WASH Conference MAY 2011<br />Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery<br />Lar...
Concept to help fulfill the Millennium Development Goals (G7) Time to think outside the box and explore new paradigms ?<br...
1.1 billion people are currently without access to clean drinking water, growing to 2.3 billion by 2015</li></ul>Water tre...
Presentation overview<br />Global issue of safe affordable potable water & sanitation<br />Why we need a realistic plan fo...
An urgent ethical and moral issue of  global proportions<br />Over 1.1 billion people in the world using potentially unsaf...
The “Bottom of the Pyramid” – The next 4 Billion<br />Source: World Resouces Institute, <br />Published 2007<br />
1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />Lets examine the “cost” issue from a new perspective <br />Decentralised Low cost potable wate...
The case for centralised networks<br />ADVANTAGES<br />Controlled and regulated CAPEX expenditure.<br />High level of publ...
Objectives for an affordable Safe Water Enterprise potable water system- “wish list”<br /><ul><li> Preferably one stop pro...
 Can offer “disinfection” capability
 Low capital cost – affordable on a per capita basis
 More importantly must have a  low operating cost
 Simple to operate and maintain
 Preferably use no power for processing/filtration
 No chemicals coagulants required
 No backwash with toxics, spent chemicals
 Lightweight, preferably rugged construction
 Preferably could be manufactured in developing countries
 Long service life no need for consumables or service backup
 Low skills required for operation
 Does not require automation and controls (manual operation)
 Could be relocated and redeployed (non civil based solution)</li></li></ul><li>Candidate technologies for  SWE’s<br />
Typical Costs for Potable SWE’s<br />Small village installations range from as low as US $5000. However, it is not unusual...
Small Water Enterprises- Decentralised Potable water<br />
Examples of distributed decentralised solutions :Skyhydrant<br />Low cost, lightweight housing, 18 kg<br />No power requir...
2   Crisis, Emergency & Disaster : Skyhydrant emergency supply<br />
SkyTower project for ASIAWATER India – May 2009<br />70 schools 2009-2010<br />Cambodia<br />Laos<br />India<br />
SkyTower self assembly – shipped in kit form (4 hours)<br />START<br />FINISH<br />
6  AQUHUB - packaged micro financed community water<br />
Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya<br />
Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya<br />
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Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery

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WASH 2011 conference: Larry James
Skyjuice Foundation

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Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery

  1. 1. WASH Conference MAY 2011<br />Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery<br />Larry James<br />Skyjuice Foundation<br />May 2011<br />Skyjuice Foundation<br />pure water for every child<br />Larry James – WASH Brisbane May 2011.<br />
  2. 2. Concept to help fulfill the Millennium Development Goals (G7) Time to think outside the box and explore new paradigms ?<br />Starting point<br />The broader need for action<br />Utilizeproven filtration systems for sustainable, suitable water solutions but “value engineer”<br /><ul><li>Some 4,500 children die every day due to the consequences of unsafe water and inadequate hygiene (>3 children every min. every day)
  3. 3. 1.1 billion people are currently without access to clean drinking water, growing to 2.3 billion by 2015</li></ul>Water treatment<br />Membrane technology<br />
  4. 4. Presentation overview<br />Global issue of safe affordable potable water & sanitation<br />Why we need a realistic plan for the provision of safe drinking water…i.e., closing the gap between rich and poor<br />Lack of safe water = poverty<br />Where is the real need – “Bottom of the Pyramid”<br />Challenges and where do we start<br />Concept solutions where new technologies <br /> are being utilised<br />Applications and some case studies of<br /> for cost and delievery options<br />
  5. 5. An urgent ethical and moral issue of global proportions<br />Over 1.1 billion people in the world using potentially unsafe water supplies. <br />This requires establishing new water supply services for about 375,000 people each day until 2015.<br />Centralized water & wastewater solutions have proven too expensive and cannot hope to address the issue.<br />Is there a role for safe, reliable & simple decentralised solutions ?<br />
  6. 6. The “Bottom of the Pyramid” – The next 4 Billion<br />Source: World Resouces Institute, <br />Published 2007<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. 1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />Lets examine the “cost” issue from a new perspective <br />Decentralised Low cost potable water and sanitation solutions need to support people in remote areas as well as peri-urban regions<br />Implement suitable but low-cost technology <br />Emergency short term can become medium term<br />Sustainable design suitable for community ownership <br />models & Safe Water Enterprise (SWE’s) micro finance<br />Plant has to be simple to operate and proven reliable<br />Cost & Pricing Challenges<br />
  9. 9. The case for centralised networks<br />ADVANTAGES<br />Controlled and regulated CAPEX expenditure.<br />High level of public safety and integrity.<br />Uniform service outcomes for all.<br />Regulated supply and “hygienic”<br />Revenue stream can be captured the assist with ongoing operations.<br />“trusted” outputs and delivered free<br />Lends itself to government( utility) control regulation and management.<br />DISADVANTAGES<br />Delays in donor funding and access to donor funds, donor obligations<br />Ability of user to pay and collection of revenue from customer base.<br />Allocations of treatment cost vs. pipes i.e., 80/20 % expenditure split<br />Lengthy period for approval, construction and commissioning.<br />Most solutions are site specific and application specific. <br />Allocation of headworks/connection fees and ongoing cost and consumption fees<br />Vandalism, Water theft and operability.<br />
  10. 10. Objectives for an affordable Safe Water Enterprise potable water system- “wish list”<br /><ul><li> Preferably one stop process
  11. 11. Can offer “disinfection” capability
  12. 12. Low capital cost – affordable on a per capita basis
  13. 13. More importantly must have a low operating cost
  14. 14. Simple to operate and maintain
  15. 15. Preferably use no power for processing/filtration
  16. 16. No chemicals coagulants required
  17. 17. No backwash with toxics, spent chemicals
  18. 18. Lightweight, preferably rugged construction
  19. 19. Preferably could be manufactured in developing countries
  20. 20. Long service life no need for consumables or service backup
  21. 21. Low skills required for operation
  22. 22. Does not require automation and controls (manual operation)
  23. 23. Could be relocated and redeployed (non civil based solution)</li></li></ul><li>Candidate technologies for SWE’s<br />
  24. 24. Typical Costs for Potable SWE’s<br />Small village installations range from as low as US $5000. However, it is not unusual for more substantial installations to cost upwards of USD $100,000. Some systems are supplying 20 litres of “safe” water daily for < $1 USD PA.<br />
  25. 25. Small Water Enterprises- Decentralised Potable water<br />
  26. 26. Examples of distributed decentralised solutions :Skyhydrant<br />Low cost, lightweight housing, 18 kg<br />No power required. Gravity fed and manual “spin” backwash. (no liquid or air)<br />Uses oxidant tolerant module PvdF<br />Single ended “dead end” filtration<br />Flow is water quality dependant (500 to1000 liters per hour)<br />Designed to supply 500 -1000 people per day per membrane module<br />Most surface water supplies can be used (non brackish) . No pretreatment required<br />Scalable design for larger capacities<br />Targets “critical” W.H.O. parameters <br />SkyHydrant is a patented device<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. 2 Crisis, Emergency & Disaster : Skyhydrant emergency supply<br />
  29. 29. SkyTower project for ASIAWATER India – May 2009<br />70 schools 2009-2010<br />Cambodia<br />Laos<br />India<br />
  30. 30. SkyTower self assembly – shipped in kit form (4 hours)<br />START<br />FINISH<br />
  31. 31. 6 AQUHUB - packaged micro financed community water<br />
  32. 32. Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya<br />
  33. 33. Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya<br />
  34. 34. Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya<br />
  35. 35. Dhaka - Community Ownership model (Korail Slums)<br />System:<br />1 units serves approx. 500<br />800 liters/hr production<br />Civil structure designed<br />8 person sit-down service area<br />Units sponsored by Siemens Bangladesh<br />
  36. 36. Case 4 - Philippines - The “mobile water vendor”<br />One unit to serve 10 villages within a 25 Km radius<br />Local operator moves Skyjuice unit on motorbike<br />Sets up unit for village to fill water bottles<br />Fee for service<br />
  37. 37. Case 5 – Various emergency and disaster response scenarios<br />Cyclones, Floods, Hurricanes<br />and Tsunami response<br />Bangladesh<br />Pakistan (1 & 2) <br />Oman<br />Mexico<br />Peru<br />Indonesia<br />Vietnam<br />Burma<br />China<br />Haiti <br />Chile<br />
  38. 38. Burma 2009<br />
  39. 39. Case 6 Refugee camps , IDP camps and medium term potable plants<br />Sri Lanka >150,000 EP - 4 camps<br />Pakistan > 10 installations<br />
  40. 40. Case 7 – Dedicated medium term IDP potable plants 25,000 EP Facility<br />Partner : IOM = International Office of Migration<br />Sri Lanka 2009 = 30 unit installation - 1 IDP camp<br />
  41. 41. Case 8 - Partner projects , Siemens Stiftung, Veoliaforce, Rotary, Nova Arche, OXFAM, World Vision, Asia Water, One Water<br />
  42. 42. Veolia Aquaforce 500 System – Skyjuice Partner<br />
  43. 43. Case 9 - Potable water for schools, clinics and hospitals - collaborative partnerships<br />Regional Partners have included: UNEP, OXFAM, World Vision, W.H.O. , Samaritans Purse, Asia Water, Rotary <br />Over 150 installations:<br />East Timor<br />Guatemala<br />Cambodia<br />Nepal<br />Fiji <br />India<br />Tanzania<br />Uganda<br />Sri Lanka<br />Philippines<br />Indonesia – Multiple towns<br />
  44. 44. SKYJUICE Since 1996 …<br />Over 850 units supplied in over 42 countries<br />Pure water from 50 cents per person per year (20 litres /day)<br />Over 20 partners<br />Working at the bottom of the <br /> pyramid<br />
  45. 45. Together we can change lives…today<br />.<br />The Skyjuice Foundation is an incorporated non profit charity based in Australia. It is not a commercial organisation<br />
  46. 46. Thank you<br />www.skyjuice.com.au<br />Larry James<br />Director<br />Skyjuice Foundation Incorporated<br />Mobile: +61 418 156617<br />larryrjames@gmail.com<br />.<br />

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