Session Iv Business Model

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General management course on the Business model ...

General management course on the Business model ...

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  • 1. FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS
    Business Models
    &
    Valueproposition ?
    by Bruno M. WATTENBERGH
    1
    Bruno M. WATTENBERGH
  • 2. Value Proposition ?
    How to position our offer in a more an more complex market, where TOO MUCH and ME TOO are the basic rules ?
    Market Clutter … too many products, too many services …
    Functionalities clutter : too many functionalities … too many possibilities … (Swiss knife syndrom)
    Marketing and advertisement clutter : too many medias, too many vectors, too many messages, …
    Message clutter : too many messages, too many concepts, too many elements in the messages …
    Media clutter : too many medias in competition
    Thinking to avoid to contribute to the clutter … if possible … !
    2
  • 3. Value Proposition ?
    It is crucial to determine with high precision :
    The value proposition you consider to offer
    The advantages / benefit you consider to offer …
    You have to quantify this benefit …
    Software example …
    3
  • 4. 4
    Building the competitive advantage ?
    VISION
    Declaration of intent on the long term destiny of the firm

    MISSION STATEMENT
    Description of the strategic actions to realize the vision

    VALUE PROPOSAL ?
    Value proposition
  • 5. Value Proposition
    5
    USP
    Facing fragmented and cluttered market …
    Facing clients well informed, less loyal, willing to buy not a product, but a “thing” with an “experience” enabling them to feel belonging to communities they identify themselves …
    • Unique Selling Tribe
    • 6. « Unique Selling Proposal »
  • Value Proposition
    The value proposition :
    One of the most abstracted concept in marketing & strategy
    It is the value, the importance, the utility for the client.
    In commercial words : it is the financial valorization of the social or economical benefit for which a consumer will pay for a product or a service.
    It can be or should be or must be quantifiable !!!!!!!!!
    Is the value in your project really different than the one from competitors ?
    + dynamic analysis : where will be the value tomorrow ?
    6
  • 7. Value Proposition
    A value proposition is generally a clear and succinct statement (e.g., 2-4 sentences) that outlines to potential clients and stakeholders a company's (or individual's or group's) unique value-creating features.
    A value proposition is a clear statement of the tangible results a customer gets from using your products or services.
    A value proposition is an offer to some entity or target in which they (the possessor) get more than they give up (merit or utility), as perceived by them.
    A value proposition is the basic reasoning for why people should consider your product or service.
    Describes what you do in terms of tangible business results. It draws interest and shares a success story within a few words.
    John CUSIMANO - Siemens
    7
  • 8. Value Proposition
    A value proposition is generally a clear and succinct statement (e.g., 2-4 sentences) that outlines to potential clients and stakeholders a company's (or individual's or group's) unique value-creating features.
    A value proposition is a clear statement of the tangible results a customer gets from using your products or services.
    A value proposition is an offer to some entity or target in which they (the possessor) get more than they give up (merit or utility), as perceived by them.
    A value proposition is the basic reasoning for why people should consider your product or service.
    Describes what you do in terms of tangible business results. It draws interest and shares a success story within a few words.
    John CUSIMANO - Siemens
    8
  • 9. Value Proposition
    The challenge … “differentiation” …
    Each enterprise … own DNA, identity … bases to build value proposition for their existing or new clients.
    Difficult challenge for starting businesses !
    Value proposition must be C4 :
    Consistent (in the time)
    Concise (granny testable)
    Clear (granny testable)
    Credible (for the client / for the company)
    9
  • 10. Value Proposition
    10
    Examples of value proposals :
    FedEx: When it absolutely, positively has to get there overnight
    IBM: Global solutions for a small planet
    Intel: Intel inside
    Lexus:Passionate pursuit of perfection
    Motorola University: Right knowledge, right now
    Visa: It is everywhere you want to be
  • 11. Value Proposition
    Porter generic strategies and value proposition ?
    Companies excel by practicing 1 of 3 strategies:
    Product leadership - innovation and the best quality goods and services are offered by
    J & J, Nike and Nokia
    Operational excellence – low cost and process efficiency are delivered by Dell, Southwest Airlines and Target Stores
    Customer intimacy - The best total solution (service/relationship building) is provided by Airborne Express, Frito-Lay and Nordstrom
    SBPA 2009 - Bruno Wattenbergh - www.bwatt.be
  • 12. Value Proposition
    Values trends … ?
    12
  • 13. Value Proposition ?
    Test your value proposition :
    Does it take the customer’s perspective?
    Is it easy to understand?
    Does it encapsulate the value you offer to: your people, the sales channel, the press, and your customers?
    Is it strategically compatible with your business?
    Is it acceptable given your organizational culture?
    Is it honest?
    Is it promotable?
    13
  • 14. 14
    Value Proposition
    5 key values to play with :
    PRODUCT …
    PRICE …
    ACCESS …
    SERVICE …
    EXPERIENCE …
  • 15. 15
    Value Proposition
    DOMINANT – DIFFERENTIATION – NORM
    A first value is usually used to dominate the value proposal offered to the client.
    A second value should be used to differentiate the the value proposal.
    The other values must at least match the standards of the industry.
    Ultimate goal ? To be able to draft a …
    « unique selling proposal »
  • 16. Value Proposition
    16
    High
    Best value
    Expensive value
    Benefits ?
    Fair value
    Poor value
    Discount value
    Low
    Low
    High
    Cost
  • 17. 17
    Building the competitive advantage
    VISION
    The Intention of the company (mid/long term)

    MISSION STATEMENT
    The paths to achieve the vision

    VALUE PROPOSITION
    The social and/or economic benefit offered to the clients

    BUSINESS MODEL ?
  • 18. Business models ?
    One of the most interesting and difficult part of the course …
    A second very abstracted and difficult to understand concept …
    An interesting path to be differentiated …
    A path to generate alternatives …
    Attitudes, patterns, … to copy or to avoid …
    18
  • 19. Business models
    Business = notions of :
    Competences, technology, global activity, industry, value chain, value proposition, clients, distribution, … (NOT ONLY COMMERCIALIZATION)
    Model ? = notion of modelization
    A business model is a framework for creating economic, social, and/or other forms of value.
    The term business model is thus used for a broad range of informal and formal descriptions to represent core aspects of a business, including purpose, offerings, strategies, infrastructure, organizational structures, trading practices, and operational processes and policies.
    19
  • 20. Business models
    Infrastructure
    Core capabilities : The capabilities and competencies to execute a company's business model.
    Partner network : The business alliances which complement other aspects of the business model.
    Value configuration : value composition for mutual benefit to clients and company
    Offering
    The Value proposition : The products and services a business offers. A value proposition "is an overall view of .. products and services that together represent value for a specific customer segment. It describes the way a firm differentiates itself from its competitors and is the reason why customers buy from a certain firm and not from another."
    Customers
    Target customer: The target audience for a business' products and services.
    Distribution channel: The means by which a company delivers products and services to customers.
    Customer relationship: The links a company establishes between itself and its different customer segments.
    Finances
    Cost structure: The monetary consequences of the means employed in the business model.
    Revenue: The way a company makes money through a variety of revenue flows. A company's income.
    Bruno M. WATTENBERGH
  • 21. Business Models
    21
    Has always been existing …
    Concepts has appeared in the ’50 …
    Booming concept in the ‘90 – Web …
    Web businesses have used first existing business models …
    Before only a few business models …
    Times have changed …
    Not a necessity … a constraint … !
  • 22. Business models ?
    22
    Complex situation today
     Amount of actors (internal / external)
    • External constrains
    • 23. Competition / communication / globalization
    • 24. Need to model its business with a lot more precision
    • 25. Need to sophisticate the business model : to integrate actors and enrich the model
    • 26. Need to stay flexible
  • Business model
    The central element of the BM is the generation of revenues or more simply the creation of value.
    It is so interesting to use the concepts of the value proposition and the value chain.
    If the notion of value creation is simple and if it is easy to understand its evolution through the ages (among other due to the technology and innovation) the manners enterprises are able to deliver the value to the clients have also considerably increased. This among other through the Internet and the partnership with other entreprises.
    23
    Finally, the capture of the value, or the way the enterprise will pull out some profit ou of the business. Examples : Google, Ebay, Skype, Facebook
    In most of the industry, there are tenths of existing manners to build up business models.
  • 27. Implicit or explicit Business models ?
    All the business creations have followed implicit business models …
    Some of them have developed explicit business models leading to successful industries … the others have been facing problems …
    Ever since the world has changed dramatically … relations between producers, transformers, resellers are not linear anymore … Product and services are not unique anymore …sectors are not closed anymore … clients are less loyal … …
    The amount of parameters to handle has became so high that it is not possible anymore to count on a implicit business model !
    24
  • 28. Business model
    Panorama of some business models :
    BM of public tender
    BM of distribution or non-direct sales (gross sales, resellers, franchise, …)
    BM final resellers (concentration of products of several manufacturers or gross resellers)
    BM of direct sales :
    Reselling to anonymous private people
    Reselling to identified private people (mail-order e.a)
    BM of taylored made products or services following the specific demands of clients
    25
  • 29. Business models
    26
    Panorama of business models :
    BM of outsourcing / Off-shorisation
    BM of externalization (hosting, outsourcing)
    BM of exploitation of IPR
    BM of mandates(real estate, invoice, IP, …)
    BM de self-service, vending machines
    BM of attraction by the prices and discounts :
    Business model by teasers
    Business model of fidelization – loyalty model (Frequent flyer)
    Business model of co-branding – points on credit card
    Business model low cost / hard discount
  • 30. Business models
    27
    Panorama of business model :
    BM of home resellers
    Door to door
    Pyramid resellers
    BM of renting
    BM pay … to the demand ?
    Pay as you consume ? Pay as you need ? Pay as you request ? Pay as you drive … enabling clients not having a permanent need to access to a product or service with a price under the standard level.
  • 31. Votre Business model ?
    You have to know / understand your business model :
    To understand its dynamics
    To understand and know its needs -> allocating resources
    To be able to adapt it to the evolution of economic cycles
    To analyse and understand the business models of the competitors
    28
  • 32. Business model WEB 1.0 ?
    29
    1997  2009 : 4 great steps / business models
    Free time : free information tool  attempt to monetize of financial disasters
    Discount time : Evangelization of the E-Commerce by the discount
    E-Commerce time : conquest of market shares anywhere, everywhere … all segments …
    2.0 : attracting a maximum of traffic to valorize the space (advertisement) or the strategic information collected
  • 33. Business model of Meetic … 2.0 ou 1.0 ?
    30
    The 6 key-factors of the positionning of Meetic :
    L’UGC (User Generated Content)
    Le Pay per use
    The self-control
    Easy local adaptation
    To let grow the audience.
    A unique umbrella brand all over
    Web 2.0 ou 1.0 ?????
  • 34. Business modèle 2.0 ?
    2.0 web sites always offer free access to their services.
    Their economy lies on their capacity to valorize activities and exchanges on their website to generate income around a free service.
    Several monetization possible …
    31
  • 35. Business models 2.0
    32
    Mainly two Web 2.0 business models today :
    BM based on technology :
    Base = innovation. Unique VP, very useful services, directly usable, upgrades to be paid : premium or pro upgrades. E.a : Flickr’s.
    BM based on network effect
    Primarily based on user base and user interaction. Technology is key for this model but it is not the focus. Technology is important as an infrastructure tool, facilitating the business models of these companies. Metcalfe's law comes into play - the total value of the service is roughly proportional to the square of the number of customers' utilizing the service.
  • 36. Business model 2.0 ?
    4 distinct modalities of monetization of the amount of users and their activities.
    Largest is the advertisement … but with some specificities depending on the BM.
    33
  • 37. Business model 2.0
    The 4 types of monetization of the web 2.0 :
    Advertisement // to classic medias
    Le Freemium (contraction of free & premium) Linkedine.a.
    Marketplace like Ebaye.a
    Free participation of donation like Wikipédia or Worldpress
    Less financial pressure to monetize if integration in larger groups : YouTube with Google, Delicious with Yahoo, LastFm with CBS
    34
  • 38. Business models 2.0
    4 models of intermediation for the advertisement in the Web 2.0 :
    The M1 “Classical model “M1 of bannering & profiling by user (special pages) : MySpace e.a.
    The M2 “Matching model” or automated intermediation with pay per click : e.a Google
    The M3 warm intermediation, quality self produced content valorized by specific media regie like W2Media, Adrider
    Social Media marketing (second life), insertion of brands in natural ecosystems (Facebook, Myspace)
    35
  • 39. BM of Microsoft vs BM of Apple ?
    36
    Microsoft is designing software compatibles on most of the machines sold today.
    When talking about Windows, Office or even Windows Mobile, all this applications have on thing in common : they are conceived to work on as many platform as possible.
    Microsoft is making a large part of its turnover in a B2B BM; It is a key market for Microsoft to cover its developing (R&D) costs : several billions for Windows Vista.
  • 40. BM de Microsoft vs BM Apple ?
    “An important element of our business model has been to create plateform-based ecosystems on which many participants can build diverse solutions.
    A competing vertically-integrated model, in which a single firm controls both the software and the hardware elements of a product, has been successful with certain consumer products, mobile phones and digital music players.
    We also offer vertically-integrated hardware and software products ; however, efforts to compete with the vertically integrated model may increase our cost of sales and reduce operating margins.”
    37
  • 41. BM de Microsoft vs BM Apple ?
    38
    The market has evolved in a different direction than the one followed by Microsoft (based on the splitting of software and hardware).
    Several companies have a different vision than Microsoft : vertical integration : software + hardware :
    Apple is designing the Mac, the operating system (Léopard) but also several applications software (office, music, video, mails, etc.).
    Let’s don’t talk about Google offering free software which contribute to its value proposal and boost their audience … sticky strategy … enabling Google to offer a free kind of iPhone.
    Steve Ballmer has announce that Microsoft was planning to reconsider its way to design its products and that it wish to propose like Apple products without concession.