Sanitation and CLTS has become as synonyms but we address beyond that mobilising broad range of stakeholders.
Most of the countries will easily achieve the MDG target but the challenge is to achieve their universal target with the current pace of progress.
1) (in Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Nepal, Bhutan)2) (all) and chambres of commerce (Nepal)3) Vietnam, Laos, (Thai, Hmong)- (Vietnam)New actors, means new ideas and new energyPreparation for the multi stakeholder forum in Dien Bien included consultations with government partners to sensitise them to the concept and process including its inclusive strategies. Specific group meetings were facilitated in advance with the ethnic minority communities (Thai and H’Mong) and women’s group to support them develop their message to communicate in the forum.
Practical Entry Points for Improving Governance for Rural Sanitation and Hygiene
Practical Entry Points for Improving Governance for Rural Sanitation and Hygiene <br />Bimal TANDUKAR, Robert DEUTSCH, <br />PHAM QUANG Nam, Kencho WANGDI, Vanny SUON<br />SNV Asia and IRC<br />
Sustainable sanitation and hygiene for all<br />
Contradicting approaches, duplication and isolated efforts<br />Unaligned subsidy schemes hamper progress <br />What issues do we need to address?<br />
<ul><li>Support mechanisms do not reach to marginalised groups</li></li></ul><li>Sustainability and Hygiene behaviourchange<br />Increasing toilet coverage but challenges are<br /><ul><li>Quality and hygienic use
Too much focus on ODF, little attention on post ODF</li></li></ul><li>Coordination and local leadership <br />Joint planning and monitoring at various levels<br />Introducing pro-poor support<br />What are entry points?<br />
Coordination, local leadership and bringing in new actors…<br />Besides line agencies:<br />Provincial and district authorities<br />Private sector <br /><ul><li>Civil society: women’s union,
Religious leaders </li></li></ul><li>Joint planning and monitoring at various levels<br />Common framework<br />Mainstream into govt plan<br />Minimal indicators : QIS <br />Monitoring between <br />peer groups (Wards, Villages)<br />Verification by authorities<br />
Introducing and discussing pro-poor support<br />Start with remote and poor districts, and communities<br />Sensitise government partners: access for all and inclusive strategies.<br />Empower ethnic groups, women or other right holder groups to raise their voice in sector discussions.<br /><ul><li>Support poorest through link to existing rural employment schemes</li></li></ul><li>How to create momentum for sanitation?<br />Pilots don’t progress: ..need scale to get interest from more partners and government<br />Participatory monitoring with clear indicators provides clarity and direction <br />Local stakeholder do commit to sanitation and find solutions.<br />Conclusion<br />
Monitoring of progress on multi-stakeholder sector development (QIS scale)<br />
Business model developed by Kalikot District WASH committee, Nepal(In practice since Feb 2011)<br />Cooperative<br />Retail shops/ Companies<br />Support mechanism Govt or NGO projects<br />Subsidy on Cash<br />Operational guideline for service delivery mechanism<br />And<br />agreement paper<br />done<br />Outlet for sale<br />Operational guideline for service delivery system<br />And <br />agreement paper<br />done<br />Subsidy on kind:<br />SanitationMaterials <br />Fund collected from sale of sanitation material (pan/pipes subsidy) or cash subsidy are utilised for post construction and upgrade unimproved (temporary) toilets into improved<br />V-WASH decide after ODF declaration<br />