Integrated Flood Management Project


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Integrated Flood Management Project

  1. 1. David Dulo VIRED International Training on climate change adaptation and mitigation
  2. 2. Introduction Description Location Map The project is located within Nyando and Nyakach Districts of Kisumu County The implementing agency is Victoria Institute for Research on Environment and Development (VIRED) International. Collaborating agency is CARE Kenya Location Map of the Flood prone areas in the Nyando River Basin ICCA Location Map of the Flood prone areas in the Nyando River Basin
  3. 3. Photos of displaced residents in a slum area Submerged hut in western Kenya
  4. 4. Background problem What was the problem Impacts of the problem Nyando River Basin is known for two main issues as far as climate change is concerned:- namely, drought and flooding. The rampant deforestation in the middle and upper part of the catchment has led to changes to the weather pattern and lack of vegetative cover and poor agricultural practices have led to heavy soil erosion. Heavy Soil erosion overtopping of the River Nyando at the lower basin resulting heavy flooding. Low crop yields due to changes in climate and erosion. Lack of water for domestic and livestock use during dry spell
  5. 5. Road destroyed by floods Bridge washed away by floods
  6. 6. Initiation and Financing How was it started? How was it funded? In September 2004, VIRED in collaboration with CARE Kenya initiated a Integrated Flood Management Project; seeking to reduce the effects of flooding and reclamation of the flood plains back to agricultural use . Resources both structural and non-structural measures was needed. Donor funding (with supplement from the Kenyan Government) USAID funded.
  7. 7. Project interventions Priority issues addressed Targeted achievement Organization of the community members at location level in flood control teams with their officials in place. Identification and prioritization of the most hit areas needing urgent intervention. Establishing linkages with relevant government ministries/departments Reduction of the effects of displacement due to flooding on households by 25% . Reclamation of flooding plains back into agricultural use. Improving agricultural practices to boost production.
  8. 8. Structural Measures Drainage Canal Irrigation Canal
  9. 9. What was actual achievement? Project Achievement Evidence of achievement Reduction in displacement due to flooding of households Empowerment of community on flood mitigation measures (structural and non-structural). Reclamation of flood plains back to agricultural use Introduction of new horticultural crops into the project area. Reduced effects (displacements and crop destruction ) due to flooding. Water retention ponds and canals dug. New crops (water melons, butternut, sweet pepper, Basmati rice, tomatoes)harvested from the reclaimed plains.
  10. 10. Lessons Success Challenging Capacity building of the community members to mitigated the effects of flooding. Bottom-top approach to addressing environmental challenges.  Integration of environmental challenges into developmental programs  The interference by the political leaders as they try to take control of the flood control committees through their supporters.  Rifts between the chiefs and the flood committees with an aim to gain influence.  Lack of support from the Government side in donating culverts and murram for rehabilitated rural access roads.  High turn up for work by the community members against limited chances available  Boundary disputes when working through homesteads or farms while making canals
  11. 11. Water Retention Pond Collaboration between government officials and Project team
  12. 12. Innovation / Originality <<< describe any decision or activity done outside the norm that was critical for the success or failure> Intervention by the project to save the rice crop during a dispute with the water provider on payment. Linking the farmers with the key market players (Nakumatt Supermarket) to sell their produce directly.