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Vesalius, History

Vesalius, History

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  • 1. BeattheTeacher… Who was Gale and why was he so important. Gale was a physician, who became the most famous doctor in the Eygptian Empire, his theories dominated European medicine for over 1,000 years. His most notable work is on dissection (mainly humans as the Romans thought that animals were sacred). He was also a believer in the Hippocratic Three Tumours theory. (Blood, Tears and Sweat). Rewrite in your books and correct my mistakes… (If there are any, you may even need to rewrite some of it, for bonus marks can you improve my answer…)
  • 2. Didyoubeatme… • Who was Galen and why was he so important. • Galen was a physician, who became the most famous doctor in the Roman Empire, his theories dominated European medicine for over 1,000 years. • His most notable work is on dissection (mainly animals as the Romans religious beliefs prevented human dissection). • He was also a believer in the Hippocratic Four Humours theory.(Blood, Black Bile, Yellow Bile and Phlegm).
  • 3. LessonObjectives How significant was the work of Andreas Vesalius? All will be able to… describe and explain the work of Andreas Vesalius. (D) Most will be able to… describe and explain the factors involved in his work. (C) Some will be able to… assess the significance of Andreas Vesalius. (A)
  • 4. TheMedical Renaissance1400- 1750… What might Renaissance mean ? Renaissance means ‘rebirth’ … Think about Galen and Hippocrates and their method, what might the medical renaissance be…
  • 5. Renaissance. • Renaissance is shorthand for a period in European History when Ancient Greek and Roman ideas became fashionable, among the rich and educated. • European exploration in Africa and the Americans led to new attitudes and a search for knowledge. Meanwhile changes in religion as the reformation, led to a decline in the Church’s Authority, even though most people remained very strongly religious. • In Britain the Royal Society was set up in 1660 by educated people who wished to discuss new ideas.
  • 6. AndreasVesalius 1514-1564 ‘The Fabric of the Human Body’ 1543
  • 7. Sowhowashe? http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/andreas- vesalius/3307.html Task: You will have 12 minutes to come up with as much information as possible about Vesalius. You need to complete a conversation between Vesalius and various other historical figures.
  • 8. Toanswer… • Who was Vesalius ? • What did he do ? • Where did he study ? • What did he discover ? • What was his book ? • What did he do that was significant… • What factors helped him? WWW ? EBI ?
  • 9. All will be able to… describe and explain the work of Andreas Vesalius. (D)
  • 10. Factorsinvolved… Question – What factors helped Vesalius develop and promote his theories … There were several factors involved in allowing Vesalius to develop his theories such as the … There were significant factors involved in allowing Vesalius to promote his ideas… Without them he wouldn’t have been as significant … FACTORS
  • 11. Significance How significant was Andreas Vesalius to the history of medicine… Vesalius was significant to the history of medicine as he … However the theories of Galen weren’t yet abandoned … Therefore … Vesalius showed that some of Galen’s ideas were wrong. Many doctors refused to believe him, but his work did encourage doctors to question ancient ideas rather than just accept them. In the long-term, Vesalius’s work on anatomy was of huge importance and helped doctors make new discoveries about the way the body worked.
  • 12. FindtheFiction… • Write down ONE TRUE statement that you have learnt from today’s lesson and TWO FALSE statements from todays lesson. Vesalius was born in the 14th Century Vesalius is Roman for God Vesalius was born in the renaissance. Vesalius’ famous book was known as the … Vesalius was … Vesalius is …
  • 13. Question: How significant was Vesalius to the History of medicine? Vesalius was significant to the history of medicine as he … - Showed some of the ideas of Galen were wrong; - The septum (heart) did not have holes in it. - The lower jaw was made up of a single bone not two (as in monkeys and pigs). - Importance in medical training; - His illustrations were detailed. - His book was able to be published because of the printing press. Therefore … (How do these prove that Galen was important?) P - However the theories of Galen weren’t yet abandoned … E – As some of doctors refused to accept them… E – Such as Caius … This is your EXPLANATION. This is your POINT. This is your EVIDENCE.
  • 14. Sources “The jaw of most animals is formed of two bones joined together at the apex of the chin where the lower jaw ends in a point. In a man, however, the lower jaw is formed of a single bone … Galen and most of the skilled dissectors after the time of Hippocrates asserted that the jaw is not a single bone. However this may be, so far no human jaw has come to my attention constructed of two bones”
  • 15. facebook Andreas Vesalius is … Wall Photos Flair Boxes Andreas Vesalius Logout View photos of Andreas Vesalius (5) Send Andreas Vesalius a message Poke message Wall Info Photos Boxes Write something… Share Information Networks: Birthday: Political: Religion: Hometown: Friends Galen Paré Harvey Caius Hippocrates Andreas Vesalius September, 1543 Press Galen to Vesalius Caius to Vesalius Vesalius to Galen Vesalius to Caius Vesalius to Press
  • 16. Personal Information facebook Andreas Vesalius is … Wall Photos Flair Boxes Andreas Vesalius Logout View photos of Andreas Vesalius (5) Send Andreas Vesalius a message Poke message Wall Info Photos Boxes Basic Information Information Networks: Birthday: Political: Religion: Hometown: Photos Networks: Sex: Birthday: Hometown: Activities: Interests: Favourite Music: Favourite Movies: Favourite TV Shows: Favourite Books: My New Book Updated last Tuesday 1 Albums What I have done that is significant Events: