Housing and cities as human rights:dialogues between Latin America & Canada Lorena Zárate HIC Habitat International Coalition Wellesley institute, Toronto February 14th, 2013
Habitat International Coalition International independent and non profit network, created in 1976. 350 NGO’s, community based organizations, research and teaching institutes, professionals and activists in 125 countries. Working on human habitat related issues (technical, social, economical & political contents). www.hic-net.org
General objective and strategies Promotion, defense and fullfilment of the right of every person to a place to live in peace and dignity (land and housing rights, human rights related to habitat, right to the city) Strenghthen social actors and processes (social production of habitat, human rights defense). Advocacy for housing and habitat public policies at local, national and international level.
Thematic areas EnvironmentGender Human rights Production of habitat
The Right to the City is…The equitable use and enjoyment of the city under the principles of:SustainabilityDemocracyEquitySocial Justice New collective right
The Right to the CityHuman rights Democracy Equity Representative, Social Justice distributive, direct Territory Sustainability Planning and Public managment
David Harvey, 2008 The Right to the City as … The excercise of a collective power to transform the urbanization process. The right to change ourselves, by changing the city.
Elaboration process: 2007-12Promoter Committee = - Urban Popular Movement - Mexico City Government - Human Rights Commission - Human Rights NGOs - Habitat International Coalition-Latin AmericaActivities = o + 60 meetings o Public activities = + 5,000 people o Workshops / Radio programs / Children´s painting contest o Human Rights Fair / Videos / Publications / Blog / Website
Mexico City Charter for the Right to the City Signed on 13 July, 2010 New legal status for the city (Constitution?) Changes in legal framework Changes in public administration Allocation of specific resources
Signed by 253 representatives of Civil society organizations - Indigenous and campesino groups - Cooperatives - Tenants - Street sellers and workers - Unions - NGOs - Women organizations - Youth organizations - etc. Academic institutions Professional organizations
Right to the City strategic principles Social function of land, property & city Human Democratic rights in management the city Democratic Democratic production enjoyment & of the city productive Sustainable habitat & responsible management of the commons
Full citizenship /full exercise of human rights in the cityRealization of political, economic, social, culturaland environmental human rights withoutdiscrimination.Ensure collective dignity and well-being in conditionsof equality, equity, justice and solidarity.Generate conditions for the development of adignified quality of life for all in the city, at bothindividual and collective levels.
The social function of the city, land and propertyDistribution and regulation of urban land, space andthe equitable use of common goods, services andopportunities offered by the city, prioritizing the-collectively defined- public interest.Guarantee the right of all persons to a secure placeto live in peace and dignity through the creation of legalinstruments and participatory mechanisms that opposespeculation, urban segregation, exclusion, forcedevictions and displacements.
Democratic urban managementCitizen participation at the highest levels of decision-making, including the design, implementation,monitoring and evaluation of public policies, urbanplanning, budgeting and control of urban processes.Strengthen democracy through the creation ofdecision-making spaces and mechanisms of directdemocracy.
The democratic production of urban space and productive habitat Facilitate the right to participate in the social production of habitat and to guarantee the productive insertion of all in the urban economy, including youth. Development of economic activities that contribute to a productive city of solidarity.
The sustainable and responsible management of environmental, cultural andenergy resources as common goods in the citySocially responsible use of resources and theenjoyment of a healthy environment that allows allpeople and communities to develop under equalconditions.Guarantee improved environmental conditions andthat urban development does not take place at the costof rural communities, ecological reserves, other citiesor future generations.
The democratic and equitable enjoyment of the cityStrengthening of social solidarityExpansion and improvement of public spaces.Rescue and strengthen the cultural and recreationalenjoyment of public spaces and the respect for culturaldiversity in the city.
The strategy for implementationa) incorporation of the Charter into new and existing city laws, policies and planning initiatives;b) promotion and dissemination of the Charter among government workers, social organizations and citizens;c) organization of local action committees to advance the Charter’s objectives in different areas of the city;d) political commitments from elected representatives within the Federal District who are being asked to sign and implement the Charter in
Tensions to think about…Housing policy Massive construction of housesHousing policy Urban/territorial planningRight to housing Right to the cityImmediate needs Long-term transformationsMetropolitan areas Small citiesFormality InformalityUrban agenda Rural agenda