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WASH 2011 conference: Robert Apunyo

WASH 2011 conference: Robert Apunyo

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  • 2 out of the 10 Committee members are directly employed at the toilet. These earn a monthly salary. The other 6 receive only dividends. Community benefits: Between 2009 – 2010 the Committee has contributed to community development through provision of:Sports kits to the youth club.Medical kit to a primary school.Financial

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  • Commercialization of Public Toilets in Bulawayo City, Zimbabwe
    Robert APUNYO
    Research Fellow
    Public Affairs and Parliamentary Support Trust (PAPST)
    Zimbabwe
    rapuny@yahoo.co.uk
    Cell: +263 777 503 727 (Zimbabwe)
    +256 712 855 013 (Uganda)
  • OUTLINE
    • Introduction
    • Commercial Model
    • Impact of this model
    • Weaknesses of the model
    • Way forward
  • Map of Zimbabwe showing Bulawayo City
    • Economic sanctions fueled hyper-inflation to trillions% by 2008.
    • Bulawayo City has a population of about 2 million people.
  • METHODOLOGY
    • Key Informant Interviews:
    • City Council Officials (3)
    • Area Councillor (1)
    • Attendants of toilets (10)
    • Survey of toilet users [Exit polls](237)
  • Factors for Commercialization of Public Toilets
    • Failure of Bulawayo City Council (BCC) to maintain public toilets due to the hard economic situation – (closed some)
    • To curtail rampant vandalism of public toilets. Private operators provide security.
  • COMMERCIAL MODEL
    • In 2006 BCC passed a Resolution to lease out some of its 116 public toilets under the following conditions:
    In each area half of the toilets remain free for people who cannot pay for such services
    Lessees renovate and manage toilets at a fee, for 3 year terms – renewable
    A leased toilet pays USD 50 to BCC, monthly
    BCC maintains all the sewer infrastructure
  • Benefits of the Commercial Model
    • BCC receives a monthly revenue of about USD 500 from the 9 leased toilet blocks.
    • Protection of toilet facilities against vandals.
    • Helped keep the toilets open and usable.
    7
  • Benefits …
    Makokoba Community Pay Toilets:
    Donates sports kits to the local youth club
    Donates medical kits to primary schools.
    Furnished the Office of the area Councilor.
    Employment to private operators.
    8
  • PRACTICES THAT HAVE OCCURRED
    9
  • Practices that have occurred
    10
  • Practices that have occurred
    11
  • Practices that have occurred
    12
  • Demand for Public Toilets
    13
  • CHALLENGES OF THE MODEL
    Limited operational hours
    Lack of clear
    investment plan
    Some toilets are not economically viable for leasing.
    14
  • WAY FORWARD
    • Keep toilets open until business winds up in the respective areas.
    • Recommend for development of a clear toilet revenue investment plan.
    • Facilitate installation of toilet paper dispensing machines to keep the toilet paper inside toilets.
    15
  • Thank You
    16