Gardening for Life By Wayne & Connie Burleson Ways to triple your food garden production Square Foot GardeningGO WILD! Ideas to Work Less and Grow More Long Box Gardens
Why Grow Your Own Food? The E.A.R.T.H provides the answerE= To capture free sunlight ENERGYA= To help ALLEVIATE world hunger problems and help improve your family’s nutrition – save livesR= To make use of you own local RESOURCEST= To save TIME, money and less TRANSPORTATIONH= To grow your own HEALTH This method is based upon:Healthy soils produce - healthy plants - produce healthy people All done with very little money, & with work less to grow more
Class Outline You can do it!• Introduction Class introduce themselves• WHY SMALL GARDENS WORK?• Prove it!• Ownership, purpose• Soils/compost (the foundation to success)• Garden designs, location, layout, construction, shade trees, drainage• Starting seeds, transplanting, controlling light, temperature, water• Planting and plant spacing• Garden care: watering ideas, weed and pest control, shade hoop houses• Which vegetable to plant
WHY SMALL GARDENS WORK? … Planting seeds for those in need …• Small gardens are very easy to assemble and they draw crowds• Simple. Anyone can do it. Anywhere in the world• Requires very little water (safe to use waste water)• Gardens are constructed without money or commercial fertilizers• Very easy to take care of (less work, less weeds, less water, more food)• Highly productive from very small spaces• Can produce 45 kilos (100 pounds) of food from a 4’ X 4’ area• Each home can construct several of these handy small kitchen gardens• Literally help feed millions of people• Also an evangelistic outreach – presents an opportunity to share the good news• Empty stomachs have no ears These gardens are sustainable, lifetime, hand-up endeavors, not a hand-out
This one box is 4’ by 8’ (122cm by 244cm). It has 32 carrots per square foot = (32 carrots/sq (times) 32 square feet box = 1,024 carrots)
70 Days The success has started as these boxes held together in several torrential rainfall events (like several inches of hard rain in a matter of minutes). The miracle happened, for soil amendment we ended up using several sacks of old chickenmanure mixed in with small wood chips that we added to each box. The native soilsare mostly hard clay, which is a poor growing environment. The wood chips becamea surface mulch and held the soil in place during the wind driven downpour. Strong mulching is a great aid for any gardening efforts in the tropics. We thank the Lord.
The wood chip mulching protected the soil surface from rain drop impact This is especially on sloping on hillside gardens
Success in Africa A Church Demonstration Garden Small Village in Rwanda, AfricaGrowth in 61 days
Begin with the end in mind salsa, guacamole, chips
Economics of the Long BoxLong Box 4 by 40 = 160 sq footEach 40 days cut 3 bags greens 3 bags X 160 = 480 bags of greens Each bag sells for $3.00 $3.00 X 480 bags = $1,440.00 For a 40 day cropThen you replant the Long BoxThe potential for 4 crops/ year = $5,760 Gross Income in US$
Step #1 Soils/compost (the foundation to success) How to make your own Top Soil Go On a Treasure Hunt - Searching for Hidden Resources Step 1 Walk-about looking for then bag up the following? •Old dry livestock dung •Leave mold •Black looking top soil under bushes •Old dry chicken manure •Anything looking like dark soil Step 2 Dig up sod from garden plot 1.3 meter by 3 meters, and then remove old plants and root for plot African Cow House = decomposed organic matter Mix with native soil which makes great topsoil
How to Make Good CompostIngredients needed: Why compost? Compost is decomposed organic matter that has turned into black colored humus that is called “black gold.” Compost makes excellent organic plant food. Millions of micro-organisms digest (eat) the dry grass and green grass causing the pile to heat up. Compost does not feed the plants directly. Instead it feeds the soil microbes which in turn release insoluble minerals for the plants to feed upon (fertilizers). This amazing process makes your garden a sustainable food factory - if you keep adding compost to your soils. Repeat all layers until 1 Meter high Add small amount of wood ash Add water to dry layers Vegetable waste ------ Thin layer old manure - Thin layer top soil----- Green grass 30 cm --- Dry grass 30 cm---- Bottom layer maze for air ->
How to Precisely Plant Your Seeds Take your time For 1 or 4 plants and plant each per square make a seed correctly small dish shaped for good success depression in the soil and place the seeds in the center. Water only where the seeds are located Mr Brite 16 Plants Mr Brite 30 Plants 9 Plants 4 Plants 1 Plant Per Per Per Per Per Square Square Square Square Square33 cm 33 cm Pea Lettuce These Tomato Radish Pepper Onion Seeds Beet Swiss chard Plants Carrot Broccoli Can also Cabbage Green Bean 1.5 cm deep Onion Sets Marigold Be started Onions 2 cm deep Spinach from Cucumber 1.5 cm deep Transplants Cantaloupe Small 2.5 cm deep 2.5 cm deep Carrots Potato 8 cm deep 1 to 2 cm deep
Steps to make Crops in Small PlotsStep 1 Research which vegetables is there a demand for in your area and at what time of year Come up with a list of marketable vegetables that you could grow & sell.Step 2 Plan your harvest according to the market … hint: Have your crop ready before other people offer the same vegetables. Also think about adding value like cooking.Step 3 Construct several raised beds and/or garden boxes with in your water limitations. Fill each area with your best soils & compost to at least 12 to 24 inches (30cm to 60 cm)Step 4 Plant each raised bed with the correct plant spacing and timing for the marketStep 5 Harvest early when vegetable are young and prime. Hint: Share and/or trade for your other needs. A Garden Box First planting Second planting Third planting Seed different block areas within a raised bed at different times for multiple harvests.
Which vegetables seeds to plant Tomato Pepper SquashCucumber LettuceSwiss chard Radish Beet Cabbage Spinach Carrots What do you love to eat? Beans
Step #4 Garden care:Water, Weeds, and Ownership
This lady in Shone, Ethiopia, Africa is a very good gardener as she knows how to place valuable water on each seed zone, which saves her much labor - hauling hard to acquire water for her garden. Re-cycled Water Ladies washing dishes and clothes in Malawi. Look where the water is going! Question:Could you dump this waste water safely on a small kitchen garden?
Why Add Mulch to Your Gardens Don’t let your soils see daylight Mr Brite One smart farmerCool shaded soils = 22 deg C (72 deg F) = holds water, Adds soil nutrients and slows weed germination Hot bare soils - 55 deg C (130 deg F) = evaporates water fast, Cooks and kills valuable microorganisms, no added soil nutrients and weeds can germinate
A Life Giving StorySalmon River Pumpkin (A Winter Squash) From Seed to Seeds
Seed saving techniques Beets Cucumber Biennial as it takes Let ripen past two year. Store roots Pumpkin edible stage and for several months, Cut ripe & mature Spinach turn yellow. Cut Pick out the strong replant to grow pumpkin open. lengthwise, scoop plants and let them bolt seeds, harvest seeds Remove seeds. seeds out seeds into a flower stalk and when dry. Wash with water. and dry go to seed. Pull the seed Place on screen or stalks out of the ground cloth to dry. and let dry. Thresh the seeds into a container. Pepper Let ripe to full Onion color, no sign ofLet a few plants disease.form round Remove seedflower clusters. off core andWhen dry, pick place on screenand thresh the or cloth to dry.seed out. Lettuce Allow plant to bolt, Tomato to form a seed stalk. Pick ripe Cover to protect tomatoes from from birds & rain. several plants. Harvest seeds for 2 Squeeze seed to 3 weeks. This will out, wash and require repeated spread on cloth harvesting. to dry. Certain plant varieties will cross-pollinate with other members of their same family. If you are raising your own pure seeds, only plant one variety within that family. Visit www.seedsavers.org for more information