Propp Narrative

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Propp Narrative

  1. 1. Unit FS1: Making Meaning. (Narrative) Macro Essay. <ul><li>Today we ask: </li></ul><ul><li>Do narratives always have the same basic characters in them? </li></ul><ul><li>Do those characters always seem to have the same role or function in a storyline? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Narrative Ideas of Vladimir Propp (1895-1970). <ul><li>Propp claimed that no matter how different stories may appear, they usually have similar characters who do similar things. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ‘Spheres of Action’: <ul><li>Valadimir Propp therefore claimed that characters in a story could usually be fitted into eight character roles – which he called ‘spheres of action’. </li></ul><ul><li>A character in a story may fulfil more than one role or ‘sphere of action’. </li></ul>
  4. 4. (1) The Hero. <ul><li>In a story, this was often a main or central character (protagonist). He usually seeks out something, or someone, in the story. He is maybe motivated by a lack of something (e.g. money). </li></ul>
  5. 5. (2) The Villain. <ul><li>He/she opposes the hero! This is the evil character with evil plans. </li></ul>
  6. 6. (3) The Princess. <ul><li>The Princess is often a ‘reward’ for the hero! She may be the object of the Villain’s evil scheming……. </li></ul><ul><li>Traditionally she is attractive or pretty – not least to the hero! </li></ul>
  7. 7. (4) Father of the Princess. <ul><li>Rewards the hero! </li></ul><ul><li>He is part of the family that the Princess belongs too. </li></ul>
  8. 8. (5) The False Hero! <ul><li>This is a character who may at first appear good – but is really evil! </li></ul><ul><li>He/she may try to betray the good guys. </li></ul>
  9. 9. (6) The Helper. <ul><li>He/she aids the hero! </li></ul>
  10. 10. (7) The Donor. <ul><li>This is character who provides an object that helps the Hero (or another character). </li></ul><ul><li>Often the object has ‘magic’ qualities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. (8) The Dispatcher. <ul><li>Sends the Hero on his way, with a mission. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Therefore…….. <ul><li>See if you can spot these character roles – or ‘spheres of action’ in the story! </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the name of the character next to the role (above). </li></ul>

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