Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
CHAPTER-15
LEADERSHIP
We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Introduction
• Success of a business concern is dependent
upon the ability of its l...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Does water flowing in a
distant mountain think
about its distance from
the ocean?
T...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Definition
• Leadership is the ability to awaken in others
the desire to follow a c...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Importance of Leadership
Perfect Developing good
organization structure human relat...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Approaches or Theories of Leadership
• According to this theory, leadership behavio...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Behavioral approach or theory
• This theory had popularity during 1950s. It
assumes...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Situationalist approach or theory
• During 1970s this theory was developed
where so...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Follower’s theory or acceptance theory
• Here, only followers decide whether a pers...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
System theory or a path goal theory
• This is focused on a person’s act rather than...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Functions of Leader
We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
LEADER
Integration
Plann...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Qualities of Leadership
• Physical appearance and strength
• mental vigour
• emotio...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Types of Leadership
• Autocratic leader
• Intellectual leader
• Liberal leader
• De...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Techniques of Leadership
• Securing cooperation
• the use of power
• coordination
•...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Characteristics of Leadership
• There must be followers
• working relationship betw...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Leadership Styles
• Positive style
• Negative style
• Autocratic or authoritarian s...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Positive style
• A leader motivates followers to work hard by
offering them rewards...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Negative style
• Leader foresees his followers to work hard
and penalize them if th...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Autocratic or authoritarian style
Advantages:
• Leadership style provides strong mo...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Autocratic or authoritarian style
Disadvantages
• Most dislike this style as it tak...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Democratic style
Advantages
• Consultation give satisfaction to the followers
• due...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Democratic style
Disadvantages
• Taking decision and implementation require
more ti...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Free-rein style
Advantages
• Morale and job satisfied of the followers are
increase...
Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division
Free-rein style
Disadvantage
• The leader does not care to motivate his
followers.
...
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Art of Leadership - Principles of Management

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Leadership is the ability to influence people with your thoughts and ideas. It helps attain the goals of an organization.

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Art of Leadership - Principles of Management

  1. 1. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division CHAPTER-15 LEADERSHIP We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  2. 2. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction • Success of a business concern is dependent upon the ability of its leadership. Whenever and in whatever situation if someone tries to influence the behavior of another individual, there is a leadership. It helps to attain the business goals of an organization. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  3. 3. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Does water flowing in a distant mountain think about its distance from the ocean? The distance between my current position and my desired goals is very big. But I shall reach my goals. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  4. 4. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Definition • Leadership is the ability to awaken in others the desire to follow a common objective. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  5. 5. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Importance of Leadership Perfect Developing good organization structure human relation Promoting the spirit Reconciliation of coordination of goals Directing group Source of activities motivation Technologies economic and social changes Better Avoiding Fulfilling social utilization of imbalance responsibilities manpower We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  6. 6. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Approaches or Theories of Leadership • According to this theory, leadership behaviouris is influenced by certain qualities of a person. A successful leader has the following qualities. • Good Personality • Tirelessness • Ability to take quick decision • Courage to face competitors • Persuasion • Lesson out of experience • Intelligence • Different thinking • Reliability • Physical fitness We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  7. 7. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Behavioral approach or theory • This theory had popularity during 1950s. It assumes that people are lazy and irresponsible by nature. So there is need of an instrument to give motivation to workers. • Autocratic, democratic or supervisory styles are some of the leadership styles. Behavioral approach developed these leadership styles which produce different and conflicting results. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  8. 8. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Situationalist approach or theory • During 1970s this theory was developed where some traits and behaviours are effective in a particular situation and ineffective in another situation. Situation helps persons to develop their leadership qualities and emerge as leaders We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  9. 9. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Follower’s theory or acceptance theory • Here, only followers decide whether a person is a leader or not. Followers take decision on the quality of the leader who fulfills their needs. Traits and behavior are not considered as essential element of leadership. This is mainly applied in politics. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  10. 10. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division System theory or a path goal theory • This is focused on a person’s act rather than his traits or behavior. A leader coordinates the efforts of his followers. This considers all variables like leader, followers, situation, leadership traits, environment goals and group’s nature, characteristics and needs, role behavior of leader. It is also termed as modern theory of leadership. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  11. 11. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Functions of Leader We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum LEADER Integration PlannerTaking initiative Guide representation Rewards and punishments communication Encouraging others Production Arbitrator and mediator
  12. 12. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Qualities of Leadership • Physical appearance and strength • mental vigour • emotional stability • sense of judgment • goodwill • motivation • communication skill • guiding ability • sociability • technical knowledge We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  13. 13. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Types of Leadership • Autocratic leader • Intellectual leader • Liberal leader • Democratic leader • Institutional leader • Inducing leader • Paternal leader • Creative leader We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  14. 14. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Techniques of Leadership • Securing cooperation • the use of power • coordination • discipline • morale We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  15. 15. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Characteristics of Leadership • There must be followers • working relationship between leader and followers • personal quality • reciprocal relationship • community of interests • guidance • related to a particular situation • hard function • power relationship We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  16. 16. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Leadership Styles • Positive style • Negative style • Autocratic or authoritarian style • Democratic style • Free-rein style We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  17. 17. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Positive style • A leader motivates followers to work hard by offering them rewards like bonus and incentives We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  18. 18. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Negative style • Leader foresees his followers to work hard and penalize them if the work is not up to the standard. This has high human cost. Here everyone tries to shift responsibility over to others. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  19. 19. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Autocratic or authoritarian style Advantages: • Leadership style provides strong motivation to followers. • Quick decision is possible. • less talented followers can perform job effectively • Followers do not take any decision • Decision making planning need no initiative We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  20. 20. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Autocratic or authoritarian style Disadvantages • Most dislike this style as it takes negative motivation approach. • frustration, low morale and conflict develop easily • New ideas and creative ideas have no scope for application • followers have no opportunity for development Suitability: It is suitable to where followers are uneducated and unskilled. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  21. 21. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Democratic style Advantages • Consultation give satisfaction to the followers • due reorganization is given to the followers • followers are aware of the activities • leader can improve decision making ability • followers get opportunity to show their ability We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  22. 22. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Democratic style Disadvantages • Taking decision and implementation require more time. • Followers can dominate the leader • leader can easily shift the responsibility to his followers for failure • it requires communicating skill on part of leaders otherwise it may ruin the organization We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  23. 23. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Free-rein style Advantages • Morale and job satisfied of the followers are increased to some extent. • The talent of the followers is properly utilized. • The followers get full opportunity to develop their talents. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
  24. 24. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Free-rein style Disadvantage • The leader does not care to motivate his followers. • The contribution of a leader is nothing. • The leader does not support the follower and no guidance is available to the fanner. We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum
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