Practical Strategies for Austere times: Effective Partnerships to Build Homes in York Region


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This presentation provides effective strategies for housing in times of austerity.

Michael Shapcott, Director of Housing and Innovation
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Practical Strategies for Austere times: Effective Partnerships to Build Homes in York Region

  1. 1. Practical strategies for austere times: Effective partnerships to build homes in York RegionMichael ShapcottThe Wellesley InstituteHSBP-YR, June 2012
  2. 2. Effective partnerships:Who, what, when?
  3. 3. We live in acomplex world......where everything is connected to everything else
  4. 4. Beware of magic bullets......and ‘one-size-fits-all’ solutions
  5. 5. We need new tools to understand complexsystems, and the impact of interventionsWellesley Urban Health Model
  6. 6. Bad housing makes you sick! Homelessness: Increased morbidity Increased premature morality Contextual: Individual / neighbourhood deprivation networks / friends / crime Biological / physical: Chemicals, gases, pollutants Socio-economic: Design (accidents) / crowding Affordability / energyTransportation / income / jobs Mental health: Alarming rates... especially Clinical depression and anxiety Control / meaning Collective efficacy
  7. 7. Good housing good for health! Physical and mental health: Better health outcomes / decreased health care utilization Environment / physical infrastructure: New housing, repairs, heating, noise, indoor + outdoor environmental issues, allergens, water + sanitation Community safety: Reduced recidivism among people leaving incarceration Affordability interventions: Income-based housing subsidies
  8. 8. Researchers, analysts, evaluators:Moving from outputs to outcomes
  9. 9. Four observations:1. Housing insecurity deep / persistent2. Costly to people, communities, economy, government3. Federal housing / homelessness investments eroding4. No comprehensive national plan
  10. 10. On any given night inCanada, for every one person sleeping in a shelter, there are 23 more people living with housing vulnerability. They are all at risk of devastating health outcomes. - REACH3
  11. 11. Canada hasn’t forgotten how to build homes... ...we’re not building right mix of homes
  12. 12. “After 20 years of continuous decline, both inequality andpoverty rates have increased rapidly in the past 10 years, now reaching levels above the OECD average.” OECD (2008), Growing Unequal? : Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries
  13. 13. Selected policy recommendations for OECDcountries from Divided We Stand• Reforming tax and benefit policies is the most direct instrument for increasing redistributive effects. Large and persistent losses in low-income groups following recessions underline the importance of government transfers and well-conceived income-support policies.• The growing share of income going to top earners means that this group now has a greater capacity to pay taxes. In this context governments may re- examine the redistributive role of taxation to ensure that wealthier individuals contribute their fair share of the tax burden.
  14. 14. ‘Social spending in Canada relies more on public services (education, housing, health, etc.) than on cash transfers, such as unemployment and family benefits.’ OECD, 2011
  15. 15. d pr ivate uali ty an 95% ofIneq mar kets Cana dians hou sing each home s in p live i n out or r owne rivate rea sing rshipinc renta l mar kets /
  16. 16. For renters, average market rents areoutpacing renter household incomes
  17. 17. Income, labourmarket, social and community policies
  18. 18. When it comes to does makethe world go around
  19. 19. Federal housing investments... a percentage of GDP
  20. 20. (millions) Looking ahead: Federal housing investments will continue to shrink, and number of subsidized households will fall
  21. 21. 2011 federal spending estimates 2010 2011 Change Assisted $1.722b $1.628b 5% cut housing On-reserve $215m $156m 27% cut Repair $674m $37m 94% cut AHI $452m $16m 97% cut Overall $3.131b $1.907b 39% cut ‘Scheduled termination’
  22. 22. Federal affordable housing initiative will ‘terminate’ in 2014 - along with federal homelessness program (millions)
  23. 23. As federal housing investments are cut, annual ‘net income’ at CMHC is growing(millions)
  24. 24. Ontario housing spending decliningMunicipal housing spending increasing
  25. 25. Recommendation 19-14: Ontario Don Drummond should negotiate with federal government to commit to housing framework for Canada that includes adequate, stable, long- term federal funding and encourages housing partners and stakeholders, including municipal governments, to work with federal government to secure this commitment.   Municipal Infrastructure About 40 per cent of public infrastructure in Ontario is owned by the province’s 444 municipalities. Assets include roads and bridges, water and wastewater infrastructure, transit systems, affordable/social housing, solid waste facilities, public buildings, Conservation Authority infrastructure, and land... Municipalities are responsible for maintaining their infrastructure... The province also has an ongoing obligation to help ensure the safety and sustainability of municipal infrastructure.
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Federal and provincialgovernments
  28. 28. Canada’s dynamiccommunity sector
  29. 29. YWCA Elm Centre
  30. 30. Sprucecourt Apts 1914 s m nto lu i s d to me es on or om or sf h T an d r oo t g
  31. 31. Canada’s dynamic private sector
  32. 32. housing bonds Tax-exemptSocial impact bonds New expertise and intermediaries required
  33. 33. Social finance, social innovation, new intermediaries
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Urban planning,social planning
  37. 37. Putting it all together: The exciting part!
  38. 38. www.wellesleyinstitute.comThank you!