T s3 gh3_yangbo sun


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T s3 gh3_yangbo sun

  1. 1. China’s National River HealthMonitoring & Restoration Program Dr. Yangbo SUN Ministry of Water Resources, China
  2. 2. ContentsChina’s River and Water ResourcesNational River Health Monitoring &Restoration ProgramYellow River – Lessons learnt
  3. 3. China’s Rivers2005/10 3
  4. 4. Population density Social and Economic Development
  5. 5. Challenges for River Floods Water Scarcity4540 423530252015 2110 5 0 80年代 90年代 Water pollution Soil Erosion/Sediment
  6. 6. Many rivers and lakes suffer qualitydeterioration, changes in morphology and hydrology, aswell as habitat degradation.Since 1990s, water reallocations have been carriedout in the Yellow River, Hei River and Tarim River, whichreduced deterioration of river health in those basins. Starting in 2004, pilot projects have been undertaken in 12cities to carry out ecological protection and rehabilitation of therivers and lakes in these regions.
  7. 7. Restore the River Health  Water Quality  HydrologyStatus  Habitat  Ecology  Water FunctionsRisks  Impact assessmentResponse  Strategy and Actions
  8. 8. National River Health Assessment Programme Purpose: To carry out regular river basin health assessment by 2015 To commissions perform their role in water and ecological protection To achieve the river health objectives by 2020. Outputs: (i) River health assessment methods and principles (ii) Publication of River Health Assessment Report every 2 years .
  9. 9. Definition of Healthy River• Water Framework Directive – EU• Healthy Waterway and Report Cards - Australia• Clean Water Act –USA• Yellow River Environment Flow Restoration - YRCCHealth River refers to a water body with good natural status andgood social functions, a sustainable and harmonious relationsbetween Human and Nature. The natural status will be evaluated inrespect of Biology, Hydrology, Habitats and Chemical etc. TheSocial Function is to evaluate the water status for human needs
  10. 10. Time Schedule Phase I Phase II Develop river health Revision of relevant assessment indicators, technical standards and documents/guidelines methodologies Study on key River health survey for a technologies complete year Capacity building Preparation of River River health assessment Health Assessment of major rivers/lakes Report (Pilots) Capacity building2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
  11. 11. Workplan of Phase I N ational Monitoring H ealthIdentification Researches Investigation A ssessment Pilot study Evaluation R eport of R ivers & Lakes 2010 2011 2012 2013
  12. 12. Current Work (2010 to 2011) One river, lake and reservoir selected forPilot selection each of seven major basins to carry out health assessment Ecological survey of typical rivers/lakes and characterisation study Study on river health assessment in China and abroad Data base analysis and investigation on monitoring capacity Research River health assessment indicators Studies River health assessment standards River health assessment methodologies
  13. 13. Catchmentmanagement Physical policy Geology Hydrology Geomorphology Climate Land use Hydraulic habitat Economy Education Trade, etc Ecological river health Social river health Rivermanagement policy Water quality Ecological processes Chemical Biological
  14. 14. Results of River QualityLevel River Quality 1 High 2 Good 3 Moderate 4 Poor 5 Bad
  15. 15. Challenges for River Health Assessment Insufficient knowledge about: ecological zoning for river health assessment  threat-impact relations indicators, standards and methodologies Data base: Inadequate data and capacity on biologicaland habitats monitoring Interagency collaboration: pollution (environmentalprotection), wetland (forestry), fishery (agriculture) Lack of empirical studies: limited cases available interms of number and types
  16. 16. YRCC- ACEDPYellow River Health Assessment and Environment Flow Research River health assessment and environmental flow methodologies developed is of great help to China’s practice Identification of suitable river health indicators and preparation of river health report cards  Field works, training and workshops have improved the capacity building Provide advice and policy recommendations on e-flows, water allocation and basin planning methods based on international reviews.
  17. 17. 17
  18. 18. Healthy River framework Indicator groups“Healthy Indicators of the Yellow River”• Flow continuity Hydrology• Channel configuration for water and Geomorphology sediment transportation Water quality• Water quality standard• River ecosystem Ecology• Water supply capacity Social-economic
  19. 19. River Health Index Social/Economic Environmental Indicators… Ecology Physical form Hydrology Water quality Wetland vegetation Fish (remote sensing) Invertebrates Primary Vegetation productivity Survey and Hydraulic modelling habitatPresentation HeadingPresentation Heading
  20. 20. Reaches and Assets River channel 4 3 Delta 2 wetlands Dongping Lake 1 ZhengzhouMengjin Kaifeng wetlandswetlands wetlands
  21. 21. Technical work• Acquire data• Establish metrics• Experiment with weightings• Work on presentation – Report card – Technical reports – Manuals
  22. 22. • YRCC established an environmental flow regime since 2000 – Minimum flows – Flows to maintain water quality – Sediment flushing flows – Flows for estuary and delta health• Many environmental flow studies have since been undertaken: – Basin-scale – Single asset focus – Hydrology-only – Holistic
  23. 23. Regulation phases 35 post-XiaolangdiCumulative dam active storage capacity (109 m 3) 30 post-Longyangxia 25 20 15 10 post-Sanmenxia pre- 5 Sanmenxia Liujiaxia 0 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
  24. 24. Trend in water use Irrigated area Water utilised 600 350 Mean water utilised (108 m 3/year)Land under irrigation (104 ha) 500 300 250 400 200 300 Lower reaches Lower reaches 150 Middle reaches Middle reaches 200 100 Upper reaches Upper reaches 100 50 0 0 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Decade Decade
  25. 25. Natural trend – climate change 120 Is this suitable for reference hydrology?Lijin annual natural discharge (109 m 3) 100 61.7 x 109 m3 80 43.9 x 109 m3 60 40 20 0 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
  26. 26. No drying-up Cumulative annual days of cease to f low Lijin Annual peak cease to f low spell duration 350Days of cease to flow 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Xiaolangdi Dam
  27. 27. River health hydrology index• The reference – The environmental flow components • Baseflows • Flow pulses • Sediment flushing• The test – In any year, to what extent were the components met? • Score, 0 = not met at all; 1 = fully met; 0 – 1 = partially met • Test: frequency, duration, magnitude, rate of rise and fall
  28. 28. Environmental Flow Restoration Actions 1998-2011• Legal measures, Public Consultation,• Technical measures – Water Allocation Scheme 58 bcm=37+21 bcm (EF) – Remote control and Real time control• Artificial Floods• Flushing river sediments• Flood plain and wetlands restoration• Improve river morphology and Reduce flood risk• Ecological restoration
  29. 29. Water Quantity and Water Quality• Continuous river flow restored in 1997, river dried for 226 days since 1998, the river has flow continuously for 12 years• Water quality improved• Legislation of water pollution control• Pollution reduction and cleaner production Tech.• Monitoring and supervision enhanced• Water quality trends of mainstream of the Yellow River in 2002-2006
  30. 30. Wetlands eco-system• habitat of the fishes and migration birds• recovered from the dry up periods 2001 2009 NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS, and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
  31. 31. International Yellow River Forum Oct. 16, 2012, Zhengzhou ,China Keeping Healthy Life of the Rivers