Homes for All: Social Housing in Toronto and Canada

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This presentation examines social housing and housing needs in Toronto and Canada.

Michael Shapcott, Director of Housing and Innovation
www.wellesleyinstitute.com
Follow us on twiter @wellesleyWI

Published in: Real Estate
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Homes for All: Social Housing in Toronto and Canada

  1. 1. Homes for all: Social housing in Toronto and Canada Michael Shapcott The Wellesley Institute University of Toronto, March 2014
  2. 2. Most housing needs invisible !
  3. 3. Devolution of social housing: ! • 1984 to 1993 - funding cuts to federal housing programs ! • 1993 - no new funding for new social housing ! • 1995 - Ontario suspends provincial housing programs ! • 1996 - feds start to download federal housing programs ! • 1998 - Ontario starts to download provincial housing programs ! • 1998 - National Housing Act amended - focus on commercialization of national housing agency
  4. 4. 0.50% 0.60% 0.70% 0.80% 0.90% 1.00% 1.10% 1.20% 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Federal housing investments as a percentage of GDP) Government Revenues and Expenditures 2009
  5. 5. Federal housing investments (in millions) Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 2012 $1,500 $1,750 $2,000 $2,250 $2,500 $2,750 $3,000 $3,250 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
  6. 6. When the feds cut a dollar in housing investments… matching funds from provinces, territories, municipalities, community and business are lost
  7. 7. 450000 500000 550000 600000 650000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 626,300 homes in 2007 492,500 homes in 2017 Loss of 133,800 homes 22% of entire stock Federally subsidized homes Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 2012
  8. 8. Advocacy successes, but fractured responses: ! • 2001 - Affordable Housing Framework Agreement ! • 2005 - Two-year affordable housing funding ! • 2009 - Federal stimulus program (two years of funding) ! • 2014 - four-year extension of housing funding
  9. 9. “After 20 years of continuous decline, both inequality and poverty rates have increased rapidly in the past 10 years, now reaching levels above the OECD average.” OECD (2008), Growing Unequal? : Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries
  10. 10. ! National Survey on Housing: ! • 71% want national housing plan • 66% want increased fed funding • 73% want increased focus on homelessness
  11. 11. Wellesley Urban Health Model
  12. 12. Thank you! www.wellesleyinstitute.com

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