1. Structure of the revised CMS
A summary of the chapters of the CMS that deal with water resources management issues in each
catchment area are as follows:
Chapter 1: Introduction which provides an overview, rationale of the CMS, the
formulation process and structure of the CMS. An evaluation of the lapsed CMS is
included for the purpose of assessing its implementation and achievements.
Chapter 2: Policy, Vision, Mission and Key Principles- This chapter provides the
policy and legal background for the development of the CMSs. The fundamental
principles of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) are also included.
Chapter 3: Basin characterization- Provides an overview of baseline physiographical
condition of the catchment, and gives an assessment of key issues and challenges facing
the Region. The catchment is characterized in order to prioritize sub catchment areas for
intervention measures together with stakeholders.
Chapter 4: Management approaches- Presents management approaches that are
considered appropriate for progressive improvement of the catchment status. The basis
for determining the management units for the CMS is outlined and the water resources
within the catchment classified in terms of quality for equitable allocation for various
Chapter 5: Water balance and demand management – Provides water balance status
within the catchment with respect to availability of the resources and demand. It further
shows that the water balance has to consider the Reserve as well as the future water
demands and needs for storage and transfers
Chapter 6: Water allocation and use management-Describes the approaches to ensure
sustainable and equitable allocation of various water uses. The related strategies for
efficient and transparent allocation are included.
Chapter 7: Water resources protection-Describes the approach and options adopted in
order to protect the water resources and the water bodies with respect to the holistic
characteristics of the water resources. Emphasis in this chapter is on implementing the
strategy to safeguard the quantity and the quality of the Reserve. Particular focus is given
on water quality and pollution prevention.
Chapter 8: Catchment conservation and protection- Deals with appropriate catchment
management for sustainable yield of quality water. The main focus is to control
catchment degradation in order to safeguard water quality and quantity. This is in line
with the constitutional provision that everyone has a right to clean and safe water in
Chapter 9: Flood and drought management- Describes the general concept of water-
related disaster management, which includes floods and droughts. The underlying issues
of vulnerability and risks to flooding and droughts are also highlighted.
Chapter 10: Climate change adaptation- Provides strategy for mainstreaming climate
change adaptation measures in water resources management and creating climate change
Chapter 11: Water resources infrastructure development- Provides details on the
strategy for water infrastructure development regulation with emphasis on safety of the
Chapter 12: Rights based approaches- Identifies specific aspects of rights based issues
that are water related and which should be taken into account within the context of the
catchment water allocation planning. The focus for a rights-based approach is centred on
equity in water allocation.
Chapter 13: Livelihood management- Provides strategy to support livelihood projects
that enhance the income for local groups who are collaborating with WRMA on water
resources management. It is designed to appreciate the time and resources people put
into management of water resources and the catchment.
Chapter 14: Institutional strengthening- Lays out the means and ways of enhancing
the capacity of WRMA and other water resource related institutions and organs to
effectively undertake water resources management in in each catchment area.
Chapter 15: Monitoring and information management- Presents the strategy for
ensuring that water resources management and catchment monitoring systems provide
accurate data, and that the implementation of the CMS is monitored continuously and
Chapter 16: Financing the CMS- Outlines the means and ways of sustainably financing
the strategic actions contained in this CMS. It focuses on the costs (Budgetary needs) and
the revenues/income (the sources of the funds)
2. Conceptual framework for CMS development
The conceptual framework for CMS development is viewed to be guided by the vision which the
Region seeks to achieve within a span of eight years. The structural representation of this
framework is shown below.
Goal Objectives Targets
3. Chapters in the lapsed CMSs
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Policy, Vision, Mission and Key Principles
Chapter 3: Basin characterization
Chapter 4: Management Approach
Chapter 5: Water Balance/Water Demand Management
Chapter 6: Water Allocations / Water Use Management
Chapter7: Water Resources Protection
Chapter8: Catchment Protection and Conservation
Chapter 9: Institutional Development / Good Governance
Chapter 10: Water Infrastructure Development
Chapter11: Rights Based Approach
Chapter 12: Monitoring / Information Management
Chapter 13: Financing / Implementation