Youth Count! 2013

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Here is the methodology and results of the 2013 Youth Count! conducted in Billings, Montana. This was the first ever survey of homeless youth in this community.

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Youth Count! 2013

  1. 1. Metro VISTA ProjectYouth Count! 2013
  2. 2. Emily, Chelsia, and Josh: AmeriCorps VISTAs
  3. 3. Billings, Montana • 2012 Population: 106,954 • Area: 41.6 square miles • 2013 HUD estimate: 338 homeless in Billings • 2013 Youth Count!
  4. 4. Youth Count! 2013  Billings Metro VISTA Project  City of Billings, Co mmunity Development Division  Tumblewee
  5. 5. Youth Count! 2013 There was no accurate picture of the number, characteristics and needs of homeless youth in Billings, Montana. Each January, communities across the country conduct a census, Point-In-Time (PIT) count of their homeless populations. Data on unaccompanied homeless youth is currently unavailable, as a national standard for counting this cohort has not yet been established. Available PIT data vastly under-represents the number of youth experiencing homelessness and services required to impact poverty conditions. Youth Count! was sponsored by the City of Billings as a component of Welcome Home Billings, the City's ten-year plan to impact homelessness. This joint effort between Tumbleweed and the Billings Metro VISTA Project originated through the City's Community Development Division
  6. 6. Definitions of Youth Homelessness  Homeless: The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act definition of a homeless youth is any child or youth under the age of eighteen who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. For example, youth who reside in: runaway/homeless youth shelters; transitional housing; doubled-up in housing with other families or friends; couch-surfing; hotels or motels; shelters with family members; and campgrounds. The definition also includes those living in places unfit for human habitation, including cars, abandoned buildings, lots, parks, alleyways, uninhabitable trailers, or the streets.  Precariously Housed: Youth who are unaccompanied and on their own including those: in foster care and juvenile justice custody; who have left the system without a place to live; or placed into transitional housing including group homes, treatment centers and shelters.  At-Risk: Youth who are in danger of becoming precariously housed or homeless due to inadequate financial stability, lack of a
  7. 7. Survey Instrumen t: Positive Youth Developme nt Model 7 page, 42 question survey Questions included standard demographics and housing status Compassionat e understanding without judgment
  8. 8. Volunteer Training Sessions
  9. 9. Youth Count! Survey Zones Map
  10. 10. 200 Goodie Bags: Water, candy, snack bars, chap stick
  11. 11. Youth Count! VISTA volunteers
  12. 12. Youth Count! Survey Administration
  13. 13. Youth Count! Data and Findings What do you need most in your life right now? “A family —just not mine”  176 surveys were completed over a three day period  96 surveys were completed by youth ages 13-21  73 (76%) youth are experiencing homelessness  13 (14%) precariously housed youth  10 (10%) youth who are at-risk of homelessness
  14. 14. Overall Population: Surveyed Youth Male 50% Female 50% Gender 96 Respondents White 58% Native American 15% African American 4% Hispanic/Latino 6% Multi-Racial 12% Asian/Pacific Islanders 2% Unknown 3% Race / Ethnicity 96 Respondents
  15. 15. 5 6 17 22 17 10 4 6 9 Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty Twenty one Age by Number of Responses 96 Respondents
  16. 16. Yes 46% No 54% Access to Government Identification 41 Respondents+ Yes 60% No 40% Access to Birth Certificate 42 Respondents+ Yes 63% No 37% Access to Social Security Card 41 Respondents+
  17. 17. Yes 26% No 65% Sometimes 9% Do you have a permanent residence? 96 Respondents
  18. 18. < One Week 13% > One Week 16% > One Month 38% > Year 33% How long have you been without a permanent place to live? 45 Respondents
  19. 19. Outside 64% Friend's House/Couch Surfing 13% Legal Guardian 9% Group Home 6% Shelter 2% Treatment Center 2% Caretaker 1% Car 1% Parking Garage 1% Pre-Release 1% Other 8% Where did you sleep last night? 88 Respondents: Open-ended question, 88 responses indicated Where did you sleep last night?
  20. 20. 3 3 3 5 5 7 10 23 32 56 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Other* Shelter/Youth Shelter Foster Care Doubled-Up Car Group Home Caretaker/Not Legal Guardian Legal Guardian Friend's House/Couch Surfing Outside Where do you usually sleep? 96 Respondents - Question indicated 'check all that apply'
  21. 21. Yes 33% No 67% Have you been in foster care? 36 Respondents+ One responden t had been with 10 foster parents. Another responden t had lived in 13 different foster homes
  22. 22. Yes 44% No 46% Sometimes 10% Do you attend school? 41 Respondents+
  23. 23. Elementary 2% Middle School 13% High School 58% HS Diploma/GED 27% Highest Education Level 45 Respondents+
  24. 24. Have you ever been bullied? “They cyber bullied me so bad I [was] suicida Yes 69% No 29% Not Sure 2% Have you ever been bullied? 45 Respondents Physic al 13% Verbal 87% Type of Bullying 23 Respondents
  25. 25. 4 7 13 6 1 2 14 13 7 Week or less Less than a Month Month or more Year or more Never Don't know Last time seen by a health care professional? 33/34 Respondents+ Doctor Dentist
  26. 26. Yes* 10% No 90% Forced Sexual Favors? 50 Respondents *5 respondents: 3 Males/2 Females
  27. 27. Yes 47% No 53% Sexually Abused? 40 Respondents+
  28. 28. Yes 52% No 48% Diagnosed Mental Health Condition? 46 Respondents+ Do you have any diagnose d mental health condition s? “ Not yet ”
  29. 29. 6 2 4 4 7 8 11 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Other* Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Anxiety Attention Deficit Disorder Clinical Depression Bi-Polar Disorder Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnosis 42 Respondents+ - Question allowed multiple responses *Other includes one response for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and one response for each of the following disorders: Autism Spectrum; Obsessive Compulsive; Oppositional Defiant; Reactive
  30. 30. What is it that you feel you don’t have control over? “My life, becau se my dad won’t let me be who I want to be” None 3% One 31% Two 23% Three or more 43% How many caregivers have you grown up with? 35 Respondents+
  31. 31. 22 32 36 25 21 25 18 13 25 29 3 0 1 0 0 Emotionally Supportive? Told you to leave home? Cursed at you? Made you feel unsafe? Used drugs in the home? Questions Relating to Primary Caregivers 50 Respondents Yes No Sometimes
  32. 32. Treatment/ Support 5% Education 7% Health Care 22% Housing 24% Food 42% Services Utilized Responses also included identification of the following organizations utilized for services: - Tumbleweed - The HUB - Montana Rescue Mission - Saint Vincent de Paul
  33. 33. Transportation 4% Legal 8% Housing 14% Treatment* 16%Job/$ 29% Family Issues 29% Barriers to services
  34. 34. 2 4 5 7 7 7 10 13 Transportation Employment Day Center/Place* Clothing Housing Treatment Food Family/Support What do you need most in your life? 37 Respondents - 55 issues identified in narrative responses
  35. 35. 5 4 5 11 11 *Other Day Center/Entertainment/Recreation Support/Services Housing Entertainment/Recreation What services/programs does Billings need? 40 Respondents - 36 issues identified in narrative responses 15 total responses for a Day Center, indoor entertainment and recreation, parks, sports and places to hang out. *Other includes one response for each of the following: transportation, spiritual establishment, employment, elder services and alternative school.
  36. 36. Citations and Information  City of Billings, Community Development Division, Homeless Initiatives: http://ci.billings.mt.us/youthcount  Joshua J. Downes & Chelsia Davis AmeriCorps VISTA, Billings Metro VISTA Project

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