WATER CONSERVATIONWATER MANAGEMENT FORUMThe Institution of Engineers (India)http://www.wmf-iei.org/
WHAT LEAD TOCONSERVATION• Causing drought everythird year• Migration of lacs ofpeople with cattle• huge expendituretowards scarcity reliefworksRainfall notonlyscanty, butunreliable &unevenlydistributed• which accounts forMAJORITY of the surfacewaterPerennialriverslocated inonly LIMITEDarea• 3 to 5 meter depletionevery year• Literally mining from 1000feet below ground• Deterioration in qualityleading to diseases likeFluorosisGroundwaterquality &quantity notdependable
4Sardar Patel ParticipatoryWater Conservation Scheme– The Concept• simple wall acrosssome rivulet /stream/ river.• Stops water up to1.5—2 meter height,• Allows rest of waterto spill over , if waterlevel rises.• Has no movingcomponents /mechanical devices,• Requires lessoperation &maintenance• Recharges groundwater & offers facilityfor lift irrigationACheck-dam isa
5MODUSOPERANDIFormation of group of beneficiary farmers.Selection of site by the GroupApplication to sub-Division with Rs.500deposit.Attachment of copy of 7/12 formScrutiny of application & site visitRefund of deposit for infeasible siteDesign, Estimates taken up. For feasiblesiteOwn design from qualified engineerpermittedGovernment contribution 80%, farmers’20 %.Farmers paying Deposit Rs. 500
Terrace Talavdi• New initiative taken toprepare TerraceTalavdis on degradedreserved forest areas– where replantation isneeded.• Staggered countouredtrenches constructedover slope areas andhigher terrains– to increase moistureconservation andestablish green cover.Khet Talavdi (farm pond)• Special scheme forconstruction of FarmPonds and Sim Talavdislaunched• Farm Ponds areconstructed in privatearable land, whereas theSim Talavdis incommunity lands.• 90% financial assistanceis given for farm ponds& Sim Talavdis.• Village panchayatbears remaining costin case of SimTalavdis.
TOWARDS ECONOMY –BORI BUNDH•Construction of temporary dykesof gunny bags, known as boribundhs to conserve water at lowcost.RIGHT STEP –ASTOUNDING EXPERIENCE
Benefits of waterconservation driveSecured kharif cropSupported rabi crop after normalmonsoonReduced extraction of ground waterOptimum utilisation of resourcesAugmented ground water recharge• average 7 to 8 wells got recharged• Ground water table rose by 3 to 9 mRejuvenated rivers already gone dryReduction in power consumptionIncrease in rural prosperity
Deepening of Tank13Sinduri Tank Dist. VadodaraKalo Doli-2 Tal. NasavadiDist. VadodaraDeepening of ponds•Taken up where construction of check dam not feasible•Carried out with people’s participation (90:10)