Safety, First Aid and Health

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Safety is the first aspect which influences the work performance and behavior of people. Safety, First Aid and Health talk about the Course of action for administration and Co-ordination with inspector of factories. Effective Attributes advised for ‘Improving Employee Health’ is explained in the presentation by Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division.

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Safety, First Aid and Health

  1. 1. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-15 Safety, First Aid and Health We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  2. 2. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Safety • It is the first aspect of the working conditions which influence the work performance and behaviour of people • It is exercising precautious performance, by preventing loss of men, machine and material We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  3. 3. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Classifications of accidents • Minor accidents • Major accidents • Fatal accidents • Reportable accidents • Dangerous occurrence We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  4. 4. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Course of action for administration • Giving notice to the inspector of factories and other prescribed authorities • Emergency medical treatment on priority • Immediate intimation to the relatives of the injured person • Reporting to the in-company top authorities • Report and co-ordinate with the electrical inspectorate also in case of an electrical accident We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  5. 5. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Co-ordination with inspector of factories • • • • • • Comply accident report under form No. 24 or 24 –A Accompany the inspector while he is inspecting the accident spot Produce all necessary documents related to shift timings, drawings etc. Arrange interaction with the people, as required by the inspector of factories If the injured person is hospitalized, then accompany the inspector of factories to the injured person Maintain constant co-ordination with the inspector of factories We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum Cont…
  6. 6. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Causes of accidents • Technical causes • Personnel causes • Non-observance of safety rules • Psychological causes We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  7. 7. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Safety Audit • It is a statutory requirement under Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 for all major accident hazardous units • It is defined as a methodical, in-depth examination of all or part of the total operating system with relevance to safety We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  8. 8. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Objectives of Safety Audit • To study existing systems, procedures, plants and programs on safety and health • To review implementation status of the existing safety systems, procedures, plans and programs • To recommend the measures for improving effectiveness of implementation of the safety system, procedure, plans and programs and also for improving the existing procedures/setting up of new procedures, plans and programs We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  9. 9. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division First Aid • It is a treatment rendered to an injured person or persons, quickly and immediately with the available medicinal or oral resources, in the absence of a doctor We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  10. 10. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division The primary objectives of First Aid • To protect the life of the injured person or person • To prevent the deterioration of life affected by the injuries • To promote recovery of the injured person by supporting relief • To ensure the shifting of injured person or persons to a safer place where medical treatment is available We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  11. 11. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Contents of First Aid box • A combination of small, medium and big sized sterilized dressing • Large size burn dressing • One bottle of certrimide solution • Burnol • One bottle of mercurochrome solution • One bottle containing sal-volatile • Roller bandages Cont… We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  12. 12. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division • • • • • • • • • • • Triangular bandages Kidney tray A snake –bite lancet A bottle of potassium permanganate crystals One pair of scissors Rolls of adhesive plaster Tourniquet Polythene wash bottle for washing eyes Sterilized eye pads Safety pin packets Ointment for burns Cont… We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  13. 13. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division • A bottle containing 100 tablets of Aspirin or any other analgesic • Supply of suitable splints • Sterilized cotton wool • First aid leaflet issued by the Director General of factory Advice Service and labour Institutes, Mumbai We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  14. 14. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Some other possible injuries, requiring medical attention • • • • • • • Splashes in eyes Inhalation of gases Cramp Heat Stroke Faint / Unconscious Fracture Suffocation We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  15. 15. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Some first aid treatment methods • • • • • • • • Artificial resuscitation External heart massage Method of removing clothes Artificial respiration Shepherd’s method Holger Nelson method Sylvestor method Mouth to mouth respiration method We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  16. 16. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Methods of carrying an injured / affected person • • • • • • • • • Cradle method Human crutch method Piggy back method Fireman’s lift Four-hand seat Two-hand seat Fore and aft method Blanket method Stretcher-carry method We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  17. 17. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Types of Injuries • • • • • • • • • Cut Scratch Bruise Scald Burns Blister Amputation Graze Wound We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  18. 18. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Agencies or NGOs who impart training in First Aid • Red Cross Society • Civil Defense Department • Specialist Consultants • St. John’s Hospital and Ambulance We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  19. 19. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Effective Attributes advised for ‘Improving Employee Health’ • • • • Conducting Annual Health Check-up Programmes, by sponsoring the employees to well-equipped hospitals Encouraging staggered shift timings Avoiding engaging of same set of persons on overtime, without rotation Engaging the service of full-time or part-time Medical Officer, with some special knowledge in treating occupational diseases Cont… We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  20. 20. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division • Providing Gyms, Fitness Centers and Health Clubs, etc. • Conducting meditation and yoga type transcendental programs • Up keeping morale, tempo and job satisfaction at right levels • Organizing spiritual discourses and creating awareness on health • Encouraging and facilitating ‘Work-Life Balance’ We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum

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