T s3 gh3_vinod tare

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  • T s3 gh3_vinod tare

    1. 1. September 26-29, 201114th International SymposiumBrisbane, Australia Preparation of Ganga River Basin Environment Management Plan by IIT IIT IIT IIT IIT IIT IIT Bombay Delhi Guwahati Kanpur Kharagpur Madras Roorkee SWaRA WWF-India NEERI CFRI BESU DU ISI Kolkata IT BHU JNU PU … … … Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    2. 2. Ganga River Basin and the River Ganga • Bhagirathi originates from the ice caves at Gaumukh (N 30º55´, E 79º7´) at an elevation of 4100 m. • Alaknanda, originates U/S of Badrinath (N 30º44´, E 79º41´) at an altitude of 3123 m. • These two meet at Devprayag. Ganga River Basin: 907,000 sq km; Nepal, India and Bangladesh Covering 11 States in India Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    3. 3. Upper Ganga Segment (UGS) 294 km UP to Rishikesh in Hilly Terrain Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    4. 4. Upper Ganga Segment (UGS)  Flows on steep and narrow bed, mostly rocks and boulders.  Carries cold water, is subjected to much less anthropogenic pollution.  Has highly sensitive and fragile ecosystem and biodiversity, and  Most importantly considered to have potential for harnessing hydropower. Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    5. 5. Hydroelectric Projects in Bhagirathi River Basin Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    6. 6. Hydroelectric Projects in Alaknanda River Basin Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    7. 7. Middle and Lower Ganga Segment (UGS) Middle Ganga≈ 1071 km Rishikesh to Varanasi Lower Ganga ≈ 1145 km Varanasi to Ganga Sagar Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    8. 8. Middle Ganga Segment (MGS)  Enters and flows in plains, meandering mostly on bed of fine sand.  Has wide river bed and flood plain, and  Most importantly modified through human interventions in terms of huge quantities of water diversion/abstraction and subjected to high degree of pollutant loads from domestic, industrial and agricultural activities. Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    9. 9. Lower Ganga Segment (LGS) River has experienced considerable changes in the sediment transport and deposition. Causes wide spread flooding. Undergoes frequent changes in her channel path, and Most importantly is subjected to international disputes on flows and interventions made and/or are being carried out/planned. Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    10. 10. MoA between IITs (MHRD) & MoEF for Preparing Ganga River Basin Environment Management Plan (GRB EMP) Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    11. 11. Our Mandate Prepare GRB-EMP which will restore Wholesomeness of the River Ganga Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    12. 12. Belief The qualities of the Ganga water are: Coolness, sweetness, transparency, high tonic property, wholesomeness, potability, ability toremove evils, ability to resuscitate from swoon caused by dehydration, digestive property and ability to retain wisdom Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    13. 13. Challenge Protecting the river system Continuously flow ( ) Un-polluted Flow ( ) Longitudinal, lateral and vertical connectivity Adequate space for various river functions Ecological entity Adequate provision of soil, water and energy Growing population, urbanization, industrialization and agriculture Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    14. 14. Our PhilosophyCan not afford to Experiment with River Like Ganga! Precautionary Principles must apply wherever knowledge gaps and uncertainties exist Apply modern science and new technologies but with traditional wisdom Gyan Dhara + Jana Gyan Supportive Capacity and Assimilative Capacity Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    15. 15. Our Strategy Thought Process: Whole to Parts Working: Parts to Whole Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    16. 16. Our Approach Geomorphological Changes: Erosion, Sediment Transport/Deposition And Floods Water Resource ManagementRiver with unique Ecosystem and Biodiversity Gangotri Ganga Sagar Environmental Quality and Socio-Cultural Heritage Pollution
    17. 17. GRB EMP : Concept Map EQP WRM Literature GRB FGM (SOA) EMP Methodolog ENB y * (MTH) SEC Main Area Data PLG s (DAT)Docume GDM Analysis nt COM (ANL) PIC EFL Suggestions & Recommendations (S&R) Nirmal Dhara Aviral Dhara Ecological Goals & Restoratio Navigation &Objectives n River Course Recreation Work Development Water Resource Sustainable Packages Development Flood Agriculture Financial Layout prevention Strategy Implementatio Monitoring n Schedule Mechanisms
    18. 18. Point Wastes Non Point Solid Liquid (non-point) Domestic Agriculture (non-point) Industrial Old Cities Villages New Sewage Collection Treatment Small Drains Open Defecation Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    19. 19. The Mantra: Thirteen actions are prohibited on approaching the scared waters of the Ganga, namely: Defecation Ablutions Discharge of wastewater Throwing of used floral offerings Rubbing of filth Body shampooing Frolicking Acceptance of donations Obscenity Offering of inappropriate praises or even hymns in a incorrect way Discarding of garments Beating and Swimming across, in particular Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    20. 20. Unpolluted Zero Flow Discharge Cynical Unsatisfactory STP Attitude Performance Expensive/Unaffordable/ Energy Extensive ULBs ! Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    21. 21. Why ZLD and Reuse/Recycle? Monthly Flow in Indian Rivers 50000 Ganga at Farakka 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 1500 1000 Kosi at Turkeghat Flow (Cumecs) 500 0 2000 Karnali at Benighat 1000 0 6000 4000 Narmada at Garudeshwar 2000 0 20000 Godavari at Polavaram 10000 0 Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    22. 22. Why ZLD and Reuse/Recycle? Monthly Flow in Rivers Flowing Through Western Countries 600 Seine at Paris 400 200 0 2000 Nile at El Ekhsase 1000 0 Flow (Cumecs) 30 Colorado at Yuma, Arizona 20 10 0 30000 Mississippi at Vicksburg 20000 10000 0 300000 Amazon at Obidos 200000 100000 0 Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    23. 23. Why ZLD and Reuse/Recycle? Monthly Rainfall & Number of Rainy Days in Ganga Basin 350 Uttar Pradesh 14 Bihar 350 14 No. of rainy days 300 12 No. of rainy daysRainfall (mm) 300 12 250 10 250 10 Rainfall (mm) 200 8 200 8 150 6 150 6 100 4 100 4 50 2 50 2 0 0 0 0 Rainfall No. of rainy days Rainfall No. of rainy days 350 West Bengal 20 18 No. of rainy days 300 Rainfall (mm) 16 250 14 200 12 10 150 8 100 6 4 50 2 0 0 Rainfall No. of rainy days Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    24. 24. "Environmental Flows are a regime of flow in a river or stream that describes the temporal and spatial variation in quantity and quality of water required for freshwater as well as estuarine systems to perform their natural ecological functions (including sediment transport) and support the spiritual, cultural and livelihood activities that depend on these ecosystems" Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    25. 25. E-Flows Concept Flood Year Normal Year Discharge E-Flow, Normal Year Drought E-Flow, Drought Year Jan Mar Feb Apr Jun Jul Aug May Oct Nov Dec Sep
    26. 26. • Building Block Methodology• Considerations • Geomorphology • Ecosystem Requirements • Socio-Cultural Requirements • Livelihood and Water Quality? Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    27. 27. E-Flows Locations S No Site Latitude, N Longitude, E 01 Jainwala 30°4413.50" 78°219.85" 02 D/S Koteshwar Dam 30° 923.60" 78°366.78" 03 Kaudiliya 30° 424.54" 78°302.60" 04 U/S Rishikesh 30° 83.34" 78°2028.99" 05 Balawali 29°388.60" 78° 626.27" 06 Garhmukteshwar 28°4712.07" 78° 811.68" 07 Kachlaghat 27°555.52" 78°5231.66" 08 Bithoor Ghat, Kanpur 26°3740.44" 80°1628.46" 09 Fatehpur 26° 215.92" 80°5118.91" 10 Sitamari 25°1410.95" 82°1924.38" Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    28. 28. E-Flows: Locations S No Site Latitude, N Longitude, E 08 Bithoor Ghat, Kanpur 26°3740.44" 80°1628.46" 09 Fatehpur 26° 215.92" 80°5118.91" 10 Sitamari 25°1410.95" 82°1924.38" 11 Maner 25°431.91" 84°509.93" 12 Ganga bridge 25°3549.70" 85°1435.34" 13 Bhagalpur 25°1553.88" 87° 157.30" 14 D/S Kursela 25°2413.39" 87°2829.27" 15 U/S Farakka 24°569.51" 87°5535.31" 16 U/S Dhulian 24°4141.53" 87°5643.45" 17 U/S Murshidabad 24°1148.50" 88°1533.50" 18 Katwa 23°3833.23" 88° 844.36" 19 Kalna 23°1323.47" 88°2158.99" Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    29. 29. Water Reduce Resources Momentum –Management Sediment Control Ground Water Recharge and Distributed Enhance Base Storage Flow Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    30. 30. Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    31. 31. Gangotri Main Stem To Flowing FarakkaFluxex of C, N, P, S Fresh Tributaries Mass balance Artificial water Storages/Pondages Natural Farakka to Gangasagar Transport of Elements Estuarine Hoogly - Matlah Features of biochemical Cycling Permanent Wetlands Interactions Functional Subsystems Transient Components Diara Lands Energitics Terrestrial Riparian Production Consumptio Cultivated n Ecosystems in Ganga Basin Forests Grasslands / Scrublands Structural Components Phytobenthos Nutrient Producers s Phytoplankton Abiotic Biotic Macrophytes Salanity Chemical Consumer ZooplanktonDecomposables Characteristi s Macroinvertibates Recalcitran cs Fish t Flow Habitat Vertibrates Sediment Higher Vertibrates Dissolve Gases Decomposers Zoobanthos Load Toxicant Aquatic s Culturable Bacterial Fungus Non Culturable Extra Aquatic Metals Pesticides Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    32. 32. Demand Cropping OrganicManagement Pattern Farming Irrigation Methods Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    33. 33. National River ! Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    34. 34. River Valley Margin Permissible Space and Active Activities Flood Plain Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    35. 35. Ganga Basin Information and Communication Network Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
    36. 36. River Basin Preparation of September 26-29, 2011 Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, Australia INDIA
    37. 37. Thank You ! Preparation of September 26-29, 2011Dr Vinod Tare GANGA RIVER BASIN ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Brisbane, AustraliaINDIA
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