Institutional sustainability and cross-sectoral coordination for effective delivery of RWSS

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WASH 2011 conference: Ha Thanh and Le Thieu Song

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Institutional sustainability and cross-sectoral coordination for effective delivery of RWSS

  1. 1. National Target Program with Institutional Sustainability and cross – sectoral coodination<br />Msc. Ha Thanh Hang/Msc. Le Thieu Son<br />Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development - Vietnam<br />Brisbane, Australia<br />
  2. 2. Brief on Vietnam<br />Land area : 331.114 km2<br />Border: China, Cambodia and Laos.<br />Capital: Hanoi.<br />Population: ~ 87 million.<br />GDP by sector: <br /> + Agriculture: 23%<br /> + Industry: 38,5%<br /> + Services: 38,5%<br />Sector coverage (2010):<br />+ Water supply: 83%<br />+ Sanitation: 60%<br />
  3. 3. I. National Target Program (NTP)<br /> - NTP for Rural Water and Sanitation Sector (RWSS) in Vietnam is a cross sectoral institutional framework to achieve the MDG goals and national strategy for RWSS.<br /> - Sectoral coordination between MARD, MOH, MOET, MOF... MARD is the lead organization<br /> - Vietnam just completed NTP II (2006-2010) and in the process of getting approval from the GOVN for NTP III (2011-2015).<br />
  4. 4. II. Regulations in the RWSS sector <br />Law on Water Resources.<br />National Strategy for RWSS to the year 2020.<br />Decision No.135/2009/QĐ-TTG for management of National Target Programs. <br />Gov’ Decision No.277/2006/QD-TTG for approval ofRWSS National Target Program 2006-2010 (NTP II) and NTP II is main channel to achieve the National Strategy.<br />
  5. 5. GOVERNMENT<br />MARD<br />MOH<br />MOET<br />MPI<br />MOF<br />OTHER MINISTRIES<br />PPCs<br />DARD<br />DOH<br />DOET<br />DPI<br />OTHERS<br />DISTRICT PCs<br />FUNCTIONAL<br />DIVISIONS<br />CPCs<br />III. Institutional framework of RWSS sector Organizational chart of NTP II<br />1. Central level: Ministries<br />2. Provincial level: Departments<br />3. District level<br />4. Commune level<br />
  6. 6. III. Institutional framework of RWSS sector Cross-sectoral coordination of NTP II<br />NTP II - a national program with cross sectoral coordination; clear tasks and close collaboration amongst 3 key Ministries (i.e. MARD, MOH, MOET) and 3 provincial departments. Coordination Circular No.93 on division of tasks of 3 Ministries).<br />MARD is responsible for rural water supply and rural sanitation in general (i.e. waste management including animal wastes) ; MOH focuses on household latrines, water supply for clinics, and water quality management; MOET focuses on water supply and sanitation in schools.<br />
  7. 7. III. Institutional framework of RWSS sector<br />Steering Committees established at Central and Provincial levels to promote management and coordination amongst sectors involved.<br />. Central level: make national plans, formulate policies; technical standards, guidelines…..<br />Provincial level: decide on investment allocation in the RWSS at the province<br />District and commune level: implement the provincial decision<br />Mass organization: participate mainly in the IEC and sometimes in micro-credit for the sector<br />
  8. 8. IV. RWSS National Target Program results up to 2010<br />d) Results on objectives:<br /><ul><li> RWSS facilities: 81% of schools, 82% of clinics,</li></ul> 70% of CPC offices.<br />
  9. 9. IV. RWSS National Target Program results up to 2010<br /> a. The coordination among 3 Ministries have been realized: Main offices of three Ministries have a meeting one a month for review all activities in each sectors; make plan for further activities and co-evaluate provincial activities<br />b. Improvement of the development of legal documents and guidance for implementation of regulations affecting the sector (i.e. joint circulars, tariff framework, technical standards, socialization decree…)<br />
  10. 10. IV. RWSS National Target Program results up to 2010<br />c) Diversification of funding sources:<br />
  11. 11. V. RWSS National Target Program Lessons Learnt<br />NTP carried out by various Ministries, agencies at central and local levels.<br /> Thus, important to have: i) due attention and direction from governments; ii) good collaboration amongst Ministries, agencies; iii) engagement of mass organizations; iv) proactive participation from the local government.<br />
  12. 12. V. RWSS National Target Program Lessons Learnt<br />It is not enough to have the central direction and coordination, it is critical that the Provincial Steering Committees should:<br />+ Proactively provide instructions to enhance cooperation amongst implementing units (particularly 3 key sectors).<br />+ Implement timely legal regulations and adapt them to local conditions.<br />
  13. 13. V. RWSS National Target Program Lessons Learnt<br />RWSS planning – an essential tool for development of short/medium and long term plans. Plan needs to be realistic and should be demand-driven<br />IEC activities are extremely important; network of local IEC collaborators plays important role in awareness-raising and drives behavior changes.<br />Management modalities are very important for sustainability, and therefore need to be addressed during investment period.<br />
  14. 14. PIPED WATER SYSTEM – AN APPROPRIATE MODEL<br />
  15. 15. IV. RWSS National Target Program IIIConstraints and challenges<br />Vietnam: 1 of 5 countries with hardest impacts from climate change and sea-level rise; frequent disasters, floods etc.<br />Large areas of natural geographic difficulties.<br />Large population of poor rural locals and ethnics<br />Regulations framework needs adjustment to become more suitable to the multiple involvement of various stakeholders<br />Attention to environment pollution in rural areas, including sanitation improvement, is still limited.<br />
  16. 16. IIV. Proposed RWSS National Target Program 2011-2015<br />Key objectives by the year 2015:<br /><ul><li>Water supply: 90% of hygienic water.</li></ul> HH sanitation: 70% of hygienic latrines.<br /> Public RWSS facilities: 100% of schools, clinics have RWSS facilities.<br />40% communes: garbage collection groups.<br />Continue to mitigate environmental pollution in trade villages.<br />
  17. 17. VIII. Proposed measures for RWSS National Target Program 2011-2015<br /> Proposed measures:<br />Improve legal environment, with particular focus on promotion of “socialization”<br />Focus on the improvement of organizational and implementation systems.<br />Improve coordination and mainstreaming amongst sectors, sectoral programs/projects and activities.<br />
  18. 18. IV. Proposed measures for RWSS National Target Program 2011-2015<br />Promote the delivery of training and capacity building activities for Program’s units.<br />Strengthen State government; develop national standards/norms, socio-economic norms etc.<br />Focus on the improvement of management, O&M of RWSS facilities towards sustainability.<br />
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  20. 20. THANK YOU <br />FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!!<br />

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