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Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery



WASH 2011 conference: Larry James

WASH 2011 conference: Larry James
Skyjuice Foundation



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Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery Presentation Transcript

  • WASH Conference MAY 2011
    Alternatives to Public Sector Financing Looking Beyond Centralised Service Delivery
    Larry James
    Skyjuice Foundation
    May 2011
    Skyjuice Foundation
    pure water for every child
    Larry James – WASH Brisbane May 2011.
  • Concept to help fulfill the Millennium Development Goals (G7) Time to think outside the box and explore new paradigms ?
    Starting point
    The broader need for action
    Utilizeproven filtration systems for sustainable, suitable water solutions but “value engineer”
    • Some 4,500 children die every day due to the consequences of unsafe water and inadequate hygiene (>3 children every min. every day)
    • 1.1 billion people are currently without access to clean drinking water, growing to 2.3 billion by 2015
    Water treatment
    Membrane technology
  • Presentation overview
    Global issue of safe affordable potable water & sanitation
    Why we need a realistic plan for the provision of safe drinking water…i.e., closing the gap between rich and poor
    Lack of safe water = poverty
    Where is the real need – “Bottom of the Pyramid”
    Challenges and where do we start
    Concept solutions where new technologies
    are being utilised
    Applications and some case studies of
    for cost and delievery options
  • An urgent ethical and moral issue of global proportions
    Over 1.1 billion people in the world using potentially unsafe water supplies.
    This requires establishing new water supply services for about 375,000 people each day until 2015.
    Centralized water & wastewater solutions have proven too expensive and cannot hope to address the issue.
    Is there a role for safe, reliable & simple decentralised solutions ?
  • The “Bottom of the Pyramid” – The next 4 Billion
    Source: World Resouces Institute,
    Published 2007
  • 1
    Lets examine the “cost” issue from a new perspective
    Decentralised Low cost potable water and sanitation solutions need to support people in remote areas as well as peri-urban regions
    Implement suitable but low-cost technology
    Emergency short term can become medium term
    Sustainable design suitable for community ownership
    models & Safe Water Enterprise (SWE’s) micro finance
    Plant has to be simple to operate and proven reliable
    Cost & Pricing Challenges
  • The case for centralised networks
    Controlled and regulated CAPEX expenditure.
    High level of public safety and integrity.
    Uniform service outcomes for all.
    Regulated supply and “hygienic”
    Revenue stream can be captured the assist with ongoing operations.
    “trusted” outputs and delivered free
    Lends itself to government( utility) control regulation and management.
    Delays in donor funding and access to donor funds, donor obligations
    Ability of user to pay and collection of revenue from customer base.
    Allocations of treatment cost vs. pipes i.e., 80/20 % expenditure split
    Lengthy period for approval, construction and commissioning.
    Most solutions are site specific and application specific.
    Allocation of headworks/connection fees and ongoing cost and consumption fees
    Vandalism, Water theft and operability.
  • Objectives for an affordable Safe Water Enterprise potable water system- “wish list”
    • Preferably one stop process
    • Can offer “disinfection” capability
    • Low capital cost – affordable on a per capita basis
    • More importantly must have a low operating cost
    • Simple to operate and maintain
    • Preferably use no power for processing/filtration
    • No chemicals coagulants required
    • No backwash with toxics, spent chemicals
    • Lightweight, preferably rugged construction
    • Preferably could be manufactured in developing countries
    • Long service life no need for consumables or service backup
    • Low skills required for operation
    • Does not require automation and controls (manual operation)
    • Could be relocated and redeployed (non civil based solution)
  • Candidate technologies for SWE’s
  • Typical Costs for Potable SWE’s
    Small village installations range from as low as US $5000. However, it is not unusual for more substantial installations to cost upwards of USD $100,000. Some systems are supplying 20 litres of “safe” water daily for < $1 USD PA.
  • Small Water Enterprises- Decentralised Potable water
  • Examples of distributed decentralised solutions :Skyhydrant
    Low cost, lightweight housing, 18 kg
    No power required. Gravity fed and manual “spin” backwash. (no liquid or air)
    Uses oxidant tolerant module PvdF
    Single ended “dead end” filtration
    Flow is water quality dependant (500 to1000 liters per hour)
    Designed to supply 500 -1000 people per day per membrane module
    Most surface water supplies can be used (non brackish) . No pretreatment required
    Scalable design for larger capacities
    Targets “critical” W.H.O. parameters
    SkyHydrant is a patented device
  • 2 Crisis, Emergency & Disaster : Skyhydrant emergency supply
  • SkyTower project for ASIAWATER India – May 2009
    70 schools 2009-2010
  • SkyTower self assembly – shipped in kit form (4 hours)
  • 6 AQUHUB - packaged micro financed community water
  • Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya
  • Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya
  • Slide prepared courtesy of David Maina- Pureflow Kenya
  • Dhaka - Community Ownership model (Korail Slums)
    1 units serves approx. 500
    800 liters/hr production
    Civil structure designed
    8 person sit-down service area
    Units sponsored by Siemens Bangladesh
  • Case 4 - Philippines - The “mobile water vendor”
    One unit to serve 10 villages within a 25 Km radius
    Local operator moves Skyjuice unit on motorbike
    Sets up unit for village to fill water bottles
    Fee for service
  • Case 5 – Various emergency and disaster response scenarios
    Cyclones, Floods, Hurricanes
    and Tsunami response
    Pakistan (1 & 2)
  • Burma 2009
  • Case 6 Refugee camps , IDP camps and medium term potable plants
    Sri Lanka >150,000 EP - 4 camps
    Pakistan > 10 installations
  • Case 7 – Dedicated medium term IDP potable plants 25,000 EP Facility
    Partner : IOM = International Office of Migration
    Sri Lanka 2009 = 30 unit installation - 1 IDP camp
  • Case 8 - Partner projects , Siemens Stiftung, Veoliaforce, Rotary, Nova Arche, OXFAM, World Vision, Asia Water, One Water
  • Veolia Aquaforce 500 System – Skyjuice Partner
  • Case 9 - Potable water for schools, clinics and hospitals - collaborative partnerships
    Regional Partners have included: UNEP, OXFAM, World Vision, W.H.O. , Samaritans Purse, Asia Water, Rotary
    Over 150 installations:
    East Timor
    Sri Lanka
    Indonesia – Multiple towns
  • SKYJUICE Since 1996 …
    Over 850 units supplied in over 42 countries
    Pure water from 50 cents per person per year (20 litres /day)
    Over 20 partners
    Working at the bottom of the
  • Together we can change lives…today
    The Skyjuice Foundation is an incorporated non profit charity based in Australia. It is not a commercial organisation
  • Thank you
    Larry James
    Skyjuice Foundation Incorporated
    Mobile: +61 418 156617