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Water cooperation


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Water is the elixir of life. All human and economic activities are centered around water.However water is not available in abundance. On the contrary burgeoning demand for water is putting pressure on …

Water is the elixir of life. All human and economic activities are centered around water.However water is not available in abundance. On the contrary burgeoning demand for water is putting pressure on this resource.Water cooperation is therefore the need of the hour between various stakeholders as a measure to achieve economic growth and eradicate poverty peacefully.The presentation shows the current position, future trends, necessity for water cooperation and some examples of cooperation in India.

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  • 1. WATERCOOPERATIONWATER MANAGEMENT FORUMThe Institution of Engineers (India)
  • 2. What is water cooperation?• Water is essential to life ; human & economicdevelopment• Limited water resources, uneven distribution• Water demand is escalating exponentiallyWater cooperation is acting together towards acommon end and mutual benefits• Water cooperation refers to :• peaceful management and• use of water resourcesAmong various players and sectors andAt different levels.2
  • 3. Global Water3
  • 4. 85% of the world population lives in the driest half of the planet4
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  • 12. • Irrigation & food production constitutes oneof the greatest pressures on freshwaterresources.– Agriculture accounts for 70% of globalfreshwater withdrawals– up to 90% in some fast-growing economies• Global agricultural water consumptionestimated to increase by 19% by 2050,– will be even greater in absence of anytechnological progress/ policy intervention12
  • 13. Water, food and bio-energyWater needed to produce:• 1 kilo of wheat: 1 000 litres• 1 kilo of meat (beef): 15,000 litres dietary shift toimpact water consumptionDaily water requirements per person:• Drinking: 2-3 litres• Domestic needs: 20–300 litres• Food: 2 000-3 000 litresWith 2500 litres of water, we can produce:• 1 litre of biofuel• food for one person for one day13
  • 14. 14Is there enough water in the global system to meetthe food demands of future populations?
  • 15. 15Over half the world population lives in urban areas, thenumber grows each day.
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  • 19. India’s WaterResources(In Billion Cubic Meter)Totalrainfall4000TotalWaterAvailability1869SurfaceWater61%GroundWater39%BCM43369019Source: MOWR/ Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
  • 20. 2010•MOWR 813•NCIWRD 7102025•MOWR 1093•NCIWRD 8432050•MOWR 1447•NCIWRD 11802000634Water Demand(In Billion Cubic Metre)20
  • 21. • Inclusive and participatory governance of water andcooperation between different user groups can helpto– overcome inequity in access to water,– enhance water security and– overcome water scarcity and thus– contribute to poverty eradication and to improving livingconditions21Every action involving water management requireseffective cooperation between multiple actors --local or international.
  • 22. •Water cooperation takes many forms, including• cooperation across boundaries to manageshared underground aquifers and river basins• information and data exchange and• financial and technical cooperation.Water connects us all, and we are all part of thiscooperation chain.22
  • 23. A resource withoutborders-- 276 trans-boundaryriver basins in theworld.-- 185 out ofthese, ( 2/3rd)shared by twocountries.-- 256 out of 276 areshared by 2, 3 or 4countries and-- Balance 20 shared by5 or more countries, the maximum being 18countries sharing thesame basin (Danube). 23
  • 24. Why is water cooperation important?• Builds peace• Creates economic benefits• Acts as a key to security, poverty eradicationsocial equity and gender equality• Helps preserving water resources, protecting theenvironment• Supports sharing of knowledge about– scientific aspects of water including• data and information exchange,• management strategies and best practices and– role of water in preserving ecosystems, fundamentalto human wellbeing and sustainable development.24
  • 25. Challenges to watercooperation• Reaching across borders• Increased competition for waterCooperation, a contrasted reality25
  • 26. SOME EXAMPLES• India and Pakistan :Indus Water Treaty 1960• Nepal, India, Bangladesh (NIB) :• Ganga Projects• Hydropower• India, Bangadesh : Farakka barrage• Kaveri Tribunal• Narmada Tribunal• Indus water sharing26
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  • 29.!/WMF1985Water Management Forum(WMF)-• founded in the year 1986 as one of the Fora of TheInstitution of Engineers (India)• to promote and advance the engineering and thepractices of water resources management in India.• Headquartered at Ahmedabad.The Forum spreads awareness about efficient watermanagement by adopting best practices amongststudents, farmers, engineers and various stakeholdersthrough workshops, seminars, symposia, groupmeetings etc.29
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