The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology
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The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology

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Presentation on 'The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies' by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology, at 2014 UN-Water ...

Presentation on 'The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies' by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology, at 2014 UN-Water Annual International Zaragoza Conference. Preparing for World Water Day 2014: Partnerships for improving water and energy access, efficiency and sustainability. 13-16 January 2014.

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  • - 42% protección territorio, plan energético ambicioso incluyendo autosuficiencia energética con EERR, proyecto singular El Hierro 100% y traslación a otras islas <br />

The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for Water and Energy Technologies by Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo, R&D&I Director, Canary Islands Institute of Technology Presentation Transcript

  • The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for WATER and ENERGY Technologies
  • The Canary Islands: World Laboratory for WATER and ENERGY Technologies Case Study: El Hierro Gonzalo Piernavieja Izquierdo R&D&I Director Canary Islands Institute of Technology ITC
  • The Canary Islands (Spain) Energy and Water Framew  2 mill. inhabitants, 10-12 mill. tourists/year  Total energy dependence on external resources  Electricity generation from fossil fuels (oil); low heat demand  Isolated (insular) electrical systems  Lack of water resources (extremely low rainfall)  Insular dimension: strategic need to maximise the use of endogenous resources (energy+water for self-sufficiency)  -> Importance of water-energy binomial (desalination) View slide
  • The Canary Islands Water Resources  Historically, the Canary Islands have suffered water scarcity associated to: low rainfall, high permeability of soils, over-exploitation of aquifer resources  Conventional solutions applied:  Groundwater catchment by horizontal water tunnels (“galerías”) and vertical wells  Rainwater catchment and storage  Construction and waterproofing of reservoirs  Efficient use of water View slide
  • Canary Islands (non conventional) water resources (1) Desalinated freshwater – European reference  The first European seawater desalination plant was installed in Lanzarote island (1964)  Currently, freshwater total demand is 200 hm 3/year (more than 650,000 m³/day installed, approx. 2% world capacity)  All desalination technologies installed (VC, MED, MSF, OI, EDR, SOLAR STILLS…..) PRODUCTION CAPACITIES Seawater 430,000 m³/d 167 plants Brackish water 150,000 m³/d 146 plants Reclaimed 66,000 m³/d wastewater 12 plants
  • Canary Islands (non conventional) water resources (2) Reclaimed wastewater  Goal: to balance the hydric deficit of the islands and to promote a sustainable management of natural resources  15 years experience in wastewater treatment and reuse  Recent normative and management challenges DEMAND Irrigation 10.40 hm³/y 41 % Golf Public gardens 15.19 hm³/y 59 %
  • Canary Islands (non conventional) water resources (3) Desalination has narrowed the gap between water demand and production for more than 20 years, thanks to a cheap energy supply. But the age of “easy & cheap oil” is coming to an end and the link water– energy is critical. A promising option is desalination powered by renewable energies (RE), which are abundant, clean and endless resources.
  • Energy Framewo The Canary Islands  > 2.5 GW installed power, approx. 9000 GWh total el. consumption  15% of electricity consumed in water cycle  Abundant Renewable Energy Resources: wind: ~ 4000 h.eq./y; sun: ~ 2000 kWh/m2/y Electricity generation 55,6% Structure of internal fossil fuels market Combined waterelectricity production 2,4% Seawater desalination plants Road Transport 29,9% Other (Industrial, Residential...) 12,1%
  • European Outermost Regions (ORs) VISION ORs are NATURAL LABORATORIES for developing, testing and demonstrating new technologies which will be implemented in continental regions (Europe and ROW), in insular regions worldwide, as well as in developing countries ORs are the IDEAL PLATFORMS to showcase and transfer adapted technologies to regions of developing and emerging countries worldwide (and particularly of European neighbour regions)
  • The Canary Islands: Ideal Test Bench ORs: Natural Laboratories Every island configurates one or several laboratories for testing and demonstrating technologies, especially emerging ones. real new
  • SUSTAINABILIT Y ORs: Natural Laboratories The Canary Islands are fully committed to the development and implementation of innovative energy, water and environmental protection technologies and policies, providing sound proof of concepts for the whole Europe and RoW
  • Strategic Areas ORs: STRATEGIC ELEMENTS FOR R&D AND TECHNOLOGY COOPERATION WITH DEVELOPING COUNTRIES SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION The Canary Islands have been carrying out succesful international cooperation projects (especially with West Africa and South America) for many years, developing and transferring adapted technology, for example in the energy, water, agriculture, fishing and public health sectors RENEWABLE ENERGIES AND WATER TECHNOLOGIES The Canary Islands Government is deploying technology parks specialized in adapting technologies for the developing world.
  • Capacities and outstanding projects (1) - WATER  Sustainability of the Canary Islands Water Cycle is being achieved by means of strategical changes, technological innovations and R&D actions, aiming at:     Higher energy efficiency in the water cycle More efficient energy recovery systems in desalination plants Maximizing the potential of renewable energies applied to the water cycle Promoting water reuse in the agriculture sector  Particularly, the regional scientific community is carrying out R&D in:  Desalination plant prototypes driven by wind and photovoltaic systems  Water reuse strategies  Hydrogen as energy vector for storing wind energy surplus and its application for water desalination  Membrane distillation and solar thermal applications for water desalination
  • ITC is a technology center specialized in:  Energy Saving/Efficiency, Renewable Energies  Water Technologies  Other emerging technological sectors  International Cooperation (energy and water supply to peri-urban and remote areas)
  • Capacities and outstanding projects (2) - WATER Case 1. Off- grid wind farm coupled to 3 desalination systems (1998-2002) ○ SDAWES project (Seawater Desalination with Autonomous Wind Energy System), connection of 3 different desalination systems to an off-grid wind farm. EDR plant (from 3 to 7.9 m3/h). 8 RO desalination plants (1 m3/h each). 2x230 kW off-grid wind farm. Synchronous machine (100 kW) & flywheel. VVC plant (2 m3/h).
  • Capacities and outstanding projects (3) - WATER Case 2. Seawater - PV desalination unit (since 1999) ○ Autonomous PV-RO system, designed to satisfy small water demands (up to 1,000 inhabitants) isolated from the electric grid. DESSOL ® is an ITC patent. Battery back-up system RO unit - <3.5 kWh/m3. PV field Also tested a battery-less PV-RO system Average operation 8 h/d (summer); 6 h/d (winter).
  • Capacities and oustanding projects (4) - WATER Case 3. Wind energy for high capacity desalination plant ○ Grid-Wind-RO system, private initiatives On-grid wind farm Irrigation SWRO plant with energy recovery <3.0 kWh/m3
  • CANARY ISLANDS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (ITC) We have accumulated 15 years of experience in the development of solutions for the ENERGY and WATER supply to periurban/rural/remote areas We have carried out consulting and electrification/water desalination projects using RENEWABLE ENERGIES, as well as training and awareness activities in: • • • • • • Mauritania (since 1996) Morocco (since 1998) Tunisia Cape Verde Senegal ECOWAS
  • Technology transfer examples (I)  ITC Experience Electrification of isolated communities with wind/solar energy  Development and installation of small autonomous desalination plants, powered by renewable energies
  • Technology transfer examples (II) ITC Experience  4 seawater desalination plants, National Park Banc d’Arguin, Mauritania  4 brackish water desalination plants, powered by solar energy, Morocco  Brackish water desalination plant powered by solar energy, Tunisia
  • ITC MILESTONES IN CAPE VERDE CAPACITY BUILDING AND COMPETITIVENESS RELATED TO THE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES IN ISLANDS Promotion of desalination energy efficiency and using renewable energies: energies •Energy audits and proposals for improvement in 5 representative desalination plants. Study of different municipalities and design of a desalination project driven by renewable energies for Espinho Branco (CM San MiguelSantiago island). E-learning training in renewable energy desalination: 50 students in Cape Verde Treatment technologies and wastewater reclamation: reclamation •Safe reuse of treated water Plan for Praia •Design of an energy-less wastewater treatment plant in Ribeira Grande de Santo Antão
  • ITC MILESTONES IN CAPE VERDE CAPACITY BUILDING AND COMPETITIVENESS RELATED TO THE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES IN ISLANDS Water awareness campaign in schools (resources and results): •Comics, 12 factsheets, educational workshop, training of actors, 40 workshops and more than 1,100 students and teachers involved in Cape Verde… Strengthening capacities in the evaluation and control of water quality: quality •Technical training, inter-comparison circuits between laboratories, specialized seminars, web of common resources for analytical laboratories,…
  • ITC MILESTONES IN CAPE VERDE CAPACITY BUILDING AND COMPETITIVENESS RELATED TO THE MANAGEMENT OF ENERGY RESOURCES IN ISLANDS • Capacity Building in Renewable Energy Technologies (online and on site courses). • Study of energy sources, consumption and processes of groups involved in the projects. • Creation of a Panel of experts to draft energy efficiency targets in the Industrial, Agriculture and Tourism sectors. • Provide qualified personnel to companies and governments to achieve planned objectives in the strategy of the countries. • Implementation of energy efficiency tools in the productive sectors. • Creating a public platform for consultation to resolve technical problems, access to information and dissemination of energy efficiency.
  • Obstacles for the Sustainable Energy Development in Islands  Weak, isolated grids  Fragile ecosystems (rich biodiversity, etc.)  Lack of space for energy infrastructure placement  Difficulties for the massive deployment of Renewable Energies  ….
  • Technical Solutions (I) HV/MV: Pumped Hydro (where possible) Upper Reservoir Hydro Power Station Lower Reservoir Control Wind Farm Pumping Station Desalination Plant
  • Technical Solutions (II)  HV/MV: Subsea electrical interconnections LANZAR O TE La G rac iosa Har ia T eg uise T inajo Refuerzo del enlace submarino entre Lanzarote y Fuerteventura San Bartolomé S an B rt olo mé a Macher Y aiza Pla ya Blanca 66 kV Cable Submarino Corralejo FU ER TEVENTU R A L a Oliv a Enlace submarino Gran Canaria y Fuerteventura : Pue rto de l Rosa rio Las Salinas Be tan cur ia Ant igu a Pajara Tu ine je Gran Tarajal Matas Blancas Punta Grande T ias Ar re cife
  • Technical Solutions (III)  MV/LV:  Distributed Generation, esp.:  Mini- & Microgrids with high renewable energy penetration, incl. energy storage, management of critical loads (e.g. seawater desalination) and electrical mobility
  • CONVOCATORIA DEL OBSERVATORIO INDUSTRIAL DE CANARIAS Resumen de las actuaciones encomendadas al ITC, S.A. Resumen de las actuaciones encomendadas al ITC, S.A. para la materialización de los ejes y medidas estratégicas para la materialización de los ejes y medidas estratégicas asociadas a la EDIC 2013 asociadas a la EDIC 2013
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020) ur a en t te v Fu er El Hi er ro  JUSTIFICACIÓN (1/3): Evolución histórica de la oferta de agua en Canarias. Demanda energética (%) para desalación en instalaciones públicas en Canarias.
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020)  JUSTIFICACIÓN (2/3): Tratamientos terciarios depuración en Canarias (2009). Producción agua desalada (m3/d) Evolución kWh/m3 agua desalada en Canarias . Consumos específicos (kWh/m3) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 1.000 a 15.000 5,23 5,19 5,20 4,69 4,84 4,93 15.000 a 30.000 5,03 4,77 4,68 4,65 4,60 4,62 30.000 a 100.000 4,78 4,76 4,72 5,05 4,64 4,61 Perdidas en redes de distribución asociadas a centros de producción de agua desalada que han solicitado ayuda a la desalación, por islas (%) 2012 2013 2009 2010 2011 18,50 16,88 TENERIFE 22,48 21,51 19,88 GRAN CANARIA 30,58 30,71 26,52 26,13 27,03 FUERTEVENTURA 23,43 26,13 26,16 20,92 20,22 LANZAROTE 46,39 50,82 51,51 54,82 55,90 EL HIERRO 22,82 22,89 10,00 23,01 23,16
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020)  JUSTIFICACIÓN (3/3): La gestión integral del agua en Canarias requiere cada vez de más recursos energéticos para acciones como la captación de aguas del acuífero, la desalación, el transporte y la distribución hasta los puntos de consumo, así como para su tratamiento en los sistemas de depuración de aguas usadas y su posterior regeneración y reintroducción en el sistema. El binomio agua-energía en Canarias es tan importante como complejo de gestionar. Las instituciones gestoras canarias incurren en unos costes energéticos, y por tanto económicos, muy importantes. Estas circunstancias ponen en riesgo la sostenibilidad ambiental y económica de muchos sistemas de abastecimiento de agua. En conclusión: se requiere un posicionamiento estratégico que planteé objetivos globales y actuaciones destinadas a mejorar la eficiencia y promover el ahorro energético en la gestión del ciclo integral del agua.
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020)  MISIÓN: Mejorar la eficiencia técnica y energética empleada en los procesos que intervienen en el ciclo integral del agua dentro del entorno urbano; incorporando las herramientas, los mecanismos y la tecnología necesaria para permitir llevar a cabo dicha misión, previendo mecanismos de financiación que puedan hacer realidad las actuaciones previstas. Ya no se trata simplemente de obtener agua en CANTIDAD y CALIDAD suficiente para satisfacer las demandas de la población y de las actividades económicas. Ahora se trata de gestionar los recursos disponibles ( económicos, energéticos, naturales y humanos) en pro de dar un servicio recuperando todos los costes, incluidos los ambientales, y sin sobrepasar los límites económicos que la sociedad está dispuesta a asumir.  VISIÓN: Se concibe el Plan como una hoja de ruta para la administración pública canaria con competencia en materia energética para apoyar y facilitar el desarrollo y mejora de los procesos tecnológicos asociados al ciclo integral del agua urbano, y por consiguiente, en reducir los costes económicos que conllevan la producción, distribución y regeneración del agua en Canarias, repercutiendo directamente en beneficio del consumidor final, en este caso la ciudadanía.
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020)  ÁREAS DE ACTUACIÓN:
  • Actuación 7: PLAN DE ECO GESTIÓN EN LA PRODUCCIÓN Y DISTRIBUCIÓN DE AGUA DE CANARIAS (20142020)  3 GRANDES EJES DE ACTUACIÓN:  Eje 1: MEJORA DE LA EFICIENCIA ENERGÉTICA EN EL CICLO DEL AGUA.     Incremento de la eficiencia en bombeos mejorando el rendimiento y los mecanismos de regulación. Mejora de la eficiencia energética en el ámbito de la desalación. Mejora de la eficiencia energética en el ámbito de la depuración. Mejora de la eficiencia y la gestión energética en el ámbito de la reutilización.  Eje 2: INCREMENTO DE LA CONTRIBUCIÓN DE LAS ENERGÍAS RENOVABLES ASOCIADAS AL CICLO INTEGRAL DEL AGUA.    Autoconsumo con energías renovables en el sector de la desalación, depuración y regeneración de aguas. Sistemas de aprovechamiento de energías renovables de generación distribuida con control de cargas eléctricas y almacenamiento, asociadas a la desalación, depuración y reutilización. Sistemas aislados de tratamiento de aguas con energías renovables.  Eje 3: MEJORA DE LA EFICIENCIA HIDRÁULICA DEL CICLO INTEGRAL DEL AGUA.   Reducción de pérdidas en las redes de distribución de agua. Mejora de la gestión documental y de los sistemas tarifarios.
  • El Hierro: first 100% RES Island Commissioning in 201 278 km 2 10.500 inhabitants 7 MW peak 40 GWh/y demand (Diesel)
  • 100% renewable energy supply • Design and construction of a Wind• • • Hydro Power Station Installation of solar collectors & modules Evaluation of biomass exploitation possibilities Transport. Sustainable Mobility • Environmental Education
  • El Hierro: 100% RES Island Wind – Pumped Hydro Power Station Construction finishe
  • Wind-Hydro Power Station
  • Wind-Hydro Power Station Wind Farm 11,5 MW Hydroelectric Substation 11,3 MW Pumping Station 6 MW Upper Reservoir Lower Reservoir 400.000 m3 150.000 m3
  • EXPLOTACIÓN SISTEMA EL HIERRO
  • Upper Reservoir
  • Conductions
  • Lower Reservoir
  • Hydro-Station
  • Pumping-Station
  • Wind Farm
  • Thank you! gpiernavieja@itccanarias.org