SALVOStory begins on page 3Photo by John B. SnyderDo you feel safer?You Should!Vol. 13, No. 4 U.S. Army Watervliet Arsenal, New York April 30, 2013Also inside:Commander’s Column4-County ExerciseBox Shop goes LeanBenét Labs Leads DOD Challenge
Page 2 Salvo April 30, 2013The Arsenal Salvo is an authorized monthly publication for members of the Departmentof Defense. Contents of the Salvo are not necessarily the official views of, or an endorse-ment by the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, orthe Watervliet Arsenal.News may be submitted for publication by sending articles to Public Affairs Officer,1 Buffington Street, Bldg. 10, Watervliet, NY 12189, or stop by office #102, Bldg. 10,Watervliet Arsenal. The editor may also be reached at (518) 266-5055 or by e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org. The editor reserves the right to edit all information submittedfor publication.Commander, Col. Mark F. MigaleddiPublic Affairs Officer, John B. SnyderEditor, John B. SnyderPhotographer: John B. SnyderArsenal Facebook Page @http://on.fb.me/sq3LEm Commander’sCornerMark F. MigaleddiCommandingManufacturer 6For many of us, the arrival of spring means that aftermonths of a long cold winter we can begin to expandour activities at home and at work. Given this year’sfiscal uncertainty, I understand that for some of youyour personal activities are on a holding pattern. Insome regards that remains true with respect to our fu-ture workload.For one week this month, I was on daily teleconfer-ences with higher headquarters regarding how tomaintain our critical manufacturing capabilities dur-ing the current and future austere environment. It wasan honor briefing our senior Civilian leadership at thehighest levels of both the Army Staff and Office of theSecretary of Defense.To be honest, it was difficult to remove emotion frommy voice as I explained why the Watervliet Arsenalwas important to the Department of Defense and whyDOD should fund the arsenal annually to maintain ourcritical capabilities. I will tell you that every arsenalcommander believes they have skin in this game andeach one is going “all in” trying to create awareness insenior levels of government for their mission and fortheir employees.The bottom line is that there is no news in regards tofurloughs. We have seen Congress step in and putforth legislation that will end the furloughs for otherfederal agencies, such as the Department of Transpor-tation. I can tell you the Army’s senior leadership isdoing everything possible to buy back as many daysas they can to minimize or eliminate administrativefurloughs.But as dire as the current situation may seem, I ampleasantly amazed at the professionalism, dedication,and the sense of urgency our workforce has for ac-complishing the mission at hand. Maybe “amazed”isn’t the right word to use because our workforce hasconsistently shown such effort for nearly 200 years,despite the ebbs and flows of workload. Nevertheless,you are truly the shining light through this period ofuncertainty.No matter what falls out in regards to furloughs, Ineed you to continue to give 100 percent to getting theright product to our servicemen and women when theyneed it. If there was ever a time in our history thatwe needed to make our operations more efficient andquality unsurpassed by any other defense manufac-turer, now is that time.
The Watervliet Arsenal conducted a two-hour antiter-rorism exercise earlier this month that brought togethermore than 75 first responders from Albany, Schenectady,Rensselaer, and Saratoga Counties. This exercise testedarsenal and community first responders’ ability to reactto a simulated terrorist threat involving chemical, bio-logical, and radiological agents.The exercise coordinator, Arsenal Fire Chief John Whip-ple, said the arsenal began integrating community firstresponders, such hazardous material and EMS teams,about three years ago into the arsenal’s training plan forantiterrorism exercises.“We knew that if there was ever a crisis on the arsenalthat we would immediately make a call out to fellowfirst responders at local and state levels for support,”Whipple said. “These types of multi-echelon exercisesallow us to better understand the unique capabilities thateach response team may bring to a real-world incident.”Page 3 Salvo April 30, 2013Story continues on page 4, See TrainingBetter trained, community better protectedBy John B. SnyderA four-county antiterrorism exercise conducted on the arsenal this month brought together more than 75 first responders who worked witheach other to attack three scenarios that required some degree of decontamination.The goal of the exercise was to coordinate a quickresponse to a simulated terrorist attack that requireddecontamination of radiation, an unknown powder sub-stance, and a sulfur dioxide leak.Schenectady County Fire Coordinator John Nuzbacksaid the exercise was planned well before this month’sbombing in Boston, but that the events from Bostononly solidify just how important it is for community firstresponders to train as a team.“Equipment and well-trained personnel are important toproviding a quick and complete response to a crisis situ-ation,” Nuzback said. “But it is the teamwork and therelationships that we build through these exercises thatare most important.”Prior to the first vehicle arriving, the arsenal had to es-tablish an incident command post that was manned byStephen Bogart, Assistant Fire Chief for the WatervlietArsenal. From that command post, Bogart had to quick-Photo by John B. Snyder
Page 4 Salvo April 30, 2013Training cont.ly assess the large volume of information flowing infrom inside the arsenal fence line, as well as from out-side the fence line.Once Bogart developed a firm situational awarenessof the threat and of the capability flowing into the ar-senal, he was able to assign the right mix of capabilityto the immediate requirement. To assist Bogart wasJohn J. Walsh, the Albany County Emergency Man-agement Liaison.“It would have been very difficult, if not impossible,to handle today’s response unless I had a qualifiedliaison to work with me due to the large amounts ofinformation and coordination that was required forthe exercise,” Bogart said.Once the last hose was rolled up and the training sitecleared, Whipple reflected on the morning’s exercise.“This was a great exercise that brought togethermore than 75 experienced first responders who camewith millions of dollars of equipment to train as oneteam,” Whipple said. “What the casual observer of-ten misses in these types of exercises is the difficultyof providing command and control, as well as the in-tegration and synchronization of various capabilitiesin a real-time scenario.”During the after action review, Whipple thanked thelocal and state emergency first responders, to includethose who stood back and took notes. There were al-most as many observers and controllers as there wereexercise participants. The robust oversight of the ex-ercise ensured that every lesson learned, positive ornegative, could be captured and then learned from.“We know that after this morning’s exercise that weare better prepared to respond to a crisis than wewere yesterday,” Whipple said. “The communityshould know that the amount of capability brought tothe arsenal today in regards to command and control,equipment, and personnel, is what they should ex-pect to arrive on their street if ever needed.”This exercise was directed by the Arsenal’s higherheadquarters, TACOM Life Cycle ManagementCommand.Photos by John B. Snyder& Billy MartinPhotos from top to the bot-tom. A decon team fromthe community preparesto seal a leak on a sulfuricacid pipe. Arsenal FireChief John Whipple, stand-ing on the back of a pickuptruck, provides an over-view of the training exer-cise to participants priorto the start of the exercise.Arsenal firefighters set-ting up a decon site. Thistraining had great publicityin that it was covered byall major local media asseen here when Schenect-ady Fire Coordinator JohnNuzback , right, was beinginterviewed.
not have a standard communication program and thatis where the MTConnect protocol comes in.“Imagine if we could communicate in real time withevery machine, using a common standard, how muchclearer a manufacturing center’s common operationalpicture would be,” Snyder said. “Then if we couldtake that same application and applied it to othermanufacturing requirements such as the amount ofenergy being consumed by machines and by buildings,manufacturing efficiency would dramaticallyimprove.”DOD has two main goals for thechallenge, Snyder said.“The first goal is to motivatedomestic software and systemexperts who would developthe applications, using theMTConnect standard, that havethe potential to make defensemanufacturers more efficient andcompetitive,” Snyder said. “Thesecond goal is to then take thoseaward winning concepts and tocreate the tools that could beadopted by DOD, to include theWatervliet Arsenal.”Phase one (Ideation Phase),which began on April 12, 2013and closes on May 31, 2013, willaward each of the five winners$5,000 each. This phase isessentially a concept developmentphase where great, innovativeideas are measured by their utility and attainability.In the second phase (Challenge Phase), which beginson July 1, 2013 and closes on Jan. 17, 2014, PhasePage 5 Salvo April 30, 2013By John B. SnyderBenét leads DOD challenge to harness privatesector innovation for defense manufacturingPhoto by John B. SnyderThe Army’s Benét Laboratories announced thismonth that it is the program manager for a $250,000Department of Defense challenge that beganearlier this month to harness private sector advancemanufacturing and intelligence innovation in hopes tomake defense manufacturing, such as at the WatervlietArsenal, more efficient and competitive.John P. Snyder, Ph.D., who is a senior mechanicalengineer with the Army’sBenét Laboratories at theWatervliet Arsenal and who isalso the program manager forthe DOD challenge, said thatDOD entered the first phase ofwhat is called the MTConnectChallenge on April 12.“The challenge is essentially atool for DOD to reach outsideof the defense research anddevelopment fence line todomestic academia andindustry, via MTConnectprotocol, to stimulate thoughtand development of tools andapplications that will enhancedefense manufacturingcapabilities,” Snyder said.DOD-operated manufacturingcenters have hundreds, ifnot thousands, of machinesthat for the most part operateindependently, Snyder said.Each machine has a value to the manufacturingprocess but its current status, such as where it is in thework flow or its maintenance status, is often capturedby stubby-pencil calculations that are not in real time.The bottom line is that defense manufacturing doesThe potential for harvesting innovation from the privatesector may someday allow arsenal’s machinery, such asseen here, to provide a real-time common operationalpicture. Arsenal machinist Tom Ostrander, left, is receiv-ing training on the new Mori Seiki machine from HarveyDowns, Boldt Machinery Inc., in March 2013.Story continues on page 6, See Benét
Page 6 Salvo April 30, 2013one winners take their concepts and develop theminto concrete software applications. The grand prizeof $100,000 will be awarded to the Challenge winnerin April 2014. Second place award recipient will re-ceive $75,000 and the third place finisher will receive$50,000.The Defense-wide Manufacturing Science and Tech-nology center is DOD’s sponsoring organization, andthe National Center for Defense Manufacturing Tech-nology and the Association for Manufacturing Tech-nology are partners with Benét Labs to administer theAlbany Devils honors the ArsenalPhotos by John B. SnyderThe Albany Devils Hockey organiza-tion honored the Arsenal’s 200 years ofcontinuous service during their MilitaryAppreciation Game on April 13, 2013.The Devils read the history about thearsenal while showing 20 arsenal photosto more than 4,000 who were in atten-dance. Arsenal Commander Col. MarkF. Migaleddi and Albany County Execu-tive Dan McCoy dropped the ceremo-nial pucks to start the game.challenge.MTConnect® is a newly developed, open communica-tion standard that provides the capability to pass datafrom equipment and devices to higher level systemsfor further processing using the XML-based standard.The MTConnect Challenge focuses on promoting thedevelopment of manufacturing platform solutions us-ing a standard protocol.The Association for Manufacturing Technology ad-opted the MTConnect® standard to standardize com-munication protocols that manufacturing equipmentcan follow to share data.Benét cont.
line items or product lines shipped every month fromWatervliet. Beyond the paint that Migaleddi and othersapplied to visually improve the box shop, there were alsosubstantial alignment of activities that will greatly improvethe workflow … specifically, the arsenal’s mortar manufac-turing line.“In addition to making the work area more atheisticallypleasing, we also made significant improvements to ourmortar work flow by relocating manpower and equipmentfrom another building into the box shop,” said Steve Koza,the supervisor ofthe arsenal’s Man-ufacturing SupportDivision.“We can nowmachine mortarproducts, such asthe barrels for the60mm, 81mm, andthe 120mm mortarsystems, and thentransport thoseproducts to ourbox shop in a mat-ter of minutes,”Koza said.At a time whenthe arsenal ismanufacturingup to 100 60mmmortar systems amonth for Afghan-istan, anything the arsenal can do to streamline the processhelps to ensure that tight delivery schedules are met, Kozaexplained.Other benefits of the 6S project are that Koza now hasbetter oversight of his operations because his workforcewill now work in one area versus separate buildings. Ad-ditionally, such things as making the work area more ergo-nomically friendly will improve workers’ safety as well asmorale.How well did the commander do in regards to painting?When asked that question, Koza simply smiled, winkedand said the commander did fine.Everyone knew that when Sequestration hit on March 1that there would be significant cuts within the Departmentof Defense. And so, when arsenal Commander Col. MarkF. Migaleddi was spotted this month holding a paint rollerin the box shop some thought the budget cuts had gone toofar.It turned out that Migaleddi wasn’t painting due to fur-loughs or layoffs. He was in the box shop to lend his hand,as well as his position to a program called Lean.The arsenal’s Lean program continuously assesses whatoperations are re-quired to support thecustomer, which inmore than 90 per-cent of the orders isDOD. Once selectactivities are as-sessed, they are thenmeasured to see howeffective the arse-nal is in conduct-ing those activities.Once the assessmentis done, the arsenalthen eliminates thoseactivities, processes,or functions that donot add value to thecustomer.For the arsenal,the tendency mighthave been to justlook at the machining side of the house. But Migaleddisaw that there might be value added by drilling down intonon-machining tasks, such as administrative offices andthe box shop to improve quality and to reduce lead time byeliminating waste.Within Lean, there is a program called 6S. The arsenalis actively using 6S to not only improve housekeepingpractices, but also to improve processes of off-productionline activities. In essence, 6S goes beyond the simplebeautification of an office or work area to actually improv-ing work flow and communication.The arsenal’s box shop handles more than 700Page 7 Salvo April 30, 2013Commander found trying topaint his way out of a box ... shopBy John B. SnyderPhoto by John B. SnyderCol. Mark F. Migaleddi, left, may have known it was lonely “at the top,” but it appears in thisphoto that it is just as lonely in the “trenches.” While Migaleddi worked on the wall by him-self, Kevin Chase, box operation handler, and Steve Koza, supervisor for the ManufacturingSupport Division, team up to paint the box shop as part of a Lean 6S project.
By Jim Michaels, USA Today(Provide by the Early Bird, April 29, 2013)WASHINGTON -- The Pentagon is accelerating thedeployment of mortars and artillery to Afghanistansfledgling army in an effort to compensate for theimpending loss of U.S. air power, which has proveddevastating against the Taliban over the years.The loss ofAmerican fire-power after 2014will be a keychallenge forthe Afghan forceand highlightsstark choices theWhite House isconfronting as itshapes a follow-on force.Afghan com-manders areworried about itsimpact on opera-tions."They certainlyhavent missedthe fact that thefinest air force onthe planet is go-ing home," saidretired Marinegeneral John Al-len, former top coalition commander.The Pentagon has said it will leave advisers andcounterterrorism forces in Afghanistan after the com-bat mission ends. Air power will be available for theU.S. counterterrorism forces.Afghan President Hamid Karzai has been critical ofair attacks, accusing the coalition of mistakenly killingcivilians. The White House has also been pushing tolimit the size of the post-2014 force in Afghanistan,which restricts the amount of support the U.S. cansupply, military analysts say.Page 8 Salvo April 30, 2013Afghans To Miss U.S. Air PowerAfghanistans air force is not expected to be fullyoperational until at least 2016, the Pentagon said.Even then, it wont have near the capabilities of theU.S. military. The Afghans main close air supportplane, a turboprop Super Tucano, wont be fieldeduntil mid-2014, Air Force Maj. Gen. H.D. Polumbo, thetop coalition aircommander, saidrecently.Allen said thecoalition is takingsteps that willgive Afghani-stans military afirepower advan-tage over theTaliban, includ-ing providing ad-ditional mortarsand arming theirMi-17 helicopterswith rockets andgatling guns.The additionalfirepower, whichwill be integratedinto small units,will let Afghantroops respondquickly andcoordinate withtroops on theground, he said."Air power has provided a critical asymmetric advan-tage" in the U.S. and coalition campaign since 2001,Polumbo said.Militants are unable to mass forces without riskinga devastating attack, forcing them to fight in smallgroups and resort to roadside bombs and strikes oncivilian targets.The loss of air power will take a key advantage awayfrom Afghan forces, said Fred Kagan, a military ana-lyst at the American Enterprise Institute.This is what an Arsenal shipment looks like once it leaves Watervliet. Here are the Arsenal’s60mm mortars on a C-17 aircraft being downloaded in Afghanistan. Watervliet Arsenal an-nounced in February 2013 that it received a $5.9 million contract to provide the Afghan Nation-al Army with nearly 900 60mm-mortar systems, as part of the U.S. State Departments ForeignMilitary Sales program. The Arsenal made its first shipment of the 60mm mortar systems inFebruary 2013 and has been shipping about 100 systems a month to Afghanistan.Photo provided by the U.S. Air Force
Page 9 Salvo April 30, 2013CPAC -Civilian Personnel Advisory CenterWant to view your Official Personnel Folder? We’ve gone paperless!Employees often call or come to the CPAC office asking to view their OPF (Official Personnel Folder) or 201File, as it used to be called. Previously, CPAC would have to request it from the file storage room in Maryland,wait a few weeks and then set up an appointment with the employee once it arrived for viewing. Employeeswould then have to sit down with a CPAC representative, present and flip through their OPF page by page, tab-bing off any forms that they wanted copies of. The OPF would then be returned to Maryland for storage.Not anymore. All employees now have online access to their eOPF or electronic Official Personnel Folder! Theelectronic version is exactly the same as your paper OPF, but each document was scanned into the system andmade available to you through the eOPF system. This allows for more privacy in viewing your personnel file,more thorough viewing, and the ability to check it as often as you’d like. You can view, print or save any or allof your documents at any time.Documents can be sorted by effective date, type of document or folder side when scrolling through simply byclicking the column heading. You can also search for a particular document by date or title.In addition, you will also be notified by email whenever a document is added to your eOPF. This means real-time access to your beneficiary forms, Notification of Personnel Actions (SF-50s), benefits elections, etc. Thissystem saves on postage, paper and time and is a huge benefit to both CPAC representatives and to you, as anemployee.Appropriated Fund (AF) and Nonappropriated Fund (NAF) employees can gain access to eOPF by followingtheir respective login links.The login URL for AF employees is: https://eopf1.nbc.gov/army/The login URL for NAF employees is: https://eopf1.nbc.gov/armynaf/Begin by clicking on “Request Your eOPF ID” and enter your personal information. You will then receive anemail containing your eOPF ID. Once you have that information, click on “Request your eOPF Password”. Youwill need to enter more information, including your eOPF ID, to obtain your password. If you’d like additionalassistance, you can review the Basic User Videos at: http://cpol.army.mil/library/general/eOPF.To protect the integrity of employee personnel records and security of Personally Identifiable Information (PII),access to your eOPF records can ONLY be gained by using a Government computer.If further assistance is needed logging into eOPF or if you have any questions, you can contact CPAC at(518) 266-5400, 266-4058 or 266-4053 or by email: email@example.com.
of launching a projectile up to 20 miles. In May 1950,the Watervliet Arsenal was assigned the task of design-ing and creating a 280mm gun while Watertown Arsenal,Mass., was responsible for the carriage design. In 1951,the first two complete 280mm atomic cannon systems,costing $800,000 each, were ready for months of a seriesof extensive test firing using conventional warheads at theAberdeen Proving Grounds in Maryland.Crane was interviewed by the Troy Times Record news-paper after he returned from witnessing the atomic test ofthe 280mm cannon. His comments and observations wereprinted in the May 27, 1953 issue of the newspaper.“The test firing of the atomic shell from a cannon de-signed and built at the WatervlietArsenal was successful in everyaspect,” said Crane after return-ing from the Las Vegas testinggrounds where he witnessed theblast destined to revolutionize thetactics of ground warfare. “With aprearranged schedule determinedto split-second accuracy, the gun,designed and manufactured bytechnicians at the Watervliet Arse-nal, placed the projectilewith a remarkable de-gree of precision. It wasthe most awesome thingI have ever seen. Myfirst sensation was oneof tremendous relief.We had confidence inour calculations and allour years of study anddesign but only the fir-ing could prove we wereright.”Crane was aware ofthe awesome power andpotential of the atomiccannon.“Think how much earlier World War II would haveended and how many lives saved if the weapon had beenavailable at the Battle of the Bulge when tactical aircraftwas grounded for several days by weather conditions. Wehave created this great weapon and now we have to use itintelligently.”Crane commanded the arsenal from September 1952 toAugust 1954, after spending years involved in the designand manufacture of atomic artillery.Page 10 Salvo April 30, 2013Arsenal led the Army into the nuclear agePhotos provided by the Arsenal MuseumSixty years ago in the spring of 1953, Watervliet Arsenalplayed a major role in the advancement of the United Statesnuclear weapons program and, in effect, sped up the endof the Korean War. At 8:31 a.m. (PST) on May 25, 1953more than 3,000 enlisted men, officers, and VIPs gatheredat Frenchmen’s Flats Nevada Proving Grounds to witnesshistory. On that day, a 280mm M65 Atomic Cannon, withthe breech and tube assembly manufactured in Watervliet,test-fired its nuclear payload.The 44-foot long gun sent a 800-pound, nuclear-armedround seven miles downrange with 15 kilotons of explosiveforce. For comparison, the Hiro-shima and Nagasaki atomic bombswere 20 kilotons each (or 20,000tons of TNT). The projectileexploded 525 feet above the desiretarget zone, instantly destroyinga series of railroad cars, a steeltrestle, and other simulated mili-tary targets. It took 19.2 secondsfor the projectile to reach its targetzone.This test firing, oneof several nuclear teststhat occurred in the earlymonths of 1953, codenamed “Shot Grable,”proved to the worldthe United States couldsuccessfully launch anuclear payload from anartillery weapon. Thesuccessful test meantthat the U.S. would bedeploying such weaponsin Europe and Korea andtherefore, putting teethinto President Eisen-hower’s verbal and written pledge to ending the KoreanWar. Within months, the stalled peace talks began again,with an armistice signed on July 27, 1953.The successful test was witnessed by two representa-tives from Watervliet Arsenal: Ralph Avakian, OrdnanceDepartment engineer and Col. Richard Z. Crane, WatervlietArsenal Commander. The idea for a massive ground basedcannon began in 1944 during World War II. U.S. militaryleaders, impressed with German long-range cannons, envi-sioned having their own long-range, mobile cannon capableBy Mark KoziolTop: The first nuclear-capable gun being manufactured at the Watervliet Arsenalin the early 1950s.Bottom: The “Atomic Annie” firing its first round in 1953.
Page 11 Salvo April 30, 2013Last month you learned acronyms,this month quotesBy Mark RipleyLean Manufacturing:Lean is about change and has a bias toward action. In other words, go ahead and make the change as best you can butpay attention and fix whatever comes up. But changing can be scary. Okay, you are seasoned federal employees and youdon’t scare easily and so, let’s say that change makes many of us feel uncomfortable.Why? Because we work so hard to adapt to our current environment. Without failure, once we settle into our comfortzone someone is around the corner yelling that we must “change.” Now, don’t go feeling sorry for yourself becauseadapting to change is not unique to today’s workforce. Take a look at what others have thought about the notion of“change.”“Change is hard because people overestimate the value of what they have and underestimate the value of what they maygain by giving that up.”James Belasco and Ralph Stayer“It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.”Charles Darwin? Note... According to internet sources, this quote is commonly misattributed to Darwin and is widelyclaimed by several authors who interpreted Darwin’s theories.“To improve is to change; to be perfect is to change often.”Winston Churchill“Failure is not fatal, but failure to change might be.”John Wooden“Change before you have to.”Jack Welch“Your life does not get better by chance, it gets better by change.”Jim Rohn“If you do not change direction, you may end up where you are heading.”Lao Tzu“The best thing you can do is the right thing; the next best thing you can do is the wrong thing; the worst thing you can dois nothing.”Theodore Roosevelt“If you do what you’ve always done, you’ll get what you’ve always gotten.”Tony Robbins“In a chronically leaking boat, energy devoted to changing vessels is more productive than energy devoted to patchingleaks.”Warren Buffett
Page 12 Salvo April 30, 2013Take Your Childto Work DayApril 2013Photos by John B. Snyder