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ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR CONTENTSIndividual Behavior In an OrganizationHistory of Human Resources & OrganizationalBehaviorPe...
CHAPTER 1    Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationHuman Behavior has been believedto bethe outcome of or response to cer...
CHAPTER 1      Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) The traditional View- (SOB Model)   Behaviour is the Response to ...
CHAPTER 1      Individual Behaviour in an Organizationb) The Input-Output system  Behaviourial scientist B J Kolasa  viewe...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an Organization   Biographical features affecting   Behaviour:a) Ageb) Genderc) Leng...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationBiological Foundations of Behaviour:a) Heredityb) Biological Developm...
CHAPTER 1       Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationFoundations of Individual Behavior    An understanding of individua...
CHAPTER 1       Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) Values –Values represent basic convictions that “a specific  mod...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationTypes of Values -- Two approaches to developing Value typologies are ...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) Rockeach Value Survey   There are two sets of Values, each   conta...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an Organizationi) Terminal Values: These are desirable end-states of  existence and ...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an Organizationb) Contemporary Work Cohorts  Stephen Robbins classified Work Values ...
CHAPTER 1     Individual Behaviour in an Organization The four groups are:1) Veterans - 1950s to early 60s2) Boomers – 196...
CHAPTER 1    Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationValues, Loyalty & Ethical Behavior Loyalty is dependent upon the Value...
CHAPTER 1       Individual Behaviour in an Organization Values across Cultures Values across different Cultures are differ...
CHAPTER 1          Individual Behavior in an Organization  Summary• Human Beings are unique and so are their behaviors.• W...
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Organisational Behavior: Individual Behavior In An Organization

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In this presentation you will be introduced to one of the most interesting subject in Business Administration. Organizational Behaviour. This relates to individuals/ group of people working together in teams; however this subject becomes more challenging when situational factors are incorporated which alter the dynamics of the way a team works and executes its plans. This is a good information tool to better understand professional behavior in an organization.

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Transcript of "Organisational Behavior: Individual Behavior In An Organization"

  1. 1. ORGANIZATION BEHAVIOUR CONTENTSIndividual Behavior In an OrganizationHistory of Human Resources & OrganizationalBehaviorPersonality: It’s Meaning & DeterminantsLearning for Self Management & ImprovementMotivationManagement of StressTime ManagementThe concept of AttitudesConflict Management
  2. 2. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationHuman Behavior has been believedto bethe outcome of or response to certainexternal and internal forces calledstimuli.Two views of how Human Behaviouroccurs are discussed: a) The Traditional View b) The Input-Output System
  3. 3. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) The traditional View- (SOB Model) Behaviour is the Response to a Stimulus. i) Situation comprising of stimulus and environment (what pervades inside and outside of the individual) ii) Organization occurs through physiological and cognitive means. iii) Behaviour emerges as patterns of action as an outcome.
  4. 4. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationb) The Input-Output system Behaviourial scientist B J Kolasa viewed Behaviour from a “system” point of view which states that Output is the outcome of Input on which some action has taken place. Input + Processing-- Output Stimulus+ Internal/External processing-- Response
  5. 5. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organization Biographical features affecting Behaviour:a) Ageb) Genderc) Length of Serviced) Marital Status
  6. 6. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationBiological Foundations of Behaviour:a) Heredityb) Biological Development – glandsc) Nervous Systemd) Cognitive Process – Thinking, Problem Solving, Day dreaming & Artistic thinking
  7. 7. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationFoundations of Individual Behavior An understanding of individual behavior begins with a review of major psychological contributions to OB. These contributions are subdivided into four concepts:a) Valuesb) Attitudesc) Perceptiond) Learning We are covering Values in this Chapter
  8. 8. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) Values –Values represent basic convictions that “a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence”Values highlight an individual’s idea as to what is right, good or desirable.Values system is the priority list of Values, in descending order, which the individual stands for. E.g. freedom, pleasure, self respect, honesty, obedience, equality, etc.
  9. 9. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationTypes of Values -- Two approaches to developing Value typologies are covered as follows:- a) Rokeach Value Survey (RVS) developed by Milton Rokeach b) Contemporary Work Cohorts developed by Stephen Robbins
  10. 10. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationa) Rockeach Value Survey There are two sets of Values, each containing 18 items. The two sets are: i) Terminal Values ii) Instrumental Values
  11. 11. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationi) Terminal Values: These are desirable end-states of existence and comprise of Goals that a person would like to achieve in his lifetime.ii) Instrumental Values: These are the modes of behaviors or means of achieving the Terminal Values. ( Refer to Exhibit 1-2 from course material for examples)
  12. 12. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organizationb) Contemporary Work Cohorts Stephen Robbins classified Work Values into four groups based on the era – period of time in history- when they entered into work. Each group represents a Cohort or a Generation
  13. 13. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organization The four groups are:1) Veterans - 1950s to early 60s2) Boomers – 1965 to 19853) Xers – 1985 to 20004) Nexters – 2000 to present (Refer to Exhibit 1-3 of course material for more details)
  14. 14. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an OrganizationValues, Loyalty & Ethical Behavior Loyalty is dependent upon the Values the employees cherish. Level of Loyalty is a function of Ethical Behavior
  15. 15. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behaviour in an Organization Values across Cultures Values across different Cultures are different and are impacted by five factors:1) Power Distance2) Individualism Vs Collectivism3) Quantity of life Vs Quality of life4) Uncertainty Avoidance5) Long-term Vs Short-term orientation( Refer to Exhibit 1-4 of course material for more details)
  16. 16. CHAPTER 1 Individual Behavior in an Organization Summary• Human Beings are unique and so are their behaviors.• We need to study Human Behavior based on certain scientific theories and observations.• Behaviors and Motivation are significant indicators of individual effectiveness in organizations.• Individual Behaviors are shaped by many factors like age, gender, marital status, biographical characteristics, etc.• Higher mental processes like cognition, logical reasoning, etc. contribute significantly in understanding the patterns of human behavior.

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