State planning policy for heathy waters, greame milligan
State Planning Policyfor Healthy Waters
SPP Cover and start details The SPP: Commences May Reviewed in 5 years Expires in 10 years
Why the SPP was developedProblems - Drivers • Poorly designed & managed urban development – report card, SoE • Rising cost to the community • Greater development pressures • Different rules - local government • WQIPs – protect reef WQ
A big problem – poor erosion and sediment control …
… leading to downstream sediment impacts like these …
Background: The SPP and Qld water legislation • The Environmental Protection Act 1994 requires environmental values (EVs) to be identified and protected in consultation with the community • EVs for water: – described in the Environmental Protection (Water) Policy 2009 – – part of water resource planning under the Water Act 2000 – supported by technical water quality guidelines
Environmental values• EVs are the values or uses that are important for healthy ecosystems or for public benefit, welfare, safety or health• All waters (tidal and non-tidal, lakes, wetlands, groundwater) have EVs• EVs include: – aquatic ecosystem health (four levels of protection) – aquaculture and human consumption of aquatic foods – agricultural uses (e.g. stock watering and irrigation) – recreational uses (e.g. swimming, wading, boating, fishing and aesthetic) – drinking water (raw water supply) – industrial uses (e.g. power generation, mining and manufacturing) – cultural and spiritual values
High ecological value (HEV)– maintain natural values/condition (HEV WQ objectives Aquatic Ecosystems Slightly disturbed (SD) value– maintain current condition & progressively improve towards HEV 4 levels of protection and Moderately disturbed (MD)– maintain WQ (where better than WQ management intent objectives, or improve WQ to achieve WQ objectives for moderately disturbed system Highly disturbed (HD)– halt decline & progressively improve WQ over time
Environmental Values - Environmental Human values & uses Values - ‘Human’ values & uses Irrigation Farm Supply Aquaculture Stock Drinking Water Human consumption of wild/ stocked fish or crustaceansPrimary recreation: Visual recreation:Swimming, Aesthetic appreciationWindsurfing, Rafting Secondary recreation: Boating, Fishing, Wading Cultural and Cultural and Spiritual Values Spiritual Values Drinking Water Industrial use
Role of the SPP HW• Make clear State’s interest in land use planning for WQ – Embed environmental values into land use planning• Guide planning instruments and development decisions to reduce impacts on water quality from urban development.• Greater consistency throughout Queensland.• Site WQ outcomes WQOs in the waterway –Stormwater quality design objectives –Erosion and sediment control WQ outcomes
Outcome sought by the SPP HW Development is planned, designed, constructed, and operated to manage stormwater and waste water in ways that protect the environmental values specified in the EPP Water 2009.
The SPP in relation to water sensitive urban design (WSUD) andtotal water cycle management (TWCM) Total water cycle management Water sensitive urban design Water cycle Potable water conservation Wastewater management Stormwater management Groundwater management • Demand • Demand • Rain/stormwater • Groundwater management management harvesting and quality management • Stormwater reuse • Stormwater reuse reuse • Groundwater • Water reuse • Water reuse • Stormwater quantity oGreywater oGreywater quality management improvement oReclaimed oReclaimed • Stormwater flow • Infiltration inflow management reduction • Waste water flow and quality
SPP HW does not • apply to a single detached building or • building works or plumbing and drainage works or • apply to Environmentally Relevant Activities or • deal in all aspects of TWCM or WSUD
WQ issues addressed? urban stormwater quality and flow • aim: clean up and slow down frequent small flows small development with waste water coastal algal blooms development involving urban lakes supported by: Urban Stormwater Planning Guidelines • construction (ESC) and operational (WSD) phase design objectives to reduce sediment and nutrients loads • local stormwater quality planning guidance
When does SPP HW apply?• Making or amending planning instruments e.g. regional Plans & local government plans• Assessing development applications for urban purposes if: > 2500m2 or 6 dwellings small-scale development is discharging waste water• Designating land for community infrastructure.
What planning provisions apply?• Zoning compatible with landscape/WQOs• Planning instruments compatible with any Env Plans - EPP Water• Avoid draining directly to High Ecological Value (HEV) areas – EPP maps• Reflect DA Code provisions
What development assessment provisions apply? • A development assessment code is included • States performance outcome required • A range of acceptable solutions is possible • Covers Stormwater quality and flow – design objectives Waste water – hierarchy (avoid, minimise etc), coastal algal blooms Urban lakes – design and management
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