maintain aquatic system functions 2. Protect rare, threatened, and endangered plant and animal habitats and rare and exemplary natural communities 3. Minimize fragmentation of large blocks and maintain connections between blocks Eighty to 95% of all Maine’s terrestrial vertebrate species would likely be present if these areas can be preserved.
  6. 6. Quality of place is what sets Maine apart BwH Approach Also Maintains Quality of Place <ul><li>Recreational Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Wild places </li></ul><ul><li>Working landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral / Scenic Resources </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Three-legged Stool Model Comprehensive Data Tools and Tech. Assistance Incentives for Action Functional Habitat
  8. 8. Comprehensive Data <ul><li>Comprehensive Resource </li></ul><ul><li>Maps (water resources, </li></ul><ul><li>high value habitats, </li></ul><ul><li>undeveloped blocks and more) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Data </li></ul><ul><li>Information and Interpretive </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Coming Soon …..Web-based </li></ul><ul><li>Map Service </li></ul>Comprehensive Data Tools and Tech. Assistance Incentives for Action Functional Habitat Inventory and Identify What is Important
  9. 9. Tools and Technical Assistance <ul><li>Presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Follow-up Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Toolbox </li></ul>Comprehensive Data Tools and Tech. Assistance Functional Habitat Incentives for Action Design a Landscape and Develop a Conservation Blueprint
  10. 10. http:// www.beginningwithhabitat.org/toolbox/about_toolbox.html Intent : to provide habitat friendly approaches to developing common town planning tools
  11. 11. <ul><li>Toolbox Contents: </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Guide to Comprehensive Planning with BwH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using BwH in Required Plan Elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BwH in Required Plan Topic Areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BwH Highlighted Topic: Water Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BwH Highlighted Topic: Critical Natural Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BwH Highlighted Topic: Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crafting a Future Land Use Plan using BwH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Coordination for Natural Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example Comprehensive Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B. Open Space Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why Plan for Open Space? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of Being Proactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is an Open Space Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open Space Planning Process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Components of an Open Space Plan: A Brief Outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using BwH in Open Space Plan Inventories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designating Local Focus Areas Using BwH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly Raised Public Concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example Open Space Plans </li></ul></ul>C. Developing a Conservation Commission
  12. 12. D. Land Use Ordinance Tools <ul><ul><li>Wildlife Habitat Overlay Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of Development Rights/Fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Space Impact Fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation Subdivision Ordinances </li></ul></ul>Toolbox Contents: http:// www.beginningwithhabitat.org/toolbox/about_toolbox.html
  13. 13. E. Wetland Protection and Shoreland Zoning Tools <ul><ul><li>Wetland and Shoreland Zoning Definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maine Model Freshwater Wetlands Ordinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments to Shoreland Zoning to Protect Habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource Protection Ordinances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Lieu Fee Mitigation Funds </li></ul></ul>Toolbox Contents: http:// www.beginningwithhabitat.org/toolbox/about_toolbox.html
  14. 14. F. Land Use Performance Standards <ul><ul><li>Net Residential Density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced Lot Size Outside of Subdivision Review - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Road Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasive Species </li></ul></ul>Toolbox Contents: http:// www.beginningwithhabitat.org/toolbox/about_toolbox.html
  15. 15. G. Financing Habitat Protection <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact Fees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Land Bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Use Tax Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant Sources </li></ul></ul>Toolbox Contents: http:// www.beginningwithhabitat.org/toolbox/about_toolbox.html
  16. 16. Incentives for Action ? Comprehensive Data Tools and Tech. Assistance Incentives for Action Functional Habitat <ul><li>Grant Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Current Use </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of Place Initiative </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Comprehensive Plans include BwH data and approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Many towns/regions are working on open space plans and prioritizing habitat protection efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Some towns are implementing tools to better protect ecosystem functions </li></ul>Success Stories
  18. 18. Issues Encountered <ul><li>BwH commonly seen as map distribution service only </li></ul><ul><li>Few towns request follow-up assistance from BwH after introductory presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Towns and Land Trusts often do not feel equipped to prioritize conservation actions based on BwH maps </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for developing a town open space plan or “conservation blueprint” limited </li></ul>
  19. 19. Where do we go from here? <ul><li>New quarterly online newsletter to keep towns/orgs informed about new services, projects, opportunities etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased capacity to better address on the ground implementation </li></ul><ul><li>RFP to identify and work with a few towns to deliver BwH Technical Assistance Services </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporating habitat prioritization tools </li></ul><ul><li>Working on incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to improve data provided </li></ul><ul><li>(aquatics, connectivity) </li></ul>
  20. 20. www.beginningwithhabitat.org Bethany Atkins Beginning with Habitat 284 State Street 41 State House Station Augusta, ME 04333 207-287-5878 [email_address] Contact Us

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